nrutya

bhaarateeya nrutya

nrutya bhi maanaveeya abhivyaktiyon ka ek rasamaya pradarshan hai. yeh ek saarvabhaum kala hai, jiska janm maanav jeevan ke saath hua hai. baalak janm lete hi rokar apne haath pair maar kar apni bhaavaabhivyakti karta hai ki vah bhookha hai- inheen aangik -kriyaaon se nrutya ki utpatti hui hai. yeh kala devi-devataaon- daitya daanavon- manushyon evam pashu-pakshiyon ko ati priya hai. bhaarateeya puraanon mein yeh dusht naashak evam ishvar praapti ka saadhan maani gayi hai. amrut manthan ke pashchaat jab dusht raakshason ko amaratv praapt hone ka sankat utpann hua tab Bhagwan vishnu ne mohini ka roop dhaaran kar apne laasya nrutya ke dvaara hi teenon lokon ko raakshason se mukti dilaai thi. isi prakaar Bhagwan shankar ne jab kutil buddhi daitya bhasmaasur ki tapasya se prasann hokar use varadaan diya ki vah jiske upar haath rakhega vah bhasm ho jaae- tab us dusht raakshas ne swayam Bhagwan ko hi bhasm karne ke liye katibddh ho unka peechha kiya- ek baar fir teenon lok sankat mein pad gaye the tab fir Bhagwan vishnu ne mohini ka roop dhaaran kar apne mohak saundaryapoorn nrutya se use apni or aakrusht kar usaka vadh kiya.

bhaarateeya sanskruti evam dharm ki aarambh se hi mukhyat- nrutyakala se jude rahe hain. devendr indr ka achha nartak hona- tatha svarg mein apsaraaon ke anvarat nrutya ki dhaarana se ham bhaarateeyon ke praacheen kaal se nrutya se judaav ki or hi sanket karta hai. vishvaamitr-menaka ka bhi udaaharan aisa hi hai. spasht hi hai ki ham aarambh se hi nrutyakala ko dharm se jodte aae hain. patthar ke samaan kathor va drudh pratijnya maanav hrudaya ko bhi mom sadrush pighlaane ki shakti is kala mein hai. yahi iska manovaigyaanik paksh hai. jiske kaaran yeh manoranjak to hai hi- dharm- arth- kaam- moksh ka saadhan bhi hai. sv paramaanand praapti ka saadhan bhi hai. agar aisa naheen hota to yeh kala-dhaara puraanon- shrutiyon se hoti hui aaj tak apne shaastreeya svaroop mein dharohar ke roop mein ham tak pravaahit na hoti. is kala ko hindu devi-devataaon ka priya maana gaya hai. Bhagwan shankar to nataraaj kahalaae- unka panchakrutya se sambandhit nrutya srushti ki utpatti- sthiti evam sanhaar ka prateek bhi hai. Bhagwan vishnu ke avataaron mein sarvashreshth evam paripoorn Krishna nrutyaavataar hi hain. isi kaaran ve 'natavar' Krishna kahalaaye. bhaarateeya sanskruti evam dharm ke itihaas mein kai aise pramaan milte hain ki jisse safal kalaaon mein nrutyakala ki shreshthata sarvamaanya prateet hoti hai.

anukram

bhaarateeya nrutya ke prakaar

bhaarateeya nrutya utane hi vividh hain jitni hamaari sanskruti, lekin inhein do bhaagon mein baaainta ja sakta hai- shaastreeya nrutya tatha lokanrutya. haal hi mein Bollywood nrutya ki ek nai shaili lokapriya hoti ja rahi hain jo bhaarateeya cinema par aadhaarit hai. ismein bhaarateeya shaastreeya, bhaarateeya lok aur paashchaatya shaastreeya tatha paashchaatya lok ka samanvaya dekhne ko milta hai.

jis tarah Bhaarat mein kos-kos par paani aur vaani badalti hai vaise hi nrutya shailiyaaain bhi vividh hain. pramukh bhaarateeya shaastreeya nrutya hain:

lok nrutyon mein pratyek praant ke anek sthaaneeya nrutya hain. jaise Punjab mein bhaangada, uttar-pradesh ka pakhaauj aadi

bhaarateeya nrutya ka itihaas

nrutya ka praacheenatam granth bharat muni ka naatyashaastr hai. lekin iske ullekh vedon mein bhi milte hain, jisse pata chalta hai ki praagaitihaasik kaal mein nrutya ki khoj ho chuki thi. itihaas ki drushti mein sabse pehle upalabdh saakshya gufaaon mein praapt aadimaanav ke ukere chitron tatha hadppa aur mohanajodado ki khudaaiyon mein praapt moortiyaaain hain, jinke sambandh mein puraatatvetta nartaki hone ka daava karte hain. rigaved ke anek shlokon mein nrutya shabd ka prayog hua hai. indr yatha hayastitepareetan nrutoshagv: . tatha nahyangan nruto tvadanyan vindaami raadhase. arthaat- indr tum bahuton dvaara aahoot tatha sabko nachaane vaale ho. isse spasht hota hai ki tatkaaleen samaaj mein nrutyakala ka prachaar-prasaar sarvatr tha. is yug mein nrutya ke saath nimnalikhit vaadyon ka prayog hota tha. veena vaadan paanighnan toonabrahman taanrutyaandaaya talavam. arthaat- nrutya ke saath veena vaadak aur mrudangavaadak aur vansheevaadak ko sangat karni chaahiye aur taal bajaane vaale ko baithna chaahiye.

yarjuved mein bhi nrutya sambandhi saamagri prachur maatra mein upalabdh hai. nrutya ko us yug mein vyaayaam ke roop mein maana gaya tha. shareer ko arogya rakhane ke liye nrutyakala ka prayog kiya jaata tha. harivansh puraan mein bhi nrutya sambandhi ghatnaaon ka ullekh hai. Bhagwan neminaath ke janm ke samay ke kalaapoorn nrutya va gaayan ke samaarohon ka varnan ismein milta hai. shreemadabhaagavat mahaapuraan, Shiv puraan tatha koorm puraan mein bhi nrutya ka ullekh kai vivranon mein mila hai. raamaayan aur mahaabhaarat mein bhi samay-samay par nrutya paaya gaya hai. is yug mein aakar nrutt- nrutya- naatya teenon ka vikaas ho chuka tha. bharat ke naatya shaastr ke samay tak bhaarateeya samaaj mein kai prakaar ki kalaaon ka poornaroopen vikaas ho chuka tha. iske baad sanskrut ke praacheen granthon jaise kaalidaas ke shaakuntalam- meghadootam- vaatsyaayan ki kaamasootr- tatha mruchhakatikm aadi granthon mein in nrutya ka vivran hamaari bhaarateeya sanskruti ki kalaapriyta ko darshaata hai. aaj bhi hamaare samaaj mein nrutya- sangeet ko utana hi mahatva diya jaata hai ki hamaare koi bhi samaaroh nrutya ke bina sampoorn naheen hote. Bhaarat ke vividh shaastreeya nrutyon ki anvarat shishya paranparaaeain hamaari is saanskrutik viraasat ki dhaara ko lagaataar peedhi dar peedhi pravaahit karti raheingi.

bhaarateeya daakatikton mein nrutya

pashchimi nrutya ke prakaar

baile nrutya

kai anya nrutya shailiyon baile ke aadhaar par kar rahe hain ke roop mein baile, nrutya ke kai anya shailiyon ke liye ek aadhaar ke roop mein kaarya karta hai. baile sadiyon se viksit kiya gaya hai ki takaneek par aadhaarit hai. baile kahaaniyaan bataane ke liye sangeet aur nrutya ka upayog karta hai. baile nartakiyon ek aur duniya ke liye ek darshakon ko parivhan karne ki kshamata hai.

jaaj

jaij maulikta aur kaamachalaaoo vyavastha par kaafi nirbhar karta hai ki ek majedaar nrutya shaili hai. kai jaij nartakiyon ko apne swayam ki abhivyakti ko shaamil, unke nrutya mein vibhinn shailiyon ka mishran. jaij nrutya aksar sankuchan sahit bold, naatakeeya shareer aandolanon ka upayog karta hai.

hip - haup

hip haup sanskruti se viksit kiya hai ki aamtaur par hip haup sangeet ke liye nrutya ek nrutya shaili desh aur pashchimi nrutya aam taur par desh ke pashchimi sangeet par nrutya kiya kai nrutya roopon, bhi shaamil hai. yadi aap kabhi bhi ek desh aur pashchimi club ya saraaya liye kiya gaya hai, to aap shaayad unke chehare par badi muskaan ke saath dance flor ke aaspaas tvarligg kuchh charavaahe boot pahane nartakon dekha hai. belly nrutyahai. hip haup aise todne pauping, lauking aur krampingg aur yahaan tak ​a​aki ghar ke nrutya ke roop mein vibhinn chaal bhi shaamil hai. kaamachalaaoo vyavastha aur vyaktigat vyaakhya hip - haup nrutya karne ke liye aavashyak hain.

swing

swing nrutya jode, jhoole spin aur ek saath kood jismein ek jeevant nrutya shaili hai. swing nrutya ek saamaanya sangeet swing karne ke naach ka matlab hai ki avadhi, ya sangeet hai "jhoolon. ki" ek geet jhoolon yadi aap kaise bata sakte hain? swing nartakiyon ve ise suna hai, ve abhi bhi bardaasht naheen kar sakte hain jab ek gaana jhoolon kyonki jaante hain.

kauntra nrutya

kauntra nrutya nartakiyon do samaanaantar laainon firm aur rekha ki lanbaai neeche vibhinn bhaageedaaron ke saath nrutya aandolanon ka ek drushya jo pradarshan mein ameriki lok nrutya ka ek roop hai. kauntra nrutya parivaar ki tarah vaayumandal ke saath aaraam kar rahe hain. nrutya bahut achha vyaayaam hai aur nartakiyon ko apni gati nirdhaarit kar sakte hain. kauntra nartakiyon aamtaur par nrutya ka ek pyaar ke saath dostaana, sakriya log hain.

desh aur pashchimi

desh aur pashchimi nrutya aam taur par desh ke pashchimi sangeet par nrutya kiya kai nrutya roopon, bhi shaamil hai. yadi aap kabhi bhi ek desh aur pashchimi club ya saraaya liye kiya gaya hai, to aap shaayad unke chehare par badi muskaan ke saath dance flor ke aaspaas tvarligg kuchh charavaahe boot pahane nartakon dekha hai.

belly nrutya

belly nrutya koolhon aur pet ki tej, roling aandolanon dvaara visheshata nrutya ka ek anokha roop hai. belly daansing ka asli mool utsaahi logon ke beech bahas kar rahe hain.

aadhunik nrutya

aadhunik nrutya bheetar ki bhaavanaaon ki abhivyakti par bajaay dhyaan keindrit, shaastreeya baile ke kade niyamon se kai ko khaarij kar diya ki ek nrutya shaili hai. aadhunik nrutya nrutyakala aur pradarshan mein rachanaatmakata par bal, shaastreeya baile ke khilaaf ek vidroh ke roop mein banaaya gaya tha.

laitin nrutya

laitin nrutya seksi hip aandolanon dvaara visheshata ek teji se pustak, aksar kaamuk, saathi nrutya hai. haalaanki, hip aandolanon laitin nrutya mein se kisi mein jaanboojhkar naheen kar rahe hain. hip gati se ek doosare pair se vajan badalne ka ek svaabhaavik parinaam hai

saalasa

saalsa kyooba se ek samadharmi nrutya shaili hai. ekal roopon mein pahachaane jaate hain, haalaanki saalsa, saamaanya roop se ek saathi nrutya hai. saalsa aamtaur par saalsa sangeet par nrutya kiya jaata hai. aap ek saathi aavashyak naheen ho sakta hai, jismein rekha nrutya ka ek firm ke roop mein yeh nrutya nirdeshan kar sakte hain, haalaanki saalsa, ek jodi ki aavashyakta hai. is nrutya shaili laitin America bhar mein bahut lokapriya hai aur samay ke saath yeh uttari America, Europe, Australia, Asia aur madhya poorv ke maadhyam se fail gaya.

line nrutya

ek line nrutya logon ke ek samooh ke vyaktiyon ke ling ke sambandh ke bina ek ya ek se adhik laainon ya panktiyon mein nrutya jismein kadam ki ek doharaaya anukram ke saath ek nrutya nrutya hai, sabhi ek hi disha ka saamana karna pad aur ek hi samay mein kadam kriyaanvit karne. unke paas nartakiyon ka haath pakade hue hain jabki, puraane nartakiyon ek doosare ka saamana jismein laainein hai "rekha nrutya", ya "rekha" "line" dance flor ke chaaron or ek neta ka paalan mein ek chakr, ya sabhi nartakiyon hai.

baularoom dance

baularoom dance apne saathi ke saath kiya jaane wala nrutya hai, jise duniyaabhar mein behad pasand kiya jaata hai. hal‍aaki laait m‍aayoojik mein yeh dance behad aakarshak dikhta hai. ismein saalsa, roonba, saanba, kaiseeno aur bak aadi ko mik‍aas bh‍aeea kiya ja sakta hai. aamtaur par bauroom dance apne saathi ke saath ek doosare ki baahon mein kiya jaata hai. baularoom nrutya ke do mukhya shailiyon hain - ameriki shaili aur antarraashtreeya shaili.

sandarbh


baahari kadiyaaain

  • nartaki - bhaarateeya nrutya ka 'praveshadvaar'