padm vibhooshan

padm vibhooshan
sammaan ki jaankaari
prakaar naagrik
shreni saamaanya
sthaapana varsh 1954
pratham alankaran 1954
antim alankaran 2008
kul alankaran 242
alankaranakarta Bhaarat sarkaar
poorv naam padm vibhooshan, palaha varg
feeta madhyam gulaabi
pratham alankrut satyendr naath Bose va anya (1954)
antim alankrut raghunaath maashelakar, bi ke S ayangaar(2014)
sammaan shreni
Bhaarat ratnpadm vibhooshanpadm bhooshan

padm vibhooshan sammaan Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara diya jaane wala doosra uchch naagrik sammaan hai, jo desh ke liye asainik kshetron mein bahumoolya yogadaan ke liye diya jaata hai. yeh sammaan Bhaarat ke raashtrapati dvaara diya jaata hai. is sammaan ki sthaapana 2 January 1954 mein ki gayi thi. Bhaarat rat‍aan ke baad yeh doosra pratishthit sammaan hai. padm vibhooshan ke baad teesara naagrik sammaan padm bhooshan hai. yeh sammaan kisi bhi kshetr mein vishisht aur ullekhaneeya seva ke liye pradaan kiya jaata hai. ismein sarkaari karmachaariyon dvaara ki gayi sevaaen bhi shaamil hain.


yeh Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara padm vibhooshan se alankrut kiye gaye logon ki soochi hai:

anukram

1954 -1960

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
1954 satyendr naath Basu saahitya evam shiksha pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1954 daaktar jaakir husain lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1954 baalaasaaheb gangaadhar kher lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1954 jigme doraji vaangachuk lok sambandh Bihar Bhaarat
1954 nandalaal Bose kala pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1954 vi ke Krishna Menon lok sambandh Kerala Bhaarat
1955 maharshi dau॰ dhondo keshav karve saahitya evam shiksha Maharashtra Bhaarat
1955 jahaangeer ratanaji daadaabhaai tata vyaapaar evam udyog Maharashtra Bhaarat
1956 chandoolaal maadhavalaal trivedi lok sambandh madhya pradesh Bhaarat
1956 fajl Ali lok sambandh Bihar Bhaarat
1956 jaanakeebaai Bajaj samaaj seva madhya pradesh Bhaarat
1957 ghanashyaamadaas bidla vyaapaar evam udyog Rajasthan Bhaarat
1957 Motilal chimnalaal setalavaad vidhi evam lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1957 shreeprakaash lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1959 John maatai saahitya evam shiksha Kerala Bhaarat
1959 raadhvinod paal lok sambandh pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1959 gaganavihaari lalloobhaai Mehta samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1960 Narayan raaghavan pillai lok sambandh tamil naadu Bhaarat

1961 - 1970

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
1962 vi aar Krishna ayyar naagrik seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
1962 padmaja Naidu lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1962 vijyalakshmi pandit naagrik seva uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1963 arkaut lakshmanasvaami mudaliyaar chikitsa tamil naadu Bhaarat
1963 suneeti Kumar chaitarji saahitya evam shiksha pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1963 harivinaayak paataskar lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1964 gopeenaath kaviraaj saahitya evam shiksha uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1964 aachaarya kaalelakar saahitya evam shiksha Maharashtra Bhaarat
1965 arjan Singh naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1965 joyanto naath chaudhari naagrik seva pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1965 mehandi navaaj jang lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1966 vaileriyn kaardinl greshiys samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1967 bholaanaath jha naagrik seva uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1967 chandrakishn daftari lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1967 haafij muhammad Ibrahim naagrik seva Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1967 pattadakal veinkann aar Rao naagrik seva Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1968 mahaadev shreehari aane lok sambandh madhya pradesh Bhaarat
1968 subrahmanyan chandrashekhar vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Illinois sanyukt raajya
1968 pi. si. mahaalanobis Statistical Science Delhi Bhaarat
1968 ke vaidyanaath kalyaan sundaram lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
1968 krupaal Singh naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1969 haragovind khuraana vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Massachusetts sanyukt raajya
1969 mohan Singh Mehta naagrik seva Rajasthan Bhaarat
1969 dattaatreya shreedhar Joshi naagrik seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1969 ghanaanand Pande naagrik seva uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1969 raajeshvar dayaal naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1970 vinaya ranjan sen naagrik seva pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1970 dau॰ taaraachand saahitya evam shiksha uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1970 paramashiv prabhaakaran kumaaramangalam naagrik seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
1970 group captain suranjan das naagrik seva pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1970 lieutenant general harabakhsh Singh Military Service Punjab Bhaarat
1970 A raamasvaami mudaliyaar naagrik seva Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1970 enthoni laansalot daayas lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat

1971 - 1980

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
1971 baalaaraam shivraaman naagrik seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
1971 biml prasaad chaleeha naagrik seva Assam Bhaarat
1971 udaya shankar kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
1971 sumati moraaraji naagrik seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1971 ustaad alaauddeen Khan kala pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1972 S M nanda naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1972 prataapachandr laal naagrik seva Punjab Bhaarat
1972 aadityanaath jha lok sambandh uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1972 jeevaraaj N Mehta lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1972 pi baalaachaarya gajeindragadakar lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1972 vikram anbaalaal saaraabhaai vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Gujarat Bhaarat
1972 saim maanekashau Military Service tamil naadu Bhaarat
1972 gulaam muhammad saadik lok sambandh Jammu and Kashmir Bhaarat
1972 horamasaji maanekaji seeravaai vidhi evam lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1973 daulat Singh kothaari vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Delhi Bhaarat
1973 naageindr Singh lok sambandh Rajasthan Bhaarat
1973 tirumalaraav svaameenaathan naagrik seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
1973 you N dhebar samaaj seva Gujarat Bhaarat
1973 basanti devi naagrik seva pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1973 nellai senagupta samaaj seva pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1974 vi kastoori rang varadaraaj Rao naagrik seva Karnataka Bhaarat
1974 binod bihaari mukharji kala pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1974 hareeshachandr sareen naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1974 neeren de vidhi evam lok sambandh pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1975 basanti dulaal naag chaudhari saahitya evam shiksha pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1975 chintaaman dvaarakaanaath Deshmukh lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1975 dergaabaai Deshmukh samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1975 premaleela vitthaladaas thaakarase saahitya evam shiksha Maharashtra Bhaarat
1975 raaja ramanna vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
1975 homi nussaravaanaji sethana naagrik seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1975 M. S. subbulakshmi kala tamil naadu Bhaarat
1975 mairi klabavaala jaadhav samaaj seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
1976 Colonel basheer husain jaidi saahitya evam shiksha Delhi Bhaarat
1976 kaalapati raamakrushn raamanaathan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Kerala Bhaarat
1976 kaaloolaal shreemaali saahitya evam shiksha uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1976 gyaani guramukhasinh musaafir saahitya evam shiksha Punjab Bhaarat
1976 keshavashankar pillai kala Delhi Bhaarat
1976 saleem moijuddeen Ali abdul vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1976 satyajeet rai kala pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1977 Omprakash Mehra naagrik seva Punjab Bhaarat
1977 ajodhyaanaath khosala naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1977 ajoya Kumar mukharji lok sambandh pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1977 Ali yaavar jang lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1977 chandeshvar prasaad Narayan Singh saahitya evam shiksha Delhi Bhaarat
1977 ti baalaasrasvati kala tamil naadu Bhaarat
1980 rai krushnadaas naagrik seva uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1980 ustaad bismilla khaan kala Bihar Bhaarat

1981-1990

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
1981 sateesh dhavan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
1981 ravi shankar kala uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1982 meera bahan samaaj seva United Kingdom
1985 si N aar Rao vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
1985 maambileekalaateel Kumar Menon naagrik seva Kerala Bhaarat
1986 avataar Singh peintal chikitsa Delhi Bhaarat
1986 birjoo mahaaraaj kala Delhi Bhaarat
1986 M deveedaas @Baba aamate samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1987 dau॰ beinjaamin pyaare paal vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Punjab Bhaarat
1987 Manmohan Singh naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1987 Arun shreedhar vaidya naagrik seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1987 kamalaadevi chattopaadhyaaya samaaj seva Karnataka Bhaarat
1988 kuppaali veinkatappa putappa saahitya evam shiksha Karnataka Bhaarat
1988 mirja hameedulla beg vidhi evam lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
1988 paandurang shaastri athaavale Social and religion Maharashtra Bhaarat
1989 M S svaameenaathan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Delhi Bhaarat
1989 umaashankar Dixit lok sambandh uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1989 ustaad Ali akbar Khan kala pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1990 abdul kalaam vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Delhi Bhaarat
1990 semmaangudi shreenivaar aiyar kala tamil naadu Bhaarat
1990 vallampaadugai shreenivaas raaghavan arunaachalam saahitya evam shiksha Delhi Bhaarat
1990 bhaabaatosh datt saahitya evam shiksha pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1990 shivputr siddharaam komakaali @ Kumar gandharv kala Karnataka Bhaarat
1990 trilokeenaath chaturvedi naagrik seva Karnataka Bhaarat

1991 -2000

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
1991 indraprasaad goradhanabhaai Patel vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Gujarat Bhaarat
1991 mangalamapalli baalmurali Krishna kala tamil naadu Bhaarat
1991 heerendranaath mukharji lok sambandh pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
1991 N ji ranga lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1991 raajaaraam shaastri saahitya evam shiksha uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1991 gulajaari laal nanda lok sambandh Gujarat Bhaarat
1991 khusaro faraamurj rustamaji naagrik seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1991 makabool fida husain kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
1992 mallikaarjun mansoor kala Karnataka Bhaarat
1992 vi shaantaaraam kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
1992 shivraamakrushnan aiyar padmaavati chikitsa Delhi Bhaarat
1992 lakshmanashaastri Joshi saahitya evam shiksha Maharashtra Bhaarat
1992 atal bihaari Vajpayee lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
1992 govindadaas shrauf saahitya evam shiksha Maharashtra Bhaarat
1992 kaaloji Narayan Rao kala Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1992 ravi Narayan Reddy lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
1992 svarn Singh lok sambandh Punjab Bhaarat
1992 aruna aasaf Ali lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
1998 lakshmi sahagal lok sambandh uttar pradesh Bhaarat
1998 usha Mehta samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1998 naani ardeshir paalakeevaala vidhi evam lok sambandh Maharashtra Bhaarat
1998 vaultar sisulu lok sambandh dakshin Africa
1999 Rajgopal Chidambaram vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki tamil naadu Bhaarat
1999 sarvapalli gopaal saahitya evam shiksha tamil naadu Bhaarat
1999 vargeej kuriyan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Gujarat Bhaarat
1999 hansaraaj khanna lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
1999 vi aar Krishna aiyar Law lok sambandh Kerala Bhaarat
1999 kumaari lata deenaanaath mangeshakar kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
1999 bheemasen Joshi kala Karnataka Bhaarat
1999 brujakumaar neharu naagrik seva Himachal pradesh Bhaarat
1999 dharm veer naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1999 lallan prasaad Singh naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
1999 naanaaji Deshmukh samaaj seva Delhi Bhaarat
1999 paandurang shaastri athaavale samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
1999 sateesh gujaraal kala Delhi Bhaarat
1999 di ke pattammaal kala tamil naadu Bhaarat
2000 Krishna bihaari laal naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
2000 krushnasvaami kastooreerangan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
2000 manohar Singh gil naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
2000 kelucharan mahaapaatr kala Orissa Bhaarat
2000 hariprasaad chaurasiya kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2000 pandit jasaraaj kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2000 jagadeesh natavaralaal bhagavati saahitya evam shiksha Gujarat Bhaarat
2000 kakkadn nandanaath raaj saahitya evam shiksha Kerala Bhaarat
2000 bhairav datt Pande naagrik seva uttaraakhand Bhaarat
2000 maidavolu narasinhan vyaapaar evam udyog Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
2000 raasheepuram krushnasvaami Narayan saahitya evam shiksha tamil naadu Bhaarat
2000 sikandar bakht lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
2000 taralok Singh naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat

2001 -2010

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
2001 kelamapudi raadhaakrushn Rao vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki sanyukt raajya
2001 chakravarti vijyaraaghav narasinhan naagrik seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
2001 shivkumaar sharma kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2001 Manmohan sharma vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Maharashtra Bhaarat
2001 amajad Ali Khan kala Delhi Bhaarat
2001 benjaamin arthar gilmain lok sambandh sanyukt raajya
2001 hosei norota lok sambandh Japan
2001 rishikesh mukharji kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2001 John kaineth gelabreth saahitya evam shiksha sanyukt raajya
2001 kott sachchidaanand moorti saahitya evam shiksha Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
2001 jubin Mehta kala Bhaarat
2002 chakravarti rangaraajan saahitya evam shiksha Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
2002 gangoobaai hangal kala Karnataka Bhaarat
2002 kishn mahaaraaj kala uttar pradesh Bhaarat
2002 soli jahaangeer soraabaji vidhi Delhi Bhaarat
2002 kishori aamonakar kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2003 balaraam nanda saahitya evam shiksha Delhi Bhaarat
2003 kaaji lhendup doraji kaangasaarpa lok sambandh pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
2003 sonal Mansingh kala Delhi Bhaarat
2003 bruhaspati Dave trigun chikitsa Delhi Bhaarat
2004 maanepalli naaraayanaraav veinkataachalaiya vidhi evam lok sambandh Karnataka Bhaarat
2004 amruta preetam saahitya evam shiksha Delhi Bhaarat
2004 jayant vishnu naaraleekar vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Maharashtra Bhaarat
2005 bi ke Goyal chikitsa Maharashtra Bhaarat
2005 Dr karn Singh lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
2005 mohan dhaariya samaaj seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
2005 Ram Narayan kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2005 maartand varma shankaran valiyaatan chikitsa Karnataka Bhaarat
2005 jyotindranaath Dixit naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
2005 milan Kumar bainarji vidhi evam lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
2005 aar ke Lakshman kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2006 norman E boralaug vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Texas USA
2006 vi N khare vidhi evam lok sambandh uttar pradesh Bhaarat
2006 Mahasveta Devi saahitya evam shiksha pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
2006 nirmala deshapaande samaaj seva Delhi Bhaarat
2006 obaid Siddiqui vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
2006 prakaash Narayan Tandon chikitsa Delhi Bhaarat
2006 adoor gopaalakrushnan kala Kerala Bhaarat
2006 si aar krushnasvaami Rao naagrik seva tamil naadu Bhaarat
2006 Charles Korea vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Maharashtra Bhaarat
2007 raaja jesudaus chellaiya lok sambandh tamil naadu Bhaarat
2007 Venkatraman krushnamoorti naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
2007 baalu shankaran chikitsa Delhi Bhaarat
2007 faali saim Nariman vidhi evam lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
2007 prafullachandr natavaralaal bhagavati vidhi evam lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
2007 Khushwant Singh saahitya evam shiksha Delhi Bhaarat
2007 raaja Rao saahitya evam shiksha Karnataka sanyukt raajya
2007 N N vihra naagrik seva Haryana Bhaarat
2007 naresh chandra naagrik seva Delhi Bhaarat
2007 George sudarshan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Kerala sanyukt raajya
2007 vishvanaathan aanand khel tamil naadu Bhaarat
2007 aar ke pachauri paryaavaranavaad Bhaarat
2008 N aar naaraayanamoorti soochana praudyogiki Karnataka Bhaarat
2008 E shreedharan Delhi metro Kerala Bhaarat
2008 lakshmi nivaas mittal udyog Bhaarat
2008 A S aanand lok sambandh Delhi Bhaarat
2008 pi N dhar naagrik seva Bhaarat
2008 pi aar S Oberoi vyaapaar Bhaarat
2008 aasha bhonsale kala Maharashtra Bhaarat
2008 edamand hilaari parvataarohan okalaind New Zealand
2008 ratan tata udyog Maharashtra Bhaarat
2008 pranav mukharji lok sambandh pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
2008 sachin Tendulkar khel Maharashtra Bhaarat
2009 chandrika prasaad shreevaastav naagrik seva Maharashtra Bhaarat
2009 sundaralaal bahuguna paryaavaran sanrakshan uttaraakhand Bhaarat
2009 di pi chattopaadhyaaya saahitya evam shiksha pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
2009 jasabeer Singh Bajaj chikitsa Punjab Bhaarat
2009 purushottam laal chikitsa uttar pradesh Bhaarat
2009 govind Narayan lok sambandh uttar pradesh Bhaarat
2009 anil kaakodakar vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Maharashtra Bhaarat
2009 ji maadhavan Nair vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
2009 sistar nirmala samaaj seva pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
2009 A S Ganguly vyaapaar evam udyog Maharashtra Bhaarat
2010 vaai. venugopaal Reddy vidhi evam lok sambandh Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
2010 Venkatraman raamakrushnan vigyaan evam abhiyaantriki sanyukt raajya amareeka
2010 prataap si. Reddy vyaapaar evam udyog Andhra pradesh Bhaarat

2011 -2020

varsh naam kshetr raajya desh
2011[1] kapila vaatsyaayan kala Delhi Bhaarat
2011 homi vyaraavaala kala - fotograafi Gujarat Bhaarat
2011 A naageshvar Rao kala- cinema Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
2011 paraasharan keshav ayangar lok seva dil‍aali Bhaarat
2011 dau॰ akhalaak ur Rahman kidvai lok seva dil‍aali Bhaarat
2011 vijay Kelkar lok seva dil‍aali Bhaarat
2011 montek Singh aahaluvaaliya lok seva dil‍aali Bhaarat
2011 palle raama Rao vigyaan]] aur [[aabhiyaantriki Andhra pradesh Bhaarat
2011 ajeem premaji vyaapaar]] evam [[udyog Karnataka Bhaarat
2011 brajesh mishr civil seva madhya pradesh Bhaarat
2011 professor dau॰ ottaplakal neelakandan velu kuroop saahitya evam shiksha Kerala Bhaarat
2011 seetaakaant mahaapaatra saahitya evam shiksha Orissa Bhaarat
2011 sva0 shri L si jain lok-kaarya dil‍aali Bhaarat
2012[2] shri ke. ji. subramanyam kala-chitrakala aur skalapachar pashchim Bengal Bhaarat
2012 sv. shri maariyo di miraanda kala- kaartoonist Goa Bhaarat
2012 sv. (Dr) bhoopen hajaarika kala-gaayan asam Bhaarat
2012 dau॰ kaantilaal hasteemal sancheti chikitsa-orthopidiks Maharashtra Bhaarat
2012 shri ti. vi. raajeshvar lok seva Delhi Bhaarat
2013[3] shri raghunaath mahaapaatra kala Orissa Bhaarat
2013 shri S. haidar raja kala dil‍aali Bhaarat
2013 professor yashapaal vigyaan]] aur [[aabhiyaantriki ut‍aatar pradesh Bhaarat
2013 pro॰ roddam narasim‍aaha vigyaan]] aur [[aabhiyaantriki Karnataka Bhaarat
2014[4] raghunaath maashelakar vigyaan aur aabhiyaantriki Maharashtra Bhaarat
2014 bi ke S ayangaar anya - yog vidya Maharashtra Bhaarat

sandarbh

  1. "desh ke sarvochch naagrik puraskaar padm sam‍aamaanon ki ghoshana". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 25 January 2011. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=7670. abhigman tithi: 27 January 2014.
  2. "padm sammaanon ki ghoshana". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 25 January 2012. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=13387. abhigman tithi: 27 January 2014.
  3. "padm sammaanon ki ghoshana". patra soochana kaaryaalaya, Bhaarat sarkaar. 28 January 2013. http://pib.nic.in/newsite/hindirelease.aspx?relid=20176. abhigman tithi: 27 January 2014.
  4. "padm puraskaaron ki ghoshana, dau॰ maashelakar ko padm vibhooshan". navabhaarat taaims. 25 January 2013. http://hindi.economictimes.indiatimes.com/india/national-india/Padma-Awards-Announced/articleshow/29365484.cms. abhigman tithi: 27 January 2014.