makka praant

makka
مaaكaaة اaaلaaمaaكaaرaaمaaة / Makkah
मानचित्र जिसमें मक्का مكة المكرمة / Makkah हाइलाइटेड है
soochana
rajdhani : makka
kshetrafal : 1,64,000 kimee²
janasankhya(2004):
ghanatv :
57,97,971
35.35/kimee²
upavibhaagon ke naam: jile
upavibhaagon ki sankhya: 13
mukhya bhaasha(eain): arabi


makka praant, jise aupachaarik arabi mein mintakaaha​ makkaah al-mukarrama (مaaنaaطaaقaaة مaaكaaة اaلaمaكaرaمaةa‎a‎) kehte hain, saudi arab ke pashchimi hijaaj kshetr mein laal saagar ke tat ke saath sthit ek praant hai. yeh saudi arab ka sabse adhik janasainkhya wala praant hai aur iski rajdhani islaam ka sabse pavitra shahar makka hai. is praant ka sabse bada shahar jadda hai, jo poore saudi arab ka sab se mukhya bandargaah aur aarthik kendra bhi hai.

saravaat pahaadiyaaain makka praant se gujrati hain aur is praant ka taaif shahar unheen mein sthit hai. yahaaain ka mausam garmiyon mein achha rahata hai isliye saudi sarkaar garmiyon mein apni rajdhani riyaad se hataakar yahaaain kendrit kar leti hai. isliye taaif ko saudi arab ki 'greeshmakaaleen rajdhani' kaha jaata hai.[1]

jile

makka praant 13 jilon (muhaafjaah) mein banta hua hai:

  • jadda (جaaدaaة, Jeddah)
  • makkaah al-mukarramaah (مaaكaaّaaة اaaلaaمaaكaaرaaّaaمaaة, Makkah Al Mukarramah)
  • taaif (اaaلaaطaaاaaئaaف, Ta'if)
  • al-kunafijaah / al-kunafidaah (اaaلaaقaaنaaفaaذaaة, Al Qunfidhah) - ismein bindu-vaale 'k' ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein
  • al-jamoom (اaaلaaجaaمaaوaaم, Al Jamum)
  • raabig​ (رaaاaaبaaغ, Rabigh) - ismein bindu-vaale 'g' ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein
  • al-leeth (اaaلaaلaaيaaث, Al-Lith) - ismein bindu-vaale 'th' ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein
  • khulaisa​ (خaaلaaيaaص, Khulays) - ismein bindu-vaale 'kh' ke uchchaaran par dhyaan dein
  • ajm / adham (أaaضaaم, Adham)
  • turubaah (تaaرaaبaaة, Turubah)
  • al-khuramaah (اaaلaaخaaرaaمaaة, Al Khurmah)
  • ranayaah (رaaنaaيaaة, Ranyah)
  • al-kaamil (اaaلaaكaaاaaمaaل, Al Kamil)

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. An A to Z of Places and Things Saudi, Kathy Cuddihy, pp. 183, Stacey International, 2001, ISBN 978-1-900988-40-7, ... The mountain city of Taif, called the summer capital, and Jeddah, the Kingdom's major commercial centre, are located in the province of Makkah ...