maharshi agastya

agastya
अगस्त्य महर्षि की १२वीं शताब्दी की पाषाण प्रतिमा
agastya maharshi ki 12veen shataabdi ki paashaan pratima
tamil agatiyaar
sahabaddhata rishi, saptarshi
patni lopaamudra

agastya (tamil:அaaகaaதaa்aaதaaிaaயaaரaa், agatiyaar) ek vaidik riashi the. ye vashishth muni ke bade bhaai the. inka janm shraavan shukl panchami (tadanusaar 3000 E.poo.) ko kaashi mein hua tha. vartamaan mein vah sthaan agastyakund ke naam se prasiddh hai. inki patni lopaamudra Vidarbh desh ki Rajkumari thi. inhein saptarshiyon mein se ek maana jaata hai. devataaon ke anurodh par inhonne kaashi chhodkar dakshin ki yaatra ki aur baad mein vaheen bas gaye the.

dakshin Bhaarat mein agastya tamil bhaasha ke aadya vaiyyaakaran hain. yeh kavi shoodr jaati mein utpann hue the isliye yeh 'shoodr vaiyaakaran' ke naam se prasiddh hain. yeh rishi agastya ke hi avataar maane jaate hain. granthakaar ke naam parunaka yeh vyaakaran 'agastya vyaakaran' ke naam se prakhyaat hai. tamil vidvaanon ka kehna hai ki yeh granth paanini ki ashtaadhyaayi ke samaan hi maanya, praacheen tatha svatantr kruti hai jisse granthakaar ki shaastreeya vidvata ka poorn parichay upalabdh hota hai.

bhaarateeya sanskruti ke prachaar-prasaar mein unke vishisht yogadaan ke liye jaava, sumaatra aadi mein inki pooja ki jaati hai. maharshi agastya vedon mein varnit mantra-drashta muni hain. inhonne aavashyakta padne par kabhi rishiyon ko udarasth kar liya tha to kabhi samudra bhi pi gaye the.[1]

in moortiyon mein se baayeen waali agastya rishi ki hai. ye Indonesia mein pranbanam sangrahaalaya, jaava mein rakhi hain aur 9veen shataabdi ki hain.


maharshi agastya ke aashram

akole ke agasti aashram mein sthaapit moorti

maharshi agastya ke bhaaratavarsh mein anek aashram hain. inmein se kuchh mukhya aashram uttaraakhand, Maharashtra tatha Tamil Nadu mein hain. ek uttaraakhand ke rudraprayaag naamak jile ke agastyamuni naamak shahar mein hai. yahaaain maharshi ne tap kiya tha tatha aataapi-vaataapi naamak do asuron ka vadh kiya tha. muni ke aashram ke sthaan par vartamaan mein ek mandir hai. aaspaas ke anek gaaainvon mein muni ji ki ishtadev ke rup mein maanyata hai. mandir mein mathaadheesh niktasth beinji naamak gaaainv se hote hain.

doosra aashram Maharashtra ke Nagpur jile mein hai. yahaaain maharshi ne raamaayan kaal mein nivaas kiya tha. shreeraam ke guru maharshi vashishth tatha inka aashram paas hi tha. guru vashishth ki aajnyaa se shreeraam ne rishiyon ko sataane vaale asuron ka vadh karne ka pran liya tha (nisichr heen karuhuain mahin). maharshi agastya ne shreeraam ko is kaarya hetu kabhi samaapt na hone vaale teeron wala tarakash pradaan kiya tha.

ek anya aashram Tamil Nadu ke tirupati mein hai. pauraanik maanyata ke anusaar vindhyaachal parvat jo ki maharshi ka shishya tha, ka ghamand bahut badh gaya tha tatha usane apni ooainchaai bahut badha di jis kaaran soorya ki roshani pruthvi par pahuainchani band ho gayi tatha praaniyon mein haahaakaar mach gaya. sabhi devataaon ne maharshi se apne shishya ko samajhaane ki praarthana ki. maharshi ne vindhyaachal parvat se kaha ki unhein tap karne hetu dakshin mein jaana hai at: unhein maarg de. vindhyaachal maharshi ke charanon mein jhuk gaya, maharshi ne use kaha ki vah unke vaapas aane tak jhuka hi rahe tatha parvat ko laaainghakar dakshin ko chale gaye. uske pashchaat vaheen aashram banaakar tap kiya tatha vaheen rahane lage.

ek aashram Maharashtra ke ahamadanagar jile ke akole mein pravara nadi ke kinaare hai. yahaaain maharshi ne raamaayan kaal mein nivaas kiya tha. maana jaata hai ki unki upasthiti mein sabhi praani dushmani bhool gaye the.

maarshal Art mein yogadaan

maharshi agastya Kerala ke maarshal Art kalareepaayattu ki dakshini shaili varmakkalai ke sansthaapak aachaarya evam aadi guru hain.[2] varmakkalai ni:shastr yuddh kala shaili hai. maanyata ke anusaar Bhagwan Shiv ne apne putr murugan (kaartikeya) ko yeh kala sikhaayi tatha murugan ne yeh kala agastya ko sikhaayi. maharshi agastya ne yeh kala anya siddharon ko sikhaayi tatha tamil mein is par pustakein bhi likhi. maharshi agastya dakshini chikitsa paddhati 'siddh vaidyam' ke bhi janak hain.

sandarbh

  1. kaashi ki vibhootiyaaain-maharshi agastya.
  2. Zarrilli, Phillip B. (1998). When the Body Becomes All Eyes: Paradigms, Discourses and Practices of Power in Kalarippayattu, a South Indian Martial Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.