mahaadev govind raanade
nyaayamoorti mahaadev govind raanade (18 January 1842 – 16 January 1901) ek british kaal ke bhaarateeya nyaayaadheesh, lekhak evam samaaj-sudhaarak the.
raanade Nasik, Maharashtra ke ek chhote se kasbe nifaad mein paida hue the. inki shiksha Mumbai ke elfinston college mein chaudah varsh ki aayu mein aarambh huai thi. ye Mumbai vishvavidyaalaya ke donon hi; (kala snaatakottar) (1862) evam vidhi snaatakottar (L.L.bi) (1866) mein) ke paathyakramon mein pratham satr se utteern hue. mahaan shikshaavid evam bi.O.aar.I. ke sansthaapak shri bhandaarakar inke sahapaathi rahe the. inhein Mumbai preseedeinsi maijistret, Mumbai smaul kaujej court ke chaturth nyaayaadheesh, pratham shreni up-nyaayaadheesh, poone 1873 mein niyukt kiya gaya. aakhirkaar 1893 mein unhein Mumbai uchch nyaayaalaya ka nyaayaadheesh niyukt kiya gaya. san 1885 se ye uchch nyaayaalaya se jude. ye Mumbai vaidhaanik parishad ke sadasya bhi the. san 1907 mein raanade us samiti mein bhi sevaarat rahe, jise shaahi evam praanteeya vyaya ka lekha jokha rakhane evam aarthik katautiyon ka anumodan karne ka kaaryabhaar mila tha. is seva hetu, unhein kampainiyn of the order of Indian empaayar ka darja mila. inhonne san 1887 se the Deccan egreekalcharists rileef act ke antargat vishesh nyaayaadheesh ke padabhaar ko bhi sambhaala.
apne mitron dau॰
raanaade ne Pune saarvajanik sabha ki sthaapana ki aur baad mein bhaarateeya raashtreeya Congress ke sansthaapakon mein se ek the. inhein sada hi baal gangaadhar tilk ka poorv virodhi, evam gopaal Krishna gokhale ka vishvasneeya salaahakaar darshaaya gaya hai. 1911 ke britainnika vishvakosh ke anusaar, poona saarvajanik sabha, praay: sarkaar ki yuktipoorn salaahon se, sahaayata karti rahi hai. heneri fausett ko likhe ek patra mein floreins naaiteingel ne likha hai:
|“||[T]he Poona Sarvajanik Sabha (National Association) […] again pretends to represent the people and merely represents the money lenders, officials, and a few effete Mahratta landlords.||”|
1943 mein, baabaasaaheb bheemaraav anbedakar ne, raanaade ki prashansa ki, evam unhein gaaaindhi aur jinaah ke virodhi ka darja diya. 
raanaade saamaajik sammelan aandolan ke bhi sansthaapak the, jise unhonne mrutyu paryant samarthan diya, jiske dvaara unhonne samaaj sudhaar, jaise baal vivaah, vidhva mundan, vivaah ke aadambaron par bhaari aarthik vyaya, saagarapaar yaatra par jaateeya pratibandh ityaadi ka bharpoor virodh kiya. unhonne vidhva punarvivaah evam stri shiksha par poora jor diya tha. unke sudhaar kaaryavaahiyon par svaami vivekaanand ki unase bhinnata thi.
raanaade ek kattar chitpaavan braahman parivaar se the. unka janm ninfaad mein hua aur aarambhik kaal unhonne kolhaapur mein bitaaya, jahaan unke pita mantri the. unki pratham patni ki mrutyu ke baad, unke sudhaarakamitr chaahate the, ki ve ek vidhva se vivaah kar, usaka uddhaar karein. parantu, unhonne apne parivaar ka maan rakhate hue, ek baalika, raamaabaai raanaade se vivaah kiya, jise baad mein unhonne shikshit bhi kiya. unki mrutyoparaant bhi, unki is patni ne unke shaikshik evam saamaajik sudhar kaaryon ko chalaaya. unke koi santaan naheen thi.
- raanaade, mahaadev govind, “araaij of maraatha paavara”, (1900); punarmudran (1999)
- bipin chandra, Ed, “araanaade ki arthashaastreeya lekhana”, nai Delhi, gyaan books praa0li0 (1990)
↑ In 1943, B. R. Ambedkar praised Ranade and rated him favorably against Gandhi and Jinnah:
“ Ranade never received the honours of apotheosis as these great men of India today are destined to receive. How could he? He did not come with a message hot from Senai. He performed no miracles and promised no speedy deliverance and splendour. He was not a genius and he had no superhuman qualities. But there are compensations. If Ranade did not show splendour and dominance, he brought us no catastrophe. If he had no superhuman qualities to use in the service of India, India was saved from ruin by its abuse. If he was not a genius, he did not display that perverse super-subtlety of intellect, and a temper of mind which is fundamentally dishonest and which has sown the seeds of distrust and which has made settlement so difficult of achievement.
There is nothing exuberant and extravagant in Ranade. He refused to reap cheap notoriety by playing the part of an extremist. He refused to mislead people by playing upon and exploiting the patriotic sentiments of the people. He refused to be a party to methods which are crude, which have volume but no effect, and which are neither fool-proof nor knave-proof, and which break the back even of the most earnest and sincere servants of the country and disable them from further effort. In short, Ranade was like the wise Captain who knows that his duty is not to play with his ship clever and masterful tricks, just for effect and show in the midst of the ocean, but to take it safely to its appointed port. In short, Ranade was not a forged bank note and in worshipping him we have no feeling of kneeling before anything that is false.
A quote from English Wikipedia, Mahadev Govind Ranade
- Economic Ideas of Mahadv Govind Ranade (Google books ; lekhak : O pi brahmachaari)