malaavi

Chalo cha Malawi, Dziko la Malawi
malaavi ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: ekta aur svatantrata
raashtragaan: Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵai (chicheva)
"he Bhagwan, hamaare malaavi ko aasheesh do"
rajdhani lilongve
13°a57′aS 33°a42′aE / 13.95°aS 33.7°aE / -13.95; 33.7
sabse bada nagar blaantaayare
raajabhaasha(eain) angreji
maanyata praapt kshetriya bhaashaayein chicheva
nivaasi malaaviyaai
sarkaar bahu-daleeya lokatantr
- raashtrapati Peter muthaarika
- up-raashtrapati jos baanda
svatantrata UK se
- svatantrata ki ghoshana 6 July 1964
kshetrafal
- kul 118,484 varg kilometer (99 vaan)
45,747 varg meal
- jal (%) 20.6%
janasankhya
- 2009 janaganana 15,263,000 (-)
- 1998 janaganana 9,933,868
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $11.412 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $835 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.414[1]
nimn · 174vaaain
mudra kvaacha (D) (MWK)
samay mandal seeeti (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) aakalan naheen (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
yaataayaat chaalan disha left
doorabhaash koot +265
Internet teeeladi .mw
1. 1 Population estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
2Information is drawn from the CIA Factbook unless otherwise noted.

malaavi ganaraajya dakshinpoorv Africa mein sthit ek laindalauk desh hai. ise poorv mein 'nyaasaalaind' (Nyasaland) kaha jaata tha. yeh Africa ki truteeya sabse badi jheel malaavi (niaisa) ke dakshini tatha pashchimi kinaare ke saath saath jainbeeji nadi tak faila hua hai. iski sampoorn lanbaai 2,500 meal tatha chaudaai 50 se 130 meal hai. sampoorn raashtra teen praanton mein vibhkt hai. iske uttarapashchim mein tanjaaniya aur poorv, pashchim aur dakshin mein mojaambik sthit hai. malaavi jheel is desh ki seema tanjaaniya aur mojaambik se nirdhaarit karti hai. desh ka kul kshetrafal 118,000 varg kimi hai, jahaan 13,900,000 se jyaada log nivaas karte hain. iski rajdhani lilongva aur sabse bada shahar blaantaayar hai. malaavi naam kshetr mein rahane vaale nyaanja logon ke puraane naam 'maaraavi' se pada hai. angreji pramukh bhaasha hai parantu niyenja bhaasha unnati kar rahi hai.

malaavi duniya ke sabse nirdhan aur sabse saghan base deshon mein shumaar kiya jaata hai. arthavyavastha graameen ilaakon mein rahane waali janta ke sahaare krushi par poori tarah se nirbhar hai. malaavi sarkaar vikaas ke liye bahut had tak baahari madad par nirbhar hai, haalaanki varsh 2000 ke baad se is par kami I hai. malaavi sarkaar ke saamane arthavyavastha ke vikaas, shiksha mein badhotri, svaasthya, paryaavaran suraksha aur aarthik roop se saksham banane jaisi kai samasyaaen khadi hain. varsh 2005 ke baad se in binduon ki or dhyaan dene ke liye kai kaaryakram chalaae ja rahe hain, jiske parinaam bhi najar aane lage hain.

malaavi ki jalavaayu ushnakatibandheeya hai. cheeni tatha gehooain ko chhodkar anya sabhi khaadyaanon ka utpaadan yahaaain hota hai. tanbaakoo yahaaain ki pradhaan krushi upaj hai. iske saath hi chai, kapaas aadi bhi nyoonaadhik maatra mein paida ki jaati hai. san 1964 mein svatantrataapraapti ke baad se krushi ki unnati par kaafi jor diya ja raha hai, parantu sampoorn raashtra ke pahaadi evam pathaari hone ke kaaran krushiyogya bhoomi ki kami hai. yahaaain ke parvaton ki ooainchaai 1,500 foot evam 10,000 foot ke madhya hai. yahaaain se niryaat ki jaanevaali saamagri mein tanbaakoo evam kapaas ka sthaan pratham hai.

sampoorn raashtra ek relamaarg dvaara vibhkt hai. is relamaarg ke alaava yahaaain paryaapt pakki sadkein bhi hain. havaai maarg ki bhi sevaaeain Africa ke vibhinn bhaagon mein sulabh hain.

sandarbh

  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.