mol (ikaai)

mol (chinh: mol) ek SI mool ikaai hai, jo padaarth ki maatra maapan karta hai. yeh ek ganya ikaai hai. ek mol mein evogaadro sankhya ke baraabar (lagbhag 6.02214×a1023) parmaanu, anu, anya aarambhik kan hote hain.[1] ek mol padaarth ka gram mein bhaar, us padaarth ke ek parmaanu/anu ke AMU mein bhaar ki sankhya ke baraabar hota hai. udaaharan ke liye, 1 mol okseejan (O2) anu ka bhaar lagbhag 32 gram hota hai, jabki 1 anu okseejan baraabar hoti hai 32 AMU ke.

ek mol hota hai, jaise ek darjan, jismein donon hi vishuddh sankhyaaen hain, jinmein koi bhi ikaai naheen hai. yeh kisi bhi prakar ke moolabhoot padaarth ki vyaakhya kar sakta hai, (padaarth jo parmaanu se bana ho). mol ka prayog keval aanvik, paramaanvik aur antar-aanvik kanon ke maapan tak hi seemit hai. iska parimaan aur anya paaramparik prayog ise anya prayogon hetu avyavahaarik bana dete hain.

vyavahaar mein ham padaarth ki maatra ko praay: gram-mol mein maapate hain, jo ki us padaarth ki us maatra ke baraabar hai, jiska bhaar gram mein uske sootr bhaar ke baraabar hai. at: ek gram-mol kaarban ka bhaar hai 12 graam, jabki ek gram-mol jal k bhaar hai 18.016 gram. ismein ganya astitv ek parmaanu kaarban mein, ya ek anu jal (H2O mein, aanvik sootr bhaar = 2 H parmaanu + 1 O parmaanu ≈a18).

anukram

udaaharan

  • sodiym ka parmaanu dravyamaan = 22.99 u;
  • sodiym ka molar dravyamaan = 22.99 g / mol;
  • kailsiym ka parmaanu dravyamaan = 40.078 u;
  • kailsiym ka molar dravyamaan = 40.078 g / mol.
  • maanak taap aur daab par 1 mol aadarsh gas ka aayatan 22.4 liter hota hai.

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

  • avogaadro niytaank

baahari kadiyaaain