mangoliya

Monggol ulus.svg
Мaaоaaнaaгaaоaaл уaлaс
Mongol uls

mangoliya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan: "Мaaоaaнaaгaaоaaл уaaлaaсaaыaaн тaaөaaрaaиaaйaaн дaaуaaуaaлaaаaaл"
mangoliya ka raashtragaan
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
ulaan bator
47°a55′aN 106°a53′aE / 47.917°aN 106.883°aE / 47.917; 106.883
raajabhaasha(eain) mangoliyn
nivaasi mangoliyaan
sarkaar sansadeeya ganatantr
- raashtrapati saakhiyaajin elbadorj
- pradhaanamantri saanajaajin baayar
gathan
- mangol saamraajya ka gathan 1206
- svatantrata ki ghoshana (kving saamraajya se) 29 December 1911
kshetrafal
- kul 1,564,115.75 varg kilometer (19vaan)
603,909 varg meal
- jal (%) 0.43
janasankhya
- July 2007 janaganana 2,951,786 (139vaan)
- 2000 janaganana 2,407,500
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $9.399 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $3,541 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.698[1]
madhyam · 103vaaain
mudra togorg (MNT)
samay mandal (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+7 se +8)
dinaank praaroop yyyy.mm.dd (CE)
doorabhaash koot 976
Internet teeeladi .mn

mangoliya (mangoliyn: Мaaоaaнaaгaaоaaл уaлaс,) poorv aur madhya Asia mein ek bhoomi se ghira (leindalauk) desh hai. iski seemaaen uttar mein roos, dakshin, poorvi aur pashchimi mein cheen se milti hain. haalaanki, mangoliya ki seema kajaakhistaan se naheen milti, lekin iski sabse pashchimi chhor kajaakhistaan ke poorvi sire se keval 24 meal (38 kimi) door hai. desh ki rajdhani aur sabse bada shahar ulaan baator hai, dahaan desh ki lagbhag 38% janasankhya nivaas karti hai. mangoliya mein sansadeeya ganatantr hai.

itihaas

aaj jise mangoliya kaha jaata hai, kabhi vibhinn ghumantoo saamraajyon ke dvaara shaasit kiya gaya, in saamraajyon mein shinognu, shiyaanabei, roooran, goturk aur anya shaamil hain. san 1206 mein changej Khan dvaara mangol saamraajya ki sthaapana ki gayi. lekin yuaan raajavansh ke patan ke baad mangol apne puraane rahan-sahan par laut aae. 16 veen aur 17 veen shataabdi mein mangoliya tibbati bauddh dharm ke prabhaav mein aaya. 17 veen sadi ke ant mein mangoliya ke adhikaansh kshetr mein kving raajavansh ke shaasanaadhin ho gaya tha. 1911 mein King raajavansh ke patan ke dauraan mangoliya ne svatantrata ki ghoshana ki, lekin 1921 tak svatantrata ko sthaapit karne aur 1945 tak antararaashtreeya maanyata haasil karne ke liye sangharsh karna pada tha. iske nateeje mein desh majaboot roos aur soviyt prabhaav mein aaya, 1924 mein mangoliyaai janavaadi ganaraajya ki ghoshana ki gayi aur raajaneetik roop se mangoliya us samay ke soviyt raajaneeti ka anupaalan karne laga. 1989 mein poorvi Europe mein communist shaasanon ke tootane ke baad, mangoliya mein 1990 mein lokataantrik kraanti dekhne ko mili, jiski vajah se bahu-daleeya vyavastha sthaapit hui, 1992 mein naya samvidhaan bana aur desh baajaar arthavyavastha ki or agrasar hua.

sandarbh

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21-25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.