oosar

oosar ya banjar (barren land) vah bhoomi hai jismein lavanon ki adhikta ho, (visheshat: sodiym lavanon ki adhikta ho). aisi bhoomi mein kuchh naheen athva bahut kam utpaadan hota hai.

anukram

oosar banane ke kaaran

  • jal bharaav athva jal nikaas ki samuchit vyavastha ka na hona
  • varsha kam taapamaan ka adhik hona
  • bhoomigat jal ka ooncha hona
  • gahari kshetron mein jal risaav hona
  • vrukshon ki andhaadhundh kataai
  • bhoomi ko parati chhode rahana
  • bhoomi mein aavashyakta se adhik rasaayanon ka prayog karna tatha kabhi bhi jaivik khaad, kampost khaad, sadi gobar ki khaad tatha dhaicha ki hari khaad ka prayog na karna
  • lavaneeya jal se sinchaai karna

oosar sudhaar ki vidhi (takaneeki)

oosar sudhaar ki vidhi kramabaddh charanbaddh tatha samayabaddh pranaali hai is vidhi se bhoomi ko poorn roop se theek kiya ja sakta hai .

sarvekshan

- behtar jal prabandh evam jal nikaas ki samuchit vyavastha hetu sarvekshan .

boring sthal ka chayan

1.sthal ooainche sthaan par chuna jaaye .

2. jis sadasth ke khet mein voring ho vah bakaayaadaar na ho .

3. ek boring ki doori doosare se 200 mee0 se kam na ho .

medbandi

-yeh kaarya barasaat mein ya sitmbar October mein jab bhoomi nam rahati hai to shuroo kar deni chaahiye .

-med ke dharaatal ki chaudaai 90 semi oonchaai 30 semi tatha med ki oopari satah ki chau0 30 semi honi chaahiye .

-medbandi karte samay sinchaai naali aur khet jal nikaas naali ka nirmaan do kheton ki medon ke beech kar dena chaahiye .

jutaai

- bhoomi ki jutaai varsha mein ya varsha ke baad sitmbar October ya February mein karke chhod dein jisse lavan bhoomi ki satah par ekatr na ho .

-bhoomi ki jutaai 2-3 baar 14-20 semi gahari ki jaaye khet jutaai se poorv usareele paich ko 2 semi ki satah khurapi se khurachakar baahar naale mein daal dein .

samataleekaran

-khet ko kam chaudi aur lambi-2 kyaariyon mein baatakar kyaariyon ka samataleekaran karna chaahiye .

-jal nikaas naali ki taraf bahut halka sa dhaal dena chaahiye taaki khet ka faalatoo paani jal nikaas naali dvaara bahaaya jaaye .

-mitti ki jaanch kara le aavashyak 50 pratishat jipsam ki maatra ka pata chal paata hain .

sinchaai naali, jal nikaas naali tatha smaal strakchar ka nirmaan

-khet ki dhaal tatha nalakoop ke sthaan ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue sinchaai tatha khet naali ka nirmaan karna chaahiye .

-sinchaai naali bhoomi ki satah se oopar banaai jaaye, jo aadhaar par 30 semi gahari tatha sheersh par 120 semi ho .

-khet naali bhoomi ki satah se 30 banaai jaaye, jo aadhaar par 30 semi gahari tatha sheersh par 75-90 seinmi ho .

link dren

yeh 50 semi gahari aadhaar par 45 semi aur sheersh par 145 semi aur side slop 1:1 ka hona chaahiye

jipsam ka prayog evam leeching

- samataleekaran karte samay khet mein 5-6 mi chaudi aur lambi kyaariyaan bana lein tatha safed lavan ko 2 semi ki satah khurapi se khurach kar baahar naale mein daal dein .

- fir kyaariyon mein halka sa paani laga dein chaar paanch din baad nikaal dein jisse lavan leeching dvaara bhoomi ke neeche athva paani dvaara baahar nikal jaayeinge .

- samataleekaran ka pata lagaane ke liye kyaariyon mein halka paani laga dein . tatha halki jutaai karke theek prakaar se samatal kar lein .

kyaariyon mein jipsam milaana

- jipsam ka prayog karte samay kyaariyaan nam ho .

- boriyon ko kyaariyon mein samaan roop se faila dein .

- iske baad deshi hal ya kalteevetar ki sahaayata se bhoomi ki oopari 7-8 semi ki satah mein jipsam mila dein aur fir halka paata lagaakar kyaariyon ko samatal kar lein.

leeching

- kyaariyon mein jipsam milaane ke baad 10-15 semi paani bhar dein aur use 10 dinon tak leeching kriya hetu chhod dein .

- 10 dinon tak kyaariyon mein 10 semi paani khada rahana chaahiye . yadi khet mein paani kam ho jaaye to paani aur bhar dena chaahiye .isliye jaroori hai ki kyaariyon mein doosare-teesare din paani bharate rahein .

- leeching kriya har haalat mein 5 July tak poori ho jaaye jisse 10 July tak dhaan ki ropaai ki ja sakein .

leeching ke baad jal nikaasi

- 10 dinon baad khet ka lavanayukt paani khet naali dvaara baahar nikaal dein .

- leeching ke baad achha paani lagaakar dhaan ki ropaai, 5 semi paani bharakar oosar rodhi prajaati ki 35-40 din aayu ke paudhe ki ropaai kar dein .

anya mruda sudhaarak rasaayan

(a) akaarbanik: jipsam, paayaraait, faasfojipsam, gandhak ka aml

(b) kaarbanik padaarth: presamad, oosar tod khaad, sheera, dhaan ka puaav dhaan ki bhoosi, baaloo jalakumbhi, kachcha gobar aur puaanl gobar aur kampost ki khaad, vargi kampost, satyaanaashi kharapatavaari, aadi .

(s) anya padaarth: jaivik sudhaar (fasal aur vrukshon dvaara) dhaicha, dhaan, chukandar, paalak, ganna, deshi, babool aadi .

inhein bhi dekhein