manipur

manipur
মaaনaaিaaপaaুaaর

भारत के मानचित्र पर मणिपुर  মনিপুর

Bhaarat ke praant
rajdhani Imphal
sabse bada shahar Imphal
janasankhya 2,388,634 (2001)
- ghanatv 107 /kimee²
kshetrafal 22,327 kimee²
- jile 9
raajabhaasha(eain) manipuri, baangla, asamiya
pratishtha 21 January, 1972
- raajyapaal Shivendra Singh siddhoo
- mukhyamantri okaraam ibobi Singh
- vidhaanasabha ek sabha
aaiesao sankshep IN-MN
www.manipur.nic.in

manipur Bhaarat ka ek raajya hai. iski rajdhani hai Imphal. manipur ke padosi raajya hain: uttar mein naagaalaind aur dakshin mein mijoram, pashchim mein asam; aur poorv mein iski seema myaanmaar se milti hai. iska kshetrafal 22,347 varg ki.mi (8,628 varg meal) hai. yahaan ke mool nivaasi meiti janajaati ke log hain, jo yahaan ke ghaati kshetr mein rahate hain. inki bhaasha meitilon hai, jise manipuri bhaasha bhi kehte hain. yeh bhaasha 1992 mein Bhaarat ke samvidhaan ki aathaveen anusoochi mein jodi gayi hai aur is prakaar ise ek raashtreeya bhaasha ka darja praapt ho gaya hai. yahaan ke parvateeya kshetron mein naaga va kuki janajaati ke log rahate hain. manipuri ko ek samvedansheel seemaavarti raajya maana jaata hai.

anukram

parichay

manipur ka shaabdik arth 'aabhooshanon ki bhoomi' hai. Bhaarat ki svatantrata ke pehle yeh riyaasat thi. aajaadi ke baad yeh Bhaarat ka ek keindrashaasit raajya bana. yahaaain ki rajdhani Imphal hai. yeh sampoorn bhaag pahaadi hai. jalavaayu garam evam tar hai tatha vaarshik varsha ka ausat 65 inch hai. yahaaain naaga tatha kooki jaati ki lagbhag 60 janajaatiyaaain nivaas karti hain. yahaaain ke log sangeet tatha kala mein bade praveen hote hain. yahaaain yadyapi kai boliyaaain boli jaati hain. pahaadi dhaalon par chai tatha ghaatiyon mein dhaan ki upajein pramukh hain. yaheen se hokar ek sadak barma ko jaati hai.

is raajya mein praakrutik sansaadhanon ka prachur bhandaar hai. yahaan ki praakrutik chhata dekhne yogya hai. yahaan tarotaaja karne vaale jal-prapaat hai; rang-birange foolon vaale paudhe hain, durlabh vanaspatiyaan va jeev-jantu hain, pavitra jungle hain, hamesha bahne waali nadiyaan hain, parvaton-pahaadiyon par bikhri hari vibha hai aur tedhe-medhe girne vaale jharane hain. lokatak jheel yahaan ki ek mahatvapoorn jheel hai. bhautik aadhaar par raajya- ko do bhaagon mein baanta ja sakta hai, pahaadiyaan va ghaatiyaan. chaaron or pahaa‍aadiyaan hain aur beech mein ghaati hai. is prakaar prakruti ki praacheen gaurav hai. raajya ki kala va sanskrurati samruddh hai jo vishv maanachitr par iski samruddhi ko darshaati hai.

manipur ke log

yahaan teen pramukh janajaatiyaan nivaas karti hain. ghaati mein meetai janajaati rahati hai to naaga aur kooki-chin janajaatiyaan pahaa‍aadiyon par rahati hain. pratyek janajaati varg ki khaas sanskruti aur reeti rivaaj hain jo inke nrutya, sangeet va paaramparik prathaaon se drushtigochar hota hai. manipur ke log kalaakaar hote hain saath hi srujanasheel hote hain jo unke dvaara taiyaar khaadi va dastakaari ke utpaadon mein jhalakati hai, ye utpaad vishvabhar mein apni dijaain, kaushal va upayogita ke liye jaane jaate hain. yahaan Nepal se aakar base nepaaliyon ki bhi kaafi sankhya hai, jo manipur ke kai ilaakon mein base hain.

bhaugolik sthiti

Bhaarat ke poorvi seema par sthit yeh raajya 23.83 degree uttaar aur 25.68 degree uttari akshaansh va 94.78 degree poorvi deshaantar ke beech padta hai. ek or to poorv mein myaanmaar hai to naagaalaind uttar-pashchim disha mein hain, to mijoram dakshin mein hai. yeh poore 22,327 kilometer mein faila hai.

manipur ki bhaugolik sthiti darshaneeya hai. uttari tatha poorvi ilaakon mein oonchi pahaadiyaan hai aur madhya bhaag mein maidaani samatal hai. yahaan har pahaad ke beech mein koi na koi nadi bahti hain. imfaal nadi yahaan ki pramukh nadi hai.

arthavyavastha

krushi va krushi aadhaarit udyog arthavyavastha ka aadhaar hain. raajya soochana praadyogiki aadhaarit vyavasaayon ke liye ek upayukt sthaan hai. yahaan uchch shiksha ki vyavastha hai, yahaan nivesh ki apaar sambhaavnaaen hain, khaaskar krushi va khaadya prasanskatharan ke kshetr mein. hathakaragha, dastakaari aur paryatan ke kshetr mein kai sambhaavnaaen hai. in kshetron mein niveshakon ko aakarshit karne ke liye sarkaar ne kai neetiyaan taiyaar ki hain saath hi niveshakon ko aakarshit karne ke kai protsaahan dene ki bhi ghoshana ki gayi hai.

paryatan

apni vividh vanaspatiyon va jeev-jantuon ke kaaran manipur ko 'Bhaarat ka aabhooshan' va 'poorab ka Switzerland' aadi vividh naamon se sambodhit kiya jaata hai. lubhaane vaale praakrutik drushyon, mein vilkshan fool-paudhe, nirmal van, laharaati nadiyaan, pahaadiyon par chhaai hariyaali shaamil hai. in sabke alaava paryatakon ke liye kai aakarshan hain jo raajya mein paryatan ke vikaas ke liye utkrushth avsar pradaan karta hain. shri govind ji mandir, khaareem band baajaar (ima kaithal) yuddh kabristaan, shaheed meenaar, nupi saan (mahilaaon ka yuddh) memoriyl kaumleaar ksa, khonghaapat udyaan, aaienae memoriyl (moiraang), lokatak jheel, keebul laamajo raashtreeya udyaan, vishnupur sthit vishnu mandir, seindra, moreh siraaya gaanv, siraaya ki pahaa‍aadiyaan, dooko ghaati, raajakeeya ajaayabaghar, kaina paryatak nivaas, khongajom vaar memoriyl aadi manipur ke kuchh mahatva poorn paryatak sthal hai. manipur desh ke sudoor uttarapoorvi chhor par sthit hai aur, iska adhikaansh pahaa‍aadiyon se ghira hua hai. yahaan nivesh ke kai avsar hain. yahaan kai aise kshetr hain jahaan niveshakon ko aakarshit karne ke liye kaafi sambhaavnaaen hain. yahaan ke darshaneeya sthalon mein imfaal, ukhrul prasiddh hain. imfaal mein kaangla park, govind mandir vahaan ke baajaar, teekendrajit park prasiddh hain to ukhrul ki pahaadiyaan prasiddh hain. chudaachaandapur jile mein lokatak jheel prasiddh hain.

manipur mein pravesh karne vaale videshiyon ko, chaahe ve yahaan janme hon, pratibandhit kshetr parmit lena aavashyak hota hai. yeh chaaron mukhya mahaanagaron mein sthit videshiyon ke kshetreeya panjeekaran kaaryaalaya se milta hai. yeh parmit maatr das din ke liye vaidh hota hai, va sailaani yahaan bhraman karne ke liye praadhikrut traival agent dvaara vayavasthit chaar logon ke samoohon mein hi ja sakte hain. saath hi videshi sailaani yahaan vaayuyaan dvaara hi aa sakte hain aur unhein rajdhani Imphal ke baahar ghoomane ki aajnyaa naheen hai.

krushi aur khaadya prasanskaran

raajya mein krushi ke anukool paristhitiyaan hain. yahaan ki jalavaayu aur mitti, krushi va baagavaani waali praaya: sabhi fasalein ugaane ke liye upayukt hai. raajya mein prachur maatra mein dhaan, gehoon, makka, dalahan va tilhan (jaise tel, moongafali, soyaabeen, soorajamukhi aadi) ki kheti ki jaati hai. iske atirikt vibhinn falon jaise anaanaas, neenboo, kela, naarangi aadi aur sabjiyaan jaise foolagobhi, bandagobhi, tamaatar va matar aadi ka utpaadan kiya jaata hai. iske falasvaroop khaadya prasanskaran kshetr, krushi, baagavaani, machhali paalan, murgi paalan, pashu paalan aur vanon ke vividheekaran tatha vaanijyeekaran mein ek mahatvpoorn bhoomika nibhaata hai. is udyog ke mahatva ko dekhte hue raajya sarkaar ne Imphal mein 'khaadya prasanskaran prashikshan kendra aur 'khaadya prasanskaran prashikshan hall' ki sthaapana ki hai. Imphal mein ek khaadya park ki bhi sthaapana ki ja rahi hai.

hathakaragha

hathakaragha udyog raajya ka sabse bada kuteer udyog hai. yahaan yeh udyog anaadi kaal se fal-fool raha hai. raajyath mein yeh sarvaadhik rojagaar upalabdh kara raha hai khaaskar mahilaaon ko. manipur ke pramukh hathakaragha utpaakad saadi, chaadar, parde, faishanavaale kapde, skaadharf va takiye ke kavar aadi hai. adhikaansh julaahe jinheinth hunar va maheen dijaaining ke liye jaana jaata hai. ve vaang khaai baayon kaanpoo, kongamaan, khong main ullaalaoo aadi se hain jo utkrumashtan silkan aadi utpaamadon ke liye prasiddh hain. manipuri kapde va shaulon ki raashtreegaya va antararaashtri ya baajaaron mein kaafi maang hai. teen sarkaari agencyan hathakaragha utpaaodan ka kaam karti hain ye hain

  • manipur development society (emadeees)
  • manipur haindaloom end haideekraaft development kauporeshan (emaechaechadeesi)
  • manipur state haindaloom veevars ko-oparetiv society (emaesaechadabyooj seees)

hastashilp

desh ki vibhinn hastashilp kalaaon mein raajya ke hastashilp udyog ka anootha sthaan hai. iske antargat beint va baans ke bane utpaadon ke saath-saath mitti ke bartan banaane ki sanskruti bhi shaamil hai. manipur mein mitti ke bartan banaane ki pratha kaafi puraani hai aur yeh udyam mukhyat: endro, sikmaai, chairan, thogajaao, nungavi va senaapati jile mein kiya jaata hai. choonki baans va beint kaafi maatra mein upalabdh hai, tokari bunana yahaan ke logon ka lokapriya vyavasaaya ban gaya hai. iske atirikti machhali maarane ke upakaran bhi beint va baans ke banaae jaate hain. ghareloo ke saath-saath antararaashtreeya baajaaron mein in sabhi utpaadon ki kaafi maang hai.

soochana praudyogiki

raajya mein IT udyog ki prachur sambhaavana ko dekhte hue manipur sarkaar ilektrau niki aur soochana praudyogiki kshetr ko vikaas ke ek mahatvaupoorn kshetr ke roop mein uchchah praathamikta deti hai. raajyar mein sakriya jan shakti aur gunavattaapoorn kaarya bal hain jo aise udyogon ke liye anukool hain. raajyan mein ilektrau niki aur soochana praudyogiki par aadhaarit udyogon ke vikaas ke liye aur khaali padon ko bharne ke liye manipur industrial kauporeshan ka gathan kiya gaya hai. aise IT kshetr jahaan nivesh ke avsar hain is prakaar hain -

  • IT park sthaaipit karne se, IT aadhaarit service center va soochana kiyoskan sthaarapit karne mein
  • vaayas, data va video prasaaran aur prachaar ke liye manipur, stay t wide area network (emaeenaenati) ke baikabon network ki sthaaipna ki gayi hai
  • naagrikon ko malteea fankshahan ilektrau nick sma rt card upalabdhar karaana
  • skooil va collegeon mein IT saaksharata kaaryakram
  • IT ke jariye doorasthau shiksha ko raajya mein badhaava dene ke liye IT saaksharata kaaryakram

jile

baahari kadiyaaain