naaji Germany

Deutsches Reich
jarman raaikh
1933 – 1945
ध्वज कुल चिन्ह
dhvaj raashtreeya prateekachinh
aadarsh vaakya
"Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Füahrer."

"One People, one Reich, one Leader."

raashtragaan
"Das Lied der Deutschen"(official)
First stanza of
"Das Lied der Deutschen"followed by "Horst-Wessel-Lied"
Location of जर्मनी
naaji Germany 1943.
rajdhani barlin
bhaasha(eain) jarman
sarkaar Single-party state, Totalitarian autocratic national socialist dictatorship,
Empire
raajya pramukh
- 1925 – 1934 Paul von Hindenburg (President)
- 1934 – 1945 Adolf Hitler (Füahrer)
- 1945 Karl Döanitz (President)
chaansalar
- 1933 – 1945 Adolf Hitler
- 1945 Joseph Goebbels
- 1945 Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk
aitihaasik yug yuddh ke dauraan
- maakhtaragraayafuङ 30 January, 1933
- glaaikshaalatuङ 27 fravari 1933
- aanshkhulss 13 March 1938
- dviteeya vishvayuddh 1 September 1939
- vightan 8 May, 1945
kshetr
- 1941 (Großadeutschland) 6,96,265 km² (2,68,829 sq mi)
janasankhya
- 1941 (Großadeutschland) est. 9,00,30,775
ghanatv 129.3 /ki.mee² (334.9 /varg meal)
mudra Reichsmark
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg vaaimar ganaraajya
Flag of Saar 1920-1935.svg saar (league of nations)
Flag of Austria.svg pehla aastriyn ganaraajya
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg chakoslovaak ganaraajya
Flag of Lithuania (1918-1940).svg klaipida kshetr
Gdansk flag.svg daanajeing ka mukt shahar
Flag of Poland.svg doosra polish ganaraajya
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Kingdom of Italy
Flag of Belgium.svg yoopen-maalamedi
Flag of Luxembourg.svg lakjmabarg
Flag of France.svg alsaasi-laurain
Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg draava baanovina
jarman Allied Occupation Zones in Germany Merchant Flag of Germany (1946-1949).svg
mitr deshon dvaara sanchaalit ostriya Flag of Austria.svg
Third Republic of Czechoslovakia Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
People's Republic of Poland Flag of Poland.svg
Alsace-Lorraine Flag of France.svg
Eupen-Malmedy Flag of Belgium.svg
Luxembourg Flag of Luxembourg.svg
Kingdom of Italy Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg
Kaliningrad Oblast Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg
Saar protectorate Flag of Saar (1947–1956).svg
People's Republic of Slovenia Flag of SR Slovenia.svg

naaji Germany, naatsi Germany ya teesara raaikh (jarman : Drittes Reich, "dreettes raykh") 1933 aur 1945 ke beech Germany ke liye itihaasakaaron dvaara saamaanya naam diya gaya hai, jab Germany par adolf hitlar ke netrutv waali national soshalist jarman kaaryakarta party (NSDAP) ka ekachhatr raajya tha. iske atirikt ise - naajeevaadi Germany (Das nazistische Deutschland "das natseestishe doychland") tatha sahasravarsheeya saamraajya (Das Tausendjäahriges Reich "das thaaujendyeriges raykh") bhi kaha jaata hai.

truteeya saamraajya vaimaar ganaraajya ke baad satta mein aaya, jab 4 March 1933 ko raashtreeya-samaajavaadi jarman shramikon ki party ne (NSDAP "N-S-de-aa-pe", Die Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei "di natsionaal-sotsialeestishe doyche aarbaayterpartaaya") hitlar ke netrutv mein raajasatta hathiya li. 30 January 1933 ko adolf hitlar Germany ka chaansalar bana aur jaldi hi saare virodh ko khtm karke vah us desh ka ikalauta neta ban baitha. desh ne use fyuarar (jarman bhaasha mein leedar) kehkar poojana shuru kar diya aur saari taakt uske haath mein saunp di. itihaasakaaron ne badi sabhaaon mein uske vaakchaaturya aur kamre mein huyi baithakon mein usaki aaainkhon se hone vaale mantramugdh logon ka jor dekar bataaya hai.[1] shanai: shanai: yeh baat prachalan mein aa gayi ki fyuarar ka vachan vidhi se bhi oopar hai. daraasal yeh mat logon ke beech hitlar ke mataprachaalan (propaganda) mantri gaibails ne rakha tha jise pratham vishvayuddh aur varsaaya ki sandhi se sataai gayi janta ne donon haathon se hadp liya. sarkaar ke sheershasth adhikaari keval hitlar ko report dete the aur usi ki neetiyon ka anusaran bhi karte the, haalaanki unki kaaryashaili mein kuchh had tak svaayatta barakraar thi.

anukram

itihaas

prushthabhoomi

1920 ke dashak ke shuruaati saalon mein naaji aandolan ne jor pakada, jab pratham vishvayuddh se sevaanivrutt gussaae yuvaaon ne varsaaya ki sandhi, vaaimar ganaraajya tatha prajaatantr ko maanane se inkaar kar diya. unhonne aarya kulavansh ke punarutthaan ki maang ki aur Germany ke saare kashton ka doshi yahoodiyon ko thaharaaya. unhonne bahut hi prabhaavashaali mataprachaar se logon ko yeh batalaaya ki pratham vishvayuddh mein Germany ki haar ka kaaran usaki sena naheen balki yahoodi, saamyavaadi tatha anya vinaashak shaktiyaaain theen jo desh ke asainik varg mein maujood theen.

"truteeya saamraajya" ka vinaash

soviyt sangh ke saath lade dviteeya vishvayuddh mein faasiston ka "truteeya saamraajya" 23 May 1945 mein chakanaachoor ho gaya.

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Neil J. Kressel (2002). Mass Hate: The Global Rise Of Genocide And Terror. Basic Books. pa॰ 121. http://books.google.com/books?id=UfSI6mU2fDIC&pg=PA121. abhigman tithi: 27-07-2012.