mijoram

mijoram

भारत के मानचित्र पर मिज़ोरम

Bhaarat ke praant
rajdhani aaijol
sabse bada shahar aaijol
janasankhya 8,88,573
- ghanatv 42 /kimee²
kshetrafal 21,081 kimee²
- jile 8
raajabhaasha(eain) mijo, angreji
pratishtha 1987
- raajyapaal M M lakhera
- mukhyamantri joraamathaanga
- vidhaanasabha dvisdan
aaiesao sankshep IN-MZ
www.mizoram.gov.in

mijoram Bhaarat ka ek uttar poorvi raajya hai. 2001 mein yahaaain ki janasainkhya lagbhag 8,90,000 thi. mijoram mein saaksharata ka dar Bhaarat mein sabse jyaada 91.03% hai. yahaaain ki rajdhani aaijol hai.

anukram

itihaas aur naamotpatti

mijoram ek parvateeya pradesh hai. fravari, 1987 ko yeh Bhaarat ka 23vaan raajya bana. 1972 mein keindrashaasit pradesh banane se pehle tak yeh asam ka ek jila tha. 1891 mein british adhikaar mein jaane ke baad kuchh varsho tak uttar ka lushaai parvateeya kshetr asam ke aur aadha dakshini bhaag Bengal ke adheen raha. 1898 mein donon ko milaakar ek jila bana diya gaya jiska naam pada-lushaai hills jila aur yeh asam ke mukhya aayukt ke prashaasan mein aa gaya. 1972 mein poorvottar kshetr punargathan adhiniyam laagoo hone par mijoram keindrashaasit pradesh ban gaya. Bhaarat sarkaar aur mijo national frant ke beech 1986 mein hue aitihaasik samjhaute ke falasvaroop 20 fravari 1987 ko ise poorn raajya ka darja diya gaya. poorv aur dakshin mein myaanmaar aur pashchim mein banglaadesh ke beech sthit hone ke kaaran Bhaarat ke poorvottar kone mein mijoram saamarik drushti se atyadhik mahatvapoorn raajya hain. mijoram mein praakrutik saundarya bikhra pada hai tatha is kshetr mein prakruti ki vibhin chhataaen dekhne ko milti hain. yeh kshetr vibhinn prajaatiyon ke praanimyon tatha vanaspatiyon se sampann hain.

mijo' shabd ki utpa‍aatti ke baare mein theek se gyaat naheen hai. mijoram shabd ka sthaaneeya mijo bhaasha mein arth hai, parvatanivaaseeyon ki bhoomi. 19veen shataabdi mein yahaan british mishnariyon ka prabhaav fail gaya aur is samay to adhikaansh mijo log isaai dharm ko hi maanate hain. mijo bhaasha ki apni koi lipi naheen hai. mishnariyon ne mijo bhaasha aur aupachaarik shiksha ke liye roman lipi ko apnaaya. mijoram mein shiksha ki dar teji se badhi hain. vartamaan mein yeh 88.8 pratishat hai, joki poore desh mein Kerala ke baad doosare sthaan par hai. mijoram shiksha ke kshetr mein sabse pehle sthaan par aane ke liye bade prayaas kar raha hain. naval hag

raajaneeti

Bhaarat ki sansad mein pratinidhitv hetu mijoram raajya mein keval ek hi Loksabha seat hai. mijoram ki vidhaanasabha mein 40 seatein hain.[1] see॰ ela॰ ruaala yahaaain ke vartamaan saaainsad hain. ve bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress se sambaddh hain.[2] [3]

jile

mijoram mein 8 jile hain-

moob mijoram ke 80 pratishat log krushi kaaryo mein lage hain. krushi ki mukhya pranaali jhoom ya sthaanaantarit krushi hain. anumaanit 21 lakh hekteyar bhoomi mein se 6.30 lakh hekteyar bhoomi baagavaani ke liye upalabdh hai. vartamaan mein 4127.6 hekteyar kshetr par hi vibhinn fasalon ki baagavaani ki ja rahi hai, jo ki anumaanit sambhaavit kshetr ka maatr 6.55 pratishat hai. yeh darshaata hai ki mijoram mein baagavaani fasalon ke falane-foolane ki vistrut sambhaavnaaen hain. baagavaani ki mukhya fasalein fal hain. inmein maidiriyn santara, kela, saade fal, angoor, hatakoda, anan‍aanaas aur papeeta aadi sammilit hain. iske atirikt yahaan enthuriym, bird of peraadaaij, aarkid, chiraasethinmam, gulaab tatha anya kai mausami foolon ki kheti hoti hain. masaalon mein adarak, haldi, kaali mirch, mirche (chidiya ki aankh waali mirche) bhi ugaae jaate hain. yahaan ke log paam aayal, jadi-bootiyon tatha sugandh vaale paudhon ki kheti bhi bade paimaane par karne lage hain.

sinchaai

mijoram mein sambhaavit bhootal sinchaai kshetr lagbhag 70,000 hekteyar hai. ismein se 45,000 hekteyar bahaav kshetr mein hai aur 25,000 hekteyar 70 pakki laghu sinchaai pariyojanaaon aur chh: lift sinchaai pariyojanaaon ke poora hone se praapt kiya ja sakta hai, jisme varsh mein do ya teen fasalein li ja sakti hain.

udyog

sampoorn mijoram adhisoochit pichhda kshetr hai aur ise 'udyogaviheen kshetr' ke arntagat vargeekrut kiya gaya hai. 1989 mein mijoram sarkaar ki audyogik neeti ki ghoshana ke baad pichhle dashak mein yahaan thode se aadhunik laghu udyogon ki sthaapaana hui hai. mijoram udyogon ko aur teji se badhaane ke liye varsh 2000 mein nai audyogik neeti ki ghoshana ki gayi. inmein electronic tatha soochana praudyogiki, baans tatha imaarati lakdi par aadhaarit utpaad, khaadya tatha falon ka prasanskaran, vastr, hathakaragha tatha hastashilp sammilit hain.

audyogik neeti mein raajya se baahar ke nivesh ko aakarshit karne ke liye aise sabhi bade, madhyam tatha laghu paimaane ke udyogon, jinmein ki sthaaneeya log bhaageedaari hon, ki sthaapana ke liye saajhe upakram lagaane ki anumati di gayi hai. vidyamaan audyogik sanpadaaon ke unnayan ke atiri‍aat sanrachanaatmak vikaas kaarya jaise ki lunaagamuaal, aaijol mein audyogik protsaahan sansthaan (aaiaaideesi), niryaat protsaahan audyogik park, leingari, ekeekrut sanchanaat‍aamak kedr (aaiaaideesi), pukapui, lungat‍aatei tatha khaadya park, chhingachhip aadi poorn hone vaale hai.

chai ki vaigyaanik dhang se kheti aarambh ki gayi hai. niryaatonmukhi audyogik ikaaiyon (ioyooj) ki sthaapana ko badhaava dene ke liye epparel prashikshan tatha design kendra tatha ratnon ki kataai tatha paulish karne ki ikaaiyaan lagaane ki yojana hai. kuteer udyogon mein hathakaradha tatha s‍aatashilp ko uchch praathamikta di jaati hai tatha ye dono kshetr mijoram tatha iske padosi raajyon meghaalaya tatha naagaalaind mein upabhoktaaon ki maang ko poora karne ke liye fal-fool rahe hain.

raajya ki shaantipoorn sthiti, myaanmaar tatha banglaadesh ki seemaaon ke vyaapaar ke liye khulne tatha Bhaarat ke sarkaar ki 'poorv ki or dekho neeti' ke kaaran mijoram ab aur adhik samay tak desh ke doorasth hone ka raajya maatr naheen bana rahega. in sab baaton se nikat bhavishya mein mijoram mein audyogik ki gati mein bhaari teji aaegi.

bijli

tuiriyaal panabijli pariyojana (60 megawatt) ka nirmaan kaarya pragati par hai. kolodaain panabijli pariyojana (500 megawatt) ka sarvekshan tatha ana‍aaveshan kaarya si.dablyoo.si. dvaara dinsabar 2005 tak poora kar liya gaya hai. is upakram se 500 megawatt bijli ke utpaadan ke atirikt kshetr mein jal parivhan ki suvidhaaen praapt hongi. mijoram sarkaar ne is pariyojana ko sarvochch praathamikta di hai. teen megawatt kshamata ki tuipaanguli tatha kaaootalaabang raajya panabijli pariyojanaaon ko haal me hi chaaloo kiya gaya hai jisne raajya ki panabijli utpaadan kshamata ko 15 megawatt kar diya hai. mesham-II (3 megawatt), seralui 'bi' (12 megawatt) tatha laamasiyaal chaaloo hone ki aasha hai.

parivhan

raajya mein sadkon (sadak seema sangathan tatha raajya lok nirmaan vibhaag) ki kul lanbaai 5,982.25 kilomeet hai. raajya mein bairaabi mein relamaarg sthaapit kiya gaya hai. raajya ki rajdhani aaijol vimaan seva se judi hai. behtar parivhan suvidha ke liye sarkaar ne vishv bank ke anudaan ki sahaayata se kul 3.5 arab (350 karod) roopaye ki laagat se mijoram raajya sadak pariyojana aarambh ki hai. pradhaanamantri graameen sadak yojana ke arntagat mijoram mein 384 gaanv nav pag

tyohaar

mijo log moolat: kisaan hain. at: unki saari gatividhiyaan tatha tyohaar bhi vanon ki kataai karke ki jaane waali jhoom kheti se hi jude hai. tyohaar ke liye mijo shabd 'kut' hai. mijo logon ke vi‍abhinn tyohaaron mein se aajkal keval teen mukhya tyohaar 'chapachaar', 'mim kut' aur 'thaalafavaangakut' manaae jaate hain.

iske atirikt yahaaain ki adhisankhya janasankhya isaai hai, isliye christmas ka tyohaar bhi yahaaain manaaya jaata hai. yahaaain bauddh aur hindu samudaayon ke log bhi rahatein hai jo apne-2 tyohaaron ko manaate hain.

paryatan sthal

samudra tal se lagbhag 4,000 foot ki unchaai par sthit parvateeya nagar aaijol, mijoram ka ek dhaarmik aur saanskrutik kendra hai. myaanmaar ki seema ke nikat chamafaai ek sundar paryatan sthal hai. taamadil ek praakrutik jheel hai jahaan manohaari van hain. yeh aaijol se 80 kilometer aur paryatak sthal saitual se 10 kilometer ki doori par hai. vaanataang jalaprapaat mijoram mein sabse ooncha aur ati sundar jalaprapaat hai. yeh thenajol kasbe se paanch kilometer door hai. paryatan vibhaag ne raajya mein sabhi bade kasbon mein paryatak aavaas gruh tatha anya kasbon mein raajamaarg restraan tatha yaatri saraayon ka nirmaan kiya hai. jobauk ke nikat jila park mein alpaain piknik hat tatha bero tlaang mein manoranjan kendra bhi banaae gaye hain.

mahatvapoorn tathya

  • kshetrafal: 21,000 varg ki.mi.
  • janasainkhya: 890,000 (2001)
    • aabaadi:
    • dharm:
      • isaai: 85%
      • bauddh: 8%
      • hindu: 7%
  • rajdhani: aaijol (janasankhya 1,82,000)

baahari kadiyaaain