naam ki vyutpatti ke aadhaar par Bhaarat ke raajya

Bhaarat

ke raajya aur sangh kshetr

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bhaarateeya ganaraajya ka 1947 mein raajyon ke sangh ke roop mein gathan hua. raajya punargathan adhiniyam, 1956 ke anusaar raajyeeya seemaaon ko bhaashaai aadhaar par punarvyavasthit kiya gaya, isliye kai raajyon ke naam unki bhaashaaon ke anusaar hain aur aamtaur par tamil naadu (tamil) aur karnaatak (kannad) ko chhodkar, in naamon ki utpatti sanskrut se hoti hai. tathaapi anya raajyon ke naam unki bhaugolik sthiti, vishesh itihaas ya janasankhyaaon aur aupaniveshik prabhaavon par pade hain.

raajyon ki naamotpatti

raajya ka naam (maanachitr par) raajya ki bhaasha mein shabdaarth bhaavaarth
arunaachal pradesh (1) arunaachal pradesh (hindi) bhor-prakaashit parvaton ki bhoomi. sanskrut mein, Arun ka arth hai "bhor se chamakate" aur achal arthaat jo chalaayamaan na ho yaani "parvat".
asam (2)
অaaসaaম
(asamiya)
atul, adviteeya ya asamaan ahom se, yeh naam bhootapoorv kamarup saamraajya ke logon dvaara shaan logon ko diya gaya tha jo us samay sattaaroodh the aur baad mein yeh shabd asam sanskrut mein aaya.
aandhr pradesh (3)
ఆaaంaaధaa్aaర పaa్aaరaaదaaేaaశ
(telugu)
Andhra logon ki bhoomi. sanskrut mein aandhr ka arth hai "dakshin". ek praarambhik bhaarateeya jan bhi isi naam se the. dekhein: satavaahan
udeesa (4) ଓaaଡaa଼aaିaaଶaaା (udiya) udiya logon ki bhoomi. udiya shabd odiya se aaya jo swayam bhi odr ya udr janajaati ke logon ka naam hai jo vartamaan udisa ki kendreeya patti mein raha karte the.
uttar pradesh (5) uttar pradesh (hindi) uttar ka pradesh ya praant sanskrut, uttar arthaat "uttar" aur pradesh arthaat "praant" ya ""bhoomi".
uttaraakhand (6) uttaraakhand (hindi) na khandit hone wala uttari bhaag aamtaur par uttaraanchal ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai, arthaat uttar ka aanchal ya uttari parvat.
karnaatak (7)
ಕaaನaaಾaa೯aaಟaaಕ
(kannad)
ooainchi bhoomi Karnataka ka naam kaaroo yaani uchch+ naad yaani bhoomi= uchchabhoomi ke aadhaar par pada hai. yeh dakkan ki pahaadiyon ka dyotak hai.
Kerala (8)
കaaേaaരaaളaaം
(malayalam)
naariyl ke vrukshon ki bhoomi kera=naariyl aur alam=bhoomi
Gujarat (9)
ગaaુaaજaaરaaાaaત
(gujaraati)
gujaraati logon ki bhoomi gurjar kshatriya the.
goaa (10) gonya (konkani) iska naam Europeeya bhaashaaon ke aadhaar par pada hai.
Chhattisgarh (11) Chhattisgarh (hindi) chhattees durg gadh ka arth hai durg ya kila jo aakramanakaari senaaon se vachaav ke liye banaae gaye the.
Jammu aur Kashmir (12) جaaمaaوaaں و کaaشaaمaaی (Kashmiri) jal dvaara kumhalaai bhoomi sanskrut ka (paani) aur shimeer (ko sukhaana), arthaat jo jal se surakshit ho.
jhaarakhand (13) Jharkhand (hindi) "jhaadiyon" ki bhoomi hindi ke jhaadi se arthaat jhaadfoos ka pradesh.
tamil naadu (14) தaaமaaிaaழaa்aaநaaாaaடaaு (tamil) tamil pradesh tamil mein naadu ka arth hai "raashtra" ya "gruhabhoomi".
tripura (15)
তaa্aaরaaিaaপaaুaaর
(kokaborok)
tripura ke naam ke sambandh mein kai prameya prachalit hain. vivran ke liye mukhyalekhtripura dekhein.
naagaalaind (16) Nagaland (angreji) naaga logon ki bhoomi
Punjab (17)
ਪaaੰaaਜaaਾaaਬ
(punjabi)
paaainch nadiyon ki dharati faarasi aur sanskrut, arthaat "paaainch nadiyon" ka pradesh.
pashchim Bengal (18)
পaaশaa্aaচaaিaaমaaবaaঙaa্aaগ
(bangaali)
bangaali logon ki pashchim mein sthit bhoomi Bengal sanskrut ke bang shabd se aaya hai jiska arth hai poorv ki bhoomi. pashchim Bengal naam 1905 mein Bengal ke vibhaajan ke baad iska naam pada. yeh Bengal ka pashchimi hissa hai. haalaanki vibhaajan ka prastaav 1911 mein vaapas le liya gaya.
Bihar (19) Bihar (hindi) vihaar ("bauddh math") Bihar shabd vihaar ka apabhransh roop hai. vihaar bauddh bhikshukon ki vishraam sthali hai.
manipur (20)
মaaণaaিaaপaaুaaর
(manipuri)
aabhooshanon ki dharati
madhya pradesh (21) madhya pradesh (hindi) madhya praant ya pradesh
Maharashtra (22) Maharashtra (maraathi) mahaan raashtra mahaan ase raashtra = Maharashtra iska udgam sanskrut ke do shabdon: mahaan+ raashtra se hua hai. mahaan ka arth hai viraat ya vishaal jiska greek samaanaarthi shabd mega aur laitin samaanaarthi shabd mega hai. aur raashtra ka arth raajya hai.
mijoram (23) Mizoram (mijo) parvatanivaasiyon ki bhoomi
meghaalaya (24) Megahalaya (gaaro) meghon (baadalon) ka ghar sanskrut ke megh yaani "baadal" aur aalaya yaani "ghar".
Rajasthan (25) Rajasthan (hindi) raajaaaaain ki bhoomi raaj ka sanskrut mein arth hai "raaja".
sikkim (26) sikkim (nepaali) naveen ya naya mahal sikkim ka sabse maanya udgam ke anusaar yeh do linbu shabdon: Su, jiska arth hai "naya" aur kim, jiska arth hai "mahal" ya ghar. iska sambandh yahaaain ke pehle shaasak foontasaug naamagel dvaara banavaae mahal se hai. sikkim ka tibbati naam denajaaaing hai, jiska arth hai "chaaval ki ghaati"
Haryana (27) Haryana (hindi) hari (ishvar) ki bhoomi harayaana vaasi shivshankar ke upaasak bhi hain.
Himachal pradesh (28) Himachal pradesh (hindi) him achhaadit parvaton ki bhoomi sanskrut mein, him yaani "barf" aur achal yaani "parvat".