naineetaal

naineetaal
shahar
naineetaal jheel ka vihangam drushya
नैनीताल is located in Uttarakhand
naineetaal
nirdeshaank : 29°a14′aN 79°a16′aE / 29.23°aN 79.27°aE / 29.23; 79.27Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 29°a14′aN 79°a16′aE / 29.23°aN 79.27°aE / 29.23; 79.27
desh Bhaarat
raajya uttaraakhand
jila naineetaal
ooainchaai 2,084
janasankhya (2001)
• kul 48,900
bhaasha
• raajabhaasha hindi
• anya bhaashaaeain kumaayuainni, gadhavaali
samay mandal IST (UTC +5:30)
pin code 263001(malleetaal) / 263002(talleetaal)
telephone code +91 – 5942
vaahan panjeekaran UK 04
jaalasthal nainital.nic.in

naineetaal Bhaarat ke uttaraakhand raajya ka ek pramukh paryatan nagar hai. yeh naineetaal jile ka mukhyaalaya bhi hai. kumaaooain kshetr mein naineetaal jile ka vishesh mahatva hai. desh ke pramukh kshetron mein naineetaal ki ganana hoti hai. yeh 'chhakhaata' paragane mein aata hai. 'chhakhaata' naam 'shashtikhaat' se bana hai. 'shashtikhaat' ka taatparya saath taalon se hai. is anchal me pehle saath manoram taal the. iseeliye is kshetr ko 'shashtikhaat' kaha jaata tha. aaj is anchal ko 'chhakhaata' naam se adhik jaana jaata hai. aaj bhi naineetaal jile mein sabse adhik taal hain. ise Bhaarat ka lek distrikt kaha jaata hai, kyonki yeh poori jagah jheelon se ghiri hui hai. 'naini' shabd ka arth hai aaainkhein aur 'taal' ka arth hai jheel. jheelon ka shahar naineetaal uttaraakhand ka prasiddh paryatan s‍aathal hai. barf se dhke pahaadon ke beech basa yeh s‍aathaan jheelon se ghira hua hai. inmein se sabse pramukh jheel naini jheel hai jiske naam par is jagah ka naam naineetaal pada hai. isliye ise jheelon ka shahar bhi kaha jaata hai. naineetaal ko jidhr se dekha jaae, yeh behad khoobasoorat hai |

anukram

nagar

yahaaain par 'naineetaal' nagar, jo naineetaal jile ke andar aata hai. yahaaain ka yeh mukhya aakarshan kendra hai. teenon or se ghane-ghane vrukshon ki chhaaya mein ooainche - ooainche pahaadon ki talahati mein naineetaal samudratal se 1938 meter ki ooainchaai par sthit hai. is taal ki lambaai 1,358 meter, chaudaai 458 meter aur gaharaai 15 se 156 meter tak aanki gayi hai. naineetaal ke jal ki visheshata yeh hai ki is taal mein sampoorn parvatamaala aur vrukshon ki chhaaya spasht dikhaai deti hai. aakaash mandal par chhaaye hue baadalon ka pratibimb is taalaab mein itna sundar dikhaai deta hai ki is prakaar ke pratibimb ko dekhne ke liye saikado kilometer door se prakruti premi naineetaal aate-jaate hain. jal mein vihaar karte hue battakhon ka jhund, thirkati hui taalon par ithalaati hui naukaaon tatha rangeen boton ka drushya aur chaaaind-taaron se bhari raat ka saundarya naineetaal ke taal ki shobha badhaane mein chaar - chaaaind laga deta hai. is taal ke paani ki bhi apni visheshata hai. garmiyon mein iska paani hara, barasaat mein matamaila aur sardiyon mein halka neela ho jaata hai.

naina devi mandir

naini jheel ke ut‍aatari kinaare par naina devi mandir sthit hai. 1880 mein bhoos‍aakhalan se yeh mandir nash‍aat ho gaya tha. baad mein ise dubaara banaaya gaya. yahaan sati ke shakti roop ki pooja ki jaati hai. mandir mein do netr hain jo naina devi ko darshaate hain. naini jheel ke baarein mein maana jaata hai ki jab Shiv sati ki mrut deh ko lekar Kailash parvat ja rahe the, tab jahaan-jahaan unke shareer ke ang gire vahaan-vahaan shaktipeethon ki s‍aathaapana hui. naini jheel ke s‍aathaan par devi sati ki aaainkh giri thi. isi se prerit hokar is mandir ki s‍aathaapana ki gayi hai. maaain naina devi ki aseem krupa hamesha apne bhak‍aaton par rahati hai. har varsh maaain naina devi ka mela naineetaal mein aayojit kiya jaata hai.

pauraanik nainaadevi

pauraanik katha ke anusaar daksh prajaapati ki putri uma ka vivaah Shiv se hua tha. Shiv ko daksh prajaapati pasand naheen karte the, parantu yeh devataaon ke aagrah ko taal naheen sakte the, isliye unhonne apni putri ka vivaah na chaahate hue bhi Shiv ke saath kar diya tha. ek baar daksh prajaapati ne sabhi devataaon ko apne yahaaain yagya mein bulaaya, parantu apne daamaad Shiv aur beti uma ko nimntran tak naheen diya. uma hath kar is yagya mein pahuainchi. jab usane haridvaar sthit kanaravan mein apne pita ke yagya mein sabhi devataaon ka sammaan aur apna aur apne pati ka niraadar hote hue dekha to vah atyant du:khi ho gayi. yagya ke havanakund mein yeh kehte hue kood padi ki 'main agale janm mein bhi Shiv ko hi apna pati banaaooaingi. aapne mera aur mere pati ka jo niraadar kiya iske pratifl - svarup yagya ke havan - kund mein syavan jalakar aapke yagya ko asafal karti hooain.' jab Shiv ko yeh gyaat hua ki uma sati ho gayi, to unke krodh ka paaraavaar na raha. unhonne apne ganon ke dvaara daksh prajaapati ke yagya ko nasht-bhrasht kar daala. sabhi devi - devata Shiv ke is raudr - rup ko dekhkar soch mein pad gaye ki Shiv pralaya na kar daalein. isliye devi-devataaon ne mahaadev Shiv se praarthana ki aur unke krodh ke shaant kiya. daksh prajaapati ne bhi kshama maaaingi. Shiv ne unako bhi aasheervaad diya. parantu, sati ke jale hue shareer ko dekhkar unka vairaagya umad pada. unhonne sati ke jale hue shareer ko kandhe par daalkar aakaash - bhraman karna shuru kar diya. aisi sthiti mein jahaaain - jahaaain par shareer ke ang gire, vahaaain-vahaaain par shakti peeth ho gaye. jahaaain par sati ke nayan gire the, vaheen par nainaadevi ke rup mein uma arthaat nanda devi ka bhavya sthaan ho gaya. aaj ka naineetaal vahi sthaan hai, jahaaain par us devi ke nain gire the. nayanon ki ashrudhaar ne yahaaain par taal ka rup le liya. tab se nirntar yahaaain par shivpatni nanda (paarvati) ki pooja nainaadevi ke rup mein hoti hai.

isht devi-nanda devi

yeh bhi ek vishisht udaaharan hai ki samast gadhvaal-kumaaooain ki ekamaatr isht devi 'nanda' hi hai. is parvateeya anchal mein nanda ki pooja aur archana jis prakaar ki jaati hai vah anyatr dekhne mein naheen aati. naineetaal ke taal ki banaavat bhi dekhein to vah aaainkh ki aakruti ka 'taal' hai. iske pauraanik mahatva ke kaaran hi is taal ki shreshthata bahut aaainki jaati hai. naini (nanda) devi ki pooja yahaaain par puraan yug se hoti rahi hai. kumaaooain ke chand raajaaon ki isht devi bhi nanda hi thi, jinki ve nirntar yahaaain aakar pooja karte rahate the. ek janashruti aisi bhi kahi jaati hai ki chandravansheeya Rajkumari nanda thi jisko ek devi ke rup mein pooji jaane lagi. parantu is katha mein koi dam naheen hai, kyonki samast parvateeya anchal mein nanda ko hi isht devi ke rup mein sveekaara gaya hai. gadhvaal aur kumaaooain ke raajaaon ki bhi nanda devi isht rahi hai. gadhvaal aur kumaaooain ki janta ke dvaara prativrsh nanda ashtami ke din nandaapaarvati ki vishesh pooja hoti hai. nanda ke maayake se sasuraal bhejane ke liye bhi 'nanda jaat' ka aayojan gadhvaal-kumaaooain ki janta nirntar karti rahi hai. at: nandaapaarvati ki pooja - archana ke rup mein is sthaan ka mahatva yugon-yugon se aanka gaya hai. yahaaain ke log isi rup mein nanda ke 'naineetaal' ki parikrama karte aa rahe hain.

naini jheel

naineetaal ka mukh‍aaya aakarshan yahaaain ki jheel hai. s‍aakand puraan mein ise tririshi sarovar kaha gaya hai. kaha jaata hai ki jab atri, pulas‍aat‍aaya aur pulah rishi ko naineetaal mein kaheen paani naheen mila to un‍aahonne ek gaddha khoda aur maanasarovar jheel se paani laakar usamein bhara. is jheel ke baare me kaha jaata hai yahaan dubaki lagaane se utana hi pun‍aaya milta hai jitna maanasarovar nadi se milta hai. yeh jheel 64 shakti peethon mein se ek hai.

is khoobsoorat jheel mein naukaayan ka aanand lene ke liye laakhon deshi-videshi paryatak yahaaain aate hain. jheel ke paani mein aaspaas ke pahaadon ka pratibinb dikhaai padta hai. raat ke samay jab chaaron or bal‍aabon ki roshani hoti hai tab to iski sundarata aur bhi badh jaati hai. jheel ke ut‍aatari kinaare ko mal‍aaleetaal aur dakshini kinaare ko tal‍aaleetaal karte hain. yahaan ek pul hai jahaan Gandhiji ki pratima aur pos‍aat office hai. yeh vish‍aav ka ekamaatr pul hai jahaan pos‍aat office hai. isi pul par bas s‍aateshan, taik‍aasi s‍aataind aur railway rijrveshan kaauntar bhi hai. jheel ke donon kinaaron par bahut si dukaanein aur khareedaari kendra hain jahaan bahut bheedbhaad rahati hai. nadi ke ut‍aatari chhor par naina devi mandir hai. naineetaal me talleetaal daat se machhaliyon ka jhund unako khaana aadi dene vaalon ke liye aakarshan ka kendra hai.

talli evam malli taal

naineetaal jheel

naineetaal ke taal ke donon or sadke hain. taal ka malla bhaag malleetaal aur neechala bhaag talleetaal kahalaata hai. malleetaal mein flat ka khula maidaan hai. malleetaal ke flat par shaam hote hi maidaani kshetron se aae hue sailaani ekatr ho jaate hain. yahaaain nit naye khel - tamaashe hote rahate hain. sandhya ke samay jab saari naineetaal nagareeya bijli ke prakaash mein jagamagaane lagti hai to naineetaal ke taal ke dekhne mein aisa lagta hai ki maano saari nagari isi taal mein doob si gayi hai. sandhya samay talleetaal se malleetaal ko aane vaale sailaaniyon ka taanta sa lag jaata hai. isi tarah malleetaal se talleetaal (maal road) jaane vaale prakrutipremiyon ka kaafila dekhne yogya hota hai.

naineetaal, paryatakon, sailaaniyon, padaarohiyon aur parvataarohiyon ka chaheta nagar hai jise dekhne prati varsh hajaaron log yahaaain aate hain. kuchh aise bhi yaatri hote hain jo keval naineetaal ka "naini devi" ke darshan karne aur us devi ka aasheervaad praapt karne ki abhilaasha se aate hain. yeh devi koi aur na hokar swayam 'Shiv patni' nanda (paarvati) hain. yeh taalaab unheen ki smruti ka dyotak hai. is sambandh mein pauraanik katha kahi jaati hai.

tririshi sarovar

'naineetaal' ke sambandh mein ek aur pauraanik katha prachalit hai. 'skand puraan' ke maanas khand mein ek samay atri, pustya aur pulah naam ke riashi gargaachal ki or ja rahe the. maarg mein unhein yeh sthaan mila. is sthaan ki ramaneeyata me ve mugdh ho gaye parantu paani ke abhaav se unka vahaaain tikna (rukana) aur karna kathin ho gaya. parantu teenon riathiyon ne apne - apne trishoolon se maanasarovar ka smaran kar dharati ko khoda. unke is prayaas se teen sthaanon par jal dharati se foot pada aur yahaaain par 'taal' ka nirmaan ho gaya. isiliye kuchh vidvaan is taal ko 'tririshi sarovar' ke naam se pukaara jaana shreyaskar samajhte hain.

mall road

jheel ke ek or sthit hai maal road‍ jise ab govind bal‍aalabh pant maarg kaha jaata hai. yahaan bahut saare hotel, res‍aatoreint, traival agency, dukaanein aur bank hain. sabhi paryatakon ke liye yeh road aakarshan ka kendra hai. maal road mal‍aaleetaal aur tal‍aaleetaal ko jodne wala mukh‍aaya raas‍aata hai. jheel ke doosari or thandi road hai. yeh road maal road jitni v‍aayas‍aat naheen rahati. yahaan pashaan devi mandir bhi hai. thandi road par vaahanon ko laana mana hai.

eriyl ropave

yeh ropave naineetaal ka mukh‍aaya aakarshan hai. yeh s‍aano v‍aayoo paaint aur naineetaal ko jodta hai. ropave mal‍aaleetaal se shuru hota hai. yahaan do trauli hain jo savaariyon ko lekar jaati hain. ek taraf ki yaatra mein lagbhag 151.7 second lagte hain. ropave se shahar ka khoobsoorat drush‍aaya dikhaai padta hai.


saat chotiyaan

yahaaain ki saat chotiyon naineetaal ki shobha badhaane mein vishesh, mahatva rakhati hain:

(1) cheeneepeek (nainaapeek)

saat chotiyon mein cheeneepeek (naina peek ya China peek) 2,611 meter ki ooainchaai waali parvat choti hai. naineetaal se lagbhag saadhe paaainch kilometer par yeh choti padti hai. yahaan ek or barf se dhka himaalaya dikhaai deta hai aur doosari or naineetaal nagar ka poora bhavya drush‍aaya dekha ja sakta hai. is choti par chaar kamre ka lakdi ka ek kebin hai jismein ek restara bhi hai.

View of Nainital Lake and Town

(2) kilvari 2528 meter ki ooainchaai par doosari parvat - choti hai jise kilvari kehte hain. yeh piknik manaane ka sundar sthaan hai. yahaaain par van vibhaag ka ek vishraamagruh bhi hai. jismein pahut se prakruti premi raatri - nivaas karte hain. iska aarakshan di. ef. O. naineetaal ke dvaara hota hai.

(3) ladiyaakaaainta 2481 meter ki ooainchaai par yeh parvat shreni hai jo naineetaal se lagbhag saadhe paaainch kilometer ki doori par sthit hai. yahaaain se naineetaal ke taal ki jhaaainki atyant sundar dikhaai deti hai.

(4) devapaata aur kemalsabaug yeh donon chotiyaaain saath - saath hain. jinki ooainchaai kramash: 2435 meter aur 2333 meter hai. is choti se bhi naineetaal aur uske sameep vaale ilaake ke drushya atyant sundar lagte hain.

(5) derotheeseet vaastav mein yeh ayaaainrapaata pahaadi hai parantu ek angrej kelet ne apni patni derothi, jo havaai jahaaj ki yaatra karti hui mar gayi thi, ki yaad mein is choti par kabr banaai, usaki kabr - 'daarotheeseet' ke naam par is parvat choti ka naam pad gaya. naineetaal se chaar kilometer ki doori par 2290 meter ki ooainchaai par yeh choti hai.

(6) snovyoo aur Honey - bani naineetaal se kevan dhaai kilometer aur 2270 meter ki ooainchaai par havaai parvat - choti hai. 'sher ka daanda' pahaad par yeh choti sthit hai, jahaaain se himaalaya ka bhavya drushya saaf - saaf dikhaai deta hai. isi tarah snovyoo se lagi hui doosari choti Honey - bani hai, jiski ooainchaai 2179 meter hai, yahaaain se bhi himaalaya ke sundar drushya dikhaai dete hain.

niktavarti paryatan sthal

jim kaurbet raashtreeya udyaan

yeh gauravashaali pashu vihaar hai. yeh raamaganga ki paataleedoon ghaati mein 525.8 varg kilometer mein basa hua hai. kumaaooain ke naineetaal janapad mein yeh udyaan vistaar liye hue hai.

Delhi se muraadaabaad - kaasheepur - raamanagar hote hue kaarbet national park ki doori 290 ki॰mee॰ hai. kaarbet national park mein paryatakon ke bhraman ka samay November se May tak hota hai. is mausam mein kai traival ejensiyaaain kaarbet national park mein paryatakon ko ghumaane ka prabandh karti hain. kumaaooain vikaas nigam bhi prati shukravaar ko Delhi se kaarbet raashtreeya udyaan tak paryatakon ko le jaane ke liye sanchaalit bhramanon (kandak ted toors) ka aayojan karta hai. kumaaooain vikaas nigam ki bason mein anubhavi maargadarshak hote hain jo pashuon ki jaankaari, unki aadaton ko bataate hue baatein karte rahate hain.

yahaaain par sher, haathi, bhaaloo, baagh, suar, hiran, cheetal, saaainbhar, paanda, kaakad, neelagaaya, ghural aur cheeta aadi 'vanya praani' adhik sankhya mein milte hain. isi prakaar is van mein ajagar tatha kai prakaar ke saaainp bhi nivaas karte hain.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

niktatam havaai adda pantanagar vimaanakshetr naineetaal se 71 kimi. door hai. yahaaain se dil‍aali ke liye udaanein hain.

rel maarg

niktatam relahed kaathagodaam railway s‍aateshan (35 kimi.) hai jo sabhi pramukh nagaron se juda hai.

sadak maarg

naineetaal raashtreeya raajamaarg 87 se juda hua hai. Delhi, Agra, deharaadoon, haridvaar, Lucknow, Kanpur aur bareli se roadways ki basein niyamit roop se yahaan ke liye chalti hain.

sandarbh evam tippaniyaan

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  • Corbett, Jim (1948 (2002)), The Man Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag, Oxford India Reprint
  • Corbett, Jim (1954 (2002)), The Temple Tigers and More Man-Eaters of Kumaon, Oxford India Reprint
  • Fayrer, Joseph (1900), Recollections of my life, William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and London
  • Imperial Gazeteer of India (1908), Imperial Gazeteer of India, Volume 18, pp. 322-323., Oxford University Press, Oxford and London
  • Kennedy, Dane (1996), The Magic Mountains: Hill Stations and the British Raj, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and Oxford. 264 pages.
  • Kipling, Rudyard (1889), The Story of the Gadsbys, Macmillan and Company, London
  • Kipling, Rudyard (1895), Under the Deodars, Macmillan and Company, London
  • McLaren, Eva Shaw (1920), Elsie Inglis: The Woman with the Torch, Macmillan and Company, New York
  • M'Crindle, J.W. (1901), Ancient India: As Described in Classical Literature, Archibald Constable & Company, Westminster
  • Murphy, C.W. (1906), A Guide to Naini Tal and Kumaun, Allahbad, United Provinces
  • Penny Illustrated Paper, October 2, 1880, London, 1880
  • Pilgrim, (P. Barron) (1844), Notes on Wanderings In the Himmala, containing descriptions of some of the grandest scenery of the snowy range, among others of Naini Tal, Agra Akhbaar Press, Agra

baahari kadiyaaain