makaraan

antariksh se liye gaye is chitr mein makaraan arab saagar se lagi jameen ki ardh-registaani patti hai - yeh dakshini Pakistan aur Iran mein padti hai
gvaadar mein makaraan ka tateeya kshetr
makaraan tateeya raajamaarg par chalta truck

makaraan (faarasi: مaکaرaاaنa‎, angreji: Makran) Pakistan ke sindh aur balochistaan praanton ke dakshintam bhaag mein aur Iran ke sistaan va balochistaan praant ke dakshintam bhaag mein arab saagar se laga ek shushk, ardh-registaani kshetr hai. is ilaake se bhaarateeya upamahaadveep aur Iran ke beech ka ek mahatvapoorn maarg gujrata hai jis se kai teerthayaatri, khojayaatri, vyaapaari aur aakraamak in donon bhoobhaagon ke beech aate-jaate the.

Mecran region in the Map of Persia by Bowen 1747

anukram

makaraani log

makaraan mein baloch aur sindhi mool ke kuchh log rahate hain lekin unase bhinn afreeki jaati ke bhi bahut se log basate hain. in Krishna-tvacheeya afreeki mool ke logon ko 'makaraani' samudaaya bulaaya jaata hai aur yeh Bhaarat va Pakistan mein milne vaale sidi samudaaya ka hissa hain.

itihaas

makaraan kshetr vaise to bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ka kshetr maana jaata hai par praacheenakaal mein Iran ke hakhaamani saamraajya ne ispar kbja karke ise apni ek saatraapi (praant) bana liya. is saatraapi ka naam 'maaka' tha, jis se aage chalakar is ilaake ka naam 'makaraan' pada. is kshetr ka naam isi naam ke kai roopon se itihaas mein jaana gaya, jaise ki 'maaketa', ityaadi. yahaaain se bahut se aakraamak aur vyaapaari Iran aur Bhaarat ke beech aaye-gaye. baibiloniyaai vyaapaariyon ne Bhaarat aane ke liye makaraan ka prayog kiya.[1] sikandar mahaan ne bhi is maarg ka istemaal kiya. cheeni teerthayaatri hven tsaang jab chhathi ya saatavi shataabdi mein yahaaain se nikla to usane apne vrutaanton mein likha ki yahaaain hindu aur bauddh base hue the, jinki lipi Bhaarat ki mukhyabhoomi waali thi lekin jinki bhaasha thodi alag thi.[2] aadhunik kaal mein bhi is kshetr mein hinduon ke teerth milte hain, jinmein hingalaaj maata ka teerth gahra mahatva rakhata hai.

bhoogol

makaraan ka tateeya ilaaka maidaani hai lekin samudra se kuchh hi doori par pahaad khade hue hain. makaraan ke 1,000 kimi lambe tat mein se 750 kimi Pakistan mein hai. yahaaain baarish kam hone se vaataavaran shushk aur registaani hai. isi kaaranavash yahaaain aabaadi kam hai aur adhiktar log kuchh bandaragaahi bastiyon-shaharon mein rahate hain jinmein gvaadar, gvaatar (gvaadar se bhinn), chaabahaar, jivaani, pasani aur oramaara shaamil hain. makaraan kshetr mein ek dweep padta hai jiska naam 'astola' hai (ispar koi naheen rahata).

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. The history of antiquity, Maximilian Wolfgang Duncker, translated from the German by E. Abbott, 1879, pp. 363-364, ... The Babylonians were already or subsequently became acquainted with the navigation on the Persian Gulf. Their voyages extended to the bold headland of the mountains of Maketa (Cape Mussendom), where it was possible to enter into direct communication with the Indians ...
  2. Al-Hind: Early medieval India and the expansion of Islam, 7th-11th centuries By André Wink Page 137