neel

neel ke adhik vikalpon ke liye yahaan jaaen - neel (bahuviklpi)


bhaarateeya neel ki ek tikiya

neel (Indigo) ek ranjak hai. yeh sooti kapado mein peelepan se nijaat paane ke liye prayukt ek upaadaan hai. yeh choorn (paaudar) tatha taral dono roopon mein prayukt hota hai. yeh paadapon se taiyaar kiya jaata hai kintu ise krutrim roop se bhi taiyaar kiya jaata hai.

Bhaarat mein neel ki kheti bahut praacheen kaal se hoti I hai. iske alaava neel ranjak ka bhi sabse pehle se Bhaarat mein hi nirmaan evam upayog kiya gaya.

anukram

parichay

neel ka paudha do-teen haath ooaincha hota hai. pattiyaaain chameli ki tarah tahani ke donon or pankti mein lagti hain par chhoti chhoti hoti hain. fool manjariyon mein lagte hain. lambi lambi babool ki tarah faliyaaain lagti hain.

neel ke paudhe ki 300 ke lagbhag jaatiyaaain hoti hain. par jinse yahaaain rang nikaala jaata hai ve paudhe bhaaratavarsh kai hain aur arab misr tatha amerikaan mein bhi boe jaate hain. bhaaratavarsh ho neel ka aadisthaan he aur yaheen sabse pehle rang nikaala jaata tha. 80 isavi mein sindh ke kinaare ke ek nagar se neel ka baahar bheja jaana ek praacheen yoonaani lekhakr ne likha hai. peechhe ke bahut se videshiyon ne yahaaain neel ke boe jaane ka ullekh kiya hai. isa ki padrahaveen shataabdi mein jab yahaaain se neel yorap ke deshon mein jaane laga tab se vahaaain ke nivaasiyon ka dhyaan neel ki aur gaya. sabse pehle haalaindavaalon ne neel ka kaam shuroo kiya aur kuchh dinon tak ve neel ki rangaai ke liye yorap bhar mein nipun samajhe jaate the. neel ke kaaran jab vahaaain kai vastuon ke vaanijya ko dhakka pahuchane laga tab France, Germany aadi kaanoon dvaara neel ki aamad bad karne par vivsh hue. kuchh dino tak (san 1660 tak) igalaind mein bhi log neel ko vish kehte rahe jisse iska vahaaain jaana bad raha. peechhe belajiym se neel ka rang banaanevaale bulaae gaye jinhonne neel ka kaam sikhaaya. pehle pahal Gujarat aur uske aas paas ke deshon mein se neel yorap jaata tha; Bihar, Bengal aadi se naheen. East indiya company ne jab neel ke kaam ki aur dhyaan diya tab Bengal Bihar mein neel ki bahut si kothiyaaain khul gain aur neel ki kheti mein bahut unnati hui.

kheti

bhinn bhinn sthaanon mein neel ki kheti bhinn bhinn rituon mein aur bhinn bhinn reeti se hoti hai. kaheen to fasal teen hi maheene tak khet mein rahate hain aur kaheen athaarah maheene tak. jahaaain paudhe bahut dinon tak khet mein rahate hain vahaaain unase kai baar kaatkar pattiyaaain aadi li jaati hain. par ab fasal ko bahut dinon tak khet mein rakhane ki chaal uthati jaati hai. Bihar mein neel faagun chait ke maheene mein boya jaata hai. garami mein to fasal ki baadh ruki rahati hai par paani padte hi jor ke saath tahaniyaaain aur pattiyaaain niklati aur badhti hai. at: aashaadh mein pehla kalam ho jaata hai aur tahaniyaaain aadi kaarkhaane bhej di jaati hain. khet mein keval khooaintiyaaain hi rah jaati hain. kalam ke peechhe fir khet jot diya jaata hai jisse vah barasaat ka paani achhi tarah sokhata hai aur khooaintiyaaain fir badhkar podhon ke roop mein ho jaati hain. doosari kataai fir kuvaar mein hoti hai.

rang nikaalna

neel se rang do prakaar se nikaal jaata hai—aahare paudhe se aur sookhe podhe se. kate hue hare paudhon ko gadi hui naaaindon mein dabaakar rakh dete hain aur oopar se paani bhar dete hain. baarah chaudah ghante paani mein pade rahane se usaka ras paani mein utar aata hai aur paani ka rang dhaani ho jaata hai. iske peechhe paani doosari naaaind mein jaata hai jahaaain dedh do ghante tak lakdi se hilaaya aur matha jaata hai. mathane ka yeh kaam machine ke chakkar se bhi hota hai. mathane ke peechhe paani thiraane ke liye chhod diya jaata hai jisse kuchh der mein maal neeche baith jaata hai. fir neeche baitha hua yeh neel saaf paani mein milaakar ubaala jaata hai. ubal jaane par yeh baaains ki fattiyon ke sahaare taanakar failaae hue mote kapde (ya kanavas) ki chaaaindani par dhaal diya jaata hai. yeh chaaaindani chhanane ka kaam karti hai. paani to nithr kar bah jaata hai aur saaf neel lei ke roop mein laga rah jaata hai. yeh geela neel chhote chhote chhidron se yukt ek sandook mein, jismein geela kapda madha rahata he, rakhakar khoob dabaaya jaata hai jisse uske saat aath angul moti tah jamkar ho jaati hai. isakai katare kaatkar ghore dheere sookhane ke liye rakh diye jaate hain. sookhane par in kataron par ek papadi si jam jaati hai jise saaf kar dete hain. ye hi katare neel ke naam se bikte hain.

baahari kadiyaaain