myaanma

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pyi-dauaing-joo myaan-ma naing-ngaan-Dr

myaanma sangh
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: -
raashtragaan: kaaba ma kyei
rajdhani naipyeeda
19°a45′aN 96°a12′aE / 19.75°aN 96.2°aE / 19.75; 96.2
sabse bada nagar yaangan
raajabhaasha(eain) barmi
nivaasi barmees
sarkaar sainik shaasan
- raajya shaanti va vikaas paarishd ka adhyaksh thaan shve
- pradhaanamantri theen scene
sthaapana
- british raaj se svatantrata 4 January 1948
kshetrafal
- kul 6,76,578 varg kilometer (40vaaain)
2,61,227 varg meal
- jal (%) 3.06
janasankhya
- July 2005 janaganana 50,519,000² (24vau)
- July 2009 (anumaan) janaganana 4,81,37,741
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2005 praakkalan
- kul $93.77 arab (59vaaain)
- prati vyakti $1,691 (150vaaain)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.524[1]
nimn · 150vaaain
mudra kyaat (K) (mmK)
samay mandal MMT (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+6:30)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) naheen hai. (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+6)
doorabhaash koot 95 - upakoot
Internet teeeladi .beedi
kuchh sarkaarein yaangoon ko desh ki rajdhani ke roop mein maanyata deti hain.
is desh ke anumaan mein eds se marne vaale logon ki sankhya ko bhi dhyaan mein rakha gaya hai, jisse jeevan pratyaasha mein kami, baal mrutyu dar mein vruddhi, janasankhya vruddhidr mein kami aur aabaadi ki aayu aur ling mein parivartan ke vitran mein parivartan najar aata hai.

brahmadesh, barma ya myanma dakshin Asia ka ek desh hai. iska aadhunik barmi naam 'myanma'[2] ( မaaြaaနaa်aaမaaာ = mranma ) hai.barmi bhaasha mein r ka uchchaaran ya kiya jaata hai at: sahi uchchaaran myanma hai. iska puraana angreji naam barma tha jo yahaaain ke sarvaadhik bahul bama jaati ke naam par rakha gaya tha. iske uttar mein cheen, pashchim mein Bhaarat, Bangladesh evanm hind mahaasaagar tatha dakshin evanm poorv ki disha mein Indonesia desh sthit hain. yeh Bhaarat evam cheen ke beech ek rodhak raajya ka bhi kaam karta hai. iski rajdhani naaepyeedau aur sabse bada shahar desh ki poorv rajdhani yaangoon hai, jiska poorv naam rangoon tha.

anukram

naamakaran

barmi bhaasha mein, brahmadesh ko myanma (ြမန်မာ) ya bama (ဗမာ) naam se jaana jaata hai.british raaj ke baad is desh ko angreji mein 'barma' kaha jaane laga. san 1989 me desh ki sainik sarkaar ne puraane angreji naamon ko badal kar paaramparik barmi naam kar diya. is tarah brahmadesh ko 'myanma' aur poorv rajdhani aur sabse bade rangoon ko yaangoon naam diya gaya.

bhoogol

myaanmaar dakshin poorv Asia ka sabse bada desh hai, jiska kul kshetrafl 6,78,500 varg kilometer hai. myaanmaar vishv ka chauleesavaan sabse bada desh hai. iski uttar pashchimi seemaaen Bhaarat ke mijoram, naagaalaind, manipur, arunaachal pradesh aur Bangladesh ke chitgauv praant ko milti hai. uttar me desh ki sabse lambi seema tibbt aur cheen ke unaan praant ke saath hai. myaanmaar ke dakshin-poorv me laaos or Thailand desh hai. myaanmaar ki tat rekha (1,930 kilomitr) desh ke kul seema ka ek tihaai hai. Bengal ki khaadi aur andamaan saagar desh ke dakshin pashchim aur dakshin mein kramash: padte hai. uttar mein heingaduaan shaan parvat cheen ke saath seema banaate hai.

myaanmaar mein teen parvat shrrunkhalaaen hai jo ki himaalaya se shuru hokar uttar se dakshin disha me faili hui hai. inka naam hai rakhine yoma, baago yoma aur shaan pathaar. yeh shrrunkhala myaanmaar ko teen nadi tantr me baantati hai. inka naam hai ऎyaaravaadi, saalaveen aur seetaang. ऎyaaravaadi brahmadesh ki sabse lambi nadi hai. iski lanbaai 2,170 kilometer hai. marataban ki khaadi me girne se pehle yeh nadi myaanmaar ke sabse upajaaoo bhoomi se ho kar gujarati hai. myaanmaar ki adhiktar janasankhya isi nadi ki ghaati me nivaas karti hai jo ki rakhine yoma aur shaan pathaar ke beech sthit hai.

desh ka adhiktam bhaag kark rekha aur bhoomadhya rekha ke beech me sthit hai. brahmadesh Asia mahaadveep ke monsoon kshetr me sthit hai, saalaana yahau ke tateeya kshetron mein 5000 mileemeetar, delta bhaag mein lagbhag 2500 mileemeetar aur madhya myaanmaar ke shushk kshetron mein 1000 mileemeet varsha hoti hai.

dharaatal

dharaatal ke aadhaar par ise chaar bhaagon mein baaainta ja sakta hai :

  • 1. uttari tatha pashchimi pahaadi kshetr - yeh 6,000 se 20,000 foot tak ooaincha hai. ismein Bengal ki khaadi tatha aaraakaan yoma parvat ke madhya ki aaraakan patti bhi shaamil hai.
  • 2. poorv ka shaan uchch pradesh - yeh lagbhag 3,000 foot tak ooaincha ek pathaar hai jo dakshin mein tenaisarim yoma tak faila hai.
  • 3. madhya brahmadesh - yeh desh ka mukhya krushipradesh hai jo poorv mein sailaveen tatha pashchim mein iraavadi tatha iski sahaayak chindvin aadi nadiyon se ghira hai.
  • 4. dakshin mein iraavadi tatha sitaang nadiyon ka delta pradesh - iraavadi tatha sitaang ki nimn ghaati kaafi upajaaoo hai. delta pradesh lagbhag 10,000 varg meal mein faila hai. yeh vishv ke bade dhaan utpaadak kshetron mein se ek hai tatha yahaaain kai prasiddh bandargaah bhi sthit hain. iraavadi nadi maidaan ke pashchimi bhaag se bahti hui Bengal ki khaadi mein girti hai.

jalavaayu

yahaaain ki jalavaayu ushnakatibandheeya hai jismein teen ritueain hoti hain : pratham, varsha ritu, jo madhya May se madhya October tak rahati hai; dviteeya, greeshm ritu, jo April-May se October ya November tak rahati hai. truteeya, jaade ki ritu, jo December se March tak rahati hai. monsoon ke mausam mein oopari myaanmaar mein 200 inch tha dakshin mein sthit rangoon mein 100 inch tak varsha hoti hai. madhya ke shushk bhaag mein 25 se 35 inch varsha hoti hai. nimn brahmadesh ka jaade ka taap 15.5 degree sein. tatha garami ka taap 38 degree sein. tak rahata hai. madhya myaanmaar mein garami ka taap nimn brahmadesh ke jaade ke taap se adhik tatha garami ke taap se kam ho jaata hai.

raajya aur mandal

Burma en.png

myaanmaar ko saat raajya aur saat mandal me vibhaajit kiya gaya hai. jis kshetr me barmi logon ki janasankhya adhik hai use mandal kaha jaata hai. raajya vah mandal hai, jo kisi vishesh jaateeya alpasankhyakon ka ghar ho.

mandal

raajya

brahmadesh ka itihaas

  • January, 1948 - brahmadesh ko aajaadi mili.
  • September, 1987 - mudra ke avmoolyan ke chalte hajaaron logon ki bachat svaaha ho gayi jiske chalte sarkaar virodhi dange bhadke.
  • July, 1989 - sattaadhaari junta ne maarshal la ki ghoshana ki. national league faar demokresi ki neta aang saan soo ki ghar mein najaraband.
  • May, 1990 - aam chunaavon mein enaeladi ki bhaari jeet. junta ne chunaav ke nateejon ko maanane se inkaar kiya.
  • October, 1991 - soo ki ko Nobel shaanti puraskaar.
  • July, 1995 - soo ki ki najarabandi se rihaai.
  • May, 2003 - junta va enaeladi samarthakon ke beech jhadap ke baad soo ki ko tathaakathit suraksha ke liye fir hiraasat mein le liya gaya.
  • September, 2007 - bauddh bhikshuon dvaara satta virodhi pradarshan.
  • April, 2008 - sarkaar ne prastaavit samvidhaan chhapavaaya jiske mutaabik ek tihaai sansadeeya seatein sena ke hisse jaaengi. soo ki ke kisi bhi prakaar ke pad grahan karne par pratibandh
  • May, 2009 - jaan William yeta naamak ameriki tairakar soo ki ghar pahuncha. sarkaar ne soo ki par najarabandi ke niyam todne ka aarop lagaaya.

ikaai pranaali

myaanmaar vishv ke un teen desho mein shaamil hai, jo antarraashtreeya ikaai pranaali ka upayog naheen karte hai.

sandarbh

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". sanyukt raashtra vikaas kaaryakram. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.
  2. [itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/005024.html Myanmar is Mama]

yeh bhi dekhein

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