meghadootam

kaalidaas rachit meghadootam

meghadootam mahaakavi kaalidaas dvaara rachit vikhyaat dootakaavya hai. ismein ek yaksh ki katha hai jise kuber alakaapuri se nishkaasit kar deta hai. nishkaasit yaksh raamagiri parvat par nivaas karta hai. varsha ritu mein use apni premika ki yaad sataane lagti hai. kaamaart yaksh sochata hai ki kisi bhi tarah se usaka alkaapuri lautana sambhav naheen hai, isliye vah premika tak apna sandesh doot ke maadhyam se bhejane ka nishchaya karta hai. akelepan ka jeevan gujaar rahe yaksh ko koi sandeshavaahak bhi naheen milta hai, isliye usane megh ke maadhyam se apna sandesh virhaakul premika tak bhejane ki baat sochi. is prakaar aashaadh ke pratham din aakaash par umadte meghon ne kaalidaas ki kalpana ke saath milkar ek ananya kruti ki rachana kar di.[1]

meghadoot ki lokapriyta bhaarateeya saahitya mein praacheen kaal se hi rahi hai. jahaaain ek or prasiddh teekaakaaron ne is par teekaaeain likhi hain, vaheen anek sanskrut kaviyon ne isse prerit hokar athva isko aadhaar banaakar kai dootakaavya likhe. bhaavana aur kalpana ka jo udaatt prasaar meghadoot mein upalabdh hai, vah bhaarateeya saahitya mein anyatr virl hai. naagaarjun ne meghadoot ke hindi anuvaad ki bhoomika mein ise hindi vaangmaya ka anupam ansh bataaya hai.[2]

meghadootam kaavya do khandon mein vibhkt hai. poorvamegh mein yaksh baadal ko raamagiri se alakaapuri tak ke raaste ka vivran deta hai aur uttaramegh mein yaksh ka yeh prasiddh virhadagdh sandesh hai jismein kaalidaas ne premeehrudaya ki bhaavana ko udel diya hai. kuchh vidvaanon ne is kruti ko kavi ki vyaktivyanjak (aatmaparak) rachana maana hai. "meghadoot" mein lagbhag 115 padya hain, yadyapi alag alag sanskaranon mein in padyon ki sankhya her-fer se kuchh adhik bhi milti hai. dau॰ S. ke. de ke mataanusaar mool "meghadoot" mein isse bhi kam 111 padya hain, shesh baad ke prakshep jaan padte hain.

anukram

aatmakathya athva kalpana

megh ka maarg


alakaapuri varnan


sandesh


anya dootakaavya

mahaabhaarat ke "nalopaakhyaan" naamak aakhyaan mein nal tatha damayanti dvaara isko doot banaakar paraspar sandash preshan ki jo katha I hai, vah bhi dootakaavya ki parampara ka hi anusaran hai. kavi jinse (9veen shati isavi) "meghadoot" ki tarah hi mandaakraanta chhand mein teerthakar paarshvanaath ke jeevan se sambaddh chaar sargon ka ek kaavya "paarshvaabhyudaya" likha jismein megh ke dautya ke roop mein meghadoot ke shataadhik padya samaavisht hain. 15veen shataabdi mein "neminaath" aur "raajamati" vaale prasang ko lekar "vikram" kavi ne "nemidoot" kaavya likha, jismein meghoodat" ke 125 padyon ke antim charanon ko samasya banaakar kavi ne neminaath dvaara parityakt raajamati ke virh ka varnan kiya hai. isi kaal mein ek anya jain kavi "charitrasundar gani ne shaantarasaparak jain kaavya "sheeladoot" ki rachana ki. in do krutiyon ke atirikt vimlakeerti ka "chandradoot", agyaat kavi ka "chetodoot" aur meghavijya upaadhyaaya ka "meghadoot samasya" is parampara ke anya jain kaavya hain.

sandarbh

  1. "meghadoot" (peeechapi). bhaarateeya saahitya sangrah. http://pustak.org/bs/home.php?bookid=3613. abhigman tithi: 2009.
  2. "kaalidaas krut meghadoot aur usaki lokapriyta" (echateeem). hindi nest. http://hindinest.com/sahitya/02351.htm. abhigman tithi: 2009.

inhein bhi dekhein