nastaaleek

Chalipa panel, Mir Emad.

nastaaleek (نaaسaaتaaعaaلaaیaaق), islaami kailigraafi ki ek pramukh paddhati hai. iska janm iraan mein chaudahaveen-pandrahaveen shataabdi mein hua. yeh iraan, dakshini Asia evam Turkey ke kshetron mein bahutaayat mein prayog ki jaati rahi hai. kabhi kabhi iska prayog arabi likhne ke liye bhi kiya jaata hai. sheershak aadi likhne ke liye iska prayog khoob hota hai.

nastaaleek ka ek roop urdoo evam faarasi likhne mein prayukt hota hai. urdoo adhikaanshat: nastaaleek lipi mein likhi jaati hai, jo faarasi-arabi lipi ka ek roop hai. urdoo daaeain se baaeain likhi jaati hai.

varnamaala

neeche ki saarini mein nast'alik lipi aur usaka uchchaaran diya gaya hai.

akshar (akela) akshar ka naam

akshar ka naam

uchchaaran IPA mein uchchaaran
ا alif alif a, aa [ə, ɑ:] after a consonant;
ب be be b [b]
پ pe pe p [p]
ت te * te t dental [t̪]
ٹ ṭae te t retroflex [ʈ]
ث se se s [s]
ج jīaam jeem j [dʒ]
چ ce che ch [tʃ]
ح baṛaaī he badi he h [h]
خ xe khe kh [x]
د dāal daal the dental [d̪]
ڈ ḍaāal daal d retroflex [ɖ]
ذ zāal jaal za [z]
ر re re r dental [r]
ڑ ṛae de d retroflex [ɽ] flap
ز ze je za [z]
ژ ze je za [ʒ]
س sīan * scene s [s]
ش śaīan sheen sh [ʃ]
ص svāaad svaad s [s]
ض zvāaad jvaad za [z]
ط to to t [t]
ظ zo jo za [z]
ع aen 'aen 'a [ɑ:] after a consonant;

otherwise [ʔ], [ə], or silent.

غ ġaaaen gen g [ɣ]
ف fe fe f [f]
ق qāaaf kaaf k [q]
ک kāaaf kaaf k [k]
گ gāaaf gaaf g [g]
ل lāam laam l [l]
م mīaam meem m [m]
ن nūan noon na [n] or a nasal vowel
و vāaao vaao va, u, oo, O, au [v, u, ʊ, o,au]
ہ, ﮩ, ﮨ choṭaī he chhoti he h, a:, (aa) [ɑ] at the end of

a word,

otherwise [h] or silent

ھ do caśaamī he do chashmi he -h (f, th, th, chh, bh,
dh, jh, gh banaane ke liye)
indicates that the preceding consonant is

aspirated (p, t, ch, k) or murmured (b, d, j, g).

ی choṭaī ye chhoti ye ya, E, A, ai [j, i, e, ɛ]
ے baṛaaī ye badi ye ai [eː]
ء hamzā hamja 'a, - [ʔ] or silent

* bhaarateeya mool ke shabdon mein prayukt

urdoo-devanaagari lipyantaran

urdoo devanaagari urdoo devanaagari
ا a آ aa
ب b بaaھ bh
پ p پaaھ f
ت t تaaھ th
ٹ t ٹaaھ th
ث s
ج j جaaھ jh
چ ch چaaھ chh
ح h
خ kh
د the دaaھ dh
ڈ d ڈaaھ dh
ذ za
ر r
ڑ d
ز za
ژ shj/jh
س s
ش sh
ص s
ض za
ط t
ظ za
ع
غ g
ف f
ق k
ک k کaaھ kh
گ g گaaھ gh
ل l
م m
ں ain
ن na
و va/oo
ھ ہ h
ی ya/E
ے A

baahari kadiyaaain