okaapi

okaapi
ओकापी
okaapi
sanrakshan sthiti
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: jantu
sangh: rajjuki
varg: stanapaayi
gan: dvikhureeyagan
kul: jiraafide
prajaati: okaapiya
re lainkaistar, 1901
jaati: O. jaunastauni
dvipd naam
okaapiya jaunastauni
pi.L. skletar, 1901
पाये जाने वाले क्षेत्र
paaye jaane vaale kshetr

okaapi (okaapiya jaunstoni) afreeka ke ituri varshaavan, jo ki madhya afreeka ke kaango lokataantrik ganaraajya mein sthit hai, mein paaya jaane wala ek jeev hai. yeh jiraaf ka sabse kareebi rishtedaar hai. aaj yeh van mein lagbhag 10,000-20,000 ki sankhya mein hain.

abhilkshan

okaapi ka prushth bhaag gahre katthai rang ka hota hai aur pairon mein adbhut safed-kaali dhaariyaaain hoti hain, jisse door se dekhne mein yeh jeebra jaisa deekhata hai. shaayad yeh dhaariyaaain ghane varshaavan mein shaavak ko apni maaain pahachaanane mein ya fir shaayad chhadmaavaran mein madad karti hain.[2][3] shareer ki banaavat jiraaf jaisi hi hoti hai sivaaya lambi gardan ke.

okaapi aur jiraaf donon ki jeebh lambi hoti hai[4] (kreeb 35 se.mi.), jo neele rang ki hoti hai aur jiski madad se vah pedon se komal pattiyaaain aur kopalein khaane mein safal hote hain.

okaapi apni jeebh se muainh saaf karta hua

okaapi ki jeebh itni lambi hoti hai ki vah usase apni aaainkh tatha kaan bhi saaf kar sakta hai. teinduaa inka parabhakshi hota hai tatha inke bade kaan usase bachane mein madad karte hain.

okaapi ki lanbaai lagbhag 1.9-2.5 mi. aur ooainchaai kandhon tak lagbhag 1.5-2.0 mi hoti hai. inka vajn 200-300 ki. hota hai. shareer ke hisaab se inki pooainchh chhoti hoti hai aur keval 30-42 se.mi. lambi hoti hai.[5] haal tak yeh maanyata thi ki okaapi aahnik (din mein charane vaale) praani hote hain, lekin ab shodh yeh bataate hain ki vah nishaachar bhi hain. okaapi samaagam ke samay ke alaava praaya: ekaaki jeevan vyateet karte hain. sirf maaain aur shaavak hi saath rahate hain. samaagam ke samay ke bartaav mein soonghana, chakkar kaatna aur chaatana shaamil hai. okaapi van mein jaane pahachaane raaste mein bhojan ki talaash karte hain. inke ilaake ativyaapit hote hain aur ausatan ek varg ki. mein 0.6 jeev paaye jaate hain. okaapi saamaajik praani naheen hai aur bade tatha ekaant ilaake mein rahana pasand karta hai. isi aadat ke kaaran inki sankhya ghat rahi hai kyonki inke ilaake mein manushya bhoomi atikraman kar raha hai. okaapi apne kshetr jataane ke liye vibhinn tareeke istemaal karta hai, jaise mootr gandh dvaara. iske pairon mein gandh granthiyaaain hoti hain jo ek prakaar ka dravya utpann karti hain jise yeh apne kshetr ki sarhad mein lagaata hai. nar apne kshetr ki raksha kaafi jor-shor se karta hai lekin maada ko apne kshetr ke beech mein se nikalne deta hai.

anukram

aavaaseeya ilaaka

okaapi 500 se 1000 mi. ki ooainchaai par rahana pasand karta hai lekin apne aavaaseeya had ke poorvi ilaake mein pahaadi varshaavan mein 1000 mi. se oopar bhi rah sakta hai. is ilaake mein bharpoor varsha hone ke kaaran okaapi ki khaal telayukt aur makhamali hoti hai jo paani ko uske badan mein tikne naheen deti. usane is prakaar ki khaal chhadmaavaran ke liye viksit ki hai.[6] okaapi ke kshetr ki seemaaeain is prakaar hain: poorv mein ooainche pahaadi varshaavan, dakshin-poorv mein daladali kshetr, pashchim mein 500 mi. se neeche daladali jungle, uttar mein soodaan ka saahel ilaaka tatha dakshin mein khule jangali maidaan.
vaamba aur ऍpulu ilaakon mein yeh sabse adhik paaya jaata hai.

bandi avastha mein

sandarbh

  1. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Okapia johnstoni. 2008 sankatagrast prajaatiyon ki IUCN laal soochi. IUCN 2008. Retrieved on 10 April 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of near threatened.
  2. "San Diego Zoo's Animal Bytes: Okapi". Sandiegozoo.org. http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-okapi.html. abhigman tithi: 2010-07-13.
  3. "Okapi". Zsl.org. http://www.zsl.org/conservation/regions/africa/virunga/okapi,1009,AR.html. abhigman tithi: 2010-07-13.
  4. "Okapi" from Bristol Zoo Gardens. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  5. Burnie D and Wilson DE (Eds.), Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. DK Adult (2005), ISBN 0-7894-7764-5
  6. San Diego Zoo's Animal Bytes: Okapi.