maithili bhaasha

maithili
Maithili, মaaৈaaথaaিaaলaaী
bolne ka sthaan: Bhaarat tatha Nepal
suruvaat: 2000–2001
prayog kshetr: nepaalake taraai, Bhaarat ke jhaarakhand tatha uttari Bihar kshetr
maatrubhaashaaprayogakarta: 35 million (lagbhag 3.5 karod)
bhaasha parivaar:
shaakha bhaasha:
kendreeya (soteepura)
pashchimi
poorvi kurtha
dehaati
jolaaha
kisaan
dakshini nepaali
thetiya
lipi devanaagari
tirhuta
raajabhaasha maanyata
niyntrak sanstha: koi sangathan naheen
bhaasha code:
aaiesao 639-2 mai
aaiesao 639-3 mai

maithili nepaalake up-raashtriya bhaasha hein jo mukhya roop se Bhaarat mein uttari Bihar aur Nepal ki taraai ke ilaakon mein boli jaane waali bhaasha hai. yeh praacheen bhaasha hind aarya parivaar ki sadasya hai aur bhaashaai taur par hindi, baangla, asamiya, udiya aur nepaali se iska pramukh shrot sanskrut bhaasha hai jiske shabd "tatsam" va "tadbhav" roop mein maithili mein prayukt hote hain saath hi maulik "deshaj" va anya bhaashaaon se aae katipya "videshaj" shabd bhi shabdaavali ko samruddh karte hain. [1]

anukram

lipi

pehle ise mithilaakshar tatha kaithi lipi mein likha jaata tha jo baangla aur asamiya lipiyon se milti thi par kaalaantar mein devanaagari ka prayog hone laga. mithilaakshar ko tirhuta ya vaidehi lipi ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. yeh asamiya, baaङagala va udiya lipiyon ki janani hai. udiya lipi baad mein Dravid bhaashaaon ke sampark ke kaaran parivrtit hui.

vikaas

maithili ka pratham pramaan raamaayan mein milta hai. yeh treta yug mein mithilaanaresh raaja janak ki raajyabhaasha thi. is prakaar yeh itihaas ki praacheenatam bhaasha maani jaati hai. praacheen maithili ke vikaas ka shurooaati daur praakrut aur apabhransh ke vikaas se joda jaata hai. lagbhag 700 isvi ke aaspaas ismein rachanaaen ki jaane lagi. vidyaapati maithili ke aadikvi tatha sarvaadhik jnyaaata kavi hain. vidyaapati ne maithili ke atirikt sanskrut tatha avahatt mein bhi rachanaaen likheen. ye vah do pramukh bhaashaaen hain jahaaain se maithili ka vikaas hua. Bhaarat ki lagbhag 5.6 pratishat aabaadi lagbhag 7-8 karod log maithili ko maatru-bhaasha ke rup mein prayog karte hain aur iske prayogakarta Bhaarat aur Nepal ke vibhinn hisson sahit vishv ke kai deshon mein faile hain. maithili vishv ki sarvaadhik samruddh, shaaleen aur mithaas poorn bhaashaaon mein se ek maani jaati hai. maithili Bhaarat mein ek raajabhaasha ke roop mein sammaanit hai. maithili ki apni lipi hai jo ek samruddh bhaasha ki pratham pehchaan hai. Nepal ho ya Bhaarat kahi bhi sarkaar ke dvaara maithili bhaasha ke vikaas hetu koi kadam naheen uthaaya gaya hai. ab ja kar gair sarkaari sanstha aur media dvaara maithili ke vikaas ka thoda prayaas ho raha hai. abhi 15/20 radio station aise hai jismein maithili bhaasha mein kaaryakram prasaarit kiya jaata hai. samaachaar ho ya naatak kala aur antaravaarta bhi maithili ho raha hai. kisi kisi redio mein to 50% se adhik kaaryakram maithili mein ho raha hai. ye pichhle 2/3 varsho se vikaas ho raha hai ye silsila jaari hai. TV mein bhi ab maithili mein khabar dikhaati hai. Nepal mein kuchh channel hai jaise Nepal 1, saagaramaatha channel, taraai TV aur makaaloo TV hai.

saahitya

maithili saahitya ka apna samruddh itihaas raha hai aur chaudahaveen tatha pandrahaveen shataabdi ke kavi vidyaapati ko maithili saahitya mein sabse ooaincha darja praapt hai. vidyaapati ke baad ke kaal mein govind das, chanda jha, manabodh, pandit seetaaraam jha, jeevanaath jha (jeevan jha) pramukh saahityakaar maane jaate hain.

sthiti

Bhaarat ki saahitya academy dvaara maithili ko saahityik bhaasha ka darja pandit Nehru ke samay 1965 se haasil hai. 22 December 2003 ko Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara maithili ko bhaarateeya samvidhaan ki aathaveen anusoochi mein bhi shaamil kiya gaya hai aur Nepal sarkaar dvaara maithili ko Nepal mein doosare sthaan mein rakha gaya hai. fir bhi iske vikaas ke liye Nepal ki sarkaar ne abhi tak koi kadam naheen uthaaya hai. jabki maithili bhi devanaagari lipi mein hi likha jaata hai baavajood iska vikaas naheen ho raha hai. madheshi virodhi sarkaar hona bhi iska ek kaaran hai. aur Bhaarat mein to kuchh vikaas hi naheen hua, haanlaaki ab gair sarkaari maadhyam se thoda vikaas ho raha hai. jaise ki efaem radio dvaara maithili bhaasha mein khabar vaachan karna. lagbhag Nepal mein 15 se 20 radio station dvaara koi na koi ek kaaryakram prasaarit karta hai. 15 radio station mein kareeb 50% kaaryakram prasaaran hota hai. 2/3 varsh se ho raha hai aur ye silsila abhi bhi jaari hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Lewis, M. P. (ed.) (2009). Maithili Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.

baahari kadiyaaain

  • katek raas baat : maithili bhaasha keain vebasaait par aanabaak ekata uttam prayaas