nrujaateeya bhaashaavijnyaaan

jab se maanav vaigyaanik adhyayan mein bhaashaavijnyaaan aur bhaasha vaigyaanik vishleshan mein maanavavijnyaaan ki sahaayata li jaane lagi hai, maanavavijnyaaanashrit bhaashaavijnyaaan ko ek vishisht koti ka adhyayan maana jaane laga hai. ismein aisi bhaashaaon ka adhyayan kiya jaata hai jinka apna koi likhit roop na ho aur na unapar pehle vidvaanon ne kaarya hi kiya ho. arthaat gyaat sanskruti se achhoot aadim jaatiyon ki bhaashaaon ka varnanaatmak, aitihaasik aur tulanaatmak adhyayan is koti ke antargat aata hai. iska ek roop maanavajaati bhaasha vigyaan (Ethno-linguistics) kahalaata hai.

alabart galeshan (Albert Gallation 1761-1840) ne bhaasha aadhaar par Amreeki vargon ka vibhaajan kiya. je0 dblyoo paavel (1843-1902) aur dee0 jee0 brintan (1837-1890) ne Amreeki indiynon ki bhaasha ka adhyayan kiya. habolt (1767-1835) ke adhyayan ke baad 19veen shataabdi ke madhya mein maanav jaati-vigyaan aur bhaashaavijnyaaan mein ghanishth sambandh sthaapit hua aur tadanantar is kshetr mein adhikaadhik kaarya hone laga. sarvaadhik mahatvapoorn kaarya sapeer ka hai jo (Time perspective in Aborigina American Culture) (1916) ke naam se saamane aaya. voorf (Whorf) hopi ne boli par kaarya kiya hai. bloomafeeld ne keindreeya elgonkiyn, see0 meenauf ne baantoo aur o0 daimpolf (O Dempwlaff) ne malaaya poleneeshiyn kshetron mein mahatvapoorn kaarya kiya. li (Lee) ka vinto par aur Harry (Harry Hoijer) ka naahovo (Nahovo) par kiya gaya kaarya bhaasha aur sanskruti ke paarasparik sambandh par paryaapt prakaash daalata hai. is prakaar ameriki school ke bhaashaavaijnyaaanikon ne is kshetr mein bada kaarya kiya hai. America se hi (Anthropological Linguistics) naamak patrika niklati hai jismein is kshetr mein honevaala anusandhaanakaarya prakaashit hota rahata hai.