motaapa

motaapa
vargeekaran evam baahya saadhan
Obesity-waist circumference.PNG
silhaute aur kamar ke ghere ke naap ke dvaara saamaanya, bhaari aur mote vyakti ka ankan
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motaapa (angreji: Obesity) vo sthiti hoti hai, jab atyadhik shaareerik vasa shareer par is seema tak ekatrit ho jaati hai ki vo svaasthya par haanikaarak prabhaav daalne lagti hai.[1] yeh aayu sambhaavana ko bhi ghata sakta hai.[2][3] shareer bhaar soochakaank (bi.M.I), maanav bhaar aur lanbaai ka anupaat hota hai, jab 25 ki.gra./mi.2 aur 30 ki.gra/mi2 ke beech ho, tab motaapa-poorv sthiti; aur motaapa jab ye 30 ki.gra/mi.2 se adhik ho.[4]

motaapa bahut se rogon se juda hua hai, jaise hrudaya rog, madhumeh, nidra kaaleen shvaas samasya, kai prakaar ke Cancer aur asthisandhyaarti[3] motaape ka pramukh kaaran atyadhik kailori vaale khaadya padaarthon ka sevan, shaareerik gatividhiyon ka abhaav, aanuvaanshiki ka mishran ho sakta hai. haalaanki maatr aanuvaanshik, chikitsakeeya ya maanasik rog ke kaaran bahut hi kam sankhya mein paaye jaate hain.


anukram

kaaran

motaape ke kai kaaran ho sakte hai. inmein se pramukh hai:-

  • motaapa aur shareer ka vajan badhna, oorja ke sevan aur oorja ke upayog ke beech asantulan ke kaaran hota hai.
  • adhik charbeeyukt aahaar ka sevan karna bhi motaape ka kaaran hai.
  • kam vyaayaam karna aur sthir jeevan-yaapan motaape ka pramukh kaaran hai.
  • asantulit vyavahaar auऱ maanasik tanaav ki vajah se log jyaada bhojan karne lagte hain, jo motaape ka kaaran banta hai.
  • shaareerik kriyaaon ke sahi dhang se naheen hone par bhi shareer mein charbi jama hone lagti hai.
  • baalyaavastha aur yuvaavastha ke samay ka motaapa vyask hone par bhi rah sakta hai.
  • haaipothaairauyadijm (avatu alpakriyta)

uchit vajan

ek yuva vyakti ke shareer ka apekshit vajan usaki lanbaai ke anusaar hona chaahiye, jisse ki usaka shaareerik gathan anukool lage. shareer ke vajan ko maapane ke liye sabse saadhaaran upaaya hai baudi maas index (beeemaaai) aur yeh shareer ke vyakti ki lanbaai ko duguna kar usamein vajan kilogram se bhaag dekar nikaala jaata hai.

ek atyadhik mote vyakti, jiska bhaar/lanbaai anupaat 46 ki.gra/mi2: bhaar:146 ki.grA (322 paaund), ooainchaai 177 se.mi (5 feet 10 inch)
bhaar/lanbaai anupaat vargeekaran
< 18.5 kam bhaar
18.5–24.9 saamaanya bhaar
25.0–29.9 adhik bhaar
30.0–34.9 shreni-1 mota
35.0–39.9 shreni-2 mota
> 40.0 shreni-3 mota

vajan kam karne ke liye liye upabhog ki jaane vaale khaadya padaarthon mein yeh dhyaan rakhana chaahiye ki unamein proteen ki maatra adhik ho aur charbi tatha carbohydrate ki maatra kam ho.

vishv bhar ke purushon mein motaapa[5]
█a█ <5% █a█ 5–10% █a█ 10–15% █a█ 15–20% █a█ 20–25% █a█ 25–30% █a█ 30–35% █a█ 35–40% █a█ 40–45% █a█ 45–50% █a█ 50–55% █a█ >55%
vishv bhar ki striyon mein motaapa[5]
█a█ <5% █a█ 5–10% █a█ 10–15% █a█ 15–20% █a█ 20–25% █a█ 25–30% █a█ 30–35% █a█ 35–40% █a█ 40–45% █a█ 45–50% █a█ 50–55% █a█ >55%

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. echa3-shabdakosh par motaapa dekhein
  2. vishv svaasthya sangathan 2000, pru.6
  3. a aa haslaim di.dablyoo, jms dablyu pi (2005). "obeejiti". lainset 366 (9492): 1197-209. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67483-1. PMID 16198769.
  4. vishv svaasthya sangathan 2000, pru.9
  5. a aa "global privelains of edalt obeejiti" (PDF). international obeejiti taaskafors. http://www.iotf.org/database/documents/GlobalPrevalenceofAdultObesity16thDecember08.pdf. abhigman tithi: 29 January.

baahari kadiyaaain

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motaapa ko vikshanari,
ek mukt shabdakosh mein dekhein.