nakshatr

aakaash mein taara-samooh ko nakshatr kehte hain. saadhaaranat: yeh chandrama ke path se jude hain, par vaastav mein kisi bhi taara-samooh ko nakshatr kehna uchit hai. rigved mein ek sthaan soorya ko bhi nakshatr kaha gaya hai. anya nakshatron mein saptarshi aur agastya hain.

nakshatr soochi atharvaved, taittireeya sanhita, shatapath braahman aur lagadh ke vedaaङag jyotish mein milti hai.

anukram

parichay

taare hamaare saur jagat ke bheetar naheen hai. ye soorya se bahut door hain aur soorya ki parikrama na karne ke kaaran sthir jaan padte hain—aarthaat ek taara doosare taare se jis or aur jitni door aaj dekha jaayaga usi or aur utani hi door par sada dekha jaayaga. is prakaar aise do chaar paas-paas rahanevaale taaron ki paraspar sthiti ka dhyaan ek baar kar lene se ham un sabko doosari baar dekhne se pehchaan sakte hain. pehchaan ke liye yadi ham un sab taaron ke milne se jo aakaar bane use nirdisht karke samooche taarakapunj ka koi naam rakh lein to aur bhi subheeta hoga. nakshatron ka vibhaag iseeliye aur isi prakaar kiya gaya hai.

chandrama 27-28 dinon mein pruthvi ke chaaron or ghoom aata hai. khagol mein yeh bhramanapath inheen taaron ke beech se hokar gaya hua jaan padta hai. isi path mein padnevaale taaron ke alag alag dal baaaindhakar ek ek taarakapunj ka naam nakshatr rakha gaya hai. is reeti se saara path in 27 nakshatron mein vibhkt hokar 'nakshatr chakr' kahalaata hai. neeche taaron ki sankhya aur aakruti sahit 27 nakshatron ke naam diye jaate hain—

nakshatr taaraasankhya aakruti aur pehchaan
ashvini 3 ghoda
bharani 3 trikon
kruttika 6 agnishikha
rohini 5 gaadi
mrugashira 3 harinmastak va vidaalapad
aardra 1 ujval
punarvasu 5 ya 6 dhanush ya dhar
pushya 1 va 3 maanikya varn
ashlesha 5 kutte ki pooainchh va kulaavachakr
magha 5 hal
poorvaafaalguni 2 khatvaakaar X uttar dakshin
uttaraafaalguni 2 shayyaakaaraX uttar dakshin
hast 5 haath ka panja
chitra 1 muktaavat ujval
svaati 1 kunkun varn
vishaakha 5 va 6 toran ya maala
anuraadha 7 soop ya jaladhaara
jyeshtha 3 sarp ya kundal
mul 9 ya 11 shankh ya Singh ki pooainchh
purvaashaadha 4 soop ya haathi ka daaaint
uttarashaadha 4 soop
shravan 3 baan ya trishool
dhanishtha 5 mardal baaja
shatabhisha 100 mandalaakaar
poorvabhaadrapad 2 bhaaravat ya ghantaakaar
uttarabhaadrapad 2 do mastak
revati 32 machhali ya mrudang

in 27 nakshatron ke atirikt 'abhijit' naam ka ek aur nakshatr pehle maana jaata tha par vah poorvaashaadha ke bheetar hi aa jaata hai, isse ab 27 hi nakshatr gine jaate hain. inheen nakshatron ke naam par maheenon ke naam rakhe gaye hain. maheene ki poornima ko chandrama jis nakshatr par rahega us maheene ka naam usi nakshatr ke anusaar hoga, jaise kaartik ki poornima ko chandrama kruttika va rohini nakshatr par rahega, agrahaayan ki poornima ko mrugashira va aarda par; isi prakaar aur samajhiye.

# naam devata paashchaatya naam maanachitr sthiti
1 ashvini (Ashvinī) ketu β and γ Arietis Aries constellation map.svg 00AR00-13AR20
2 bharani (Bharanī) shukr (Venus) 35, 39, and 41 Arietis Aries constellation map.svg 13AR20-26AR40
3 kruttika (Krittikā) ravi (Sun) Pleiades Taurus constellation map.png 26AR40-10TA00
4 rohini (Rohinī) chandr (Moon) Aldebaran Taurus constellation map.png 10TA00-23TA20
5 mॄgashira (Mrigashīarsha) maङagal (Mars) λ, φ Orionis Orion constellation map.png 23TA40-06GE40
6 aadra (Āaardrā) raahu Betelgeuse Orion constellation map.png 06GE40-20GE00
7 punarvasu (Punarvasu) bruhaspati(Jupiter) Castor and Pollux Gemini constellation map.png 20GE00-03CA20
8 pushya (Pushya) shani (Saturn) γ, δ and θ Cancri Cancer constellation map.png 03CA20-16CA40
9 ashlesha (Āaashleshā) budh (Mercury) δ, ε, η, ρ, and σ Hydrae Hydra constellation map.png 16CA40-30CA500
10 magha (Maghā) ketu Regulus Leo constellation map.png 00LE00-13LE20
11 poorvaafaalguni (Pūarva Phalgunī) shukr (Venus) δ and θ Leonis Leo constellation map.png 13LE20-26LE40
12 uttaraafaalguni (Uttara Phalgunī) ravi Denebola Leo constellation map.png 26LE40-10VI00
13 hast (Hasta) chandr α, β, γ, δ and ε Corvi Corvus constellation map.png 10VI00-23VI20
14 chitra (Chitrā) chitragupt Spica Virgo constellation map.png 23VI20-06LI40
15 svaati (Svāatī) raahu Arcturus Bootes constellation map.png 06LI40-20LI00
16 vishaakha (Vishāakhā) bruhaspati α, β, γ and ι Librae Libra constellation map.png 20LI00-03SC20
17 anuraadha (Anurāadhā) shani β, δ and π Scorpionis Scorpius constellation map.png 03SC20-16SC40
18 jyeshtha (Jyeshtha) budh α, σ, and τ Scorpionis Scorpius constellation map.png 16SC40-30SC00
19 mool (Mūala) ketu ε, ζ, η, θ, ι, κ, λ, μ and ν Scorpionis Scorpius constellation map.png 00SG00-13SG20
20 poorvaashaadha (Pūarva Ashāadhā) shukr δ and ε Sagittarii Sagittarius constellation map.png 13SG20-26SG40
21 uttaraashaadha (Uttara Ashāadhā) ravi ζ and σ Sagittarii Sagittarius constellation map.png 26SG40-10CP00
22 shravan (Shravana) chandr α, β and γ Aquilae Aquila constellation map.png 10CP00-23CP20
23 shravishtha (Shravishthā) or dhanishtha maङagal α to δ Delphinus Delphinus constellation map.png 23CP20-06AQ40
2 4shatabhisha (Shatabhishaj) raahu γ Aquarii Aquarius constellation map.png 06AQ40-20AQ00
25 poorvabhaadrpad (Pūarva Bhāadrapadā) bruhaspati α and β Pegasi Pegasus constellation map.png 20AQ00-03PI20
26 uttarabhaadrapada (Uttara Bhāadrapadā) shani γ Pegasi and α Andromedae Andromeda constellation map.png 03PI20-16PI40
27 revati (Revatī) budh ζ Piscium Pisces constellation map.png 16PI40-30PI00

28vein nakshatr ka naam

28vein nakshatr ka naam abhijit (Abhijit)(α, ε and ζ Lyrae - Vega - uttaraashaadha aur shravan madhye)

raashi

jis prakaar chandrama ke path ka vibhaag kiya gaya hai usi prakaar us path ka vibhaag bhi hua hai jise soorya 12 maheenon mein poora karta hua jaan padta hai. is path ke 12 vibhaag kiye gaye hain jinhein raashi kehte hain. jin taaron ke beech se hokar chandrama ghoomta hai unheen par se hokar soorya bhi gaman karta hua jaan padta hai; khachakr ek hi hai, vibhaag mein antar hai. raashichkr ke vibhaag bade hain jinsein se kisi kisi ke antargat teen teen nakshatr tak aa jaate hain. kuchh vidvaanon ka mat hai ki yeh raashi-vibhaag pehle pahal misravaalon ne kiya jise yavan logon (yoonaaniyon) ne lekar aur aur sthaanon mein failaaya. pashchimi jyotishiyon ne jab dekha ki baarah raashiyon se saare antariksh ke taaron aur nakshatron ka nirdesh naheen hota hai tab unhonne aur bahut si raashiyon ke naam rakhe. is prakaar raashiyon ki sankhya din par din badhti gayi. par bhaarateeya jyotishiyon ne khagol ke uttar aur dakshin khand mein jo taare hain unhein nakshatron mein baaaindhakar nirdisht naheen kiya.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh