mahaaraana prataap

mahaaraana prataap Singh
mevaad ke mahaaraana
RajaRaviVarma MaharanaPratap.jpg
shaasan 1572 – 1597
raaj tilk 1 March 1572
poora naam mahaaraana prataap Singh sisodiya
poorvaadhikaari udaya Singh dviteeya
uttaraadhikaari mahaaraana amar Singh[1]
jeevan sangi (11 patniyaaain)[2]
santaan amar Singh
Bhagwan das
(17 putr)
raaj gharaana sisodiya
pita udaya Singh dviteeya
maata mahaaraani jayavanta kainvar[2]
dharm sanaatan dharm

mahaaraana prataap Singh ( jyeshth shukl truteeya ravivaar vikram samvat 1597 tadaanusaar 9 May 1540–29 January 1597) Udaipur, mevaad mein shishodiya raajavansh ke raaja the. unka naam itihaas mein veerata aur drudh pran ke liye amar hai. unhonne kai saalon tak mugal samraat Akbar ke saath sangharsh kiya. mahaaraana prataap Singh ne mugalo ko kahi baar yuddh mein bhi haraaya. unka janm Rajasthan ke kumbhalagadh mein mahaaraana udayasinh evam maata raani jeevat kainvar ke ghar hua tha. 1576 ke haldeeghaati yuddh mein 20,000 raajapooton ko saath lekar raana prataap ne mugal sardaar raaja Mansingh ke 80,000 ki sena ka saamana kiya. shatru sena se ghir chuke mahaaraana prataap ko jhaala Mansingh ne aapne praan de kar bachaaya or mahaaraana ko yuddh bhoomi chhodne ke liye bola. shakti Singh ne aapana ashav de kar mahaaraana ko bachaaya. priya ashv chetak ki bhi mrutyu hui. yeh yuddh to keval ek din chala parantu ismein 17,000 log maare gaeain. mevaad ko jeetne ke liye Akbar ne sabhi prayaas kiye. mahaaraana ki haalat din-pratidin chinteet hui. 25,000 raajapooton ko 12 saal tak chale utana anudaan dekar bhaama shaah bhi amar hua.

anukram

jeevan

chetak par savaar raana prataap ki pratima (city pailes, Udaipur)
Birla mandir, Delhi mein mahaaraana prataap ka shail chitr

mahaaraana prataap ka janm kumbhalagadh durg mein hua tha. mahaaraana prataap ki maata ka naam jaivantaabaai tha, jo paali ke sonagara akhairaaj ki beti thi. mahaaraana prataap ko bachapan mein keeka ke naam se pukaara jaata tha. mahaaraana prataap ka raajyaabhishek gogunda mein hua.

mahaaraana prataap ne apne jeevan mein kul 11 shaadiyaaain ki thi unke patniyon aur unase praapt unke putron putriyon ke naam hai:-

  1. mahaaraani ajabdhe panvaar :- amarasinh aur bhagavaanadaas
  2. amarabaai Rathore :- nattha
  3. shahamati baai haada :-pura
  4. alamadebaai chauhaan:- jasavant Singh
  5. ratnaavati baai paramaar :-maal,gaj,klingu
  6. lakhaabaai :- raayabhaana
  7. jasobaai chauhaan :-kalyaanadaas
  8. chanpaabaai janthi :- kalla, sanavaaladaas aur durjan Singh
  9. solanakhineepur baai :- saasha aur gopaal
  10. foolabaai Rathore :-chanda aur shikha
  11. kheechar aashaabaai :- hatthi aur Ram Singh

mahaaraana prataap ne bhi Akbar ki adheenata ko sveekaar naheen kiya tha. Akbar ne mahaaraana prataap ko samajhaane ke liye kramash: chaar shaanti dooton ko bheja.

  1. jalaal Khan korachi (sitmbar 1572)
  2. Mansingh (1573)
  3. Bhagwan das (sitmbar–aktoobar 1573)
  4. todaramal (December 1573)[3]

haldeeghaati ka yuddh

yeh yuddh 18 June 1576 isvi mein mevaad tatha mugalon ke madhya hua tha. is yuddh mein mevaad ki sena ka netrutv mahaaraana prataap ne kiya tha. is yuddh mein mahaaraana prataap ki taraf se ladane vaale ekamaatr muslim sardaar the -hakeem khaaain soori.

is yuddh mein mugal sena ka netrutv Mansingh tatha aasaf khaaain ne kiya. is yuddh ka aaainkhon dekha varnan abdul kaadir badaayooneen ne kiya. is yuddh ko aasaf khaaain ne apratyaksh roop se jehaad ki sanjnyaa di. is yuddh mein beenda ke jhaalaamaan ne apne praanon ka balidaan karke mahaaraana prataap ke jeevan ki raksha ki.vaheen gvaaliyr naresh 'raaja raamashaah tomar' bhi apne teen putron 'kuainvar shaaleevaahan', 'kuainvar bhavaani Singh 'kuainvar prataap Singh' aur pautr balabhadr Singh evam sainkadon veer tomar rajput yoddhaaon samet chirnidra mein so gaya . ,[2]

itihaasakaar maanate he ki is yuddh mein koi vijay naheen hua. par dekha jaae to is yuddh mein mahaaraana prataap Singh vijay hue Akbar ke vishaal sena ke saamane muttheebhar rajput kitne der tak tik paate par eesa kuchh naheen hue ye yuddh poore ek din chala oeair raajapooton ne muglo ke chhakke chhuda diya the or sabse badi baat yaha he ki yuddh aamne saamane lada gaya tha! mahaaraana ki sena ne mugal ki sena ko peechhe hatne ke liye majaboor kar diya tha or mugal sena bhaagane lag gayi thi.

safalta aur avsaan

E.poo. 1579 se 1585 tak poorv uttar pradesh, Bengal, Bihar aur Gujarat ke mugl adhikrut pradesho mein vidroh hone lage the or mahaaraana bhi ek ke baad ek gadh jeetate ja rahe the at: parinaamasvaroop Akbar us vidroh ko dabaane me ulja raha aur mevaad par se mugalo ka dabaav kam ho gaya . is baat ka laabh uthaakar mahaaraana ne E.poo. 1585 mein mevaad mukti prayatnon ko or bhi tej kar liya . mahaaraana ki sena ne mugal chaukiyaan par aakraman sharu kar diye aur turant hi udayapoor samet 36 mahatvapoorn sthaan par fir se mahaaraana ka adhikaar sthaapit ho gaya. mahaaraana prataap ne jis samay sinhaasan grahan kiya , us samay jitne mevaad ki bhoomi par unka adhikaar tha , poorn roop se utane hi bhoomi bhaag par ab unki satta fir se sthaapit ho gayi thi . baarah varsh ke sangharsh ke baad bhi Akbar usamein koi parivartan na kar saka . aur is tarah mahaaraana prataap samay ki lambi avadhi ke sangharsh ke baad mevaad ko mukt karne me safal rahe aur ye samay mevaad ke liye ek svarn yug saabit hua . mevaad pe laga hua Akbar grahan ka ant E.poo. 1585 mein hua . uske baad mahaaraana prataap unke raajya ki sukh-suvidha me jut gaye , parantu durbhaagya se uske gyaarah varsh ke baad hi 19 January 1597 mein apni nai rajdhani chaavand me unki mrutyu ho gayi .

mahaaraana prataap Singh ke dar se Akbar apni rajdhani lahaur lekar chala gaya aur mahaaraana ke svarg seedharane ke baad agara le aaya.

'ek sachche rajput, shooraveer, deshbhakt, yoddha, maatrubhoomi ke rakhavaale ke roop mein mahaaraana prataap duniya mein sadaiv ke liye amar ho gaye .

mahaaraana prataap Singh ke mrutyu par Akbar ki pratikriya

Akbar mahaaraana prataap ka sabse bada shatru tha, par unki yeh ladaai koi vyaktigat dvesh ka parinaam naheen tha, haalaanki apne siddhaanto aur moolyo ki ladaai thi . ek vah tha jo apne kroor saamraajya ka vistaar karna chaahata tha , jab ki ek taraf yeh tha jo apni Bhaarat maaain ki svaadheenata ke liye sangharsh kar raha tha. mahaaraana prataap ke mrutyu par Akbar ko bahut hi du:kh hua kyonki hradaya se vo mahaaraana prataap ke gunon ka prashansak tha or Akbar janta tha ki mahaaraana jaisa veer koi naheen he is dharati par . yeh samaachaar sun Akbar rahasyamaya tareeke se maun ho gaya aur usaki aaainkh mein aansoo aa gaye.

mahaaraana prataap ke svargaavasaan ke vakt akabaar Lahore mein tha aur vaheen use khabar mili ki mahaaraana prataap ki mrutyu ho gayi hai. Akbar ki us vakt ki manodasha par Akbar ke darabaari durasa aadha ne raajasthaani chhand mein jo vivran likha vo kuchh is tarah hai:-

as lego anadaag paag lego ananaami

go aada gavadaaya jeeko bahato ghuravaami

navaroje na gayo na go aasataan navalli

na go jharokha heth jeth duniyaan dahalli

gahalot raan jeeti gayo dasan moond rasana dasi

nisaaa mook bhariya nain to mrut shaah prataapasi

arthaat

he guhilot raana prataapasingh teri mrutyu par shaah yaani samraat ne daanton ke beech jeebh dabaai aur nishvaas ke saath aansoo tapakaae. kyonki toone kabhi bhi apne ghodon par mugaliya daag naheen lagne diya. toone apni pagadi ko kisi ke aage jhukaaya naheen, haalaanki too apna aada yaani yash ya raajya to ganva gaya lekin fir bhi too apne raajya ke dhure ko baane kandhe se hi chalaata raha. teri raaniyaan kabhi navarojon mein naheen gain aur na hi too khud aasaton yaani baadashaahi deron mein gaya. too kabhi shaahi jharokhe ke neeche nahi khada raha aur tera raub duniya par gaalib raha. isliye main kehta hoon ki too sab tarah se jeet gaya aur baadshah haar gaya.

apni maatrubhoomi ki svaadheenata ke liye apna poora jeevan ka balidaan kar dene vaale aise veer shiromani mahaaraana prataap aur unke svaamibhkt ashv chetak ko shat-shat koti-koti pranaam .

film evam saahitya mein

2013 mein soni TV ne 'Bhaarat ka veer putr – mahaaraana prataap' naam se dhaaraavaahik prasaarit kiya tha jisme baal kunvar prataap ka paatr Faizal Khan aur mahaaraana prataap ka paatr sharad malhotra ne nibhaaya tha.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain