mirj

mirj
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Maharashtra
jila saangali
mahaapaur mainuddeen Bhagwan (2008)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 16°a50′aN 74°a38′aE / 16.83°aN 74.63°aE / 16.83; 74.63 mirj dakshini Maharashtra ka ek shahar hai. yeh saangali jila mein aata hai. mirj Bhaarat mein ek aitihaasik shahar hai. shahar ke itihaas 10 veen sadi ki shuruaat karne ke liye taareekhein hai aur shahar hindustaani shaastreeya sangeet ki samruddh parampara aur dhaarmik sauhaard ke liye jaana jaata hai. yeh aur iske sthaan ki vajah se ek saamarik gadh gadh ke roop mein seva ki aur Bijapur ke aadilshaah nyaayaalaya ke ek mahatvapoorn jaageer thi. shivaaji mahaaraaj mirj mein apne dakshin Bhaarat mein abhiyaan ke dauraan do maheene ke liye ruke the. yeh ki poorv riyaasat mirj varishth ki rajdhani thi. Pathwardhan raaje svatantrata jab tak mirj khaarij kar diya. yeh Bhaarat mein pramukh chikitsa kendron mein se ek hai. mirj bhi ek bahut hi mahatvapoorn railway jankshan hai aur madhya railway network ka hissa hai. mirj city hissa saangali - mirj Kupwad nagar nigam 1999 mein gathan kiya gaya hai.

anukram

itihaas

itihaas mein mahatvapoorn varshon

  • Silahar raajavansh ke narasimha ke niyantran ke tahat 1024 E. mirj
  • 1216-1316 E. mirj Devgiri ke yaadavon dvaara shaasit hai
  • 1395 E. mirj Bahamanis dvaara par vijay praapt ki
  • 1391-1403 durga devi akaal, ek lambe samay tak tikaaoo akaal
  • malik imaad ul mulk ke tahat 1423 E. mirj
  • 1494 E. bahaadur gilaani vidroh
  • 1660 E. CHH. shivaaji mahaaraaj ke baare mein do maheenon ke liye gheraabandi deta hai, lekin karne ke liye dene ke roop mein panhaala aadilshaah ne hamla kiya hai.
  • 1680 E. santaaji ghorapade mirj ke Deshmukhi ho jaata hai
  • 1686 E. mirj aurangajeb dvaara kabja kar liya
  • 1730 E. pant pratinidhi hamlon mirj ke roop mein CHH dvaara nirdeshit. sataara ke chh shaahoo
  • 3 October 1739 mirj maraatha CHH dvaara netrutv mein shaasan ke adheen hai. chh shaahoo
  • 1761 E. Harbhat patavardhan beta, gopaalaraav, peshava maadhavaraav se mirj jaageer ho jaata hai.
  • 1801 E. mirj raajya vibhaajit kiya gaya hai. Chintamanrao alag aur sthaapit saangali
  • 1819 E. sthaaneeya shaasak british saamraajya ke ek jaageeradaar ban jaata hai.
  • mirj ke 1948 E. ​a​asaamanti raajya bhaarateeya ganatantr ke saath vileen ho jaati hai.

pehli sahasraabdi ke mod par, mirj kolhaapur ke Silaharas ke liye par paarit kiya jab ve dasveen shataabdi ke nikat ki disha mein svatantrata ki ghoshana ki. Jattiga dviteeya (1000-1020 E. si.), Silahar vansh ke chauthe shaasak dvaara apne bete (1050 si. +1,075 E.) narasinh apne mirj pletein shak 980 ya 1058 E. ko ullekh kiya gaya hai. vah Gonka dvaara safal ho gaya tha jo (Karhad) Karahata, Mirinj mirj aur konkan ke vijeta ke roop mein ek hi plate mein varnit kiya gaya hai. lekin 1037 E. record ke Hotur shilaalekh hai ki panhaala Silahara Jattiga dviteeya ki rajdhani shahar chavhaan raaja, chaalukya Jayasirhha dviteeya ke saamaanya dvaara vijay praapt ki thi. mirj 1024 E. ki pletein se pata chalta hai ki Jayasimha dviteeya anudaan jaari jab vah kolhaapur ke paas apne vijayi shivir mein tha. yeh sthaapit karne ke liye hai ki panhaala 1024 E. se pehle kabja kar liya gaya tha ya to Jattiga shaasanakaal ke ant mein ya apne bete Gonka ki shuruaat mein chala jaata hai. aisa lagta hai ki Silaharas apne kshetr banaae rakhane ki anumati di gayi hai. ismein koi shak naheen hai ki Gonka chaalukya shakti ko prastut ki, lekin tathya yeh hai ki unhonne konkan ke vijeta ke roop mein varnit hai matlab ho sakta hai ki ya to vah vyavasthaapak ke roop mein niyukt kiya gaya tha ya apne kshetr se pare ghusna karne ki anumati di hai. 1216 E. mirj mein Silaharas ke anya pradeshon ke saath saath jo apni pakad banaae rakha 1318 E. mein jab yeh Bahamanis ke liye par paarit kiya yaadavon ke hamle ke liye gir gaya. ham yeh ki hasan, bahamani raajavansh ke sansthaapak Gangi mirj ke paas, jahaan vah ek khajaana hai jiske saath vah sena ke ek uthaaya paaya par ek Saikh muhammad Junaidi ke rojagaar mein tha Tazkirat - ul - mulk ke adhikaar par hai, mirj par chadhaai aur haraane aur ek raani durgaavati jo apne subhedar tha kaid ke baad kile par kabja kar liya. apni pehli jeet ke drushya mein shahar ka naam Saikh muhammad ki ichhaaon par Mubarakabad badal gaya tha. is ghatna 748 hijri ya 1347 E. mein jagah le li.

kile

yeh gyaat naheen hai jo mirj kila banaaya. kuchh log kehte hain ki yeh ek bahamani sultaanon ke dvaara banaaya gaya tha, lekin is drushya ko asthir roop kila bahamani raajavansh ki sthaapana se pehle bhi astitv mein tha. Bahamam sultaanon keval kuchh marammat aur yeh drudh kiya jaata sakta hai. Firishta dvaara mirj ka pehla ullekh 1494 E. hai, jo sultaan muhammad dviteeya (1452-1515) dvaara kaaboo pa liya gaya tha bahaadur gilaani ke vidroh ke khaate mein hota hai. sultaan ne apne samakaksh se ek shikaayat praapt kiya tha Gujarat mein aur use saja dena chaahata tha. vah kila hai jo apne Governor Buna naaik ne kuchh pratirodh ke baad aatmasamarpan kiya gaya nivesh. vah achhi tarah se sultaan dvaara praapt kiya gaya tha. gilaani bahaadur sainikon ki ya to apni sena mein shaamil hone ya kile chhodne ke vikalp diye gaye the. yeh kaha jaata hai ki lagbhag 2,000 ghudsavaar fauj kila chhod diya aur bahaadur gilaani mein shaamil ho gaye. jo jinmein se sultaan ki seva mein pravesh pasand sveekaar kiye jaate hain aur upayukt puraskrut the. chaahe is sainikon ki or dikhaaya udaarata sultaan ke charitra ke badppan ka ek sanket tha ya vah Gavan maut ke baad saltanat mein badhti kamjori ka parinaam sabse achha paathak ki kalpana ke liye chhod diya. kiya ja jo bhi ho, dakshin konkan aur Goa ke khilaaf abhiyaan ke liye operation ke aadhaar ke roop mein mirj ke mahatva ko spasht roop se bahamani raajaaon dvaara pariklpit kiya gaya tha aur prayojan ke liye ek shivir bhoomi ke roop mein istemaal kiya ja raha hai jagah ke liye kuchh sandarbhon naheen kar rahe hain. kile ka mukhya pravesh dwaar ek vishaal gate ke baare mein 30 feet (9.1 meter) uchch tha. yeh 10 saal pehle dhvast kar diya tha.

saamraajya ke vightan

bahamani saamraajya kamjor shaasakon jo neeche shaktishaali praanteeya gavarnaron ki ashaanti naheen daal sakta hai ki ek uttaraadhikaar ke kaaran vightit. is prakaar 1490 mein ahamadanagar, golakunda, Bijapur, aadi ke raajyapaalon apni svatantrata ki ghoshana ki aur Bahainani vansh ke patan par, mirj Bijapuri sultaanon ke haathon mein paarit. Ali aadil shaah yahaaain Ibrahim aadil shaah ke shaasanakaal, uske pita aur baad yeh ek bindu 'gh appui mein sinhaasan ke adhikaari ke liye kiye gaye operation mein badal gaya tha ki mrutyu par baad ke varshon ke dauraan ghar mein najaraband rakha gaya tha. chauki hissa baad mein Ibrahim aadil shaah III ke khilaaf ismaail ke vidroh mein liya. is samay shivaaji teji se pramukhata mein badh gaya tha aur muslim raajavanshon ki dheere - dheere satta mein dhalte the aur unke upanivesh adhik pakad khone ki keemat par ek alag riyaasat nakkaasheedaar. unki badhti shakti mugalon aur Bijapuris jo lagaataar use kisi bhi safalta ke bina haalaanki dabaane ki koshish ki dvaara mahasoos kiya gaya. prataapagadh, panhaala, pashchimi aadil saahi jile ki rajdhani mein Afzal Khan ki mrutyu (Bijapuri sardaar) ke 18 dinon ke bheetar November 28, +1659 par vaarta ke maadhyam se luka Annaji Datto liya gaya tha. panhaala fort aur kolhaapur ke aaspaas ke jile, Vasantgad, Khelna (bhi kaha jaata hai Vishalgad hai), Ranganagad aur anya chhote kilon jaldi se ekdam. haalaanki abhi tak shivaaji kolhaapur mein dera daale hue thi gher mirj fort netaaji palakar bheja. 1660 January CHH mein. shivaaji mahaaraaj vyakti mein pahunche gheraabandi jo do se teen maheene ke liye jaari rakha tha, jab siddi jauhar aur fajl Khan apne pradeshon par hamle ki khabar tatkaal use panhaala kila ke liye bulaaya dabaaeain. in paristhitiyon ke tahat shivaaji gheraabandi de aur Bijapuri saradaaron dvaara chunauti milne ke liye vyavastha banaane ke liye kiya tha. CHH ke shaasan ke tahat. sanbhaaji, maraatha janaralon santaaji ghorapade aur Dhanaji jaadhav unke parivaaron ke liye ek surakshit abhirksha mirj ke kile ke roop mein chuna tha, jabki ve aurangajeb, mugal samraat ke hamlaavar sena ke khilaaf ek gurilla yuddh par le jaane mein lage hue the. 1687 mein Bijapur ki giraavat ke saath mirj mugalon ke haathon mein paarit kar diya aur isliye bana raha jab tak yeh ek abhiyaan hai ki do saal ke liye chali mein chhatrapati shaahoo dvaara 3 October 1,739 kabja kar liya tha. is prakaar puraani Moghal lagbhag maraatha rajdhani ki seema par satta ke avashesh ke liye ek baar aur sabhi safaaya kiya gaya tha. yeh Moghals jo maraatha upanivesh ki dhamaki di hai ke kai ki jeb se ek tha, doosaron mirj ke kile gopaalaraav patavardhan 1761 mein raayagadh, Gopalgad, Govindgad, aadi kiya ja raha tha Peshva maadhavaraav dvaara sammaanit kiya gaya. Patwardhans mirj ke roop mein ve kehte the ab peshava haidar aur teepoo sultaan ke khilaaf abhiyaanon mein ek taarakeeya bhoomika nibhaai.

aadhunik itihaas

mirj Peshwas ke shaasan ke adheen aaya. patavardhan raajavansh riyaasat ke roop mein 8 March 1948 tak raajya par shaasan kiya. 1948 ke pehle yeh mirj varishth ke princly raajya ki rajdhani tha. yeh british Bhaarat ke poorn sanchaalit riyaasaton ke ek tha, Mumbai preseedeinsi ke dakshini diveejan ke antargat dakshini Mahratta Jagirs ka hissa hai aur baad mein Deccan raajya America agency ke gathan. mirj ke raajya mein 1750 se pehle sthaapit kiya gaya tha aur poorv british patavardhan kshetr hai ki Krishna aur tungabhadra nadiyon ke beech vistaarit ke poorv rajdhani thi. 1820 mein, patavardhan kshetr ke ek senior aur junior shaakha ke beech vibhaajit kiya gaya tha. donon shaakhaaon ke kshetr mein vyaapak roop se anya deshi raajyon aur british jilon ke beech bikhre hue kiya gaya tha. patavardhan vansh ke shaasak, raaja ke sheershak ka upayog kiya hai aur ek hi kabeele ki paas saangali, Budhgaon, Jamkhandi, Tasgaon, Kurindwad, Madavpur (Kurundwad junior) aur vaadi ne faisala sunaaya ke the. asal mein un sabhi mool mirj jaageer ke sanskaran rahe hain. mirj ke 1 shaasak, raaja govind Rao patavardhan, ghode ke shareer ke ek senaanaayak ke roop mein shuroo kiya, khud ko Hyderabad aur Mysore ke haidar Ali ke nijaam ke khilaaf kai abhiyaanon mein pratishthit hai, dakshin Bhaarat mein maraatha prabhutv sthaapit karne ke liye aur maraatha vijay dhakka diya Mysore ki seema. mirj varishth kshetr mein 339 varg meal (880 km2) maapa. 1901 ki janaganana ke anusaar, janasankhya 81,467 thi. 1901 mein, raajya 23000 £ anumaanit raajasv ka aanand liya aur british raaj ko shraddhaanjali mein 800 £ bhugataan kiya. raaja (1901 mein 18,425 janasankhya) mirj, jo dakshini Mahratta railway par jankshan ke shahar mein rahate hai. mirj varishth 8 March 1948 ko Bhaarat dominiyn ke liye sveekaar kar liya hai aur vartamaan mein Maharashtra raajya ka ek hissa hai.

jaanemaane kalaakaar

pan.. Paluskar vishnu, ustaad abdul kareem Khan, pandit nikaalake. bhaatakhande, Hirabai Badodekar aur pan.. patavardhan Vinayakrao mirj se prasiddh kalaakaar hain. baal gandharv HansPrabha rangamanch par mirj mein apni pehli film ke pradarshan kiye gaye. ek hi sthaan par nav nirmit Balgandharva Natyagruha ki uske baad naamit kiya gaya hai khada hai. ustaad abdul kareem Khan, kiraana gharaane ke aguaa, jhooth Khvaja Samsuddin meera saaheb dargaah aur vaarshik sangeet utsav ki yaugikon ke bheetar interred hai dargaah par unki smruti mein aayojit kiya. hindustaani shaastreeya sangeet ke is samruddh parampara ke kaaran, yeh kalaakaar yahaan mirj mein deal ya Navratrotsav ke avsar par pradarshan karne ke liye garv ki baat hai. gandharv mahaavidyaalaya ke prashaasanik kaaryaalaya mirj par sthit hai.

string upakaran

mirj jagah jahaan ek sitaar sarod aur taanapura roop mein is tarah bhaarateeya string upakaranon ke behatareen mil sakta hai. ye vishesh ilaaj ki lakdi aur gourds se bana rahe hain. is kala Faridsaheb Sitarmaker dvaara 18 veen sadi mein beeda uthaaya tha aur ab bhi uske vansh dvaara abhyaas kiya.


railway

mirj madhya railway par ek mahatvapoorn jankshan hai. braud gej, chhoti line aur meter gej - abhi haal tak, yeh keval karne ke liye sabhi teen rel gej hai sangam tha. aakhiri chhoti line gaadi 1 November 2008 ko svargavaasi. mirj ab keval braud gej railway patariyon hai. yeh railway dvaara Pune se juda hai uttar, Kurduvadi par pandharapur ke maadhyam se dakshin mein Londa jankshan ke maadhyam se uttar uttar poorv aur Hubli aur Goa par. kolhaapur se sholaapur tak passenger trainon parivrtit mirj-pandharapur-Kurduvadi February 2011 mein braud gej track par chalne shuroo kar diya.

sadak

mirj Mumbai Pune Bengaluru raashtreeya raajamaarg NH4 se pahuncha ja sakta. Pethvati naaka Chouraya par NH4 baahar niklein, jabki uttar (Mumbai aur Pune se) se chala. Shiroli naaka par NH4 baahar niklein, jabki dakshin (Goa, Hubli ya bangalaur se) se chala. NH4 firm par do saangali aur mirj ke judvaan shaharon ke saath ek trikon se baahar nikaalata hai aur pratyek baahar nikalne se lagbhag 50 kimi rahe hain. haalaanki yaatra karne ke liye liya gaya samay ki gati aur anya kaarakon par nirbhar karta hai aur ek badi had tak bhinn ho sakte hain, Mumbai 7 mirj aur bangalaur se drive ghante 11 mirj se ghante drive ke baare mein hai ke baare mein hai.

chikitsa suvidhaaen

mirj Bhaarat mein aspataalon ke uchchatam prati vyakti number ki adviteeya gaurav praapt hai. shahar ke do medical collegeon aur ek sau se adhik niji kleenikon aur aspataalon ka daava hai. miraaj ke aspataalon ki ek badi sankhya mein prasiddhi jhooth aur ek madhyam aakaar ke saarangi udyog ke mukhya srot hai. yeh 19 veen sadi mein prasiddh vaidyon ke liye kiya gaya hai ke roop mein paaramparik ayurvedik dava ke chikitsakon jaana jaata hai. Wanless aspataal, ek pramukh shikshan aspataal, mirj mein 1894 mein dau॰ sar William James Wanless (1865 se 1933) ek Canadai mishnari sanyukt raajya America ke presbiteriyn church ke taraf se kaam kar rahe chikitsak dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya tha. aspataal mein ek sau se adhik varshon ke liye kshetr ke logon ki seva ki hai. Wanless maanavata ke liye apni seva ke liye King George pancham ne 1928 mein night ki upaadhi di gayi thi. dau॰ aar.ke. paadhi, ek bhaarateeya hrudaya Canada mein prashikshit surgeon aur dau॰ eji Fletcher, sanyukt raajya America se ek saamaanya aur vaksh surgeon, mirj 1962 April mein pehli baar Bhaarat mein safal operation khule dil pradarshan kiya. mirj bhi sarkaari medical kaalej ke samete hue hai. yeh ek puraane sansthaan hai jo desh ke shreshth Doctor ke reputedly kuchh ka utpaadan kiya gaya hai. mirj heart Institute janmajaat aur adhigrahan ke roop mein ke roop mein achhi tarah se hrudaya rogon vaksh aur sanvahani samasyaaon, donon ke roop mein bhi aakasmik mein vaikalpik, Maharashtra, Karnataka aur Goa ke raajyon se rogiyon ki chikitsa ki jaroorat ke liye pradaan ke liye ek truteeyak refaral kendra hai.

major aspataal

Wanless aspataal siddhivinaayak ganapati Cancer aspataal sarkaari medical college aspataal laayans pakadne aspataal bhaarati aspataal Gulabrao Patil homyopaithi chikitsa aspataal evam college Dr.G.S.Kulkarni aarthopedik aspataal dau॰ pi. bi Magdum haddi rog aspataal, mirj. daada saaheb chavhaan memoriyl aspataal, mirj Dr.Isapure haddi rog aspataal evam traama center Sortur aspataal, mirj. chaddha aspataal, dant chikitsa visheshagya. paramshetti aspataal mirj

major school

Gulabrao Patil trast Cambridge school (raajya evam seebeeesai board), mirjajavaahar haai school aur junior college mirj, nai angreji school mirj, aadarsh angreji school, mirj haai school, vidya mandir mirj, kanya shaala mirj, R.M haai school, Alphonsa kaanveint school, aadarsh shikshan mandir.

baahari kadiyaaain