mobile upakaranon mein hindi samarthan

mobile phone aajkal har vyakti ki aavashyakta ban chuka hai. intaranet par hindi ke prayokta aisa phone chaahate hain jisse ki ve apne phone par bhi hindi ka prayog kar sakein jismein ki hindi saaiton ki sarfing, imel, gapashap, blogging, tviting aadi shaamil hain. ab prashn uthata hai ki mobile phone mein hindi ka samarthan kis rup mein hai.

mobile mein hindi samarthan ke mukhya rup se teen pahaloo hain.

  • hindi taikst dispale
  • hindi taikst input
  • hindi bhaasha intarafes

anukram

hindi paathya pradarshan

mobile par hindi paathya athva taikst ka pradarshan ho sakta hai ya naheen? yadi phone mein hindi dikh hi naheen sakti to input to hoga hi naheen, hindi samarthan ki yeh pehli shart hai. kuchh fonon mein hindi pradarshan ka poorn samarthan hota hai. kuchh mein aanshik yoonikod samarthan hone se hindi dikhaai to deti hai lekin sahi roop se naheen yaani maatraaeain evam sanyuktaakshar sahi roop se prakat naheen hote aur hindi bikhri hui si dikhaai deti hai. iska kaaran hai ki phone mein hindi faunt to hota hai parantu phone ka kaumpalaiks script leaaut engine hindi ka samarthan naheen karta arthaat devanaagari ko sahi tareeke se reindar naheen karta. aise fonon mein kuchh sauftaveyaron mein hindi sahi roop se dikh sakti hai jo ki phone ki bajaay apna hindi faunt engine prayog karte hon. jin fonon mein hindi ka bilkul samarthan naheen hota unamein hindi ki jagah dibbe (chaukor) prakat hote hain.

hindi tankan

yadi phone mein hindi pradarshan hetu samarthan hai to input ka vikalp ho bhi sakta hai aur naheen bhi. yadi phone mein hindi input ka vikalp ho to hindi mein SMS (SMS) bheje ja sakte hain tatha vaib par kaheen bhi taikst box mein hindi likhi ja sakti hai. is vikalp ke hone par mobile se hindi mein imel bhejane, chitthi likhne, tippani karne samet intaranet par tamaam kaarya hindi mein kiye ja sakte hain.

adhiktar fonon mein hindi tankan ke liye ti-9 system hota hai. sabhi devanaagari varnon ko keepaid ke nau batanon par samaayojit kiya jaata hai tatha baar-baar dabaakar sahi varn type kiye jaate hain. iske atirikt kai fonon meinti-9 poorvaanumaan bhi hota hai jisse ki poorvaabhaasi input dvaara keval kuchh batan dabaakar shabdon ko type kiya ja sakta hai. poorvaanumaan phone mein hindi mein saralata se type karne mein bahut sahaayak hai, thode abhyaas ke uparaant poorvaanumaan se kaafi gati se hindi type ki ja sakti hai. jo shabd phone ke poorvaanumaan shabdakosh mein na hon unhein joda ja sakta hai jisse agali baar ve poorvaanumaan dvaara type kiye ja sakte hain.

touch screen vaale jin kuchh fonon mein hindi samarthan upalabdh hai unamein iske liye inaskript onaskreen varchual keebord hota hai. yeh computer ke aaiऍmai ki tarah hota hai jisse ki phone mein kaheen bhi hindi likhi ja sakti hai.

hindi intarafes

hindi intarafes se arth hai ki phone mein intarafes bhaasha ke rup mein hindi ka vikalp hona. phone mein hindi intarafes bhaasha chunane par sabhi meenoo, vikalp aadi hindi mein pradarshit hote hain. yadyapi hindi intarafes ka vikalp upalabdh hone par bhi prayog bahut kam log karte hain jiska kaaran ashuddh anuvaad tatha klisht shabdaavali hota hai. yadi phone mein intarafes bhaasha hindi ka vikalp hai to aam taur par hindi disple evam input samarthan hoga hi.

nokiya phone mein iska pata lagaane ke liye Menu>Settings>Phone>Phone Language mein jaaeain.

kaise pata lagaaeain ki phone mein hindi samarthan upalabdh hai ?

  • is soochi mein dekhein ki phone shaamil hai ya naheen.
  • nokiya Bhaarat ki site par dekhein ki kya phone ke liye upayog pustika (mainual) ka daaunalod hindi bhaasha mein bhi upalabdh hai? yadi aisa hai to phone mein hindi samarthan hoga hi.
  • yadi naya nokiya phone le rahe hain to dekhein ki uske bakse par namaskaar Hindi ka steekar hai ki naheen. yadi hai to phone bhaarateeya sanskaran ka hai aur usamein uparokt teenon prakaar ka hindi samarthan maujood hai.
  • yadi phone aapke kisi mitr ke paas hai to dekhein ki kya uske keepaid par hindi ke akshar ankit hain? yadi ankit hain to phone mein hindi pradarshan (disple) evam input ka samarthan hai hi, intarafes bhaasha ka ho bhi sakta hai aur naheen bhi.
  • yadi phone ke keepaid par hindi ke akshar ankit naheen hain to dekhiye ki kya usamein Writing Language mein Hindi ka vikalp maujood hai? iske liye Write/Create Message mein jaayein aur fir Options>Writing Language me jaayein aur dekhein ki vahaaain hindi ka vikalp hai ya naheen.

yadi hai to aapke phone mein pradarshan (disple) evam input ka samarthan maujood hai, intarafes bhaasha ka ho bhi sakta hai aur naheen bhi.

  • yadi keepaid par hindi ke akshar bhi naheen hain aur Writing Language mein bhi hindi ka vikalp naheen hai to aapke phone mein hindi type ki suvidha to naheen hai par hindi disple ki suvidha ho sakti hai.

yeh pata lagaane ke liye kisi anya phone se us phone par hindi mein sandesh (maisej) bhej kar dekhiye athva yadi phone mein jeepeeaaraऍs saksham hai to koi hindi site khol kar dekhiye. isse pata chal jaaega ki phone mein hindi padhi ja sakti hai ya naheen?

nokiya phone mein hindi samarthan

nokiya ke sabhi nimn stareeya, adhiktar madhyam stareeya tatha kuchh nimn uchch stareeya fonon mein hindi samarthan hota hai. adhiktam nimn tatha madhyam stareeya phone S40 sanchaalan pranaali yukt hote hain jinmein aam taur par hindi samarthan hota hai. nokiya see3 nokiya ka pehla model hai jismein bhautik hindi inaskript keepaid aaya hai[1]. adhiktar uchch stareeya phone S60 prachaalan tantr yukt hote hain jinmein aam taur par hindi samarthan naheen hota. nokiya ke kuchh chuninda smaartafon modelon (khaaskar puraane model) mein hi poorn hindi samarthan upalabdh hai. abhi tak nokiya ke kisi bhi touch screen phone mein hindi samarthan (khaaskar hindi input) naheen dekha gaya.

nokiya phone mein hindi hetu ti-9 input vyavastha hoti hai. devanaagari varnon ko 9 kunyajiyon par nimn anusaar set kiya gaya hai.


1 = ain n : 1

2 = a aa i E u oo ri 2

3 = A ai ऍ O au o 3

4 = k kh g gh ङ 4 k kh g

5 = ch chh j jh nya 5 za

6 = t th d dh n 6 d dh

7 = t th the dh na 7 ऩ

8 = p f b bh m 8 f

9 = ya r l l va sh sh s h 9 ऱ l y


uparokt varnon mein phone modelon ke anusaar thoda antar ho sakta hai par mukhya kram vahi rahata hai. kisi taikst box mein hindi input saksham karne hetu Options>Writing Languages>Hindi mein jaayein athva phone ki "*" kunyaji dabaakar rakhein to Writing Languages ka vikalp aa jaata hai. poorvaanumaani paath input (Predictive text input) dvaara keval kuchh batan dabaakar shabdon ko type kiya ja sakta hai. poorvaanumaan phone mein hindi mein saralata se type karne mein bahut sahaayak hai, thode abhyaas ke uparaant poorvaanumaan se kaafi gati se hindi type ki ja sakti hai. jo shabd phone ke poorvaanumaan shabdakosh mein na hon unhein joda ja sakta hai jisse agali baar ve poorvaanumaan dvaara type kiye ja sakte hain. poorvaanumaan on/of svich karne hetu phone par oopar ke baayein kone ki kunyaji dabaakar rakhein, asthaayi rup se badalne ke liye "*" kunyaji ka prayog karein.

simbiyn sanchaalan pranaali mein hindi samarthan

adhiktar uchch stareeya phone S60 sanchaalan pranaali yukt hote hain jinmein aam taur par hindi samarthan naheen hota. nokiya ke kuchh chuninda smaartafon modelon (khaaskar puraane model) mein hi poorn hindi samarthan (hindi input sahit) upalabdh hai. nokiya ke bina tachaskreen vaale adhiktar phone S60 v3 sanskaran yukt hote hain jinmein aam taur par hindi pradarshan samarthan hota hai parantu input samarthan naheen, udaaharan ke liye nokiya i63, nokiya i71 aadi. nokiya ke tachaskreen vaale adhiktar phone S60 v5 sanskaran yukt hote hain jinmein hindi pradarshan samarthan aanshik rup se hota hai arthaat phone mein hindi faunt hone se hindi dikhaai to deti hai lekin sahi prakaar se raindar naheen hoti jis kaaran maatraayein tatha sanyuktaakshar sahi prakaar se naheen dikhte, udaaharan ke liye nokiya ऍna97, nokiya ऍna97 mini, nokiya 5800 ऍksaprais myoojik, nokiya 5233, nokiya 5230 aadi. Symbian^3 vaale smaartafonon jaise ऍna8 aadi mein bhi yahi sthiti hai. inmein opera mobile braaujar mein hindi sahi roop se dikhaayi deta hai. abhi tak nokiya ke kisi bhi touch screen phone mein poorn hindi samarthan (khaaskar hindi input) naheen dekha gaya.

nokiya ke simbiyn 60 shrunkhala ke fonon mein bhaashaaon ke madhya aasaan sviching ke liye LangSwitcher naam aujaar upalabdh hai jiski madad se ek hautaki ke jariye bhaashaayein svich ki ja sakti hain.

jin simbiyn aadhaarit nokiya mobile fonon mein hindi samarthan naheen hai, unamein hindi saksham karne hetu kuchh intaranet foramon mein haik bataaye gaye hain yadyapi unamein se kisi ke bhi safalataapoorvak kaam karne ki nishchit jaankaari naheen hai[2]. iske liye Google par "install Hindi support in Nokia" aadi sarch karke dekhein. in vidhiyon dvaara phone mein hindi faunt to joda ja sakta hai parantu taikst ke sahi rup se raindar na hone ki samasya bani rahati hai.

anya phone braandon mein hindi samarthan

  • soni ऍriksan ke adhiktar nimn stareeya fonon mein hindi samarthan hai. kuchh smaartafonon jaise P990, M600 tatha W950 aadi ke liye Psiloc Crystal Hindi naamak ek tool upalabdh hai lekin yeh mahanga hone ke atirikt hindi sahi se raindar naheen kar paata. endrauid vaale smaartafonon mein eksaperiya shrunkhala vaale kai fonon mein hindi samarthan hai.
  • elaji ke adhiktar nimn stareeya fonon mein hindi samarthan hai. kuchh mahange modelon mein bhi hone ki sambhaavana hai. elaji ke kuki series ke ऍlaji jeeऍs 290 mein poorn hindi samarthan upalabdh hai. ismein hindi input hetu inaskript leaaut aadhaarit varchual keebord hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] yeh filhaal ekamaatr gyaat phone hai jismein hindi ka varchual keepaid antarnirmit hai. ऍndrauid vaale smaartafonon mein optims shrunkhala vaale kuchh fonon mein hindi samarthan hai.
  • saimasang ke nimn stareeya fonon mein hindi samarthan hai. ऍndrauid vaale galaxy shrunkhala ke adhiktar smaartafonon tatha taibaleton mein hindi samarthan hai.
  • spaais ke kam hi fonon mein (keval kuchh nimn stareeya) hindi samarthan hai.
  • inataiks ke kuchh nimn stareeya fonon mein hindi samarthan hai.
  • kuchh cheeni mobile fonon mein hindi samarthan naheen hota.

iske atirikt kuchh phone modelon mein hindi dikhti to hai parantu tooti-footi evam bikhri hui, iska kaaran unamein hindi yoonikod ke liye rendaring engine ka na hona ho sakta hai.

vindoj mobile/vindoj phone sanchaalan pranaali mein hindi samarthan

vindoj mobile mein difault rup se hindi samarthan naheen hota parantu iske liye aayarauns hindi support naamak ek aujaar upalabdh hai jo ki phone mein hindi taikst ka pradarshan evam input saksham kar deta hai. yeh phone mein ek varchual keebord (aaiऍmai) jod deta hai jisse aap phone mein kisi bhi sthaan par hindi likh sakte hain. yadyapi yeh sauftaveyar keval vindoj mobile ke sanskaran paaainch aur chhah profeshanal par hi kaam karega aur phone touch screen wala hona chaahiye. poori prakriya ki jaankaari yahaaain dekhein. aayarauns hindi support vindoj mobile 5.0, 6.0 tatha 6.1 ke saath kaarya karta hai. yeh sanskaran 6.5, 6.5.3 aadi mein instaal naheen hota. vindoj mobile mein hindi faunt daalne ka tareeka yahaaain dekhein.

vindoj phone ke sanskaran 7.x mein hindi samarthan naheen hai. hindi faunt daalkar hindi dikhne lagti hai parantu raindaring engine mein hindi samarthan ke abhaav ke kaaran maatraayein, aadhe akshar tatha sanyuktaakshar sahi pradarshit naheen hote.

vindoj mobile/vindoj phone yukt phone nirmaataaon mein ऍchateesi, saimasang, soni ऍriksan, ऍlaji aadi shaamil hain.

aaioऍs mein hindi samarthan

aaifon oऍs 2 tak mein hindi dikhti to thi lekin bikhri huyi arthaat devanaagari taikst sahi prakaar se raindar naheen hota tha. aaifon oऍs 3 mein hindi samarthan aaya par kuchh maatraayein sahi naheen dikhti thi. aaioऍs 4 mein bilkul sahi dikhti thi.[5] ab iske naveenatam sanskaran aaioऍs 5 mein hindi keebord sahit poorn hindi samarthan aa gaya hai.[6]

pehle aaifon mein aaifon oऍs 1, aaifon 3ji mein aaifon oऍs 2, aaifon 3jeeऍs mein aaifon oऍs 3 tatha aaifon 4 mein aaioऍs 4 tha. aaipaid 1 mein aaifon oऍs 3 tatha aaipaid 2 mein aaioऍs 4 tha. aaipaud touch ki pehli peedhi mein aaifon oऍs 1, doosari peedhi mein aaifon oऍs 2, teesari peedhi mein aaifon oऍs 3 tatha chauthi peedhi mein aaioऍs 4 aata tha.

aaifon 4 ऍs mein aaioऍs 5 hai. aaipaid 2 ke naye model bhi aaioऍs 5 yukt aa rahe hain. aaifon 4 tatha aaipaud touch chauthi peedhi ke naye modelon mein bhi shaayad aaioऍs 5 dala aaye. aane vaale aaifon 5 mein aaioऍs ka naveenatam sanskaran 5 hoga. aaioऍs 5 aane se pehle hindi type karne hetu aaifon, aaipaud touch mein hindi imel keebord tatha aaipaid mein hindi type naamak ऍp prayog ki jaati thi. ab aaifon 3jeeऍs, aaifon 4, aaipaid 1, aaipaid 2, aaipaud touch thard jainareshan tatha aaipaud touch forth jainareshan ko aaioऍs 5 par update karke unamein inabilt hindi keebord ki suvidha paayi ja sakti hai.

ऍndrauid mein hindi samarthan

ऍndrauid ke naveenatam sanskaran 4.0 (aaiskreem saindavich) mein bhi hindi samarthan naheen hai. na to hindi faunt hai aur na hi raindaring engine. hindi taikst sahi prakaar se raindar naheen hota, is baare mein kuchh bag darj kiya gaye hain.[7],[8],[9],[10],[11] ऍndrauid 2.3 (jinjarabraid) mein Google dvaara aadhikaarik rup se shaamil ki gayi 55 bhaashaaon ki soochi mein hindi bhi thi[12] lekin vaastav mein is sanskaran mein hindi faunt tak naheen hai, ismein mainuali hindi faunt daalne par hindi dikhti to hai lekin bikhri huyi arthaat kaumplaiks taikst leaaut engine naheen hai.[13] haalaaainki ismein hindi shaamil kiye jaane se bhavishya mein yeh bag door kiye jaane ki ummeed hai. saamaanya tareeke se ऍndrauid mein swayam hindi faunt daalne hetu divaais ko root karna padta hai. yeh ek takaneeki prakriya hai jisse phone/tablet ki vaaranti khatm ho jaati hai tatha upakaran kharaab hone ka dar bana rahata hai. saimasang ke gailaiksi series ke fonon mein ऍndrauid market se Fontomizer SP tatha anya phone modelon mein HinKhoj Dictionary naamak ऍp daal kar bina root kiye hindi faunt instaal kiya ja sakta hai. kuchh companyon ne apne ऍndrauid smaartafonon/taibaleton mein farmaveyar ko sanshodhit karke apne star par hindi samarthan pradaan kiya hai. saimasang ke ऍndrauid yukt gailaiksi shruainkhala ke fonon (gailaiksi 3, gailaiksi 5 tatha gailaiksi ऍs aadi) tatha gailaiksi taib (tablet computer) mein hindi sahi dikhaayi deti hai. soni ऍriksan ke ऍksaperiya shrunkhala ke smaartafonon jaise ऍksaperiya aark aadi mein bhi hindi pradarshan hai. ऍlaji ke optims shrunkhala ke kuchh fonon mein bhi hindi samarthan paaya gaya hai. dail tatha ऍchateesi ke fonon mein filhaal hindi faunt tak naheen hai. saimasang tatha ऍchateesi ne apne ऍndrauid smaartafonon mein hindi samarthan hetu paich (update) upalabdh karavaane ki ghoshana ki hai. hindi pradarshan samarthan vaale ऍndrauid smaartafonon hetu ऍndrauid market mein MultiLing Keyboard naamak muft varchual keebord ऍplikeshan upalabdh hai jise instaal kar phone mein hindi keebord joda ja sakta hai. svarachakr bhaarateeya lipiyon mein ऍndrauid par likhne mein sahaayak ek ni:shulk anuprayog (aplikeshan) hai. ऍndrauid mein hindi samarthan ki vistaar se jaankaari hetu yeh lekh dekhein.

anya smaartafon operating system mein hindi samarthan

  • blackberry - puraane sanskaranon mein hindi samarthan bilkul naheen tha.[14] naye sanskaran 6 mein hindi samarthan aa gaya hai. ismein hindi sahi dikhaayi deti hai tatha tachaskreen fonon hetu varchual hindi keebord bhi hai jo ki inskript leaaut ki bajaay akaaraadi kram vaale leaaut par hai.
  • saimasang bada - naheen, hindi sahi tareeke se raindar naheen hoti.
  • links - links ke daiskataup sanskaranon mein to hindi samarthan hota hai parantu kisi mobile mein prayukt vishisht sanskaran ke baare mein kuchh naheen kaha ja sakta.
  • paam oऍs - anishchit, adhik sambhaavana hai ki naheen.
  • meego tatha maaimo - anishchit.

opera mini tatha opera mobile - hindi saaiton ke liye shreshth mobile braaujr

phone par hindi saaiton ko dekhne hetu opera mini tatha opera mobile muft evam behatareen braaujr hain. yeh yoonikod samarthan yukt hindi mitr braaujar hain. inka muft sanskaran phone ke braaujar se http://m.opera.com par jaakar daaunalod kiya ja sakta hai. yeh hindi saaiton aur chitthon ko sahi tareeke se dikhaane ke alaava vaibasaaiton ko mobile screen ke hisaab se sanpeedit karke bhi dikhaata hai taaki unhein phone ki chhoti screen par aasaani se padha ja sake. iske alaava bhi inmein bahut si feature hain jo ki phone ke difault braaujr mein naheen hoti. opera mobile hindi samarthan ke maamale mein behtar hai, yadi phone mein hindi ka faunt ho to yeh hindi saaiton ke keval kuchh sanyuktaakshar chhodkar sahi tareeke se dikhaata hai. opera mini lagbhag har phone platform ke liye upalabdh hai jabki opera mobile keval smaartafon operating sistamon jaise simbiyn, vindoj mobile, ऍndrauid tatha aaioऍs ke liye upalabdh hai.

aanshik/bina hindi samarthan vaale phone mein opera mini dvaara hindi saaitein sahi rup se dekhne hetu trik:[15]

  1. opera mini chalaayein.
  2. ऍdraisabaar mein opera:config likhkar Go batan dabaayein.
  3. ab antim vikalp Use bitmap fonts for complex scripts ko Yes kar dein tatha ant mein Save batan dabaayein.

ab opera mini mein hindi bhaashi saaiton ko dekha ja sakta hai. is vikalp ka prayog karne par opera mini vaibapej ko sarvar side par prosais karke hindi (tatha anya indik) taikst ko imej rup mein phone ke braaujar mein bhejata hai jisse hindi sahi dikhti hai. lekin ek to ismein thoda samay lagta hai doosra taikst ko kaupi-pest naheen kiya ja sakta. isaliye yadi aapke smaartafon mein hindi aanshik rup se dikhti hai (bikhri huyi) to opera mobile prayog karein vah hindi sahi rup se dikhaata hai. parantu yadi phone mein hindi bilkul na dikhti ho (arthaat phone mein hindi faunt bhi na ho to) ya phone keval jaava software hi instaal karta ho to yahi ekamaatr upaaya hai.

skaaifaayar - bina hindi samarthan vaale phone mein hindi saaitein dekhne hetu braaujar

yadi aapke phone mein hindi pradarshan samarthan (hindi faunt tatha leaaut engine) bilkul naheen hai to aap skaaifaayar naamak muft mobile web braaujar ka prayog kar sakte hain. iske dvaara aap kisi bhi hindi site ko bilkul sahi raindaring ke saath padh sakte hain. yeh braaujar vindoj mobile tatha simbiyn (series 60) prachaalan tantr vaale fonon ke liye upalabdh hai. varsh 2010 se skaaifaayar ne apni seva America tatha Canada tak seemit kar di hai.

phone mein hindi type karna

yadi aapke phone mein tankan ki suvidha maujood hai to Options>Writing Language mein jaakar hindi bhaasha ka vikalp chuniye. ab phone ki # kunyaji dabaakar aap input bhaashaaon ke madhya svich karte huye likh sakte hain. ti-9 poorvaanumaan band athva chaaloo karne ke liye Options ke samakaksh kunyaji dabaakar rakhein. vishesh chinh daalne ke liye * kunyaji dabaakar rakhein. yadi aapke phone mein hindi dikhti to hai par type karne hetu suvidha naheen hai to aap nimn fonetik tankan aujaaron ka prayog kar sakte hain.

  • paanini keepaid - phone par sabhi bhaarateeya bhaashaao ko likhne ki nai suvidha
  • indik keebord - A native free and open source Indian language input keyboard application for Android mobile devices by Swathanthra Malayalam Computing (14 September 2014)
  • kvilpaid mobile - phone se hindi samose bhejane hetu tool
  • indeeऍsaऍmaऍs - phone se hindi samose bhejane hetu tool

touch screen vaale mobile phone/tablet mein aamtaur par hindi ka maanak inskript keebord hota hai. is onaskreen keebord ki madad se upakaran mein kaheen bhi taikst box mein hindi type kar sakte hain.

paanini kunjeepatal

ab aap apne mobaail se angreji mein hi naheen balki hindi sahit Bhaarat ki 9 bhaashaao ko apne phone par "paanini keepaid" ki madad se type kar sandesh bhej sakte hai, ab aapko ek akshar type karne ke liye baar-baar batan dabaane ki jaroorat naheen padegi | paanini keepaid mein akshar apne aap screen par sanbhaavanaao ke aadhaar par aate rahate hai aur aapko chunane ke liye number batan ko dabaana hota hai | is tarah se aap aksharon ke liye ek hi baar batan dabaate hai aur agar aapka mobaail touch screen hai to aap aksharon ko touch karke aasaani se likh sakte hai |

tachanaagari - bina hindi input ki vyavastha vaale tachaskreen phone hetu onaskreen keebord

tachanaagari bina hindi input ki vyavastha vaale tachaskreen phone mein hindi type karne hetu braaujar mein chalne wala ek onaskreen keebord hai. iske onaskreen kunjeepatal dvaara hindi type karne ke uparaant use kaupi karke web par kaheen bhi pest karke prayog kiya ja sakta hai. nokiya ke tachaskreen smaartafonon mein yeh opera mobile ke saath sarvashreshth kaam karta hai.

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain