parajeevi vigyaan

parajeeveeyon ke adhyayan ko parajeevi vigyaan kehte hain|

vayask kaali makkhi (simuliym yaaheins) sang onakoserka vaulvyulas (Onchocerca volvulus) krumi ke entina se niklata hua. yeh parajeevi Africa mein rivr blaaindanais (nadi andhata) naamak rog ke liye uttaradaayi hota hai. yeh namoona raasaayanik vidhi se jamaaya va kritikl bindu tak sukhaaya hua hai. fir paramparaagat skaining ilaiktraun sookshmadarshi dvaara dekha gaya. 100X (sau guna) aavardhit chitr

parajeevi vigyaan parajeevon sahit unke mejabaan (host), tatha unke beech ke sambandh ka adhyayan hai. jeev vigyaan ke vishay ke taur par, parajeevi vigyaan ka vistaar, charchit praani ya uske vaataavaran par nirbhar naheen hota, varan unke jeevan ke tareeke par nirbhar hota hai. ataev yeh anya vishyon ke, sanyojan se bana hai; va kai up-vishyon ki takaneekon par aadhaarit hai, jaise koshika jaiviki, soochana-jaiviki, jaivaraasaayaniki aanvik jaiviki, imyunolauji, anuvaanshiki, vikaasavaad evam paaristhitiki.

jeevan ki paddhati pruthvi par sarv saamaanya hai. jismein sabhi pradhaan taiksa ke pratinidhi sammilit hain, jo saadhaaranatam ek koshikeeya jeev se lekar jatil kasherukiyon tak ho sakte hain. pratyek mukt-jeev jaati ki apni anupam parajeevi prajaatiyaan hoteen hain.

anukram

paarajaiviki ke prakaar

in vibhinn prakaar ke jeevon ke adhyayan mein; vishay, chhoti va saadhaaranatar ikaaiyon mein baint jaata hai, jin par adhik dhyaanaakarshan hota hai, va jo samaan takaneekein prayog karte hain, bhale hi adhyayanakarta samaan rog ya jeevon ka adhyayan na kar rahein hon. is vigyaan mein atyadhik shodh ke parinaamasvaroop yeh in do ya adhik paribhaashaaon se varnit ho paata hai. saamaanyat: prokairyots ka adhyayan jeevaanu vigyaan ke antargat aata hai, na ki parajeevi vigyaan ke.


aayurvigyaan paarajaiviki

parajeevi vigyaan ki praacheenatam shreni, aayurvigyaan ya chikitsa kshetr se sambandhit hai. yeh maanav ko prabhaavit/sankramit karne vaale parajeeviyon ka adhyayan hota hai. ismein nimn kshetr aate hain:-

  • ekakoshikeeya jeevon ka adhyayan (protojooloji), jaise plaajmodiym spisshij, jisse maleriya hota hai. chaar bhinn prakaar ke maleriya parajeevi hain, plaajmodiym failsipairam (Pl.falciparum), plaajmodiym maileraaya (Pl.malariae), plaajmodiym vaaivaiks (Pl.vivax) & plaajmodiym ovel (Pl.ovale).
inhein bhi dekhein: maleriya
  • lishmeniya donovaani (Leishmania donovani), ekakosheekeeya jeev, jisse leishmeniyaisis hota hai.
  • bahukoshikeeya jeevon ka adhyayan (hailmintholauji), jaise skistosoma speeshij, vyoochereriya bainkraufti evam hukavarm.

chikitsa parajaiviki se aushadhi vikaas, mahaamaari vigyaan va joonosis (pashujanit rogon) ke adhyayan sambandhit hain.

pashu parajaiviki

jo parajeevi krushi aadi ko aarthik haani pahuainchaate hain, ya pashuon mein sankraman karte hain; unka adhyayan pashu parajaiviki kahalaata hai. ismein adhayyan ki jaane waali prajaatiyon mein se kuchh hain:

  • lyooseeliya serikaita, ek makshika, jo firm ke pashuon ki khaal par ande deti hai. inmein se keede nikal kar, khaal mein chhed karke andar maansapeshiyon tak ghus jaate hain, va pashu ko pareshaan karte hain.
  • otodaiktes saainotis, ek billi, jo sainkar ke liye uttaradaayi hai.
  • jaayarodaiktaailas saileris , saalman ka ek monojeeniyn parajeevi, jo ki apratirodhi hone par ek poore ke poore saalman samaaj ko hi nasht kar deta hai.

aimfeestoms

parimaanaatmak paarajaiviki

host (aatitheya) vishishton ke beech, parajeevi ek sangraheet vitran darshaate hain, is prakaar parajeeviyon ka baahulya, alpasankhyak host mein rahate hain. is gun ke kaaran, paarajeevijnya unnat jaivasankhyiki pranaaliyaan prayog kar sakte/paate hain.

sanrachanaakrut paarajaiviki

yeh parajeeviyon ke proteenon ki sanrachana ka adhyayan hota hai. paarajaivik proteen sanrachana ka nirdhaaran yeh jaanane mein madad karta hai, ki ye proteen kis prakaar maanavon mein upasthit homolaugas proteenon se bhinn kaaryarat hai. saath hi proteen sanrachana aushadhi khoj ki prakriya mein sahaayak hoteen hain.

parajeevi paaristhitiki

parajeevi host janasankhya paaristhitiki ke baare mein soochana bhi upalabdh karaate hain. matsya udyog jaiviki mein, udaa0 parajeevi samudaaya ko samaan matsya upajaati ki vishisht janasankhya ko pahachaanane ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai. iske saath hi parajeeviyon mein vishesh gunon ki sangati tatha jeevan shaili hoti hai, jo unhein host mein sthaan banaane ko agrasar karti va sahaayak hoteen hain. paarajaivik paaristhitiki ke pahaluon ko samajhna host dvaara parajeevi se bachane ki rananeeti par prakaash daal sakta hai.

taiksonomi evam faayalojainetiks

parajeeviyon mein vruhat bhinnata, jeev vaigyaaniko ke liye unka varnan karna tatha unhein naamaavali baddh karna ek badi chunauti upasthit karti hai. haal hi mein hue vibhinn jaatiyon ko pruthak karne, pahachaanane va vibhinn taiksonaumi paimaanon par unke vibhinn samoohon ke beech sambandh dhoodhane hetu dee॰aena॰ae॰ prayog paarajaivajnyaon ke liye atyadhik mahatvapoorn va sahaayak rahe hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • parajeevijnya rog
  • paarajaiviki mein mahatvapoorn prakaashan
  • paarajaivajnya

baahari kadiyaan