mand

mand (staarch) kais # 9005-25-8, raasaayanik sootr (C6H10O5), ek pauli saikeraaidcarbohydrate hai, jiska nirmaan glookoj monosaikeraaid ki ikaaiyon ki ek badi sankhya ke aapas mein glaaikosidik bandhon dvaara judne ke kaaran hota hai. yeh sirf paadapon mein paaya jaata hai. sabhi paadapon ke beejon aur faliyon me mand amaailoj ya amaailopepsin ke roop me upasthit hota hai. mand me paadap ki prakruti ke anusaar, aamtaur par 20 se 25 pratishat amaailoj aur 75 se 80 pratishat amaailopepsin upasthit hota hain. ise aam bhaasha me maand (jaise chaaval ka maand) kaha jaata hai. jab iska upayog kapadoain par kiya jaata hai tab yeh kalaf kahalaata hai.

staarch hamaare jeevan mein

mand bhojan mein

mand ke kuchh achhe khaadya sroton me anaaj, chaaval, aaloo, matar aur sem hain. khaana pakaane mein mand ka upayog shorabe ko gaadhaa karne me kiya jaata hai. yeh ek besvaad aur gandh rahit safed paaudar ke roop me upalabdh hota hai.

kalaf

mand ka ek prakaar kalaf kahalaata hai. kalaf laga ek kapadaa ek chikna aur kadaa mahasoos hota hai. kalaf ke kaaran ek vyakti ka paseena aur dhool kalaf ki parat se chipk jaate hai khaaskar ke kalaai aur gardan se sate kapde aur kapde ke reshe gande naheen hote, dhone par yeh kalaf dhul jaata hai, ise dhulaai ke baad fir se kapade par istemaal kiya ja sakta hai.