paashaan yug

paashaan yug itihaas ka vah kaal hai jab maanav ka jeevan pattharon (sanskrut - paashaan:) par atyadhik aashrit tha. udaaharanaarth pattharon se shikaar karna, pattharon ki gufaaon mein sharan lena, pattharon se aag paida karna ityaadi. iske teen charan maane jaate hain; puraapaashaan kaal, madhyapaashaan kaal evam navapaashaan kaal jo maanav itihaas ke aarambh (25 lakh saal poorv) se lekar kaaainsya yug tak faila hua hai.

bheemabetaka sthit paashaan kaaleen shail chitr

anukram

puraapaashaan kaal (Paleolithic Era)

25-20 lakh saal se 12,000 saal poorv tak

Bhaarat me iske avashesh sohan, belan tatha narmada nadi ghaati me praapt hue hai.

Bhopal ke paas sthit bheemabetaka naamak chitrit gufaae, shailaashraya tatha anek kalaakrutiya praapt hui hai.

vishisht upakaran - haind-aiks (kulhaadi), kleevar aur skrepar aadi.


madhyapaashaan kaal (Mesolithic Era)

12,000 saal se lekar 10,000 saal poorv tak. is yug ko maaikrolith (Microlith) athva ladhupaashaan yug bhi kaha jaata hai.

navapaashaan kaal (Neolithic Era)

10,000 saal se 3300 E.poo. tak

paashaan yug aur uske baad ka maanav jeevan sankshep me

yug kaal aujaar arthavyavastha sharan sthal samaaj dharm
paashaan yug puraapaashaan kaal haath se bane athva praakrutik vastuo ka hathiyaar/aujaar ke roop me upayog--- bhaala, kulhaadi, dhanush, teer, sui, gada shikaar evam khaadya sangrah asthaai jeevan shaili - gufa, asthaai jhopadeeyaan mukhyata nadi evam jheel ke kinaare 25-100 logo ka samuh (adhikaanshat: ek hi parivaar ke sadasya) madhya puraapaashaan kaal ke aaspaas mrutyu pashchaat jeevan me vishvaas ke saakshya kabr evam antim sanskaar ke roop me milte hai.
madhyapaashaan kaal (known as the Epipalaeolithic in areas not affected by the Ice Age (such as Africa)) haath se bane athva praakrutik vastuo ka hathiyaar/aujaar ke roop me upayog- dhanush, teer, machhali ke sheekaar evam bhandaaran ke aujaar, nauka kabile evam parivaar samuh
navapaashaan kaal haath se bane athva praakrutik vastuo ka hathiyaar/aujaar ke roop me upayog --- chisl (lakdi evam patthar chhilne ke liye), kheti me prayukt hone vaale aujaar, mitti ke baratan, hathiyaar kheti, shikaar evam khaadya sangrah, machhali ka shikaar aur pashupaalan kheto ke aas paas basi chhoti basteeyon se lekar kaaainsya yug ke nagaron tak kabeele se lekar kaaainsya yug ke raajyo tak
kaaainsya yug taanbe evam kaaainsya ke aujaar, mitti ke baratan banaane ka chaak kheti, pashupaalan, hastakala evam vyapaar
lauh yug lohe ke aujaar

shail chitr

aise hi shail chitr uttar pradesh ke meerajaapur jile ke vindhyapahaadi ke kandaraaon mein bhi mila. jise seeta kohabar naamak sthaan par 12 February 2014 ko ek gumanaam patrakaar shivsaagar bind ne khoj nikaala tha. jiski pushti ke liye u0 pra0 raajya puraatatv vibhaag ke kshetreeya puraatatv adhikaariyon ne ki.

shail chitr, seeta kohabar, janapad meerajaapur

janapad mukhyaalaya meerajaapur se lagbhag 11-12 kilometer door taanda jalaprapaat se lagbhag ek kilometer pehle “aseeta kohabara” naamak pahaadi par ek kandara mein praacheen shail-chitron ke avashesh prakaash mein aaye hain. Shiv saagar bind, jansandesh times, meerajaapur ki soochana par u0 pra0 raajya puraatatv vibhaag ke kshetreeya puraatatv adhikaari ke saath ukt shailaashraya ka nireekshan kiya aur shailachitron ko praacheen tatha aitihaasik mahattv ka bataaya.

lagbhag paanch meter lambi gufa, jiski chhat 1.80 meter ooainchi tatha teen meter chaudi hai mein anek chitr bane hain. vishaalakaaya maanavaakruti, mrug samooh ko gher kar shikaar karte bhaalaadhaari ghudsavaar shikaari, haathi, vrushabh, bichhoo tatha anya pashu- pakshiyon ke chitr gahre tatha halke laal rang se banaaye gaye hain, inke ankan mein poornataya: khanij rangon ( hemetaait ko ghis kar )ka prayog kiya gaya hai. is gufa mein bane chitron ke gahan vishleshan se prateet hota hai ki inka ankan teen charanon mein kiya gaya hai. pratham charan mein bane chitr mukhyataya: aakhet se sambandhit hai aur gahre laal rang se banaaye gaye hain , baad mein bane chitr halke laal rang ke tatha aakaar mein bade va shareer rachana ki drushti se viksit avastha ke prateet hote hain saath hi unhein praacheen chitron ke upar adhyaaropit kiya gaya hai.

yahaaain ullekhaneeya hai ki is kshetr (meerajaapur va sonabhadr) mein ab tak lagbhag 250 se adhik shailachitr yukt shailaashraya prakaash mein aa chuke hain, jinki praacheenata i0 poo0 6000 se pandrahavi sadi isvi maani jaati hai. meerajaapur ke seeta kohabar se prakaash mein aaye shailachitr banaavat ki drushti se 1500 se 800 varsh praacheen prateet hote hain. in kshetron mein shailachitron ki khoj sarvapratham 1880-81 i0 mein je0 kaakabarn va e0 kaarlaail ne ne kiya tadoparaant Lucknow sangrahaalaya ke shri kaashi Narayan Dixit, shri manoranjan ghosh, shri asit haaladaar, mi0 vadrik, mi0 garden, prof0 jee0 aara0 sharma, dau0 aara0 ke0 varma, pro0 pee0see0 pant, shri Hemraj, dau0 jagadeesh gupta, dau0 Rakesh tivaari tatha shri arjunadaas kesari ke athak prayaason se anek naveen shail chitr samay-samay par prakaash mein aate rahe hai. is kram mein yeh naveen khoj bhaarateeya shailachitron ke adhyayan mein ek mahattvapoorn kadi maani ja sakti hai.

baahari kadiyaaain