naagaraaj

naagaraaj ek sanskrut shabd hai jo ki naag tatha raaj (raaja) se milkar bana hai arthaat naagon ka raaja. yeh mukhya rup se teen devataaon hetu prayukt hota hai - anant (sheshanaag), takshak tatha vaasuki. anant, takshak tatha vaasuki teenon bhaai maharshi kashyap, tatha unki patni kadru ke putr the jo ki sabhi saaainpon ke janak maane jaate hain. maanyata ke anusaar naag ka vaas paataalalok mein hai.

sabse bade bhaai anant Bhagwan vishnu ke bhakt hain evam saaainpon ka mitrataapoorn pahaloo prastut karte hain kyonki ve choohe aadi jeevon se khaadyaann ki raksha karte hain. Bhagwan vishnu jab ksheerasaagar mein yoganidra mein hote hain to anant unka aasan bante hain tatha unki yeh mudra anantashayanam kahalaati hai. anant ne apne sir par pruthvi ko dhaaran kiya hua hai. unhonne Bhagwan vishnu ke saath raamaayan kaal mein Ram ke chhote bhaai Lakshman tatha mahaabhaarat kaal mein Krishna ke bade bhaai balaraam ke rup mein avataar liya. iske atirikt raamaanuj tatha nityaanand bhi unke avataar kahe jaate hain.

chhote bhaai vaasuki Bhagwan Shiv ke bhakt hain, Bhagwan Shiv hamesha unhein gardan mein pahane rahate hain. takshak saaainpon ke khatarnaak pahaloo ko prastut karte hain, kyonki unke jahar ke kaaran sabhi unase darate hain.

Gujarat ke sureindranagar jile ke thaanagadh tahaseel mein naag devata vaasuki ka ek praacheen mandir hai. is kshetr mein naag vaasuki ki pooja graamya devata ke taur par ki jaati hai. yeh bhoomi sarp bhoomi bhi kahalaati hai. thaanagadh ke aas paas aur bhi anya naag devata ke mandir maujood hai.

devabhoomi uttaraakhand mein naagaraaj ke chhote-bade anek mandir hain. vahaaain naagaraaj ko aamtaur par naagaraaja kaha jaata hai. semamukhem naagaraaj uttaraakhand ka sabse prasiddh naagateerth hai. yeh uttaraakaashi jile mein hai tatha shraddhaaluon mein sem naagaraaja ke naam se prasiddh hai. ek anya prasiddh mandir daanda naagaraaj paudi jile mein hai.

Tamil Nadu ke jile ke naagarakoil mein naagaraaj ko samarpit ek mandir hai. iske atirikt ek anya prasiddh mandir maannaarashaala mandir Kerala ke aleeppi jile mein hai. is mandir mein anant tatha vaasuki donon ke sammilit rup mein devata hain.

Kerala ke tiruanantapuram jile ke poojaappura mein ek naagaraaj ko samarpit ek mandir hai. yeh poojaappura nagarukaavu mandir ke naam se jaana jaata hai. is mandir ki adviteeyata yeh hai ki ismein yahaaain naagaraaj ka parivaar jinmein naagaramma, naagon ki raani tatha naagakanya, naag raajashaahi ki Rajkumari shaamil hai, ek hi mandir mein rakhe gaye hain.

sandarbh

  • H.Oldenberg: TheVinaya Pitakam. London 1879, pp.24-25

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