manu

is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

hindu dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

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praveshadvaar: hindu dharm

HinduSwastika.svg

hindu maapan pranaali

manu hindu dharm ke anusaar, sansaar ke pratham purush the. pratham manu ka naam svayanbhuv manu tha, jinke sang pratham stri thi shataroopa. ye swayam bhoo (arthaat hona) brahma dvaara prakat hone ke kaaran hi svayanbhoo kahalaaye. inheen pratham purush aur pratham stri ki santaanon se sansaar ke samast janon ki utpatti hui. manu ki santaan hone ke kaaran ve maanav ya manushya kahalaae. svaayanbhuv manu ko aadi bhi kaha jaata hai. aadi ka arth hota hai praarambh. sabhi bhaashaaon ke manushya-vaachi shabd main, manuj, maanav, aadam, aadmi aadi sabhi manu shabd se prabhaavit hai. yeh samast maanav jaati ke pratham sandeshavaahak hain. inhein pratham maanane ke kai kaaran hain. saptacharuteerth ke paas vitsta nadi ki shaakha devika nadi ke tat par manushya jaati ki utpatti hui. pramaan yahi bataate hain ki aadi srushti ki utpatti Bhaarat ke uttaraakhand arthaat is brahmaavart kshetr mein hi hui. maanav ka hindi mein arth hai vah jismein man, jad aur praan se kaheen adhik sakriya hai. manushya mein man ki shakti hai, vichaar karne ki shakti hai, iseeliye use manushya kehte hain. aur ye sabhi manu ki santaanein hain iseeliye manushya ko maanav bhi kaha jaata hai. brahma ke ek din ko kalp kehte hain. ek kalp mein 14 manu ho jaate hain. ek manu ke kaal ko manvantar kehte hain. vartamaan mein vaivasvat manu (7vein manu) hain.

anukram

manuon ki sankhya

hindu dharm mein svaayanbhuv manu ke hi kul mein aage chalakar svaayanbhuv sahit kul milaakar kramash: 14 manu hue. mahaabhaarat mein 8 manuon ka ullekh milta hai va shvetavaraah kalp mein 14 manuon ka ullekh hai. in chaudah manuon ko hi jain dharm mein kulakar kaha gaya hai.[1]

naam

chaudah manuon ke naam is prakaar se hain:

  1. svaayambhu manu
  2. svarochish manu
  3. auttami manu
  4. taamas manu
  5. raivat manu
  6. chaakshush manu
  7. vaivasvat manu ya shraaddhadev manu
  8. saavarni manu
  9. daksh saavarni manu
  10. brahm saavarni manu
  11. dharm saavarni manu
  12. rudr saavarni manu
  13. Dave saavarni manu ya rauchya manu
  14. indr saavarni manu ya bhaut manu

vartamaan kaal tak varaah kalp ke svaayambhu manu, svarochish manu, uttam manu, tamaas manu, revat-manu chaakshush manu tatha vaivasvat manu ke manvantar beet chuke hain aur ab vaivasvat tatha saavarni manu ki antardasha chal rahi hai. saavarni manu ka aavirbhaav vikrami samvat praarambh hone se 5630 varsh poorv hua tha.[1][2]

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santaanein

svaayanbhuv manu evam shataroopa ke kul paaainch santaanein huin theen jinmein se do putr priyvrat evam uttaanapaad tatha teen kanyaaeain aakooti, devahooti aur prasooti the.

kanyaaen

aakooti ka vivaah ruchi prajaapati ke saath aur prasooti ka vivaah daksh prajaapati ke saath hua. devahooti ka vivaah prajaapati kardam ke saath hua. Kapil rishi devahooti ki santaan the. hindu puraanon anusaar inheen teen kanyaaon se sansaar ke maanavon mein vruddhi hui.

putr

manu ke do putron priyvrat aur uttaanapaad mein se bade putr uttaanapaad ki suneeti aur suruchi naamak do patni theen. uttaanapaad ke suneeti se dhruv tatha suruchi se uttam naamak putr utpann hue. dhruv ne Bhagwan vishnu ki ghor tapasya kar brahmaand mein ooncha sthaan paaya.

svaayanbhuv manu ke doosare putr priyvrat ne vishvakarma ki putri bahirshmati se vivaah kiya tha jisse unako das putr hue the.

kaamaayani ke manu

manu kavi jayashankar prasaad ki kaamaayani ke bhi mukhya paatr hain. mahaabhaarat mein ullekhit vaivasvat manu ka sambandh kaamaayani ke naayak se joda ja sakta hai. kaamaayani mein manu ka chitran devataaon se itar maanaveeya srushti ke vyavasthaapak ke roop mein visheshat: kiya gaya hai. Dave srushti ke sanhaar ke baad ve chinta magn baithe hue hain. shraddha ki prerana se ve jeevan mein fir se ruchi lene lagte hain par kuchh kaal ke baad shraddha se asantusht hokar use chhodkar ve chale jaate hain. apne bhraman mein ve saarasvat pradesh ja pahuainchate hain, jahaaain ki adhishthaatri ida thi. ida ke saath ve ek nai vaigyaanik sabhyata ka niyojan karte hain. par unke man ki mool adhikr ki lipsa abhi gayi naheen hai. ve ida par apna adhikaar chaahate hain. falasvaroop praja vidroh karti hai, jismein manu ghaayal hokar moorhit ho jaate hain. shraddha apne putr maanav ke liye hue manu ki khoj mein saarasvat pradesh tak aa jaati hai, jahaaain done ka milan hota hai. manu apni pichhli bhoolon ke liye pashchaattaap karte hain. shraddha maanav ko ida ke sanrakshan mein chhodkar manu ko lekar himaalaya ki upatyaka mein chali jaati hai, jahaaain shraddha ki sahaayata se manu aanand ki sthiti ko praapt hote hain.

manusmruti

mahaabhaarat mein 8 manuon ka ullekh hai. shatapath braahman mein manu ko shraddhaadev kehkar sambodhit kiya gaya hai. shreemadbhaagavat mein inheen vaivasvat manu aur shraddha se maanaveeya srushti ka praarambh maana gaya hai. shvet varaah kalp mein 14 manuon ka ullekh hai. mahaaraaj manu ne bahut dinon tak is saptadveepavati pruthvi par raajya kiya. unke raajya mein praja bahut sukhi thi. inheen ne manusmruti naamak granth ki rachana ki thi jo aaj mool roop mein upalabdh naheen hai. uske arth ka anarth hi hota raha hai. us kaal mein varn ka arth rang hota tha aur aaj jaati.

praja ka paalan karte hue jab mahaaraaj manu ko moksh ki abhilaasha hui to ve sampoorn raajapaat apne bade putr uttaanapaad ko saunpakar ekaant mein apni patni shataroopa ke saath naimishaaranya teerth chale gaye lekin uttaanapaad ki apeksha unke doosare putr raaja priyvrat ki prasiddhi hi adhik rahi. svaayambhu manu ke kaal ke rishi mareechi, atri, angirs, pulah, krutu, pulastya aur vashishth hue. raaja manu sahit ukt rishiyon ne hi maanav ko sabhya, suvidha sampann, shramasaadhya aur susanskrut banaane ka kaarya kiya.

inhein bhi dekhein: pruthvi ka hindu varnan

sandarbh

  1. a aa vaivasvat manu ke itihaas ki rooparekha . web duniya
  2. gaayatri shakti peeth ke shreeraam sharma aachaarya ke anusaar

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