makka (shahar)


makka
Mecca / مaكaةa‎
मक्का is located in Saudi Arabia
makka
saudi arab mein sthiti
soochana
praant va desh: makka praant, saudi arab
janasankhya (2012): 29,00,000
mukhya bhaasha(eain): arabi
nirdeshaank: 21°a25′a0″aN 39°a49′a0″aE / 21.416667°aN 39.816667°aE / 21.416667; 39.816667


makka
مaaكaaة اaaلaaمaaكaaرaaمaaة
Makkah al-Mukarramah

bakkaah
pavitra nagar makka
Clockwise from top left: kaaba, Mecca Skyline, Abraj Al Bait, the masjid-A-haram, and a pilgrim praying
Clockwise from top left: kaaba, Mecca Skyline, Abraj Al Bait, the masjid-A-haram, and a pilgrim praying
upanaam: umm al-kura (أaaم اaaلaaقaaرaaى, "Mother of All Settlements")
मक्का (शहर) is located in Saudi Arabia
makka
Location of Mecca
nirdeshaank : 21°a25′aN 39°a49′aE / 21.417°aN 39.817°aE / 21.417; 39.817Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 21°a25′aN 39°a49′aE / 21.417°aN 39.817°aE / 21.417; 39.817
Country Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi arab
praant makka praant
sansthaapak paiganbar ismaail, ibraaheem ke putr (islaami vichaar)
shaasan
• mayor Osama al-barr
• praanteeya Governor mishaal bin abdullaah al saood
kshetr[1]
• City 760
• nagareeya 850
• nagar 1,200
ooainchaai 277
janasankhya (2010)[2]
• City 16,75,368
• ghanatv <
samay mandal AST (UTC +3)
• greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) AST (UTC+3)
Postal Code
doorabhaash code (+966) 12
jaalasthal holymakkah.gov.sa
masjid al-haram aur makka ka shahari kendra

makka (IPA: / mɛaakə /, arabi: مaaكaaة اaaلaaمaaكaaرaaمaaة, shaabdik aadaraneeya makka) islaam ka pavitratam shahar hai jahaaain par kaaba teerth aur masjid-al-haram (pavitra ya vishaal masjid) sthit hai. makka shahar vaarshik haj teerthayaatra, jo islaam ke paaainch stambhon mein se ek hai ke liye prasiddh hai. har saal kareeb 40 lakh hajayaatri makka aate hain.

islaami parampara ke anusaar makka ki shuruaat ishmaail vansh ne ki thi. 7 veen shataabdi mein, islaami paigambar muhammad ne shahar mein jo tab tak, ek mahatvapoorn vyaapaarik kendra tha me islaam ki ghoshana ki aur is shahar ne islaam ke praarambhik itihaas mein ek mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai. san 966 se lekar 1924 tak, makka shahar ka netrutv sthaaneeya shareef dvaara kiya jaata tha. 1924 me yeh saudi arab ke shaasan ke adheen aa gaya. aadhunik kaal mein, makka shahar ke aakaar aur buniyaadi sanrachana mein ek mahaan vistaar dekha gaya hai.

aadhunik makka shahar saudi arab ke makkaah praant ki rajdhani hai aur, aitihaasik hejaaj kshetr mein sthit hai. shahar ki aabaadi 1700000 (2008) ke kareeb hai aur yeh jedda se 73 kimi (45 meal) ki doori par ek sankari ghaati mein samudra tal se 277 meter (910 feet) ki ooainchaai par sthit hai.

arabi ke mool angreji lipyantaran aur angreji shabdakoshon mein "makka" shabd atyadhik istemaal kiya jaata hai, unki angreji bhaasha aur saahitya aur academic lekhan mein antararaashtreeya sangathanon dvaara. makka shahar ke liye praacheenatam naam bakkaah (bhi baaka, baakaah, bekka, aadi) k upayog kiya jaata tha. arabi bhaasha shabd, iski vyutpatti ki tarah hai ki makka ke aspasht hai. vyaapak roop se makka ke liye ek paryaaya maana ja raha hai, usamein sthit ghaati ke liye aur adhik vishesh roop se jaldi naam kaha jaata hai, jabki muslim vidvaanon aam taur par yeh upayog karne ke liye hai ki shahar ke pavitra kshetr mein ullekh turant chaaron or se ghere aur Kaaba shaamil hain.

chikitsa

Saudi sarkaar dvaara yahaaain ni:shulk chikitsa upalabdh hai. yahaaain 10 aspataal hain.

  • ajyaad aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى أaaجaaيaaاaaد)
  • raaja Faizal aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى اaaلaaمaaلaaك فaaيaaصaaل بaaحaaي اaaلaaشaaشaaه )
  • al noor visheshagya aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى اaaلaaنaaوaaر اaaلaaتaaخaaصaaصaaي )
  • raaja abdul ajeej aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى اaaلaaمaaلaaك عaaبaaدaaاaaلaaعaaزaaيaaز بaaحaaي اaaلaaزaaاaaهaaر)
  • heera aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى حaaرaaاaaء )
  • maatrutv aur bachchon ke aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى اaaلaaوaaلaaاaaدaaة وaaاaaلaaأaaطaaفaaاaaل )
  • raaja abdulla chikitsa nagar ( arabi: مaaدaaيaaنaaة اaaلaaمaaلaaك عaaبaaدaaاaaلaaلaaه اaaلaaطaaبaaيaaة )
  • khulais saamaanya aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى خaaلaaيaaص اaaلaaعaaاaaم )
  • al kamel saamaanya aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى اaaلaaكaaاaaمaaل اaaلaaعaaاaaم)
  • ibn sina aspataal ( arabi: مaaسaaتaaشaaفaaى اaaبaaن سaaيaaنaaا بaaحaaدaaاaaء / بaaحaaرaaه)

shiksha

aupachaarik shiksha turk ke avadhi mein dheere-dheere viksit hona shuroo hua tha. ismein sabse bada prayaas jedda ke vyaapaari muhammad ali jaayanal reeda dvaara hua. vah makka mein madarasat al-falaah ki 1911-12 mein sthaapana ki. iske liye kul kharch £a400,000 ( ₹a40,25,02,315 rupaye ) aae the.

vidyaalaya pranaali mein makka mein kai niji aur saarvajanik vidyaalaya hain, jo ladkon aur ladkiyon donon ke liye hai. 2005 ke anusaar yahaaain kul 532 niji aur saarvajanik vidyaalaya ladkon ke liye aur anya 681 niji aur saarvajanik vidyaalaya ladkiyon ke liye hai. ismein shiksha ka maadhyam arabi hota hai aur doosare bhaasha ke roop mein angreji ki shiksha di jaati hai. lekin kuchh videshi logon dvaara banaae gaye vidyaalaya mein keval angreji ko hi shiksha maadhyam ke roop mein padhaaya jaata hai. aur yeh ladkon aur ladkiyon ko ek saath bithaate hain, jabki anya aisa naheen karte hain.

ismein uchch shiksha ke liye ek hi vishvavidyaalaya hai, umm al-kura vishvavidyaalaya, jise varsh 1949 mein ek mahaavidyaalaya ke roop mein banaaya gaya tha aur 1979 mein ise vishvavidyaalaya bana diya gaya.

sandarbh

  1. Mecca Municipality. Holymakkah.gov.sa. Retrieved 2013-02-03.
  2. "Population". Statistical Yearbook 47 (2011). Central Department Of Statistics & Information. http://www.cdsi.gov.sa/yb47/Pages/MixChapter2.htm. abhigman tithi: 15 November 2013.