naukaayan

ek daukd nauka

shaukiya taur par ya manoranjan ke liye athva khel ke uddeshya se naav chalaane ya anya prakaar ke jalayaanon ke upayog ko naukaayan kaha jaata hai.

anukram

pratispardhi naukaayan

naukaayan ek khel hai. naukaayan ka istemaal kaafi praacheen kaal se kiya ja raha hai aur aisa maana jaata hai ki naavon ki daud ki shurooaat 17veen sadi mein Netherland mein hui thi. jald hi England mein vishesh taur par nirmit "paal naukaaen" saamane aane lageen. 1851 mein, New York mein ek ameriki nauka resing club ko di gayi ek chunauti ke parinaamasvaroop America cup ki shuruaat hui; is pratispardha ko New York yaut club lagaataar jeetata raha, lekin antat: 1983 mein use royal Perth yaut club of Australia dvaara haar ka saamana karna pada, jisne Australia II ko is pratiyogita mein bheja tha. is beech, chhoti dongiyon se badi maiksi naukaaon tak resing naukaaon ke maanyata praapt vargon ke vikaas ke saath nauka daud ka lagaataar vikaas hota raha.

yadyapi resing naukaaon ke vibhinn prakaar hain, inhein saamaanyat: badi naavon, jo badi hoti aur jinmein lambi doori ki yaatraaon ke liye suvidhaaen hoti hain; aur chhoti bandargaah resing kraaft jaise dongiyaan aur chhoti naavon (skif) mein vibhaajit kiya ja sakta hai. chhoti naavon ko aam taur par paal-naukaaon (yaut) ke roop mein sandarbhit naheen kiya jaata hai, yadyapi sabhi manoranjak naukaaen (vaanijyik ya sainya jahaajon ke vipreet) yaut hoti hain. in dinon, nauka resing aur dongi rosing viksit duniya mein ek saamaanya pratiyogi khel hai, vishesh roop se jahaan hava ki sthiti anukool hai aur paani ke yathochit aakaaron tak pahuainch upalabdh hai. adhiktar naukaayan ka aayojan samudra mein kiya jaata hai, lekin chhote kraaft se jheelon aur yahaan tak ki badi nadiyon mein bhi resing ki ja sakti hai aur aisa kiya bhi ja raha hai.

dongi daud ka aayojan surakshit jal kshetron mein chhoti naavon par kiya jaata hai jinmein do ya teen log savaar hote hain. resing naukaaon ke liye saamaanya vyavastha sloop (chhoti naav) hai, yeh ek khanbhe waali naav hoti hai. kuchh dongiyon mein keval ek trikoneeya paal hota hai, lekin adhiktar mein do ko sloop ke roop mein nirmit kiya jaata hai, kuchh dongiyaan aur lagbhag sabhi badi resing naavon mein ek bada paal laga hota hai jise hava ke saath naav chalaane ke hisaab se banaaya jaata hai. adhiktar daudein samaan design ke jalayaanon ke beech aayojit ki jaati hain ("van design" resing). in daudon mein, samaan upakaranon ke saath parivesh ki sthiti ka sabse achha upayog karne mein saksham naavik ki vijay hoti hai.

dongiyon ke design mein kaafi bhinnata pai jaati hai jismein nausikhiye naavikon ke liye chhoti, sthir aur dheemi gati ki naav se lekar anubhavi navikon ke liye halki aur tej gati ki naavein shaamil hain; tej gati ki naavon ko surakshit tatha prabhaavi roop se chalaana anubhavi dal ke liye bhi mushkil ho sakta hai. Australia ki 18 foot skif class sabse tej monohal dongi hai, yeh apekshaakrut kam hava mein bhi 40 kimi prati ghanta (25 meal prati ghanta) ki raftaar pakad leti hai. naukaayan, ek oobaau khel ke roop mein prasiddh hai,[krupaya uddharan jodein] lekin skif resing bahut romaanchak ho sakti hai, vishesh roop se apratyaashit paristhitiyon mein jahaan dal ko apni naav ko seedha rakhane ke liye sangharsh karna padta hai. vibhinn malti-hal resing shreniyaaain aur bhi adhik tej hoti hain. greeshmakaaleen olympic khelon mein vibhinn van-design dongi vargon ki daudon ka aayojan kiya jaata hai.

badi naukaaon ki daud bandargaah par bhi hoti hai, lekin sabse pratishthit nauka daudein point-too-point lambi doori ki daud hoti hain jinhein khule samudra mein aayojit kiya jaata hai. kharaab mausam aisi daudon mein upakaran aur ichha shakti ki kadi pareeksha leta hai aur samay samay par naukaaen aur naavik samudra mein kho jaate hain. aisa sabse lamba aayojan "round di world" hota hai jise poora hone mein maheenon ka samay lag jaata hai, lekin jo aayojan prasiddh hain unamein United kingadam ki faastanet daud aur Australia ke poorvi kinaare par Sydney se hobaart tak ki nauka daud shaamil hai. badi daudein aamtaur par ek "first paast di post trophy" (ise "line onars" kaha jaata hai) tatha ek baadha pranaali ke tahat aayojit ki jaati hain jo naukaaon ke design ki saapeksh gati ke anusaar samaapti samay ko edajast karti hai, isse siddhaantat: pratyek khilaadi ko baraabar ka mauka milta hai.

anya naukaayan kaaryakram

yadyapi naukaayan samooh sabse adhik sakriya aur prasiddh naukaayan pratiyogitaaon ka aayojan karte hain, iske alaava bhi duniya bhar mein anya naukaayan pratiyogitaaon ka aayojan kiya jaata hai: speed motor bot resing, pratispardhi kainoing, dongi pratiyogitaaen aur nauka khene ki pratiyogita; aur nauvahan pratiyogita (aam taur par aakaasheeya aur laindamaark aadhaarit nauvahan kaushal ki pareeksha jahaan jeepeees aur anya vidyut nauvahan upakaranon ki anumati naheen hoti) un pratiyogitaaon mein se hain jinka aayojan duniya bhar mein kiya jaata hai. vishesh naukaaen, jaise haaidrofauils, hovarakraafts, ya vyaktigat vaatarakraapt bhi aisi pratiyogitaaon mein shaamil hoti hain jinmein upakaranon aur kaushal (aamtaur par, suraksha ki yukti niklaane ka kaushal) ki pareeksha shaamil hoti hai. is tarah ke sabhi aayojan, manoranjan ya khel ke uddeshya se aayojit kiye jaane par naukaayan ki badi duniya ka ek hissa ban jaate hain.

naukaayan ke alaava naavon ke upayog

naavon ke aam vaanijyik upayog jinhein naukaayan ke roop mein naheen liya jaata hai, uname shaamil hain vaanijyik roop se machhali pakadna, shiping, jal parivhan sambandhi kaarya aur sainya anuprayog. in maamalon mein, bade jalayaanon ko jahaaj tatha chhoti naavon ko jahaaj ya naukaaon ke roop mein nirdisht kiya jaata hai, haalaanki naav ek saamaanya shabd hai jise manoranjak naukaaon ya chhote aakaar ke vaanijyik athva sainya jahaajon ke liye laagoo kiya ja sakta hai.

kroojing (samudri paryatan) tatha naukaayan - ek jeevan shaili ke roop mein

kroojing mein naav par yaatra karna shaamil hota hai, chaahe vah mahaan jheelon ki khaadiyon (America mein) mein ho ya fir dakshini prashaant kshetr mein ek dweep se doosare dweep tak. lambi doori ki kroojing ke liye naav ko sambhaalne ke atirikt, aatm nirbharata tatha prachur maatra mein kaushal evam dakshata ki aavashyakta hoti hai. nauvahan, mausam vigyaan, yaantrik aur vidyut pranaaliyon, radio, praathamik upachaar, samudra mein jeevit rahane ki kala, poshan aadi jaise vishyon ki jaankaari aavashyak hai aur door-daraaj ke taton ki yaatra ke dauraan jeevanarakshak saabit ho sakti hai. America mein, United states sel end power squadron in kaushalon mein paathyakram aur pramaanapatr pradaan karte hain. Britain mein, royal naukaayan sangathan dvaara ek pramaanan pranaali chalaayi jaati hai. anya deshon mein bhi sangathanon dvaara isi tarah ki pranaaliyon ki peshakash ki jaati hai aur aamtaur par ismein saiddhaantik aur vyaavahaarik donon tarah ke paathyakram shaamil hote hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • nauka
  • yaut club
  • nauka vihaar
  • nauka daud
  • kroojing