netaskep

Netscape Communications
udmog Internet, Software, & Telecommunication
sthaapana 1994
mukhyaalaya Mountain View, California, United States (as an independent company)
Dulles, Virginia, USA
(after becoming a part of AOL)
pramukh vyakti Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark (founders)
utpaad Internet suite
web browser
Internet service provider
web portal
karmachaari 10,000
maatru company AOL
website Netscape.com

netaskep kamyunikeshans (poorv mein netaskep kamyunikeshans korporeshan ke roop mein aur saamaanyat: netaskep ke roop mein gyaat) ek ameriki computer seva company hai, ise mool roop se web braaujr ke liye jaana jaata hai. jab yeh ek svatantr company thi, iska mukhyaalaya maaunten vyoo, California mein tha.[1] netaskep naam sisko sistams ka ek tredamaark tha, jise company ko diya gaya tha.[2]

ek samay khapat hisse ki drushti se netaskep ka web braaujr kaafi prabhaavi tha, lekin pratham braaujr yuddh ke dauraan usane adhikaansh hisse ko Internet eksaplorar ke haathon ganva diya. 2006 ke ant tak, netaskep braaujr ka khapat hissa samaapt hota gaya aur 1990 ke dashak ke madhya mein lagbhag 90% se bhi adhik se 1% se bhi kam ho gaya. online sanchaar ke liye netaskep ne sekyor soket leyar protokol (esaesael) ka vikaas kiya tha, jiska istemaal abhi bhi vyaapak roop se kiya jaata hai,[3] saath hi web pejes ke client-site skripting ke liye vyaapak roop se istemaal kiye jaana wala jaavaaskript ko bhi viksit kiya tha.

baad mein, eoel (AOL) ki sahaayak company ke roop mein netaskep stock ka 1995 aur 2003 ke beech kaarobaar kiya gaya. haalaanki, eoel ke 1998 mein netaskep ko khareed lene ke baad yeh ek holding company ban gayi. netaskep brand ka abhi bhi bade paimaane par eoel dvaara istemaal kiya jaata hai. vartamaan mein web braaujar ke alaava kuchh sevaaen netaskep brand ke tahat pradaan ki jaati hain, jismein diskaaunt Internet seva pradaata aur ek lokapriya saamaajik samaachaar website shaamil hai. December 2007 mein, eoel ne yeh ghoshana ki ki ab netaskep braaujr ko adyatan naheen kiya jaaega. eoel ke netaskep ke nideshak Tom draapiu ne ghoshana ki ki 1 March 2008 tak company, netaskep software utpaad ke samarthan ko band kar degi.[4] is nirnaya par samudaayon dvaara mishrit pratikriya di gayi, haalaanki kai logon ne tark diya ki utpaad samarthan ki samaapti ke nirnaya ko kaafi der se liya gaya hai. Internet suraksha ki site, sekyuriti vauch ne kaha ki eoel ke netaskep ke liye virl suraksha adyatan ki pravrutti ke kaaran yeh braaujar "suraksha daayitv" ban gaya, vishesh roop se 2005-2007 sanskaran, netaskep braaujr 8.[5] faayarafauks ke mool bag pareekshakon mein se ek aasa dotajlar ne apne blog post mein ek "achha chhutakaara" ki khabar ka svaagat kiya, lekin 1998 mein mojila ke nirmaan ke saath sakriya karne ke liye netaskep team ke vibhinn sadasyon ki prashansa ki. [6] vafaadaar upayogakartaaon ko iske software ke liye mahatvapoorn suraksha pradaan karne ko jaari rakhane ke liye doosare logon ne eol ke samaksh yaachika daayar ki. [7][8][9]

anukram

itihaas

praarambhik varsh

netaskep aisi doosari company thi jisne navajaat world wide web ko (fir) bhunaane ka prayaas kiya. mool roop se iski sthaapana 4 April 1994 mein mojaaik kamyunikeshans korporeshan ke naam ke tahat hui thi, jim Clark jinhonne apne dimaag se mark endreesan ki bharti sah-sansthaapak ke roop mein ki thi aur klenar parkins kaaufeeld end baayars ki bharti ek niveshak ke roop mein ki thi. Clark ne SGI aur NCSA mojek se praarambhik netaskep team ke anya sadasyon ki bharti ki jismein rosanne sino shaamil the jo vaais preseedeint of kamyunikeshans bane. company ka pehla utpaad web braaujr tha, jise netaskep mojek 0.9 kaha jaata hai aur ise 13 October 1994 ko jaari kiya gaya. is braaujr ka naam baad mein netaskep nevigetar rakha gaya aur company ne NCSA ke saath tredamaark svaamitv samasyaaon se bachane ke liye 14 November 1994 ko netaskep naam grahan kiya[10] jahaan praarambhik netaskep karmachaariyon ne NCSA mojek web braaujar ka nirmaan kiya tha. NCSA anumati ke saath mojek netaskep web braaujar ne kuchh NCSA mojek code ka istemaal kiya, jaisa ki aavedan ke "abaaut" samvaad box mein ullekh kiya gaya hai. netaskep ne 9 August 1995 ko bahut hi safal aaipeeo nikaala. stock ko prati share 14 dollar mein pesh kiya jaana tha. lekin, ek aakhiri minute mein aaranbhik peshakash ko doguna karte hue prati share $28 karne ka nirnaya kiya gaya. share ka moolya pratham din $75 badha diya gaya, pehle din ke laabh ke liye lagbhag ek rikaard ban gaya. company ka raajasv 1995 mein prati timaahi doguna ho gaya.[11] netaskep ki safalta se Anderson ko time patrika ke kavar par nange paanv dikhaaya gaya.[12]

netaskep ne "web sabhi ke liye hai" (the web is for evareevan) ka vigyaapan diya aur operating system ke beech ek susangat web braaujing ka anubhav pradaan karne ke dvaara apne ek uddeshya ko "leval the pleing field" ke roop mein bataaya. kisi bhi computer par netaskep web braaujr antarafalak ek samaan tha. netaskep ne baad mein ek web aadhaarit pranaali ke protopaaip ke saath prayog kiya jo ki upayogakartaaon ko kaheen bhi network ke bheetar unke file ke upayog aur sanpaadan ko saksham banaaega, koi fark naheen padta hai ki kaun si computer ya operating system mein ve istemaal karte hain. is cheej par Microsoft ka dhyaan gaya, jisne operating system ko utpaad banaae jaane ko ke liye khatre ke roop mein dekha, yaani, vindoj ko chhodkar anya operating system ko apnaane se samaan braaujing anubhav haasil honge aur is prakaar badalne ke liye baadhaaen kam hongi. aarop hai ki kai Microsoft ke adhikaariyon ne market ko vibhaajit karne ke saude ke liye June 1995 mein netaskep parisar ka daura kiya (haalaanki maaikrosoft ne isse inkaar kiya choonki yeh virodhi vishvaas kaanoon ka ullanghan karti hai) jo ki vindoj ke liye maaikrosoft ko web braaujar software banaane ki anumati dega jabki netaskep ke liye anya sabhi operating system ko chhod dega. [13] netaskep ne is prastaav se inkaar kar diya.

Microsoft ne vindoj 95 plas paik Ed on ke hisse ke roop mein Internet eksaplorar ke 1.0 sanskaran ko jaari kiya. poorv dooradarshak yantr devalapar erik sink ke anusaar, saamaanya taur par Internet eksaplorar ko NCSA mojek par aadhaarit naheen maana jaata tha, lekin dooradarshak yantr par viksit mojek ke ek sanskaran par maana jaata hai[14] (jo apne aap mojek NCSA par aadhaarit tha). Microsoft ne jaldi se Internet eksaplorar ke lagaataar kai sanskaranon ko jaari kiya, unhein vindoj ke saath baandh diya aur uske liye kabhi koi keemat naheen li, company ke anya kshetron ke raajasv se unke vikaas aur vipnan ko vittaposhit kiya. is samayaavadhi ko braaujar yuddh ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, ismein netaskep kamyuniketar aur Internet eksaplorar ne kai nae suvidhaaon ko joda aur ek doosare ko pachhaadne ke prayaas mein kai sanskaran sankhyaaon (hamesha ek taarkik feshan mein naheen) ko jaari kiya. lekin Internet eksaplorar ka palada bhaari tha, kyonki jitni janashakti aur poonji ismein lagaai gayi thi usane antat: netaskep ke poore kaarobaar mein upalabdh sansaadhanon ko paar kar diya. 3.0 sanskaran dvaara, IE, suvidhaaon ke hisaab se netaskep kamyuniketar ke lagbhag samaan tha aur 4.0 sanskaran dvaara, yeh aamtaur par maikintosh platform ki bajaae vindoj par sthir maana jaata tha. Microsoft ne muft samaanata ke saath netaskep ke anya utpaadon ko bhi lakshit kiya, jaise Internet inforameshan sarvar (aaiaaies) ke roop mein, ek web sarvar jo ki vindoj enati ke saath juda hua tha.

netaskep is rananeeti ke saath pratispardha naheen kar sakta tha. vaastav mein, isne pratispardha karne ka prayaas hi naheen kiya. January 1998 tak netaskep nevigetar saamaanya janta ke liye muft naheen tha,[15] jabki Internet eksaplorar aur aaiaaies hamesha hi muft tha ya ek operating system ke saath aur/ya anya anuprayogon ke saath juda hua tha. is beech, netaskep ko apne utpaadon mein badhte hue bag (kharaabi) ke liye kaafi aalochanaaon ka saamana karna pada; aalochakon ne daava kiya ki 'company jatilta se peedit hai - nae suvidhaaon ko jodne ke prayaas ko prathamikta di ja rahi thi lekin unke theek se kaam na karne par dhyaan naheen diya ja raha tha. yeh vishesh roop se netaskep nevigetar 2 ke saath sach tha, jo ki 1996 ke praarambh paanch maheene ke liye baajaar par upalabdh ekamaatr utpaad tha jise netaskep nevigetar 3 se badla gaya tha. janta ki rai mein, jisne Microsoft ke goliyaath ki tulana mein netaskep ki David ke roop mein saraahana ki thi, use teji se nakaar diya, khaaskar jab netaskep ne 1997 mein pratham kharaab timaahi ka anubhav kiya aur January 1998 mein naapasand ke daur se gujar raha tha. (haalaanki, hamesha upayogakartaaon ne frem aur chhavi ko bachaane ke saath netaskep ki kaaryakshamata ki saraahana ki hai aur unhonne gair-maaikrosoft utpaad ka upayog karna pasand karte hain) netaskep ke mukhya vitteeya adhikaari Peter curry ne 1990 ke dashak ke madhya ko tapedik aur paagal ke roop mein varnan kiya aur aantarik aur baahya donon taraf se company ko nasht kar diya tha.[16]

open sorsing

January 1998 maah mein bhi netaskep ne open sors mojila pariyojana ki shurooaat ki. netaskep ne saarvajanik roop se netaskep kamyuniketar 4.0 ke sors code ko is ummeed se jaari kiya ki yeh ek lokapriya open sors pariyojana ban jaaega. isne code ko saarvajanik roop se netaskep pablik license ke tahat jaari rakha, jo ki GNU general pablik license ke samaan tha lekin saarvajanik jaari code se yukt maalikaana kaam ko prakaashit karne ke kaam ko jaari rakhane ki anumati netaskep ko di. haalaanki, is tarah se kamyuniketar 4.0 code jaari raha, netaskep kamyuniketar 4.5 mein kaarya karne laga jismein imel mein sudhaar aur udyam kaaryakshamata par dhyaan keindrit kiya gaya tha. yeh antat: spasht ho gaya ki kamyuniketar 4.0 braaujr ko viksit karna kaafi mushkil tha aur open sors ke vikaas ko is kodabes par roka diya gaya tha. iske bajaay, open sors vikaas ko skraich dvaara nirmit ek agali peedhi ke braaujar ke liye sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya. nav nirmit geko leaaut engine ka prayog kiya gaya, is braaujr mein kamyuniketar 4.0 se kaheen adhik maudyoolar vaastukala thi aur isliye atyadhik sankhya mein program ke saath aasaani se viksit kiya ja sakta tha. saath hi ismein ek XML upayogakarta intarafes bhaasha shaamil thi jiska naam XUL tha jo ki vindoj, mesintosh aur links mein ek upayogakarta intarafes ke ekal vikaas ki anumati deti hai.

United states dipaartameint of Justice ne May 1998 mein Microsoft ke khilaaf virodhi vishvaas maamala daayar kiya. is maamale mein netaskep ek abhiyojak naheen tha haalaanki iske adhikaariyon ne samman jaari kiya tha aur yeh maamale mein isse sambandhit kaafi maatra mein saamagri ka yogadaan kiya jismein bure manovrutti aatanrik charcha forum ka samagr saamagri shaamil tha.[17] October 1998 mein netaskep ne web daayarektari site nyoohoo ka adhigrahan $1 million mein kiya aur iska pun: naamakaran karte hue open daayarektari project rakha aur ek open kanteint license ke tahat iske detaabes ko jaari kiya.

America online dvaara adhigrahan

24 November 1998 ko America online (eoel) ne ghoshana ki ki vah is ghoshana ke samay netaskep kamyunikeshans ko tax-free stock-svaip ke tahat $4.2 billion mein adhigrahan karega. [18] is vilay ka kai logon dvaara upahaas kiya gaya jinka maanana tha ki donon kaurporet sanskruti sanbhavat: fit naheen hogi; iski aalochanaaon mein ek pramukh aalochak lambe samay se netaskep devalapar Jamie jvinsaki the.[krupaya uddharan jodein] is adhigrahan ko eoel dvaara Internet eksaplorar web braaujr par kam nirbhar banane ke ek maarg ke roop mein Microsoft ke khilaaf ek saudebaaji chip haasil karne ka jriya dekha gaya. doosaron ka maanana tha ki eoel ki netaseintar mein dilchaspi thi ya netaskep web sampatti jo duniya bhar mein sabse adhik yaataayaat se haasil thi. aakhirkaar, netaskep ke sarvar utpaadon aur uske vyaavasaayik sevaaen samooh aaiplaanet ka ek hissa ban gayi, jo ki ek sanyukt vipnan aur eoel aur san maaikrosistams ke beech gathabandhan aur vikaas tha. 14 November 2000 mein eoel ne mojila 0.6 sors code par aadhaarit netaskep 6 jaari ki. (sanskaran 5 ko chhod diya gaya tha). durbhaagya se, 0.6 mojila sthir naheen ho pai thi aur isliye netaskep 6 ne netaskep brand se logon ko thoda aur door kar diya. yeh August 2001 tak netaskep 6.1 jaari hui jo ki mojila 0.9.2 par aadhaarit thi aur kaafi adhik majaboot thi. ek saal baad netaskep 7.0 aaya jo ki mojila 1.0 kor par aadhaarit hai.

vightan

Microsoft enteetrast maamale mein is khulaase ke baad ki Microsoft ne ekaadhikaar shakti ka durupayog kar raha tha, eoel ne kshatipoorti ke liye iske khilaaf mukadama daayar kiya.[19] is maamale ko May 2003 mein niptaaya gaya jab Microsoft ne eoel ko $750 million ka bhugataan kiya aur kuchh praudyogiki ko saajha karne ke liye raaji hua ismein saat varshon ke liye Internet eksaplorar rauyalti-free ka istemaal karne aur aur vitran karne ka license eoel ko dena shaamil hai.[20][21] ise netaskep ke liye maut ki soochana dene ke roop mein maana gaya tha.

15 July 2003 ko time vaarnar (poorv mein eoel time vaarnar) ne netaskep ko samaapt kar diya. adhikaansh prograamaron ko naukri se nikaal diya gaya aur netaskep logo ko imaarat se hata diya gaya. haalaanki, netaskep 7.2 web braaujr (netaskep staaf ke bajaae in-house dvaara viksit) ko 18 August 2004 mein eoel dvaara jaari kiya gaya tha.[22] red hait ne 30 September 2004 ko ghoshit kiya ki inhonne netaskep entarapraaij suit ke adhikaansh bhaag ka adhigrahan kar liya hai aur red hait entarapraaij links ke saath ek open sors utpaad se judne mein parivrtit karne ki yojana kar rahi thi.[23] 1 June 2005 mein red hait ne fedora daayarektari sarvar jaari kiya.

12 October 2004 mein lokapriya website devalapar netaskep devaej ko eoel dvaara band kar diya gaya. devaej Internet sambandhit praudyogiki ke liye mukhya sansaadhan tha, netaskep braaujar par defineteev dokumeinteshan ko banaae rakhata tha, HTML aur jaavaaskript jaise sahaayak praudyogiki par pralekhan karta tha aur indastri aur daini gudamain jaise praudyogiki lekhak ke lokapriya lekh likha gaya tha. devaej ke kuchh saamagri ko mojila website par punarprakaashit kiya gaya hai.

braaujr ki antim release

chitr:Netscape-logo.png
netaskep 2005-2007 logo, abhi bhi kuchh portals mein prayog kiya jaata hai

netaskep brand naam ka istemaal bade paimaane par jaari raha. company ke paas ek baar fir se apni hi prograaming karmachaari the jo ki web braaujron ke shrrunkhala ki sahaayata aur vikaas ke liye pratibaddh the.[24] iske atirikt, netaskep ne propelar web portal ko banaae rakha, jo ki lokapriya saamaajik-samaachaar site hai aur dig ke samaan hai, jise June 2006 mein ek naya aakaar diya gaya. eoel ne netaskep brand ke tahat ek diskaaunt aaiesapi seva ka vipnan kiya.

faayarafauks 2 par aadhaarit netaskep braaujr ka ek naya sanskaran netaskep nevigetar 9 ko October 2007 mein jaari kiya gaya. ismein ek chikne hare aur sleti antarafalak ki visheshata thi. net apleekeshans ek Internet metriks farm ke anusaar November 2007 mein IE ke paas braaujar baajaar ka 77.4%, faayarafauks 16.0% aur netaskep 0.6% tha.[25] 28 December 2007 mein eoel ne ghoshana ki ki 1 fravari 2008 ko yeh netaskep web braaujr ke liye samarthan chhod degi aur ab nayi release ko viksit naheen karegi. baad mein pramukh suraksha adyatan aur anya braaujar ke liye upayogakartaaon ko palaayan karne mein madad karne ke liye ek tool jodne ke liye tithi ko 1 March tak badha diya gaya.[26] in atirikt suvidhaaon mein netaskep nevigetar 9 (9.0.0.6 sanskaran) ke antim sanskaran ko 20 fravari 2008 mein jaari karna shaamil tha.

software

classic release

netaskep nevigetar (0.9-4.08 sanskaran)

chitr:Netscape2.02 Screenshot 800x924.jpg
netaskep nevigetar 2.02

netaskep nevigetar, netaskep ke 1.0-4.8 sanskaranon se web braaujr tha. pehla beeta sanskaran ko 1994 mein jaari kiya gaya tha aur use mojek kaha gaya aur baad mein mojek netaskep. uske baad, national center for suparakanpyuting apleekeshan (NCSA mojek ke nirmaata) se ek kaanooni chunauti ke kaaran netaskep ke kai sansthaapakon jo ise viksit karte the, netaskep nevigetar naam ko apnaane ki or badhe. company ka naam bhi mojek kamyunikeshans korporeshan se netaskep kamyunikeshans korporeshan kar diya gaya.

yeh braaujr us vakt ke upalabdh mein sabse unnat tha aur isliye isne turant safalta praapt ki, jiske chalte vah baajaar ka baadshah ban gaya lekin vah abhi bhi beeta mein hi tha. 1.0 sanskaran ke jaari hone ke baad netaskep ke feature-kaaunt aur market share nirantar teji se badhta raha. sanskaran 2.0 mein ek poorn imel reedar ko joda gaya jise netaskep mel kaha jaata tha, is prakaar ek maatr web braaujar se ek Internet soot mein netaskep ko badla gaya. imel client ka mukhya vishishth feature tha HTML ko dikhaane ki iski kshamata. is avadhi ke dauraan is soot ko netaskep nevigetar kaha jaata tha.

netaskep ka sanskaran 3.0 (pehle beeta ka kodanem "etalas" tha) hi aisa pehla sanskaran tha jo Microsoft Internet eksaplorar 3.0 ke nirmaan se kisi gambhir pratiyogita ka saamana kiya. lekin netaskep aasaani se kuchh samay ke liye number ek braaujr bana raha.

netaskep ne ek gold sanskaran ko bhi jaari kiya jismein jaavaaskript RSA suraksha aur ek eppal ink kviktaaim dikaurdar shaamil tha.

netaskep kamyooniketar (4.0-4.8 sanskaran)

chitr:OS2 Netscape Communicator 4.61.png
OS/2 vaarp ke liye netaskep kamyuniketar 4.61

netaskep 4 ne netaskep nevigetar ki samasya ko sambodhit kiya jise soot ke dono naam mein istemaal kiya ja raha tha aur soot ka pun: naamakaran netaskep kamyuniketar karne ke dvaara braaujar iske bheetar shaamil tha. 1996-1997 mein paanch poorvaavalokan release ke baad, netaskep ne June 1997 mein netaskep kamyuniketar ke antim sanskaran ka vimochan kiya. yeh sanskaran kam ya jyaada netaskep nevigetar 3 code par aadhaarit tha aur iska adyatan roop tha aur nai suvidhaaon ko ismein joda gaya tha. Internet eksaplorar se badhti pratispardha (IE) 4.0 (jo ek aur adhik unnat HTML engine tha) aur puraani braaujr kor ke saath samasyaaon ke baavajood naya soot safal raha. IE, 4.5 sanskaran tak maik plaitafaarm par dheemi aur asthir tha. is ke baavajood, nae maik aues instauleshan par I ko difault braaujar banaane ke liye eppal Microsoft ke saath ek samjhaute ke liye raaji ho gaya, jo ki netaskep ki pratishtha ke liye ek aur jhatka tha. netaskep neviget, netaskep mel end nyoojgrup, netaskep edres book aur netaskep kampojar (ek HTML editor) se komyuniketar soot ko banaaya gaya tha.

January 1998 mein, netaskep kamyuniketar korporeshan ne ghoshana ki ki iske software ke sabhi sambhaavit sanskaran muft mein upalabdh honge aur open sors kamyuniti, mojila dvaara viksit kiya jaaega. netaskep kamyuniketar 5.0 ki ghoshana ki gayi thi (koot "gromit"). haalaanki, iski release ko kaafi der se kiya gaya tha aur isi beech Internet eksaplorar ke nae sanskaran jaari hue the, jiski shurooaat sanskaran 4 se ki gayi. inmein puraane netaskep se adhik suvidhaaen thi, ismein HTML 4, CSS, DOM aur ECMAScript ka support shaamil tha. aur adhik unnat Internet eksaplorar 5.0 market mein leedar ban gaya.

October 1998 mein, netaskep komyuniketar 4.5 ko jaari kiya gaya tha. ismein vibhinn kaaryakshamata mein sudhaar kiya gaya, vishesh kar mel end nyoojgrup ghatak mein, lekin braaujar kor ko adyatan naheen kiya gaya tha jiski kaaryakshamata us 4.08 sanskaran ke liye anivaarya thi. ek maheene baad, eoel dvaara netaskep kamyunikeshans korporeshan ko khareeda gaya. November mein, netaskep 5.0 par kaam ko radd kar diya gaya aur skraich se poori tarah ek nae kaam ke vikaas par jor diya gaya.

mojila aadhaarit release

netaskep 6 (6.0-6.2.3 sanskaran)

1998 mein, ek anaupachaarik samooh jise mojila sangathan kaha jaata tha aur kaafi had tak netaskep dvaara vitt poshit tha (code par kaam karne vaale adhikaansh maatra mein prograamaron ka bhugataan netaskep dvaara kiya gaya), vaastav mein aisa netaskep 5 (koot "gremit"), jo ki kamyuniketar sors code par aadhaarit tha, ke vikaas ko samanvaya karne ke liye kiya gaya. haalaanki, ejing kamyuniketar code saath kaam karne ke liye mushkil saabit hua aur skraip netaskep 5 ke liye aur sors code ko fir se likhne ka nirnaya liya gaya. fir se likha sors code mojila web braaujar ke roop mein tha jo ki kuchh atirikt suvidha ke saath netaskep 6 aadhaarit tha.

is faisale ka matlab tha ki netaskep ka agale mukhya sanskaran ka kaafi der se jaari hona. isi beech, netaskep ko eoel dvaara le liya gaya tha jo web maanak pariyojana se kaafi dabaav mein kaam kar rahi thi, jiske chalte 2000 mein iske nae diveejan ko netaskep 6.0 ko jaari karne ke liye baadhya thi. antarnirmit eoel insteint meseinjar client, netaskep insteint meseinjar ke alaava ek baar fir soot mein netaskep mevigetar aur anya kamyuniketar ghatak shaamil hue. haalaanki, yeh spasht tha ki 6 netaskep abhi release ke liye taiyaar naheen tha aur yeh buri tarah flop ho gayi. yeh mojila 0.6 par aadhaarit thi, jo ki kai gambhir bags ke chalte saamaanya janta dvaara abhi tak istemaal ke liye taiyaar naheen thi jiske chalte aksar krais ya web prushthon ka dheere-dheere reindar hona ho sakta tha. netaskep 6 ke baad ke sanskaran jyaada behtar the (vishesh kar 6.2.x ko ek achhe release ke roop mein maana jaata tha), lekin iske baavajood niraash samudaaya par braaujr prabhaav banaane ke liye sangharsh karti rahi.

netaskep 7 (7.0-7.2 sanskaran)

netaskep 7.0 (mojila 1.0.1 par aadhaarit) ko August 2002 mein jaari kiya gaya jo ki bahut hi samaan ghatakon ke saath netaskep 6 ka seedhi nirantarata thi. isne kuchh upayogakartaaon ko aakarshit kiya, lekin fir bhi bahut adhik ek alpasankhyak braaujr tha. haalaanki yeh lokapriya Radio@Netscape Internet radio client ke saath I. eoel ne netaskep 7.0 mein mojila paupaap blaukar kaaryakshamata ko nishkriya karne ka faisala kiya jo samudaaya mein bhang ka nirmaan karti hai. eoel ne netaskep 7.01 ke liye sabak seekha aur paupaap avarodhak bahaal karne ke liye netaskep ko anumati di. netaskep ne bhi braaudar soot ki ek naya eoel-muft-sanskaran (eoel ke saamaanya shulk ke bina) ki shuruaat ki. netaskep 7.1 (koot "bafi" aur mojila 1.4 par aadhaarit) ko June 2003 mein jaari kiya gaya.

2003 mein, eoel ne apni netaskep diveejan ko band kar diya aur netaskep ke sabhi karmachaariyon ko naukri se nikaal diya ya pun: saunpa. Mozilla. org jaari raha, haalaanki ek svatantr mojila foundation hone ke naate netaskep ke kai poorv karmachaariyon ki bharti karne laga. in-haaut netaskep ke vikaas kaarya ko eoel ne jaari rakha, lekin vahaan koi pratibaddh karmachaari ke na hone ke kaaran sudhaar kaafi kam tha. ek saal baad mojila par aadhaarit antim sanskaran August 2004 mein jaari hua: mojila 1.7.2 ke aadhaar par netaskep 7.2.

2006 ke utaraardh mein netaskep kamyuniti support board par ek aadhikaarik chunaav vijnyaaapit karne ke baad soot ke netaskep 7 series ka anumaan saamane aaya jo ki netaskep ke in-house development team dvaara samarthit aur adyataneekaran tha.[27][28][29] aisa naheen hona tha.

mojila faayarafauks-aadhaarit release

netaskep braaujr (8.0-8.1.3 sanskaran)

2005 aur 2007 ke beech, netaskep ke jaari sanskaran ko netaskep braaujr ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. eoel ne apekshaakrut safalta praapt mojila faayarafauks ko netaskep braaujr ke liye aadhaar ke roop mein chuna, yeh mojila foundation dvaara ek punarlikhit mojila sanskaran hai. yeh pehle ki tarah sampoorn roop se Internet soot naheen hai lekin keval ek web braaujr hai. anya vivaadaaspad faisalon mein keval Microsoft vindoj ke liye is braaujr ko banaana aur poorv mein jaari hue donon geko reindaring engine ki suvidha aur Internet eksaplorar mein trideint engine ka istemaal shaamil hain. November 1998 mein eoel ke netaskep kamyunikeshans adhigrahan[30] ne ek aashcharya se bhi kam kar diya jab company ne netaskep team ko nikaal diya aur markyuriyl kamyunikeshans ke liye vikaas ka aautasorsing kiya.[kab?] netaskep braaujr 8.1.3 ko 2 April 2007 mein jaari kiya gaya tha aur aur 8.0-8.1.2 sanskaran mein pehchaan kiye gaye saamaanya bag fikses ko shaamil kiya gaya tha.[31][32]

netaskep nevigetar (9.0 sanskaran)

chitr:NS9 screenshot.PNG
netaskep nevigetar 9.0

netaskep nevigetar 9 ko 15 October 2007 ko jaari kiya gaya. kaha gaya tha iski visheshataaon mein nyoojfeed report samarthan aur propelar Internet portal ke saath atyadhik ekeekaran,[33] saath hi web prushthon par charcha, prastutikran aur voting ke adhik unnat pranaaliyon ko shaamil kiya jaaega.[34] vindoj, links aur maik oes ex ke beech braaudar ko malti-plaitafaarm samarthan par vaapasi karte hue bhi dekha gaya.[35] netaskep ke 8.x sanskaran ki tarah nai vigyapti lokapriya mojila faayarafoks (sanskaran 2.0) par aadhaarit tha aur anumaanat: sabhi faayarafauks Ed-ons aur plugins ka sampoorn samarthan pradaan kiya gaya tha, ismein se kuchh ko pehle hi netaskep pradaan karti thi.[36] saath hi 2004 ke baad se pehli baar ke liye apne swayam ke karmachaariyon ke saath braaujr ka utpaadan in-house kiya gaya.[37] program ki ek beeta ko pehli baar 5 June 2007 ko jaari kiya gaya.[38] antim sanskaran ko 15 October 2007 ko jaari kiya gaya.

vikaas aur samarthan ka ant

eoel ne aadhikaarik taur par ghoshana ki[39] ki nevigetar netaskep ka samaapan 1 March 2008 mein hoga aur sifaarish ki jaati hai ki iske upayogakarta flauk ya faayarafauks braaujar daaunalod kar lein, ek hi praudyogiki par donon aadhaarit hain.

mojila thandarabard aadhaarit release

netaskep maisenjar 9

11 June 2007 mein netaskep ne ghoshana ki ki nevigetar 9 ke saath-saath hone wala ek stand-elon imel / samaachaar client netaskep markari hai. markari mojila thandarabard par aadhaarit tha.[40] is utpaad ko baad mein pun: naamakaran karte hue netaskep messenger 9 rakha gaya aur ek alfa sanskaran ko jaari kiya gaya. December mein 2007 mein eoel ne messenger 9 ke netaskep ke vikaas ke saath-saath nevigetar 9 ko radd ho jaane ki ghoshana ki.

mool utpaad ki soochi

netaskep ke praarambhik utpaad shrrunkhala mein shaamil hain:

  • vindoj, mesintosh, OS/2, yooniks tatha links ke liye netaskep nevigetar web braaujr
  • ek web-aadhaarit vinyaas antarafalak ke saath netaskep kamyunikeshans web sarvar, [2]
  • SSL (https) ke saath netasaait Commerce web sarvar, keval kamyunikeshans sarvar
  • netaskep prauksi sarvar

baad ke netaskep utpaadon mein shaamil hain:

  • netaskep vyaktigat sanskaran (PPP software ke saath braaujar aur ek aaiesapi ke saath sign ap karne ke liye khaata nirmaan vijaard)
  • netaskep kamyooniketar (ek soot hai jismein mel, news, calendar, veeoaaipi, kampojing web pejes aur eoel insteint meseinjar aur riyel audio ke liye upakarano ke saath nevigetar shaamil hain)
  • netaskep faastatraik aur entarapraaij web sarvar
  • netaskep kollaabra sarvar, kollaabra sarvar ink. ki khareed mein adhigrahit ek NNTP samaachaar sarvar
  • netaskep daayarektari sarvar, ek LDAP sarvar
  • netaskep sandesh sarvar, ek IMAP aur POP mel sarvar
  • netaskep certificate sarvar, SSL certificate jaari karne ke liye
  • samooh anusoochan ke liye netaskep calendar sarvar
  • netaskep kampaas sarvar, ek khoj engine aur spaaidar
  • netaskep anuprayog sarvar, web aplikeshans ke dijaaining ke liye
  • netaskep prakaashan pranaali, samaachaar lekh ke saath chal rahi ek vaanijyik site aur prati ekses ke liye upayogakartaaon se bhugataan
  • netaskep eksapart sarvar
    • ECxpert - ideeaai sandesh vinimay ke liye ek sarvar
    • SellerXpert B to B Commerce engine
    • BuyerXpert - eProcurement engine
    • BillerXpert - online bill bhugataan engine
    • TradingXpert - HTML ideeaai lenaden drushyapatal
    • CommerceXpert - online retail store engine
  • Radio@Netscape aur Radio@Netscape Plus

netaskep ne jaavaaskript web pej skripting bhaasha banaaya. saath hi "push praudyogiki" ke ke vikaas ka bhi paayonir raha hai, jo ki prabhaavi roop se web site ko soochana (mausam, share adyatan, package treking aadi) ki nirantar jaankaari upayogakarta ke deskataup (aka "vebataup") ko seedhe ko bhejane ki anumati deti hai; netaskep ke is kriyaanvayan ko netakaastar kaha gaya hai.[41] durbhaagya se, kaarobaar ne jaldi hi upayogakarta ki sahaayata ke liye push praudyogiki ke upayog ki maanyata praapt kar li thi aur naaraaj upayogakarta is suvidha ko band kar diya, isliye netakaastar alpakaalik hi raha.

netaskep apne kraus-plaitafaarm prayaas ke liye ullekhaneeya tha. iski client software vindoj (3.1, 95, 98, NT) mesintosh, links, OS/2, BeOS yooniks ke kai sanskaran sahit DEC, san solaaris, BSDI, IRIX, IBM AIX aur HP-UX ke liye upalabdhata jaari hai. iske sarvar software aamtaur par keval yooniks aur vindoj NT ke liye upalabdh tha, haalaanki iske kuchh sarvar ko links par upalabdh karaaya gaya tha aur netaskep faastatraik sarvar ke ek sanskaran ko vindoj 95/98 ke liye upalabdh karaaya gaya tha. aaj, netaskep ke adhikaansh sarvar san jaava system, jo ki poorv mein san van braanding ke tahat tha, ke roop mein live on pesh kar rahi hai. haalaanki netaskep braaujr 8 vindoj hi tha, netaskep nevigetar 9 braaujron ki shrrunkhala mein malti-plaitafaarm support maujood hai.[17]

vartamaan sevaaen

netaskep Internet seva

netaskep aaiesapi ek 56 kbit/s-daayal-ap seva hai jise $9.95 prati maheene par seva pradaan ki jaati hai$[42] (12 maheena ke liye $6.95). 1300 kbit/s (ausat 500 kbit/s) tak ki vruddhiprak prabhaavi gati ke liye company ek kampresd praaroop mein web prushthon ki seva pradaan karti hai. netaskep brand ke tahat eoel dvaara Internet seva pradaata ko chalaaya jaata hai. kam laagat waali aaiesapi ki aadhikaarik taur par shurooaat 8 January 2004 ko ki gayi thi.[43] iska mukhya pratidvandvi netajero hai. netaskep aaiesapi ka vigyaapan ka saamaanya uddeshya ek chhota janasaankhyikeeya hai, jaise, college chhaatr aur school se turant paas hue log, Internet ke istemaal ke liye vahan karne yogya ek saamaanya tareeka.

web tvarak (ekseeletar)

web aiksilretar tekst ko uske mool aakaar se lagbhag 4% poorv-sanpeedit kar deta hai aur is prakaar prabhaavi throoput ko 1300 kbit/s kar deta hai. saath hi yeh aiksilretar lagbhag 30% aur 10% kramash: flaish nishpaadan yogya aur chhaviyon ko preekampreses karta hai. netaskep ise "niyamit phone line par deeesael gati" ke roop mein vijnyaaapit karta hai haalaanki aise hi gati keval web braaujing mein seemit hoti hai jismein faailon ki daaunaloding naheen hoti hai.

is drushtikon ka ek aur dosh gunavatta mein kami hai, jahaan graafiks bhaari thos aur daag vaale ho jaate hain, lekin gati naatakeeya roop se itni badh jaati hai ki web prushth 5 second se bhi kam mein lod ho jaate hain.

Netscape.com

netaskep hamesha iske web propateej ke liye braaujar menu mein shaamil kai linkon se kaafi trefik ho jaate hain. kuchh log kehte hain is trefik ko bhunaane mein der ho chuki thi jo aage chalakar pramukh online portal yuddh ki shuruaat ban gaya. aur jab aisa hua, to netaseintar, apne kukhyaat naam http://home.netscape.com ke liye pratisthaapan site apne nae naam ke liye baad mein shaamil hone ke saal hi darj daud ke saath Yahoo!, infoseek aur MSN Google, jo.

Netscape.com vartamaan mein ek eoel netaskep-braanded yooaarael http://netscape.aol.com/ [3] ke saath AOL.com portal ka dupliket hai, isne sitmbar 2007 mein poorv ke ek saamaajik samaachaar website ki jagah li. ismein samaachaar, khel, horoskop, deting, cinema, sangeet aur bahut kuchh ki suvidhaaen hain. is parivartan se kai site ke upayogakartaaon ke beech aalochanaaen hone lagi hain, kyonki site prabhaavi roop se ek eoel klon ban gaya hai aur duniya bhar ke kuchh kshetron mein kshetreeya eoel portal ke liye aasaani se nirdesh karta hai. netaskep ki vishisht suvidhaaen jaise, netaskep blog, netaskep nyoojkvek, netaskep nevigetar, maai netaskep aur netaskep kamyuniti prushth, eoel netaskep design portal se kam abhigmya hain aur kuchh deshon mein ek sampoorn yooaarael ya Internet khoj ko poorn kiye bina abhigmya hi naheen hai.[44] nae eoel netaskep site ko sitmbar 2007 mein maujooda site ko gatimaan karne se pehle mool roop se August 2007 mein poorvaavalokan kiya gaya tha.[45] kaumpyusarv ki website compuserve.com, June 2006 se pehle istemaal kiye jaane vaale mool jenarik netaskep portal ke samaan hai. web khoj sahit kaumpyusarv site ki sevaaen bhi netaskep naam ke tahat chalaae ja rahe hain.

http://isp.netscape.com/ vebaprushth ke tahat abhi bhi vishesh roop se netaskep ki sevaaen upalabdh hain [4] .

netaskep braanding ke bina Netscape.co.uk ab eoel khoj ke liye reedaayarekt karti hai.[46]

propelar

netaskep ne propelar site ko sanchaalit kiya, jo ki dig ke samaan ek saamaajik samaachaar samoohak hai aur June 2006 September 2007 ke beech aupachaarik roop se Netscape.com. ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.

2007 ke ant mein ise sanshodhit kiya gaya aur propeller.com ko pun: jaari kiya aur nai saamaajik sanrachana ke upayog ke liye 2.5 maheene ki avadhi ke bheetar das lakh se adhik prushthon ko paida ki gayi hai. ise 1 October 2010 ko band kiya gaya.

open daairektari project

open daairektari project (ODP) ko deemauj ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai (iska mool domen naam d irectory.moz illa.org hai), yeh netaskep dvaara svaamitv ek world wide web link ka bahubhaashi open kanteint daairektori hai jo ki ek samudaaya ke svayansevakon dvaara nirmit aur banaae rakha gaya hai.

netaskep sarch

netaskep ek khoj engine netaskep khoj ko bhi sanchaalit karti hai, jo ki eoel khoj dvaara sanchaalit hai. netaskep khoj ka ek aur sanskaran netscape.com/search mein paaya ja sakta hai, jo ki tabase propelar mein shaamil kiya gaya hai.

netaskep forum center

netaskep forum center ke bheetar netaskep ke paas samudaaya-aadhaarit forum ki ek vistrut vividhta hai, jismein braaujr ke samudaaya support board mein shaamil hai. forum mein post karne ke liye upayogakartaaon ke paas ek eoel skreenanaam khaata honi chaahiye jismein unhein sign in karna hota hai, site ke bheetar netaskep network ke roop mein ise sandarbhit kiya jaata hai. isi prakaar ki ek seva bhi kampyusarv forum center ke maadhyam se upalabdh hai.

anya site

saath hi netaskep kai sankhyaaon mein country-spesifik netaskep portal ka sanchaalan karti hai jismein netaskep Canada aur netaskep UK shaamil hain. netaskep Germany ke portal ko June 2008 mein band kar diya gaya.

netaskep blog ko netaskep karmachaariyon dvaara likha gaya hai jismein netaskep utpaad aur sevaaon ke baare naveenatam charcha hai.

netaskep nyoojkvek, (aupachaarik roop se netaskep reports) netaskep samaachaar aur paraamarsh blog hai jismein video clip aur vichaar vimarsh shaamil hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

San Francisco Bay Area portal
Companies portal
Internet portal
  • mojila
  • seemonki
  • mojila ki pustak
  • code rash, netaskep injeeniyron ke baare mein ek 1998 vruttachitr.
  • radio@netaskep
  • netaskep (web braaujr)


sandarbh

  1. svaartaj, John. "company teks braaujar vaur too netaskep laun." sen Francisco kraunikl guruvaar 2 October 1997. 29 December 2009 ko pun: dekha gaya.
  2. http://www.networkworld.com/news/2010/063010-cisco-cius-tablet.html
  3. IBM.com par par SSL ka itihaas
  4. "The Netscape Archive". http://browser.netscape.com/. abhigman tithi: May 24, 2008.
  5. "Netscape Death is long overdue, Good for Security". http://securitywatch.eweek.com/browsers/netscape_death_is_long_overdue_good_for_security_1.html. abhigman tithi: January 2, 2008.
  6. "it's about time. r.i.p. netscape browser". http://weblogs.mozillazine.org/asa/archives/2007/12/its_about_time.html. abhigman tithi: January 2, 2008.
  7. "Save Netscape Petition". http://www.savenetscape.com. abhigman tithi: January 2, 2008.
  8. "Netscape Community – Online Petition for the Support of NN". http://community.netscape.com/n/pfx/forum.aspx?tsn=1&nav=messages&webtag=ws-nscpbrowser&tid=10422. abhigman tithi: January 2, 2008.
  9. "Save Netscape!". http://www.savenetscape.tk. abhigman tithi: January 2, 2008.
  10. "Mosaic Communications changes name to "Netscape Communications Corporation"". Netscape Communications Corporation. http://www.holgermetzger.de/netscape/NetscapeCommunicationsNewsRelease.htm. abhigman tithi: September 14, 2006.
  11. David Sheff. "Going Public as Netscape Did, before making a dime in profits". Wired 8.08. Lycos. http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.08/loudcloud.html?pg=4. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  12. "Netscape's Marc Andreessen". Time Magazine. February 19, 1996. http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,1101960219,00.html. abhigman tithi: February 3, 2007.
  13. "Government alleges illegal campaign by Microsoft". Archived from the original on July 8, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060708210502/http://www.pub.umich.edu/daily/1998/oct/10-20-98/news/news14.html. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  14. "Memoirs from the Browser Wars". http://biztech.ericsink.com/Browser_Wars.html. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  15. Alex Lash. "Netscape cuts prices on retail products". C-Net. http://www.news.com/2100-1001-207681.html?legacy=cnet. abhigman tithi: February 23, 2008.
  16. Alan T. Saracevic (October 23, 2005). "Silicon Valley: It's where brains meet bucks". San Francisco Chronicle. http://articles.sfgate.com/2005-10-23/business/17397107_1_mike-homer-netscape-seed-money. abhigman tithi: 2010-10-14. "Some of the best stuff at the conference came during a session ... Peter Currie ... Both guys were real candid about how hectic and crazy things were back at Netscape, and Homer especially pointed out that the company was undone by a variety of factors, internal and external."
  17. a aa "Microsoft Subpoenas Bad Attitude". http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,14743,00.html. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  18. "AOL buys Netscape for $4.2 billion". http://news.cnet.com/2100-1023-218360.html.
  19. "AOL's Netscape Sues Microsoft". Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. http://archive.is/zSbZ. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  20. "Microsoft to pay AOL $750 Million". Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. http://archive.is/MABO. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  21. "Is this the end of Netscape?". Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. http://archive.is/oKvR. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  22. "Netscape Internet Software Updated". Archived from the original on June 23, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060623074531/http://www.pcpro.co.uk/news/news_story.php?id=62001. abhigman tithi: July 14, 2006.
  23. "Red Hat Acquires Netscape Server Products". Slashdot. 2004-09-30. http://slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=04/09/30/169253. abhigman tithi: 2010-05-23.
  24. UFAQ. org - "anaaunsing netaskep 9" bye J gresiya 5 fravari ko, 2007 ko liya gaya.
  25. Gonsalves, Antone (December 28, 2007). "AOL Kills Netscape's Future, Leaves Firefox to Battle IE". Informationweek.com. CMP Media LLC. http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=205204433. abhigman tithi: December 29, 2007.
  26. Tom Drapeau. "End of Support for Netscape web browsers". Netscape Blog. http://blog.netscape.com/2007/12/28/end-of-support-for-netscape-web-browsers/. abhigman tithi: December 28, 2007.
  27. netaskep saamudaayik ghoshana - netaskep 7.2 8 fravari 2007 ko liya gaya
  28. netaskep saamudaayik janamat - netaskep ko 7.2 ko adyatan karna jaari rakhana chaahiye? 8 fravari 2007 ko pun:praapt.
  29. Mozillazine - netaskep 9 ki ghoshana 8 fravari 2007 ko pun: praapt
  30. PC world aartikl November 24, 1998 12:00 am
  31. netaskep samudaaya - netaskep 8.1.3 8 fravari 2007 ko liya gaya
  32. netaskep samudaaya - netaskep 8.1.3 jaari, 2 April 2007 ko liya gaya
  33. netaskep ke samudaaya samarthan board par netaskep 9.0 ki pushti 24 January 2007, ko pun: praapt
  34. netaskep 9 - 20 fravari ko ghoshana 20 fravari 2007 ko liya gaya
  35. netaskep 9.0 30 - January 7 ko ghoshana 30 January 2007 ko pun: praapt
  36. netaskep 9 - 6 fravari 2007 ko ghoshana 6 fravari 2007 ko pun: praapt
  37. netaskep ne ghoshana ki ki kraus plaitafaarm netaskep 9 ka vikaas in-house hoga - Mozillazine 5 fravari 2007 ko liya gaya
  38. netaskep 9.0b1 jaari 5 June 2007 ko pun: praapt
  39. 9 prayokta: time too flauk or faayarafauks - the netaskep blog
  40. netaskep markari in proges 11 June 2007 ko pun: praapt
  41. [1][mrut kadiyaaain]
  42. "GetNetscape Home Page". http://www.getnetscape.com/index.adp. abhigman tithi: March 20, 2008.
  43. "Netscape Launches Low-Cost Internet Access Service". http://www.timewarner.com/corp/newsroom/pr/0,20812,670188,00.html.
  44. netaskep saamudaayik pratikriya. 26 September 2007 ko pun:praapt
  45. nai portal netaskep - netaskep saamudaaya 14 August 2007 ko pun:praapt
  46. "Netscape.co.uk". http://www.netscape.co.uk.

atirikt pathan

  • Clark, jim, netaskep time: the meking of the billion-dollar staart-ap dait took on Microsoft, New York: seint Martin press, 1999

baahari kadiyaaain