mahaapraan aur alpapraan vyanjan

bhaashaavijnyaaan mein mahaapraan vyanjan vah vyanjan hotein hain jinhein mukh se vaayu-pravaah ke saath bola jaata hai, jaise ki 'kh', 'gh', 'jh' aur 'f' . alpapraan vyanjan vah vyanjan hotein hain jinhein bahut kam vaayu-pravaah se bola jaata hai jaise ki 'k', 'g', 'j' aur 'p'.

devanaagari lipi mein bahut se varnon mein mahaapraan aur alpapraan ke jode hote hain jaise 'k' aur 'kh', 'ch' aur 'chh' aur 'b' aur 'bh'. kuchh bhaashaaeain hain, jaise ke tamil, jinmein mahaapraan vyanjan hote hi naheen aur kuchh bhaashaaeain aisi bhi hain jinmein mahaapraan aur alpapraan vyanjan donon prayog to hotein hain lekin bolne vaalon ko donon ek se prateet hotein hain, jaise angreji.[1][2]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Introduction to Sanskrit, Thomas Egenes, pp. 111, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 2003, ISBN 978-81-208-1693-0, ... (7) Unaspirated(alpa-prana). (8) Aspirated (maha-prana) ...
  2. A Corpus of Indian studies, Gaurinath Bhattacharyya Shastri, Arthur Llewellyn Basham, Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar, 1980, ... The terms mahaprana and alpaprana here can only be tatpurusa (karmadhdraya) compounds (lit. 'great breath', 'little breath') which refer to properties of aspirated and unaspirated sounds ...