noor inaayat Khan

noor inaayat Khan
upanaam medelin (1943, jaasoosi ke dauraan nurse ke roop mein)
janm 01 January 1914
Moscow, roosi saamraajya
dehaant 13 sitmbar 1944(1944-09-13) (umr 30)
dakaaoo prataadna shivir, Germany
nishtha United Kingdom, France
seva/shaakha mahila sahaayak vaayu sena (Women's Auxiliary Air Force,dabloo॰ e॰ e॰ efa॰[1]),
vishesh abhiyaan ke kaaryakaari (Special Operations Executive,esa॰ o॰ i॰[2])
praathamik chikitsa nursing kshetr (First Aid Nursing Yeomanry[3]
seva varsh 1940-1944 (dabloo॰ e॰ e॰ efa॰)
1943–1944 (esa॰ o॰ i॰)
upaadhi sahaayak anubhaag adhikaari (Women's Auxiliary Air Force, dabloo॰ e॰ e॰ efa॰)
prateek chinh [Ensign] (First Aid Nursing Yeomanry, efa॰ e॰ ena॰ vaai॰)
dasta cinema
sammaan George kraus, kroks di geyar, meinsand in dispaichij

noor-un-nisa inaayat Khan (prachalit: noor inaayat Khan; urdoo: نaaوaaر عaaنaaاaaیaaت خaaاaaن, aaingreji: Noor Inayat Khan; 1 January 1914 – 13 sitmbar 1944) bhaarateeya mool ki british guptachar theen, jinhonne dviteeya vishvayuddh ke dauraan mitr deshon ke liye jaasoosi ki. Britain ke special opareshans ekjeekyootiv ke roop mein prashikshit noor dviteeya vishvayuddh ke dauraan France ke naaji adhikaar kshetr mein jaane waali pehli mahila wireless oparetar theen. Germany dvaara girftaar kar yaatanaayein diye jaane aur goli maarkar unki hatya kiye jaane se pehle dviteeya vishvayuddh ke dauraan ve France mein ek gupt abhiyaan ke antargat nurse ka kaam karti theen. France mein unke is kaaryakaal tatha uske baad aagaami 10 maheenon tak unhein yaatanaayein di gain aur poochh-taachh ki gayi, kintu poochh-taachh karne waali naaji Germany ki khufiya police gestaapo dvaara unase koi raaj naheen ugalavaaya ja saka. unke balidaan aur saahas ki gaatha United Kingdom aur France mein prachalit hai. unki sevaaon ke liye unhein United Kingdom evam anya raashtramandal deshon ke sarvochch naagrik sammaan George kraus se sammaanit kiya gaya. unki smruti mein London ke gaurdan skveyar mein smaarak banaaya gaya hai, jo inglaind mein kisi musalmaan ko samarpit aur kisi Asiaee mahila ke sammaan mein is tarah ka pehla smaarak hai.

anukram

praarambhik jeevan

dakaaoo memoriyl hall mein noor ki smaarak pattika

noor inaayat ka janm 1 January 1914 ko Moscow, roos mein hua tha. unka poora naam noor-un-nisa inaayat Khan tha. ve chaar bhaai-bahan the, bhaai vilaayat ka janm 1916, hidaayat ka janm 1917 aur bahan khair-un-nisa ka janm 1919 mein hua tha.[4] unke pita bhaarateeya aur maaain ameriki theen. unke pita hajrat inaayat Khan 18veen sadi mein Mysore raajya ke shaasak teepoo sultaan ke padpote the, jinhonne Bhaarat ke soofeevaad ko pashchimi deshon tak pahuainchaaya tha. ve ek dhaarmik shikshak the, jo parivaar ke saath pehle London aur fir peris mein bas gaye the.[5][4][6] noor ki roochi bhi unke pita ke samaan pashchimi deshon mein apni kala ko aage badhaane ki thi. noor sangeetakaar bhi theen aur unhein veena bajaane ka shauk tha. vahaaain unhonne bachchon ke liye kahaaniyaaain bhi likhi aur jaatak kathaaon par unki ek kitaab bhi chhapi thi.[7]

pratham vishvayuddh ke turant baad unka parivaar Moscow se London, inglaind aa gaya tha, jahaaain noor ka bachapan beeta.[5][4] vahaaain nauting hil mein sthit ek nursery school mein daakhile ke saath unki shiksha aarambh hui. 1920 mein ve France chali gain, jahaaain ve peris ke nikat suresanes ke ek ghar mein apne parivaar ke saath rahane lageen jo unhein soofi aandolan ke ek anuyaayi ke dvaara upahaar mein mila tha.[5] 1927 mein pita ki mrutyu ke baad unke oopar maaain aur chhote bhaai-bahanon ki jimmedaari aa gayi.[4] svabhaav se shaant, sharmeeli aur samvedansheel noor sangeet ko jeevika ke roop mein istemaal karne lagi aur piyaano ki dhun par soofi sangeet ka prachaar-prasaar karne lagi. kavitaayein aur bachchon ki kahaaniyaaain likhkar apne kairiyr ko sainvaarane lageen; saath hi French radio mein niyamit yogadaan bhi dene lageen.[5] 1939 mein bauddhon ki jaatak kathaaon se prabhaavit hokar unhonne ek pustak twenty jaataka tels[k 1] naam se London se prakaashit ki.[8]dviteeya vishvayuddh chhidne ke baad, France aur Germany ki ladaai ke dauraan ve 22 June 1940 ko apne parivaar ke saath samudri maarg se Britain ke faulamaauth, kaurnavaal laut aayeen.[5][4]

mahila sahakarmi, vaayu sena

apne pita ki shaantivaad ki shiksha se prabhaavit noor ko naajiyon ke atyaachaar se gahra sadama laga.[5] jab France par naaji Germany ne hamla kiya to unke dimaag mein uske khilaaf vaichaarik ubaal aa gaya. unhonne apne bhaai vilaayat ke saath milkar naaji atyaachaar ko kuchalane ka nirnaya liya. unhonne kaha tha ki-

"main kuchh bhaarateeyon ko is yuddh mein uchch sainya prashikshan ke saath shaamil karne ki pakshadhar hooain. main chaahati hooain ki jo bhi bhaarateeya mitr deshon ki seva mein kuchh karne ki ichha rakhata ho, ham unke beech setu ka nirmaan kareinge, unhein utprerit kareinge aur unki prashansa kareinge."

—anoor Khan ke patra ke mukhya ansh ka hindi anuvaad[9]

19 November 1940 ko ve vaayu sena mein dviteeya shreni eyarakraaft adhikaari ke roop mein shaamil huin, jahaaain unhein "wireless oparetar" ke roop mein prashikshan hetu bheja gaya. June 1941 mein unhonne aaraeef baumbar kamaan ke baumbar prashikshan vidyaalaya mein aayog ke samaksh "sashastr bal adhikaari" ke liye aavedan kiya, jahaaain unhein sahaayak anubhaag adhikaari ke roop mein padonnati praapt hui.[5][4]ve apne teen upanaamon kramash:"nora bekar"[10]"medeleen"[5] aur 'jeen-mari reniya'[11] ke roop mein bhi jaani jaati hain.

vishesh abhiyaan ke kaaryakaari ef sekshan agent ke roop mein jaasoosi

noor ki pehchaan ka jimmedaar dakaaoo ka poorv kaidi Michael pellis.
"Bhaarat mein angreji saamraajya se loha lene vaale haidar Ali aur teepoo sultaan ke khaanadaan ki ek mahila ne bahaaduri ke liye Britain mein sammaan haasil kiya.”
mahaboob Khan, BBC samvaadadaata[7]

baad mein noor ko special opareshans kaaryakaari ke roop mein ef (France) ki sekshan mein judne hetu bharti kiya gaya aur February 1943 mein unhein vaayu sena mantraalaya mein tainaat kiya gaya.[12] unke varishthon mein gupt yuddh ke liye unki upayuktata par mishrit rai bani aur yeh mahasoos kiya gaya ki abhi unka prashikshan adhoora hai, kintu fraanseesi bhaasha ki achhi jaankaari aur bolne ki kshamata ne special opareshans group ka dhyaan unhonne apni or aakarshit kar liya, falat: unhein wireless operation yugmit anubhavi agenton ki shreni mein ek vaanchhaneeya ummeedavaar ke taur par prastut kiya gaya. fir vah bataur jaasoos kaam karne ke liye taiyaar ki gain aur 16-17 June 1943 mein unhein jaasoosi ke liye radio oparetar banaakar France bhej diya gaya. unka code naam 'medelin' rakha gaya.[5] ve bhesh badalkar alag-alag jagah se sandesh bhejati raheen.

unhonne do anya mahilaaon kramash: daayana raauden (paadari code naam) aur seseeli lefort (ailis shikshak/code naam) ke saath France ki yaatra ki, jahaaain ve Francis sutateel (prospar code naam) ke netrutv mein ek nurse ke roop mein chikitsakeeya network mein shaamil ho gain. dedh maheene baad hi chikitsakeeya network se jude radio oparetaron ko Germany ki suraksha seva (S di) ke dvaara girftaar kar liya gaya. ve dviteeya vishvayuddh mein pehli asian seekret agent thi. ek kaamared ki garlafreind ne jalan ke maare unki mukhabiri ki aur ve pakadi gain.[5][4]

seekret agent ke roop mein career

british vaayu sena dvaara England mein noor ki smruti mein sansthaapit shilaalekh

dviteeya vishvayuddh ke dauraan noor vinstan charchil ke vishvasaneeya logon mein se ek theen. unhein seekret agent banaakar naajiyon ke kbje vaale France mein bheja gaya tha. noor ne peris mein teen maheene se zyaada vakt tak safalataapoorvak apna khufiya network chalaaya aur naajiyon ki jaankaari Britain tak pahunchaai. peris mein 13 October 1943 ko unhein jaasoosi karne ke aarop mein girftaar kar liya gaya. is dauraan khtaranaak kaidi ke roop mein unke saath vyavahaar kiya jaata tha. haalaanki is dauraan unhonne do baar jail se bhaagane ki koshish ki, lekin vifal raheen.[4]

dakaaoo sthit noor ka pratirodh smaarak

gestaapo ke poorv adhikaari hains kifr ne unase gupt soochanaaeain praapt karne ka prayaas kiya, lekin unhein safalta naheen mili. 25 November 1943 ko inaayat esaoi agent John renashau aur liyaun ke saath sichrahitsadints (esadi), peris ke hedakvaartar se bhaag nikleen, lekin ve jyaada door tak bhaag naheen sakeen aur unhein girftaar kar liya gaya. 27 November 1943 ko noor ko peris se Germany le jaaya gaya. November 1943 mein unhein Germany ke faurjem jail bheja gaya. is dauraan bhi adhikaariyon ne unase khoob poochh-taachh ki, lekin unhonne kuchh naheen bataaya.[4][13]

unhein das maheene tak ghor yaatanaayein di gain, fir bhi unhonne kisi bhi prakaar ki soochana dene se mana kar diya.[5][4]

noor ki jab goli maarkar hatya ki gayi, to unke honthon par shabd tha -"svatantrata".[gh][5][4] atyadhik prayaas ke baavajood jarman sainik unka asli naam bhi naheen jaan paaye.[9][14][15]

London mein noor ki taanbe ki pratima, jiska anaavaran dinaank 8 November 2012 ko hua

prashansak

noor ek raashtravaadi mahila theen aur gaaaindhi tatha Nehru ki bahut badi prashansak theen.[16]

mrutyu

11 sintabar 1944 ko unhein aur unke teen saathiyon ko Germany ke dakaaoo prataadna shivir le jaaya gaya, jahaaain 13 sitmbar 1944 ki subah chaaron ke sir par goli maarane ka aadesh sunaaya gaya. yadyapi sabse pehle noor ko chhodakar unke teenon saathiyon ke sir par goli maar kar hatya ki gayi. tatpashchaat noor ko daraaya gaya ki ve jis soochana ko ikattha karne ke liye Britain se I theen, ve use bata dein. lekin unhonne kuchh naheen bataaya, antat: unke bhi sir par goli maarkar hatya kar di gayi. uske baad sabhi ko shavadaahagruh mein dafna diya gaya. mrutyu ke samay unki umr 30 varsh thi.[7][17][18][19]

smruti shesh

Britain ka sarvochch George kraus sammaan
France ka sarvochch kroks di geyar sammaan

daak ticket

Britain ki daak seva, royal mel ke dvaara noor ki smruti mein daak ticket jaari kiya gaya hai. 'ullekhaneeya logon' ki shrrunkhala mein noor par nau anya logon ke saath daak ticket jaari kiya gaya jismein abhineta sar elek gineej aur kavi diln Thomas shaamil hain.[20]

smaarak

London mein unki taanbe ki pratima lagaai gayi hai. yeh pehla mauka hai jab Britain mein kisi muslim ya fir Asiaee mahila ki pratima lagi hai. gaurdan skveyar gardens mein us makaan ke najdeek pratima sthaapit ki gayi hai jahaan vah bachapan mein raha karti theen. pratima ka anaavaran dinaank 8 November 2012 ko mahaaraani Elizabeth dviteeya ki beti Rajkumari eni ne kiya.[21][22][16]

film "dhobi ghaat" ki nirmaata ke taur par pehli film karne waali, jaane-maane hindi film abhineta Aamir Khan ki patni, kiran Rao ne is film ki screening se milne waali raashi ko noor inaayat Khan ke London smaarak ko daan kiya tha. ullekhaneeya hai ki noor ki smruti mein banane wala London ka garden square Britain mein kisi bhaarateeya mahila aur kisi muslim mahila ki smruti mein banane wala pehla smaarak hai.[23]

is pratima ko London ke kalaakaar nyoomain ne banaaya hai.[24]

sammaan

  • Britain dvaara is bhaarateeya mahila sainik ko maranoparaant 1949 mein George kraus se navaaja gaya.[25][26]
  • France ke dvaara unhein apne sarvochch naagrik sammaan - "kroks di geyar" se navaaja gaya.[27]
  • meinsand in dispaichij (british gailentri award)[28]

vimarsh

noor inaayat Khan: ek nazar mein

naagrik pehchaan

  • naagrik naam: noor-un-nisha inaayat Khan
  • esa॰ i॰ o॰ agent ke roop mein, sekshan ef:
    • upanaam : « medeleen »
    • aapareshanal code naam : nurse
    • kavar pehchaan : jeeni maari reganeer, naani
    • chhadm naam : nora bekar

poorvaj

  • juma shaah, pandrahaveen sadi ke soofi sant.
  • teepoo sultaan(1749-1799), praacheen Mysore raajya ke shaasak.

paarivaar ke sadasya

  • pita: peer-O-murashid hajrat inaayat Khan, (prasiddh bhaarateeya soofi fkeer, jinhone Bhaarat ke soofeevaad ko pashchimi deshon tak pahuainchaaya)
  • maaain: ora re bekar (ameriki mahila, jinhone 1912 mein muslim ghoonghat apnaaya)
  • bhaai:
vilaayat inaayat Khan (1916-2004)
hidaayat inaayat Khan (1917)
  • bahan: khair-un-nisha inaayat Khan (1919), upanaam: kleyar re haarpar, jo aaingreji ke prasiddh upanyaasakar David haarpar ki maaain hain.

sainya career

  • November 1940, mahila sahaayak vaayu sena ; 424598 eseedablyoo
  • 8 fravari 1943, esa॰ i॰ o॰, sekshan ef; gred: sekshan officer; rejimeint: 9901
strot: shraabani baasu ki pustak "spaai prinses yaani jaasoos Rajkumari- noor inaayat Khan" se

britaani saamraajya ki virodhi hone ke baavajood noor ne Britain ke liye jaasoosi ki aur ek nai misaal kaayam bhi ki, lekin kya unhein itihaas mein vo mukaam haasil hai jiski vo hakdaar theen? dilchasp savaal ye hai ki soofi sangeet premi aur behad khoobasoorat mahila noor dviteeya vishv yuddh ke samay mein jaasoos kaise ban gain? aise hi kuchh savaalon ke javaab London mein rahane waali bhaarateeya mool ki ek patrakaar shraabani baasu ne apni kitaab "spaai prinses yaani jaasoos Rajkumari- noor inaayat Khan" ke jriye talaash karne ki koshish ki hai.[29]noor ki aatmakatha 'spaai prinses' likhne waali shraabani baasu ko Britain ke pradhaanamantri David kaimarun aur doosare saansadon ki sahaayata mili. shaami chakravarti, gurindar chaddha, Anushka shankar aur neena vaadiya jaisi hastiyon ne bhi unka saath diya.[17]

"jab mainne unki kahaani par shodh shuroo kiya, mujhe pata chala ki vah soofi theen aur ahinsa aur dhaarmik samanvaya mein vishvaas karti theen.”
shraabani baasu, lekhika, 'noor smaarak trast' ki sansthaapak'

mainne Britain mein bhaarateeyon ke yogadaan ke baare mein kaheen ek lekh padha tha jismein noor inaayat Khan ka naam bhi tha. likha gaya tha ki vah britaani jaasoos theen lekin unke baare mein bahut thodi si jaankaari thi. alabatta unki ek tasveer chhapi thi jismein vah bahoot khoobasoorat nazar aa rahi theen. bas tabhi se meri ruchi jaagi ki unke baare mein kuchh kiya jaae.

shraabani baasu, lekhika[7]


aayaam

bhaarateeya filmkaar tabarej nooraani va jfar hai, noor ki kahaani ko bade parde par pesh karne ja rahe hain. hai va nooraani ne London mein rahane waali bhaarateeya va patrakaar se lekhika bani shraabani baasu ki kitaab 'spaai prinses yaani jaasoos Rajkumari- noor inaayat Khan' par film banaane ke adhikaar khareed liye hain. nooraani jahaaain loss ainjelis mein rahate hain, vaheen hai mumbai mein rahate hain.[30] haalaanki iske poorv Bhaarat ke jaane-maane film nirdeshak shyaam benegal bhi is bhaarateeya mahila jaasoos par antarraashtreeya star ki film banaane ki ghoshana kar chuke hain.[31]

prakaashit kruti/ anuvaad

baahari chhaviyaaain
yaadon ke saaye mein noor dreem N fan
Bhaarat ki asli 'baubi jaasoos' navabhaarat times

sandarbh-granth

uddharan

  1. yeh angreji mein likhi gayi ek pustak hai jiske sheershak ka mool bhaasha mein naam Twenty Jataka Tales hai aur iska hindi anuvaad 'bees jaatak kathaaeain' hai. is pustak ki aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ sankhya 978-0892813230 hai.

teeka-tippani

k. ^ sabhi kahaaniyaaain 'jaatakamaala' (sanskrut) se aayere Quraan dvaara chayanit aur anuvaadit hai, paali bhaasha se noor inaayat Khan dvaara ise pun: anoodit aur vilvik li maayar dvaara chitrit kiya gaya hai.

kh. ^ (anoodit: link, iv; chitrit: vilvik li maayar, henareett), IST vest pablikeshan, di hag, prakaashan varsh: 1978, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-90-70104-30-6

g. ^ (anoodit: fushaleen, pooran, chitrit: matteeoli, stefeniya prakaashan: perataama pariyojana) aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-3-907643-11-2

gh. ^ jab unhe goli maari gayi thi, to us samay uske hothon se jo antim shabd foote the vah fraanseesi bhaasha mein "librete" tha, jiska hindi mein arth hai "svatantrata".

sandarbh

  1. Narracot, A.H. (1941). "9 - Woman in Blue" (angreji mein). How The R A F Works [kaise hota hai aara॰ A. efa॰ ka kaarya]. fredarik mular limited. pp. 108 (ena॰a115). http://www.archive.org/details/howtherafworks030792mbp. abhigman tithi: 07 October 2014.
  2. "'Pat Line' – An Escape & Evasion Line in France in World War II ['pet line'- dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan France mein ek eskep aur gupt kadi]" (angreji mein). Christopher laang. http://www.christopherlong.co.uk/pri/secpap.html. abhigman tithi: 07 October 2014.
  3. "First Aid Nursing Yeomanry [praathamik chikitsa nursing kshetr]" (angreji mein). 16veen laansars. http://www.fany.org.uk/metadot/index.pl?id=2182. abhigman tithi: 07 October 2014.
  4. a aa i E u oo A ai O au k "Tomb of Hazrat Inayat Khan [hajarat inaayat Khan ki kabr]" (angreji mein). delhi inafaarmeshan. http://www.delhiinformation.org/tombs/tombofhazratinayatkhan.html. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "delhi" defined multiple times with different content
  5. a aa i E u oo A ai O au k kh "Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan [noor-un-nisa inaayat Khan]" (angreji mein). soofi order international. http://www.sufiorder.org/noor.html. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  6. "Noor Inayat Khan [noor inaayat Khan]" (angreji mein). spaartaakas ejukeshanal. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SOEnoor.htm. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  7. a aa i E Khan, mahaboob. "jaasoos Rajkumari-noor inaayat Khan". BBC hindi. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/entertainment/story/2006/03/060302_noor_inayat.shtml. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  8. "Noor Anayat Khan: The princess who became a spy [noor inaayat Khan: ek Rajkumari jo guptachar ban gayi]" (angreji mein). the indipeindeint. 20 fravari 2006. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/features/noor-anayat-khan-the-princess-who-became-a-spy-526024.html. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  9. a aa Visram, Rozina (1986). ""Ayahs, Lascars and Princes: The Story of Indians in Britain 1700-1947"" (English mein). letter from Noor Khan (anuvaad: noor Khan ke patra) (First san॰). Pluto Press. pp. 142. ""I wish some Indians would win high military distinction in this war. If one or two could do something in the Allied service which was very brave and which everybody admired it would help to make a bridge between the English people and the Indians.""
  10. "The Message of Hazrat Inayat Khan [hajarat inaayat Khan ka sandesh]" (aaingreji mein). http://www.hazratinayatkhan.org/audio2-noor-archive.php. abhigman tithi: 15 April 2014. "A message of Love, Harmony & Beauty(anuvaad:prem, sadbhaav aur saundarya ka ek sandesh)"
  11. dabora veis (20 March 2014). "Holocaust Heroine Motivated by Islam? [islaam se prerit naayika]" (angreji mein). frant pej maigajeen. http://www.frontpagemag.com/2014/deborah-weiss/holocaust-heroine-motivated-by-islam/. abhigman tithi: 9 April 2014.
  12. enthoni kev brown "Bodyguard of Lies: The Extraordinary True Story Behind D-Day"[sheershak anuvaad: jhooth ka angarakshak: di diwas ke peechhe asaadhaaran sachchi kahaani], prakaashak: di laayans press, sanskaran: 2007, prushth: 551,bhaasha: aaingreji
  13. "Noor Anayat Khan: The princess who became a spy [noor inaayat Khan: ek Rajkumari jo jaasoos bani]". the indipeindeint. 20 fravari 2006. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/features/noor-anayat-khan-the-princess-who-became-a-spy-526024.html. abhigman tithi: 9 April 2014.
  14. enthoni kev brown (2007). "Bodyguard of Lies [jhooth ke angarakshak]". the liyons press. p. 551. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-1-59921-383-5. http://books.google.ca/books?id=Q0UBW_KysgMC&pg=PA551.
  15. London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38578, p. 1703, 5 April 1949. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  16. a aa "London mein bhaarateeya jaasoos ki moorti!". BBC hindi. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/international/2012/11/121116_noorstatue_rf.shtml. abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014.
  17. a aa "spaai prinsej noor ka sammaan". I naiksat live. http://inextlive.jagran.com/uk-to-honour-spy-princess-201211030025. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  18. "spaai priseinj noor inaayat Khan" (hindi mein). career7india.com. http://www.career7india.com/news/newsdetail/id/308/news/%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%88+%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%9C+%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0+%E0%A4%87%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%A4+%E0%A4%96%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  19. "Selected Document Release, 2003, Noor Inayat KHAN (1914–44)". the national aarkaaivaj. http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/releases/2003/may12/selectedagents.htm. abhigman tithi: 9 April 2014.
  20. "bhaarateeya mahila jaasoos noor par Britain ne jaari kiya daak ticket". people's samaachaar. http://www.peoplessamachar.co.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=41706%3Abritain-issued-stamps-on-indian-female-spy-noor&catid=10%3Aworld-news&Itemid=112. abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014.
  21. "London mein jaasoos noor ki pratima ka anaavaran". ji news. 8 November 2012. http://zeenews.india.com/hindi/news/%E0%A4%A6%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%BE/%E0%A4%B2%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%82-%E0%A4%9C%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B8-%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A3/152727. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  22. "bhaarateeya mool ki british jaasoos noor inaayat Khan ki pratima ka London mein anaavaran". jaagaran josh. http://www.jagranjosh.com/current-affairs/%E0%A4%AD%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4%E0%A5%80%E0%A4%AF-%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B2-%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%AC%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%9F%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B6-%E0%A4%9C%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B8-%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%87%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%96%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AE%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%B2%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A4%AE%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%82-%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A3-1352440566-2. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  23. "noor inaayat ke smaarak ke liye raashi jutaaegi 'dhobi ghaat'". N di ti vi India. 16 January 2011. http://khabar.ndtv.com/news/world/noor-inayat-329360?update=1410351834. abhigman tithi: 10 sitmbar 2014.
  24. "spaai prinsej noor ka sammaan". I naiksat. 3 November 2012. http://inextlive.jagran.com/uk-to-honour-spy-princess-201211030025. abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014.
  25. "George Cross, George Medal and the Medal of the Order of the British Empire (military): Air Ministry recommendation to the Selection Committee and correspondence (Assistant Section Officer Nora Inayat-Khan, Women's Auxiliary Air Force)", T 351/47, National Archives, Kew.
  26. "Noor Inayat Khan [noor inaayat Khan]" (angreji mein). spaartaakas ejukeshanal. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SOEnoor.htm. abhigman tithi: 9 April 2014.
  27. "Noor Inayat Khan: Life of a Spy Princess [noor inaayat Khan: ek guptachar ka jeevan]" (angreji mein). BBC. Archived from the original on 14 January 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110114091855/http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/programmes/timewatch/gallery_spy_06.shtml.
  28. dakars, Peter (2010) "british gailentri award 1855 – 2000." Oxford: shaayar pablikeshan. prushth: 54. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 978-0-7478-0516-8.
  29. Basu, Shrabani (1) (aaingreji mein). Spy Princess: The Life of Noor Inayat Khan(hindi jaasoos Rajkumari: noor inaayat Khan ka jeevan) (First san॰). London: Omega Publications. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-930872-78-9, 978-0930872786.
  30. "bade parde par pesh hogi antarraashtreeya kahaani 'noor inaayat'". navabhaarat times. http://navabharat.org/index.php/glamor/bollywood/20620-%E0%A4%AC%E0%A4%A1%E0%A4%BC%E0%A5%87-%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%A6%E0%A5%87-%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%B6-%E0%A4%B9%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%97%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B7%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%9F%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%80%E0%A4%AF-%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%B9%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%87%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%A4. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  31. "dviteeya vishv yudgh par benegal ki film". I bi N live khabar. http://khabar.ibnlive.in.com/showstory.php?id=12328&ref=hindi.in.com. abhigman tithi: 15 March 2014.
  32. pustak, mool aaingreji naam: Twenty Jāataka Tales, prakaashak: jee॰ jee॰ harraap London, prakaashan varsh : 1939, aaiesabeeen sankhya 978-0892813230
  33. pustak, mool svaahili naam ka aaingreji anuvaad:Twenty Jāataka tale, prakaashak: East-vest pablikeshan fund di hag, prakaashan varsh: 1978 aaiesabeeen sankhya: 978-90-70104-30-6
  34. pustak, mool jarman naam ka aaingreji anuvaad:Twenty Jāataka stories, prakaashan: petama project Zurich, prakaashan: 6 October 2009, aaiesabeeen sankhya: 978-3-907643-11-2
  35. "Noor Anayat Khan: The princess who became a spy [noor inaayat Khan: ek Rajkumari jo guptachar ban gayi.]". the indipeindeint. 20 fravari 2006. Archived from the original on 28 fravari 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070228144611/http://enjoyment.independent.co.uk/books/features/article346472.ece.

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