megasthaneej

megasthaneej (Megasthenes / Μaaεaaγaaαaaσaaθaaέaaνaaηaaς, 350 isaapoorv - 290 isa poorv) yoonaan ka ek raajadoot tha jo chandragupt ke darbaar mein aaya tha. yoonaani saamant silyookas Bhaarat mein fir raajyavistaar ki ichha se 305 E. poo. Bhaarat par aakraman kiya tha kintu use sandhi karne par vivsh hona pada tha. sandhi ke anusaar megasthaneej naam ka raajadoot chandragupt ke darbaar mein aaya tha. vah kai varshon tak chandragupt ke darbaar mein raha. usane jo kuchh Bhaarat mein dekha, usaka varnan usane "indika" naamak pustak mein kiya hai. megasthaneej ne paataliputr ka bahut hi sundar aur vistrut varnan kiya hai. vah likhta hai ki Bhaarat ka sabse bada nagar paataliputr hai. yeh nagar ganga aur son ke sangam par basa hai. iski lanbaai saadhe nau meal aur chaudaai paune do meal hai. nagar ke chaaron or ek deevaar hai jismein anek faatak aur durg bane hain. nagar ke adhikaansh makaan lakdi ke bane hain.

megasthaneej ne likha hai ki sena ke chhote bade sainikon ko raajakosh se nakad vetan diya jaata tha. sena ke kaam aur prabandh mein raaja swayam dilchaspi leta tha. ranakshetron mein ve shiviron mein rahate the aur seva aur sahaayata ke liye raajya se unhein naukar bhi diye jaate the.

paataliputr par usaka vistrut lekh milta hai. paataliputr ko vah samaanaantar chaturbhuj nagar kehta hai. is nagar mein chaaron or lakdi ki praacheer hai jiske bheetar teer chhodne ke sthaan bane hain. vah kehta hai ki is raajapraasaad ki sundarata ke aaye Irani raajapraasaad sooska aur ikabatana feeke lagte hain. udyaan mein deshi tatha videshi donon prakaar ke vruksh lagaae gaye hain. raaja ka jeevan bada hi aishvaryamaya hai.

megasthaneej ne chandragupt ke raajapraasaad ka bada hi sajeev varnan kiya hai. samraat ka bhavan paataliputr ke madhya mein sthit tha. bhavan chaaron or sanudar evam ramaneek upavanon tatha udyaanon se ghira tha.

praasaad ke in udyaanon mein lagaane ke liye door-door se vruksh maingaae jaate the. bhavan mein mor paale jaate the. bhavan ke sarovar mein badi-badi machhaliyaaain paali jaati theen. samraat praaya: apne bhavan mein hi rahata tha aur yuddh, nyaaya tatha aakhet ke samay hi baahar niklata tha. darbaar mein achhi sajaavat hoti thi aur sone-chaaaindi ke bartanon se aaainkhon mein chakaachaundh paida ho jaati thi. raaja raajaprasaad se sone ki paalaki ya haathi par baahar niklata tha. samraat ki varshagaaainth bade samaaroh ke saath manaai jaati thi. raajya mein shaanti aur achhi vyavastha rahati theen. aparaadh kam hote the. praaya: logon ke gharon mein taale naheen band hote the.

baahari kadiyaaain