parl

parl
prakaar bahu-roopaavali: prakaaryaatmak, aajnyaaarthak, lakshyonmukhi (class aadhaarit), paraavartan, prakriyaatmak, mool
pehla avataran 1987
dijaainar lairi vaal
nirmaata lairi vaal
sthaayi vimochan 5.24.0[1] (2016-05-09; 34 din pehle)
prastutipoorv vimochan 5.19.0[2] (2013-01-20; 3 varsh pehle)
likhne ka tarika gatik
prabhaavakarta AWK, smaalatauk 80, lisp, si, si++, sed, yooniks shail, paaskal
prabhaavit paaithan, peeechapi, roobi, iseeemae-lipi, elapeesi, vindoj pauvarashail, jaavaaskript, faalkan, parl 6, Qore
kaaryaanvayan bhaasha si
prachaalan tantr Cross-platform
anujnyaap‍aatidhaari GNU General Public License or Artistic License[3]
saamaanya sanchika naam anuyojan .pl .pm .t .pod
website parl.org
Wikibooks logo vikipustak par parl prograaman

parl (Perl) ek uchch stareeya, saamaanya-prayojan, prograaming bhaasha hai. iska vikaas lairi Wall dvaara san 1987 mein yooniks skreepting bhaasha ke antargat report ki prakriya ko aasaan banaane ke liye kiya gaya tha. tab se, yeh anek parivrtano aur sanshodhano se gujri hai aur prograamaron ke beech vyaapak roop se lokapriya hui hai. parl anya prograaming bhaashaaon jaise ki si (C), shell scripting (sh), AWK aur sed se samaanata rakhati hai. yeh bhaasha paath prasanskaran ke liye shaktishaali suvidhaaeain pradaan karti hai, vo bhi yooniks upakaranon ki deta lanbaai seema ke bina. parl ne apni paarsing kshamataaon ke kaaran 1990 ke dashak ke ant mein ek CGI skripting bhaasha ke roop mein vyaapak lokapriyta praapt ki.

CGI ke alaava parl, graafiks prograaming, system prashaasan, network prograaming, vitt, jaiv soochana vigyaan aur anya anuprayogon ke liye kaam mein li jaati hai. apne lacheelepan aur shakti ke kaaran parl ko prograaming bhaashaaon ki "Swiss sena ke chen-sa" ki sanjnyaa di gayi hai.

anukram

sanskaran

san 1987 me prograamrar ke rup me vaaol ne parl bhaasha par kaam karna shuru kiya tha. December 18, san 1987 me sanskaran 1.0 ko riha kiya gaya. yeh bhaasha kai saalo me mahaan rup se vistaarit hua. san 1988 me parl 2 ko nikaala gaya, jisme niyamit abhivyakti engine ki suvidha thi. parl 3, san 1989 me riha kiya gaya. yeh bhaasha baainari deta ka samarthan karta tha. moolat: parl sirf ek prusht ka pralekhan tha. san 1991 me 'parl prograaming' naamak pustak ko prakaashit kiya gaya. lekin vah pustak 'ooaint kitaab' ke naam se prasiddh hui. isi samay parl 4 ko nikaala gaya, taaki log pustak ki pralekhan ko samajh paaye. sheegra parl 5

san 1993 me parl 4 ko kai rakharakhaav vigyapti se gujrana pada. is dauraan vaaol ne parl 4 ko chhodakar parl 5 par kaam karna shuru kiya. iska dijaain san 1994 tak taiyaar kiya gaya. usako is tarah banaaya gaya ki vah har manch par chal sake. isliye parl 4 ko parl 5 ka praathamik, rakharakhaav, bandargaah aavashyakta maana jaata hai. parl 5.000 ko 17 October 1994 ko jaari kiya gaya. vah dubhaashiya ka fir se likhne ke aur nai suvidhaao ke jodane ke baraabar tha. mahatvapoorn baat yeh thi ki bhaasha badhaane ke liye tantr basharte the. is kaaran mool dubhaashiya ko sthir banane ka mauka mila. un dino se parl 5 sakriya viksit ho raha hai.

parl 5.001 ko 13 March 1995 ko jaari kiya gaya. parl 5.002 ko 29 fravari 1996 ko nae suvidhaao ke saath jaari kiya gaya. yeh suvidha lekhako ko parl-nirmaan dincharya banaane me kaam I. parl 5.003 ko 25 June 1996 ko suraksha se riha kiya gaya. mahatvapoorn ghatna yeh thi ki parl 5 ka itihaas bhaasha ke antarragat hua. October 26, 1995 ko parl ka kosh nikaala gaya. san 2012 tak isame 9500 lekhak hai. parl 5.004 ko 15 May 1997 ko jaari kiya gaya jisme saarvabhaum vastuo ko apne kaksho ke saath joda gaya. vartamaan me, parl bhaasha kai parichaalan pranaaleeyo jaise Microsoft par chalta hai. parl 5.005 ko 22 July 1998 ko jaari kiya gaya. isame kai vruddhiyo ko shaamil kiya gaya.

2000- se ab tak

parl 5.6 ko 22 March 2000 ko jaari kiya gaya. isame bada parivartan string pratinidhitv aur bade file samarthan the. isko viksit karte samay yeh nirnaya liya gaya ki vah khula srot pariyojana rakha jaae. san 2000 me vaaol ne sujhaav diye, jisme parl 6 ke nirmaan me maargadarshak bane. san 2001 me is par kaam shuru kiya gaya aur aupachaarik pralekhan banaaya gaya. astitv mein, parl 6 ek bhaasha ka varnan ke roop me rah gaya. parl 5.8 ko 18 July 2002 ko jaari kiya gaya. is bhaag me saare adyatan ko joda gaya. isame nai kaaryaanvayan, saankhyik sateekata aadi ko joda gaya. yeh bhaag abhi tak (2013) ka sabse lokapriya bhaag raha hai. san 2004 May parl 6 ka saaraansh banaaya gaya. aur san 2006 me isko vaastavikta ka rup diya gaya. taareekh 18 December 2007, parl 20 veen varshagaanth par parl 5.10.0 ko nikaala gaya, jo apne suvidha me parl 6 ke kareeb tha. November 2009 tak, maasik vigyapti rahe hai. vah ab parl 6 ke sabse poorn kaaryaanvayan raha hai.

12 April 2010 ko parl 5.12.0, 14 May 2011 ko parl 5.14, 20 May 2012 ko parl 5.16, 18 May 2013, parl 5.18 ko jaari kiya gaya tha. in sab bhaago me nae tareekhe, nae kaaryaanvayan aur nae adyatan ka parichay diya gaya hai.

naam

parl mool roop se "parl"(Pearl) naamit kiya gaya tha. vaaol apni bhaasha ko arth se jude naam dena chaahate the. vah daava karte hai ki ve 3-4 akshar ke pad ko asveekaarate the. vah bhaasha ka naam apne patni ka rakhana chaahate the. lekin is bhaasha ki khoj ne, vartani badal di. vistaarit rup se, angreji me Practical Extraction and Report Language likha jaata hai.

oont prateek

prograaming parl, O'reilli media, se prakaashit oont ke chitr ko visheshata deta hai. jiske kaaran vah 'oont kitaab' se jaani jaati hai. yeh anaupachaarik prateek unke kapado par bhi likha jaata tha.

pyaaj prateek

parl foundation usaki sahaayak companiyon ko license me jo ek vikalp ka prateek hai, ek pyaaj ka hai.

baahari kadiyaan

1. "di inpmeemeinteshan of parl 5 banaam parl 6". 2. http://www.enlightenedperl.org/

sandarbh