panchaang

alfonseen taalikaaeain, jo 13veen shataabdi ke baad Europe ki maanak panchaang ban gayi
agar aap hindu panchaang par jaankaari dhoondh rahein hain, to hindu panchaang ka lekh dekhiye

panchaang (angreji: ephemeris) aisi taalika ko kehte hain jo vibhinn samayon ya tithiyon par aakaash mein khagoleeya vastuon ki dasha ya sthiti ka byaura de. khagolashaastr aur jyotishi mein vibhinn panchaangon ka prayog hota hai. itihaas mein kai sanskrutiyon ne panchaang banaai hain kyonki sooraj, chandrama, taaron, nakshatron aur taaraamandalon ki dashaaon ka unke dhaarmik, saanskrutik aur aarthik jeevan mein gahra mahatva hota tha. saptaahon, maheenon aur varshon ka kram bhi inhi panchaangon par aadhaarit hota tha. udaaharan ke liye raksha bandhan ka tyauhaar shravan ke maheene mein poornima (poore chand ki dasha) par manaaya jaata tha.[1]

panchaangon ka itihaas

  • 2000 ipoo - jyotish par aadhaarit vaidik kaal ke bhaarateeya khagolashaastr ki panchaang taalikaaeain
  • 1000 ipoo - baibiloniyaai khagolashaastr ke panchaang
  • doosari sadi isavi - taulami ki almaagest aur aasaan taalikaaeain
  • 8veen sadi isavi - ibraaheem al-fjaari ki jeej ('jeej' ka arth taaron ki taalika hota hai)
  • 9veen sadi isavi - muhammad ibn moosa al-khvaarijmi ki jeej
  • 12veen sadi isavi - kremona ke jeraard dvaara arabi jeej par aadhaarit 'toledo ki taalikaaeain', jo Europe ke prachalit panchaang ban gaye
  • 13veen sadi isavi - maraageh vedhashaala (objravetari) ki jeej-A-ilakhaani
  • 13veen sadi isavi - 'toledo ki taalikaaon' mein kuchh khaamiyaaain theek karne waali 'alfonseen taalikaaeain', jo Europe ka naya pramukh panchaang ban gaya
  • 1408 E - cheeni panchaang
  • 1496 E - Portugal ke abraaoon ben saamuel jaakuto ka 'almanaak perapetoom'
  • 1508 E - Europeeya khojayaatri kristofr kolambas dvaara jarman khagolashaastri rejiyomontaanas ke panchaang ka prayog karke jamaika ke aadivaasiyon ke liye chaaaind grahan ki bhavishyavaani, jis se ve achambhit rah gaye
  • 1551 E - koparaniks ki avadhaaranaaon par aadhaarit eraajmas raainahold ki 'prootenik taalikaaeain', jo Europe ka naya maanak panchaang ban gayi
  • 1554 E - yohaanes staadiys ne apni kruti mein grahon ki sthitiyon ki bhavishyavaaniyaaain kareen lekin unamein kai glatiyaaain thi
  • 1627 E - yohaanes keplar ki 'roodolfeen taalikaaeain' naya Europeeya maanak ban gayi

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Encyclopaedia of Hinduism: C-G, Volume 2, Sunil Sehgal, pp. 536, Sarup & Sons, 1999, ISBN 978-81-7625-064-1, ... Raksha Bandhan The festival of Raksha Bandhan is observed on the full moon day of Shravana (July- August) ...