odiya bhaasha

odiaa
ଓaaଡaa଼aaିaaଆ odiā
boli jaati hai Bhaarat
kshetr Orissa
kul bolne vaale 3 karod 10 lakh (1996)
shreni 31 (1996)
bhaasha parivaar hind-Europeeya
lekhan pranaali odiaa lipi
aadhikaarik star
aadhikaarik bhaasha ghoshit Orissa
niyaamak koi aadhikaarik niyman naheen
bhaasha koot
ISO 639-1 or
ISO 639-2 ori
ISO 639-3 ori
Oriyaspeakers.png
Bhaarat mein nivaasi odiya bhaashi
Indic script
is panne mein hindi ke alaava anya bhaarateeya lipiyaan bhi hai. paryaapt software samarthan ke abhaav mein aapko aniyamit sthiti mein svar va maatraaen tatha sanyojak dikh sakte hain. adhik...

odiaa, udiya ya odiya (ଓaaଡaa଼aaିaaଆ, oṛaaiā odiaa) Bhaarat ke Orissa praant mein boli jaane waali bhaasha hai. yeh yahaaain ke raajya sarkaar ki raajabhaasha bhi hai. bhaashaai parivaar ke taur par odiaa ek aarya bhaasha hai aur nepaali, baangla, asamiya aur maithili se iska nikat sambandh hai. odisa ki bhaasha aur jaati donon hi artho mein udiya shabd ka prayog hota hai, kintu vaastav mein theek roop "odiya" hona chaahiye. iski vyutpatti ka vikaasakram kuchh vidvaan is prakaar maanate hain : odravishya, odravish, odish, aadisha ya Orissa. sabse pehle bharat ke naatyashaastr mein udravibhaasha ka ullekh milta hai:

"shabaraabheerachaandaal sachaladraavidodraja:. heena vanecharaanaan ch vibhaasha naatake smruta:."

bhaashaataatvik drushti se udiya bhaasha mein aarya, draavid aur mundaari bhaashaaon ke sanmishrit roopon ka pata chalta hai, kintu aaj ki udiya bhaasha ka mukhya aadhaar bhaarateeya aaryabhaasha hai. saath hi saath ismein santhaali, mundaari, shabari, aadi mundaari varg ki bhaashaaon ke aur auraaainv, kui (kandhi) telugu aadi draavid varg ki bhaashaaon ke lakshan bhi paae jaate hain.

anukram

lipi

odiya lipi

iski lipi ka vikaas bhi naagari lipi ke samaan hi braahmi lipi se hua hai. antar keval itna hai ki naagari lipi ki oopar ki seedhi rekha udiya lipi mein vartul ho jaati hai aur lipi ke mukhya ansh ki apeksha adhik jagah gher leti hai. vidvaanon ka kehna hai ki udiya mein pehle taalapatr par lauh lekhani se likhne ki reeti prachalit thi aur seedhi rekha kheenchne mein taalapatr ke kat jaane ka dar tha. at: seedhi rekha ke badle vartul rekha di jaane lagi aur udiya lipi ka kramash: aadhunik roop aane laga.

itihaas

sampoorn odiaa bhaasha ke itihaas ko nimn vargon mein baanta ja sakta hai -

odiaa ek poorvi indo-aarya bhaasha hone ke naate indo-aarya bhaasha parivaar ka sadasya hai. ise poorv maagadhi naamak praakrut bhaasha ka vanshadhar maana jaata jise ki 1500 saal pehle poorv Bhaarat mein prayog kiya jaata tha. is ka aadhunik baangla, maithili, nepaali evam asamiya bhaashaaon se nikat sambandh hai. anya uttar bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke mukaabale mein udiya, paarsi bhaasha dvaara sabse kam prabhaavit hua hai. likhit odiaa bhaasha ka praacheenatam udaaharan maadala paanji (puri ke jagannaath mandir ki panjika) mein milta hai jinhe taad ke patton par likha gaya tha.

pramukh boliyaaain

saahitya

odiaa bhaasha ke pratham mahaan kavi jhankad ke saarala das the jinhone devi durga ki stuti mein chandi puraan aur vilanka raamaayan ki rachana ki thi. arjun das ke dvaara likhit Ram-vivaah odiaa bhaasha ki pratham deergh kavita hai. praarambhik kaal ke baad se lagbhag 1700 tak ke samay ko odiaa saahitya mein panchasakha yug ke naam se jaana jaata hai. is yug ka praarambh shreechaitanya ke vaishnb dharm ke prachaar se hua. balaraam das, jagannaath das, yashovant das, anant das evam achyutaanand das-in paanchon ko panchasakha kaha jaata hai. is yug ke anya saahityikon ki tarah inki rachanaaen bhi dharm par aadhaarit theen. is kaal ke rachanaaen praay: sanskrut se anuvaadit ki hui hoti theen ya unhi par aadhaarit hoti theen. anuvaadon mein aaksharik ke apeksha bhaavaanuvaad ka prachalan jyaada tha.

srot

baahari kadiyaaain