mahaadveep

anupraanit evam rang kootalikhit naksha, jismein vibhinn mahaadveep darshit hain. prachalan evam pratiroop par aadhaarit, mahaadveepon ko samaahit ya vibhaajit kiya ja sakta hai, udaaharanat: yooreshiya ko praay: Europe tatha Asia mein vibhaajit kiya jaata hai laal rang mein.
bakminstar fular dvaara daayamaiksiym naksha jo darshit karta hai bhoomikhnd kam se kam viroopan samet, ek ek lagaataar mahaadveep mein bante hue
█a█ vishv ke mahaadveep

mahaadveep (en:Continent) ek vistrut jameen ka failaav hai jo pruthvi par samudra se alag dikhaai detai hai. mahaadveep ko vyakt karne ke koi spasht maapadand naheen hai. alag-alag sabhyataao aur vaigyaaniko nein mahaadveep ki alag paribhaasha di hai. par aam rai ye hai ki ek mahaadveep bahut bada dharati ka vistrut kshetr hota hai jiski seemaaen spasht pahachaani ja sake.

pruthvi par kitne mahaadveep hai is baat par poori sahamati naheen hai. kuchh log chaar ya paaainch mahaadveep sveekarate hai par adhiktar log chh:, ya saat mahaadveep ke hone ka mat rakhate hain. bhoovaijnyaaanikon me mukhya roop se do matabhed hai. pehla to ye ki kya Europe aur Asia ko alag-alag mahaadveep maanein ya in donon ko jodkar ek mahaadveep yooreshiya maanein. doosra, kya uttar America aur dakshin America ko alag-alag mahaadveep maanein ya inhe saath milaakar ek America mahaadveep maane. kuchh bhoogol vaigyaaniko ne ye bhi sujhaav diye hain ki Europe, Asia aur afreeka ko jodkar yooraafreshiya maanana chaahiye. (dekhiye afreeka-yooreshiya).

anukram

kitne mahaadveep hain? - vibhinn paribhaashaayein

saat mahaadveep : Africa, antaartika, Asia, Australia (osheeniya), Europe, uttari amareeka aur dakshin amareeka.
chh: mahaadveep : Africa, entaartika, Australia (osheeniya), yooreshiya, uttar amareeka aur dakshin amareeka.
chh: mahaadveep : Africa, amareeka, entaartika, Asia, Australia (osheeniya) aur Europe.
paaainch mahaadveep : Africa, amareeka, Australia (osheeniya), entaartika, yooreshiya.
paaainch mahaadveep : Africa, amareeka, osheeniya, Europe, Asia.
chaar mahaadveep : amareeka, Australia (osheeniya), entaartika, yoorefreshiya.

bhoogarbhashaastr

beesaveen sadi ke dauraan, bhoovijnyaaanikon nein plate tektaunik siddhaant ko sveekaar kiya hai jiske anusaar mahaadveep pruthvi ke upari satah par sarakate hain, jise kauntinental dreeft kehte hai.

pruthvi ki satah par saat bade aur kai chhote tektaunik plate hote hai. aur yahi tektaunik plets ek doosare se door hote hain, toot kar alag hote hain, jo samay beetate mahaadveep ban jaate hain. isi kaaran se, bhoovaijnyaaanik itihaas se pehle aur aaj ke mahaadveepon se pehle kai doosare mahaadveep hua karte the.

mahaadveepon ki sainkhya

mahaadveepon ko vibhaajit karne ke kai tareeke hain :-

pratiroop
Continental models.gif
vibhinn mahaadveepon ko darshaata hua rang-kootit maanachitr. ek hi kism ke rang vaale mahaadveep-samooh ko samaahit ya vibhaajit kiya ja sakta hai.
saat mahaadveep
[1][2][3][4][5][6]
uttari amareeka
dakshin amareeka
antaarkatika
Africa
Europe
Asia
Australia
6 mahaadveep
[7][2][8]
uttari amareeka
dakshin amareeka
antaarkatika
Africa
yooreshiya
Australia
6 mahaadveep
[tathya vaanchhit]
amareeka
antaarkatika
Africa
Europe
Asia
Australia
5 mahaadveep
[9][10][11]
amareeka
Africa
Europe
Asia
Australia
5 mahaadveep
[tathya vaanchhit]
amareeka
antaarkatika
Africa
yooreshiya
Australia
4 mahaadveep
[tathya vaanchhit]
amareeka
antaarkatika
Afro-yooreshiya
Australia

praay: saat mahaadveep ka siddhaant pashchimi Europe, uttari Europe, madhya Europe, dakshini-poorv Europe, cheen tatha lagbhag sabhi angreji bhaashya deshon mein padhaaya jaata hai. chh: mahaadveep wala maanak – jismein Europe aur Asia ko milaakar yooreshiya kaha jaata hai – bhoogolashaastriyon dvaara pasand kiya jaata hai aur roos, poorvi Europe tatha Japan mein bhi padhaaya jaata hai. chh: mahaadveep wala maanak – jismein uttari tatha dakshini amareeka ko milaakar keval amareeka kaha jaata hai – dakshini amareeka, aaibeeriya praayadveep, Italy, Iran, yoonaan aur Europe ke kuchh bhaag mein padhaaya jaata hai. is paddhati mein kuchh fer badal kar keval paaainch base hue mahaadveepon ko bhi darsha sakta hai (antaartika ko hataakar)[10][11]jaisa olanpik ke chinh mein dekhne ko milta hai.[9]

oshiऍniya ya ostreleshiya naam kabhi-kabhi Australia aur uske aaspaas ke prashaant mahaasaagar ke dweep samoohon ko milkar diya jaata hai. udaaharanat:, Canada ki maanachitraavali (ऍtalas) mein oshiऍniya naam diya gaya hai,[1] aur aisa hi aaibeeriya aur dakshini amareeka mein bhi dekha jaata hai.[12][13]

yeh bhi dekhiye

sandarbh

  1. a aa The World - Continents, Atlas of Canada
  2. a aa "Continent". britainika vishvakosh. 2006. Chicago: britainika vishvakosh, Inc.
  3. World, National Geographic - Xpeditions Atlas. 2006. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.
  4. The New Oxford Dictionary of English. 2001. New York: Oxford University Press.
  5. "Continent". MSN Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2006.
  6. "Continent". McArthur, Tom, ed. 1992. The Oxford Companion to the English Language. New York: Oxford University Press; p. 260.
  7. "Continent". The Columbia Encyclopedia. 2001. New York: Columbia University Press - Bartleby.
  8. "Continent". McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Earth Science (extracted from online McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology). 2005. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional; pp. 136-7.
  9. a aa The Olympic symbols. International Olympic Committee. 2002. Lausanne: Olympic Museum and Studies Centre. The five rings of the Olympic flag represent the five inhabited, participating continents (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania); thus, antaarkatikaais excluded from the flag. Also see Association of National Olympic Committees: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
  10. a aa Océaano Uno, Diccionario Enciclopéadico y Atlas Mundial, "Continente", page 392, 1730. ISBN 84-494-0188-7
  11. a aa Los Cinco Continentes (The Five Continents), Planeta-De Agostini Editions, 1997. ISBN 84-395-6054-0
  12. "Continente" Portuguese Wikipedia
  13. "Continente". Spanish Wikipedia

[[chitr:Continental models.gif|thumb|300px| anupraanit evam rang kootalikhit naksha, jismein vibhinn mahaadveep

[[chitr:Continental models.gif|thumb|300px| anupraanit evam rang kootalikhit naksha, jismein vibhinn mahaadveep

[[shreni:]][[chitr:Continental models.gif|thumb|300px| anupraanit evam rang kootalikhit naksha, jismein vibhinn mahaadveep