naag panchami

naag panchami
नाग पंचमी
naag panchami vrat
aadhikaarik naam naag panchami vrat
anuyaayi hindu, bhaarateeya, bhaarateeya pravaasi
uddeshya sarvakaamana poorti

naag panchami hinduon ka ek pramukh tyohaar hai. hindu panchaang ke anusaar saavan maah ki shukl paksh ke panchami ko naag panchami ke rup mein manaaya jaata hai. is din naag devata ya sarp ki pooja ki jaati hai aur unhein doodh pilaaya jaata hai. naagapanchami ke hi din anekon gaanv va kasbon mein kusti ka aayojan hota hai jismein aaspaas ke pahalavaan bhaag lete hain. gaaya, bail aadi pashuon ko is din nadi, taalaab mein le jaakar nahalaaya jaata hai.

anukram

sanskruti

hamaari sanskruti ne pashu-pakshi, vruksh-vanaspati sabke saath aatmeeya sambandh jodne ka prayatn kiya hai. hamaare yahaan gaaya ki pooja hoti hai. kai bahanein kokila-vrat karti hain. koyal ke darshan ho athva usaka svar kaan par pade tab hi bhojan lena, aisa yeh vrat hai. hamaare yahaaain vrushabhotsav ke din bail ka poojan kiya jaata hai. vat-saavitri jaise vrat mein bargad ki pooja hoti hai, parantu naag panchami jaise din naag ka poojan jab ham karte hain, tab to hamaari sanskruti ki vishishtata paraakaashta par pahunch jaati hai.

gaaya, bail, koyal ityaadi ka poojan karke unke saath aatmeeyata saadhane ka ham prayatn karte hain, kyonki ve upayogi hain. lekin naag hamaare kis upayog mein aata hai, ulte yadi kaate to jaan liye bina na rahe. ham sab usase darate hain. naag ke is dar se naagapooja shuroo hui hogi, aisa kai log maanate hain, parantu yeh maanyata hamaari sanskruti se susangat naheen lagti.

naag ko Dave ke roop mein sveekaar karne mein aaryon ke hrudaya ki vishaalata ka hamein darshan hota hai. 'krunvanto vishvamaaryam‌' is garjana ke saath aage badhte hue aaryon ko bhinn-bhinn upaasana karte hue anek samoohon ke sampark mein aana pada. vedon ke prabhaavi vichaar unke paas pahuainchaane ke liye aaryon ko atyadhik parishram karna pada.

vibhinn samoohon ko upaasana vidhi mein rahe fark ke kaaran hone vaale vivaad ko yadi nikaal diya jaae to maanav maatr vedon ke tejasvi aur bhavya vichaaron ko sveekaar karega, is par aaryon ki akhand shraddha thi. isko safal banaane ke liye aaryon ne alag-alag punjon mein chalti vibhinn devataaon ki pooja ko sveekaar kiya aur alag-alag punjon ko unhonne aatmasaat karke apne mein mila liya. in vibhinn poojaaon ko sveekaar karne ke kaaran hi hamein naagapooja praapt hui hogi, aisa lagta hai.

Bhaarat varsh mein sarp poojan

Bhaarat desh krushipradhaan desh tha aur hai. saanp kheton ka rakshan karta hai, isliye use kshetrapaal kehte hain. jeev-jantu, choohe aadi jo fasal ko nuksaan karne vaale tatv hain, unka naash karke saanp hamaare kheton ko haraabhara rakhata hai.

saaainp hamein kai mook sandesh bhi deta hai. saaainp ke gun dekhne ki hamaare paas gunagraahi aur shubhagraahi drushti honi chaahiye. Bhagwan dattaatraya ki aisi shubh drushti thi, isliye hi unhein pratyek vastu se kuchh na kuchh seekh mili.

saaainp saamaanyataya kisi ko akaaran naheen kaatata. use pareshaan karne vaale ko ya chhedne vaalon ko hi vah dansata hai. saaainp bhi prabhu ka surgeon hai, vah yadi nuksaan kiye bina saralata se jaata ho, ya nirupadravi bankar jeeta ho to use maarane ka hamein koi adhikaar naheen hai. jab ham uske praan lene ka prayatn karte hain, tab apne praan bachaane ke liye ya apna jeevan tikaane ke liye yadi vah hamein dains de to use dusht kaise kaha ja sakta hai? hamaare praan lene vaalon ke praan lene ka prayatn kya ham naheen karte?

saaainp ko sugandh bahut hi bhaati hai. chanpa ke paudhe ko liptakar vah rahata hai ya to chandan ke vruksh par vah nivaas karta hai. kevade ke van mein bhi vah firta rahata hai. use sugandh priya lagti hai, isliye bhaarateeya sanskruti ko vah priya hai. pratyek maanav ko jeevan mein sadgunon ki sugandh aati hai, suvichaaron ki suvaas aati hai, vah suvaas hamein priya honi chaahiye.

ham jaante hain ki saaainp bina kaaran kisi ko naheen kaatata. varshon parishram sanchit shakti yaani jahar vah kisi ko yon hi kaatkar vyarth kho dena naheen chaahata. ham bhi jeevan mein kuchh tap kareinge to usase hamein bhi shakti paida hogi. yeh shakti kisi par gussa karne mein, nirbalon ko hairaan karne mein ya ashakton ko du:kh dene mein vyarth na kar us shakti ko hamaara vikaas karne mein, doosare asamarthon ko samarth banaane mein, nirbalon ko sabal banaane mein kharch karein, yahi apekshit hai.

sarp mani

kuchh daivi saaainpon ke mastishk par mani hoti hai. mani amoolya hoti hai. hamein bhi jeevan mein amoolya vastuon ko (baaton ko) mastishk par chadhaana chaahiye. samaaj ke mukutamani jaise mahaapurushon ka sthaan hamaare mastishk par hona chaahiye. hamein prem se unki paalaki uthaani chaahiye aur unke vichaaron ke anusaar hamaare jeevan ka nirmaan karne ka aharnish prayatn karna chaahiye. sarv vidyaaon mein maniroop jo adhyaatm vidya hai, uske liye hamaare jeevan mein anokha aakarshan hona chaahiye. aatmavikaas mein sahaayak na ho, us gyaan ko gyaan kaise kaha ja sakta hai?

saaainp bill mein rahata hai aur adhikaanshat: ekaant ka sevan karta hai. isliye mumukshu ko janasamooh ko taalana chaahiye. is baare mein saaainp ka udaaharan diya jaata hai.

Dave-daanavon dvaara kiye gaye samudra manthan mein saadhan roop bankar vaasuki naag ne durjanon ke liye bhi prabhu kaarya mein nimitt banane ka maarg khula kar diya hai. durjan maanav bhi yadi sachche maarg par aae to vah saanskrutik kaarya mein apna bahut bada yog de sakta hai aur durbalata satat khatakati rahane par aise maanav ko apne kiye hue satkaarya ke liye jyaada ghamand bhi nirmaan naheen hoga.

durjan bhi yadi Bhagwad kaarya mein jud jaae to prabhu bhi usako sveekaar karte hain, is baat ka samarthan Shiv ne saaainp ko apne gale mein rakhakar aur vishnu ne shesh-shayan karke kiya hai.

samagr srushti ke hit ke liye barasate barasaat ke kaaran nirvaasit hua saaainp jab hamaare ghar mein atithi bankar aata hai tab use aashray dekar krutajnya buddhi se usaka poojan karna hamaara karttavya ho jaata hai. is tarah naag panchami ka utsav shraavan maheene mein hi rakhakar hamaare rishiyon ne bahut hi auchitya dikhaaya hai.

vidhi

  • praat: uthakar ghar ki safaai kar nityakarm se nivrutt ho jaaeain.
  • pashchaat snaan kar saaf-svachh vastr dhaaran karein.
  • poojan ke liye seinvai-chaaval aadi taaja bhojan banaaeain. kuchh bhaagon mein naagapanchami se ek din bhojan bana kar rakh liya jaata hai aur naagapanchami ke din baasi khaana khaaya jaata hai.
  • iske baad deevaal par geroo potakar poojan ka sthaan banaaya jaata hai. fir kachche doodh mein koyala ghiskar usase geroo puti deevaal par ghar jaisa banaate hain aur usamein anek naagadevon ki aakruti banaate hain.
  • kuchh jagahon par sone, chaandi, kaath va mitti ki kalam tatha haldi va chandan ki syaahi se athva gobar se ghar ke mukhya darvaaje ke donon bagalon mein paaainch fan vaale naagadev ankit kar poojate hain.
  • sarvapratham naagon ki baanbi mein ek katori doodh chadha aate hain.
  • aur fir deevaal par banaae gaye naagadevata ki dadhi, doorva, kusha, gandh, akshat, pushp, jal, kachcha doodh, roli aur chaaval aadi se poojan kar seinvai va mishthaan se unka bhog lagaate hain.
  • pashchaat aarti kar katha shravan karna chaahiye.

poore shraavan maah vishesh kar naagapanchami ko dharati khodana nishiddh hai. is din vrat karke saanpon ko kheer khilaai va doodh pilaaya jaata hai. kaheen-kaheen saavan maah ki Krishna paksh ki panchami ko bhi naag panchami manaai jaati hai. is din safed kamal pooja mein rakha jaata hai.

naagapanchami ke din

  • is din naagadev ka darshan avashya karna chaahiye.
  • baanbi (naagadev ka nivaas sthaan) ki pooja karna chaahiye.
  • naagadev ki sugandhit pushp va chandan se hi pooja karni chaahiye kyonki naagadev ko sugandh priya hai.
  • Om kurukulye hun fat svaaha ka jaap karne se sarpavish door hota hai.

katha

praacheen kaal mein ek sethaji ke saat putr the. saaton ke vivaah ho chuke the. sabse chhote putr ki patni shreshth charitra ki vidooshi aur susheel thi, parantu uske bhaai naheen tha.

ek din badi bahoo ne ghar leepane ko peeli mitti laane ke liye sabhi bahuon ko saath chalne ko kaha to sabhi dhaliya aur khurapi lekar mitti khodane lagi. tabhi vahaan ek sarp nikla, jise badi bahoo khurapi se maarane lagi. yeh dekhkar chhoti bahoo ne use rokate hue kaha- 'mat maaro ise? yeh bechaara nirparaadh hai.'

yeh sunakar badi bahoo ne use naheen maara tab sarp ek or ja baitha. tab chhoti bahoo ne usase kaha-'ham abhi laut kar aati hain tum yahaan se jaana mat. yeh kehkar vah sabke saath mitti lekar ghar chali gayi aur vahaaain kaamkaaj mein fainsakar sarp se jo vaada kiya tha use bhool gayi.

use doosare din vah baat yaad I to sab ko saath lekar vahaaain pahuainchi aur sarp ko us sthaan par baitha dekhkar boli- sarp bhaiya namaskaar! sarp ne kaha- 'too bhaiya kah chuki hai, isliye tujhe chhod deta hoon, naheen to jhoothi baat kehne ke kaaran tujhe abhi das leta. vah boli- bhaiya mujhse bhool ho gayi, usaki kshama maaaingati hoon, tab sarp bola- achha, too aaj se meri bahin hui aur main tera bhaai hua. tujhe jo maangana ho, maaaing le. vah boli- bhaiya! mera koi naheen hai, achha hua jo too mera bhaai ban gaya.

kuchh din vyateet hone par vah sarp manushya ka roop rakhakar uske ghar aaya aur bola ki 'meri bahin ko bhej do.' sabne kaha ki 'iske to koi bhaai naheen tha, to vah bola- main door ke rishte mein iska bhaai hooain, bachapan mein hi baahar chala gaya tha. uske vishvaas dilaane par ghar ke logon ne chhoti ko uske saath bhej diya. usane maarg mein bataaya ki 'main vaheen sarp hooain, isliye too darna naheen aur jahaan chalne mein kathinaai ho vahaan meri poochh pakad lena. usane kahe anusaar hi kiya aur is prakaar vah uske ghar pahunch gayi. vahaaain ke dhan-aishvarya ko dekhkar vah chakit ho gayi.

ek din sarp ki maata ne usase kaha- 'main ek kaam se baahar ja rahi hooain, too apne bhaai ko thanda doodh pila dena. use yeh baat dhyaan na rahi aur usase garm doodh pila diya, jismein usaka mukh betarah jal gaya. yeh dekhkar sarp ki maata bahut krodhit hui. parantu sarp ke samajhaane par chup ho gayi. tab sarp ne kaha ki bahin ko ab uske ghar bhej dena chaahiye. tab sarp aur uske pita ne use bahut sa sona, chaaaindi, javaaharaat, vastr-bhooshan aadi dekar uske ghar pahuaincha diya.

itna dher saara dhan dekhkar badi bahoo ne irsha se kaha- bhaai to bada dhanavaan hai, tujhe to usase aur bhi dhan laana chaahiye. sarp ne yeh vachan suna to sab vastueain sone ki laakar de Dean. yeh dekhkar badi bahoo ne kaha- 'inhein jhaadne ki jhaadoo bhi sone ki honi chaahiye'. tab sarp ne jhaadoo bhi sone ki laakar rakh di.

sarp ne chhoti bahoo ko heera-maniyon ka ek adbhut haar diya tha. usaki prashansa us desh ki raani ne bhi suni aur vah raaja se boli ki- seth ki chhoti bahoo ka haar yahaaain aana chaahiye.' raaja ne mantri ko hukm diya ki usase vah haar lekar sheegra upasthit ho mantri ne sethaji se jaakar kaha ki 'mahaaraaneeji chhoti bahoo ka haar pahaneingi, vah usase lekar mujhe de do'. sethaji ne dar ke kaaran chhoti bahoo se haar mangaakar de diya.

chhoti bahoo ko yeh baat bahut buri lagi, usane apne sarp bhaai ko yaad kiya aur aane par praarthana ki- bhaiya ! raani ne haar chheen liya hai, tum kuchh aisa karo ki jab vah haar uske gale mein rahe, tab tak ke liye sarp ban jaae aur jab vah mujhe lauta de tab heeron aur maniyon ka ho jaae. sarp ne theek vaisa hi kiya. jaise hi raani ne haar pahana, vaise hi vah sarp ban gaya. yeh dekhkar raani cheekh padi aur rone lagi.

yeh dekh kar raaja ne seth ke paas khabar bheji ki chhoti bahoo ko turant bhejo. sethaji dar gaye ki raaja na jaane kya karega? ve swayam chhoti bahoo ko saath lekar upasthit hue. raaja ne chhoti bahoo se poochha- tune kya jaadoo kiya hai, main tujhe dand doonga. chhoti bahoo boli- raajan ! dhrushtata kshama keejiye, yeh haar hi aisa hai ki mere gale mein heeron aur maniyon ka rahata hai aur doosare ke gale mein sarp ban jaata hai. yeh sunakar raaja ne vah sarp bana haar use dekar kaha- abhi pahinkar dikhaao. chhoti bahoo ne jaise hi use pahana vaise hi heeron-maniyon ka ho gaya.

yeh dekhkar raaja ko usaki baat ka vishvaas ho gaya aur usane prasann hokar use bahut si mudraaen bhi puraskaar mein Dean. chhoti vah apne haar aur in sahit ghar laut I. uske dhan ko dekhkar badi bahoo ne irsha ke kaaran uske pati ko sikhaaya ki chhoti bahoo ke paas kaheen se dhan aaya hai. yeh sunakar uske pati ne apni patni ko bulaakar kaha- theek-theek bata ki yeh dhan tujhe kaun deta hai? tab vah sarp ko yaad karne lagi.

tab usi samay sarp ne prakat hokar kaha- yadi meri dharm bahin ke aacharan par sandeh prakat karega to main use kha looainga. yeh sunakar chhoti bahoo ka pati bahut prasann hua aur usane sarp devata ka bada satkaar kiya. usi din se naagapanchami ka tyohaar manaaya jaata hai aur striyaaain sarp ko bhaai maankar usaki pooja karti hain.