mukhammas

mukhammas (angreji: Mukhammas) (urdoo:مaaخaaمaaس) urdoo kavita ka ek praaroop hai. iski utpatti faarasi bhaasha se hui hai aisa maana jaata hai. ismein pratyek band ya charan 5-5 pankti ka hota hai pehle charan ki sabhi panktiyon mein ek-si layabaddhata hoti hai. jabki baad ke sabhi band apni antim pankti mein shuruaati band ki aakhiri bandish laya mein aabaddh hote rahate hain.

nimn uddharan mein diye gaye shuruaati band se yeh baat ekdam spashth ho jaati hai. (shesh ansh neeche udaaharan vaale anubhaag mein dekhein):

haif ham jispe ki taiyaar the mit jaane ko, yak-b-yak hamse chhudaaya usi kaasaane ko, aasmaaain kya yahi baaki tha sitm dhaane ko, laake gurbat mein jo rakkha hamein tadpaane ko, kya koi aur bahaana na tha tarasaane ko![1]


anukram

udaaharan

jajvaye-shaheed (bismil ki tadp[2])

ham bhi aaraam utha sakte the ghar par rah kar, hamako bhi paala tha maaain-baap ne du:kh sah-sah kar, vakte-rukhsat unhein itna bhi na aaye kah kar, god mein ashk jo tapakein kabhi rukh se bah kar, tifl unako hi samajh lena ji bahalaane ko!

apni kismat mein ajal hi se sitm rakkha tha, ranj rakkha tha mehan rakkhi thi gam rakkha tha, kisko paravaah thi aur kismein ye dam rakkha tha, humne jab vaadi-A-gurabat mein kdam rakkha tha, door tak yaad-A-vatan I thi samajhaane ko!

apna kuchh gam naheen lekin A khyaal aata hai, maadare-hind pe kab tak ye javaal aata hai, kaumi-aajaadi ka kab hind pe saal aata hai, kaum apni pe to rah-rah ke malaal aata hai, muntajir rahate hain ham khaak mein mil jaane ko!

naujavaanon! jo tabeeyat mein tumhaari khatake, yaad kar lena kabhi hamako bhi bhoole bhatake, aapke ajve-vadan hovein juda kat-kat ke, aur sad-chaak ho maata ka kaleja fatake, par na maathe pe shikn aaye kasam khaane ko!

ek paravaane ka bahata hai lahoo nas-nas mein, ab to kha baithe hain chittaud ke gadh ki kasamein, sarafroshi ki ada hoti hain yooain hi rasmein, bhaai khanjar se gale milte hain sab aapas mein, bahne taiyaar chitaaon se lipt jaane ko!

sar fida karte hain kurabaan jigr karte hain, paas jo kuchh hai vo maata ki najar karte hain, khaana veeraan kahaaain dekhiye ghar karte hain! khush raho ahale-vatan! ham to safr karte hain, ja ke aabaad kareinge kisi veeraane ko!

naujavaano ! yahi mauka hai utho khul khelo, khidmate-kaum mein jo aaye vala sab jhelo, desh ke vaaste sab apni jabaani de do, fir mileingi na ye maata ki duaaeain le lo, dekhein kaun aata hai ye frj baja laane ko?

paad tippani

bhaarateeya kraantikaari Ram prasaad 'bismil' ka yeh uparokt urdoo mukhammas bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam ke dauraan sarvaadhik lokapriya hua tha. yeh rachana itni bhaavapoorn hai ki Lahore kaanspiresi case ke samay jab premadatt naamak ek kaidi ne adaalat mein gaakar sunaayi to adaalat me upasthit sabhi shrota ro pade the.[3][4]

inhein bhi dekhein

  • aandolan (1977 film)

sandarbh

  1. Verma, 'Krant' Madan Lal (1998) "bismil ki tadp (hindi kaavyaanuvaad)" (Hindi mein) Krantikari Bismil Aur Unki Shayri (1 san॰) Delhi: Prakhar Prakashan pa॰ 21 OCLC 466558602 http://www.worldcat.org/title/krantikari-bismila-aura-unaki-sayari/oclc/466558602. abhigman tithi: 26 March 2014 "hamein afsos hai yahi ki ham jispe taiyaar the swayam sashareer mit jaane ko, kroor aatataayi toone kyon balaat chheen liya hamse hamaare usi pyaare aashiyaane ko, koi to bataaye hamein aake samajhaaye yahaaain kaahe tanhaai mein rakha hai tadpaane ko, haaya takadeer ke vidhaata too bata to sahi kya na koi aur tha bahaana tarasaane ko!"
  2. Verma, 'Krant' Madan Lal (1998) (Hindi mein) Krantikari Bismil Aur Unki Shayri (1 san॰) Delhi: Prakhar Prakashan pa॰ 20-30 OCLC 466558602 http://www.worldcat.org/title/krantikari-bismila-aura-unaki-sayari/oclc/466558602. abhigman tithi: 26 March 2014
  3. khaleek anjum mujtaba husain jabtashuda najmein prushth-18
  4. nooranabi abbaasi jabtashuda najmein prushth-29
  • khaleek anjum mujtaba husain jabtashuda najmein 1976 hind paaket books jee0tee0 road shaahadara Delhi 110032 Bhaarat
  • nooranabi abbaasi jabtashuda najmein 1998 saahitya akaademi nai Delhi 110001 ISBN 81-260-0315-4

sandarbh hetu pustak-soochi

baahari kadiyaaain

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vikisors mein mukhammas lekh se sambandhit mool saahitya hai.