muharram

islaami calendar

  1. muharam
  2. safr
  3. rabi al-avval
  4. rabi al-thaani
  5. jamaad al-avval
  6. jamaad al-thaani
  7. rajjab
  8. shaaabaan
  9. ramajaan
  10. shavvaal
  11. ju al-kaada
  12. ju al-hajja

muharram islaami varsh yaani hijri san‌ ka pehla maheena hai. yeh ek muslim tyauhaar bhi hai. hijri san‌ ka aagaaj isi maheene se hota hai. is maah ko islaam ke chaar pavitra maheenon mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. Allah ke rasool hajarat muhammad (sall.) ne is maas ko Allah ka maheena kaha hai. saath hi is maas mein roja rakhane ki khaas ahamiyt bayaan ki hai.

mukhtalif hadeeson, yaani hajarat muhammad (sall.) ke kaul (kathan) va amal (karm) se muharram ki pavitrata va iski ahamiyt ka pata chalta hai. aise hi hajarat muhammad (sall.) ne ek baar muharram ka jikr karte hue ise Allah ka maheena kaha. ise jin chaar pavitra maheenon mein rakha gaya hai, unamein se do maheene muharram se pehle aate hain. yeh do maas hain jeekaada va jilhijj.

ek hadees ke anusaar Allah ke rasool hajarat muhammad (sall.) ne kaha ki ramajaan ke alaava sabse uttam roje ve hain, jo Allah ke maheene yaani muharram mein rakhe jaate hain. yeh kehte samay nabi-A-kareem hajarat muhammad (sall.) ne ek baat aur jodi ki jis tarah anivaarya namaajon ke baad sabse aham namaaj tahajjud ki hai, usi tarah ramajaan ke rojon ke baad sabse uttam roje muharram ke hain. islaami yaani hijri san‌ ka pehla maheena muharram hai. hijri san‌ ka aagaaj isi maheene se hota hai. is maah ko islaam ke chaar pavitra maheenon mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. Allah ke rasool hajarat muhammad (sall.) ne is maas ko Allah ka maheena kaha hai.


ittifaak ki baat hai ki aaj muharram ka yeh pahaloo aamajan ki najaron se ojhal hai aur is maah mein Allah ki ibaadat karni chaaheeye jabki paiganbare-islaam (sall.) ne is maah mein khoob roje rakhe aur apne saathiyon ka dhyaan bhi is taraf aakarshit kiya. is baare mein kai praamaanik hadeesein maujood hain.

muharram ki 9 taareekh ko jaane waali ibaadaton ka bhi bada savaab bataaya gaya hai. hajarat muhammad (sall.) ke saathi ibne Abbas ke mutaabik hajarat muhammad (sall.) ne kaha ki jisne muharram ki 9 taareekh ka roja rakha, uske do saal ke gunaah maaf ho jaate hain tatha muharram ke ek roje ka savaab (fal) 30 rojon ke baraabar milta hai. goya yeh ki muharram ke maheene mein khoob roje rakhe jaane chaahiye. yeh roje anivaarya yaani jaroori naheen hain, lekin muharram ke rojon ka bahut savaab hai.

alabatta yeh jaroor kaha jaata hai ki is din Allah ke nabi hajarat nooh (a.) ki kishti ko kinaara mila tha. iske saath hi aashoore ke din yaani 10 muharram ko ek aisi ghatna hui thi, jiska vishv itihaas mein mahatvapoorn sthaan hai. Iraq sthit karbala mein hui yeh ghatna daraasal satya ke liye jaan nyochhaavar kar dene ki jinda misaal hai. is ghatna mein hajarat muhammad (sall.) ke navaase (naati) hajarat husain ko shaheed kar diya gaya tha. karbala ki ghatna apne aap mein badi vibhts aur nindaneeya hai. bujurg kehte hain ki ise yaad karte hue bhi hamein hajarat muhammad (sall.) ka tareeka apanaana chaahiye. jabki aaj aamajan ko deen ki jaankaari na ke baraabar hai. Allah ke rasool vaale tareekonse log vaakif naheen hain. aise mein jaroorat hai hajarat muhammad (sall.) ki bataai baaton par gaur karne aur un par sahi dhang se amal karne ki jarurat he

anukram

karabala ki jang

karabala, Iraq ki rajdhani Baghdad se 100 kilometer door uttar-poorv mein ek chhota-sa kasba. 10 October 680 (10 muharram 61 hijri) ko samaapt hui. ismein ek taraf 72 (shiya mat ke anusaar 123 yaani 72 mard-auratein aur 51 bachche shaamil the) aur doosari taraf 40,000 ki sena thi. hajarat husain ki fauj ke commander Abbas ibne Ali the. udhar yajeedi fauj ki kamaan umar ibne saad ke haathon mein thi. husain ibne Ali ibne abi taalib hajarat Ali aur paiganbar hajarat muhammad ki beti Fatima (raji.) ke putr. janm : 8 January 626 isvi (madeena, Saudi arab) 3 shaabaan 4 hijri. shahaadat : 10 October 680 E. (karabala, Iraq) 10 muharram 61 hijri.

muharram aur aashura

muharram maheene ke 10vein din ko 'aashura' kehte hai. aashura ke din hajarat rasool ke navaase hajarat imaam husain ko aur unke bete gharavaale aur unke sathiyon (parivaar vaalo) ko karabala ke maidaan mein shaheed kar diya gaya tha.[1]


muharram islaam dharm mein vishvaas karne vaale logon ka ek pramukh tyauhaar hai. is maah ki bahut visheshata aur mahatva hai. san 680 mein isi maah mein karbala naamak sthaan me ek dharm yuddh hua tha, jo paigambar hajarat muhammd sa0 ke naati tatha yajeed (putr maaviya putr abusufiyaan putr umeyya) ke beech hua. is dharm yuddh mein vaastavik jeet hajrat imaam husain a0 ki hui. pa‍aar jaahiri taur par yajeed ke commander ne hajrat imaam husain a0 aur unke sabhi 72 saathiyo (parivaar vaalo) ko shaheed kar diya tha. jismein unke chh: maheene ki umr ke putr hajrat Ali asagr bhi shaamil the. aur tabhi se tamaam duniya ke na sirf musalmaan balki doosari kaumon ke log bhi is maheene mein imaam husain aur unke saathiyon ki shahaadat ka gm manaakar unki yaad karte hain. aashoore ke din yaani 10 muharram ko ek aisi ghatna hui thi, jiska vishv itihaas mein mahatvapoorn sthaan hai. Iraq sthit karbala mein hui yeh ghatna daraasal satya ke liye jaan nyochhaavar kar dene ki jinda misaal hai. is ghatna mein hajarat muhammad (sall.) ke navaase (naati) hajarat husain ko shaheed kar diya gaya tha.

karbala ki ghatna apne aap mein badi vibhts aur nindaneeya hai. bujurg kehte hain ki ise yaad karte hue bhi hamein hajarat muhammad (sall.) ka tareeka apanaana chaahiye. jabki aaj aamajan ko deen ki jaankaari na ke baraabar hai. Allah ke rasool vaale tareekon se log vaakif naheen hain. aise mein jaroorat hai hajarat muhammad (sall.) ki bataai baaton par gaur karne aur un par sahi dhang se amal karne ki jarurat hai.

imaam aur unki shahaadat ke baad sirf unke ek putr hajarat imaam jainulaaabedeen, jo ki beemaari ke kaaran yuddh me bhaag na le sake the bache | duniya me apne bachchon ka naam hajrat husain aur unke shaheed saathiyon ke naam par rakhane vaale arabo musalmaan hain. imaam husen ki aulaade jo saadaat kahalaati hain duniyaabhar mein faili huyi hain. jo imaam jenulaabedeen a0 se chali.


sandarbh

  1. "Muharram". 2010-12-08. http://www.theismaili.org/cms/1125/Muharram. abhigman tithi: 2010-12-08.

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