mahaadev desaain

mahaadev desaain
Mahadev Desai and Gandhi 2 1939.jpg
mahaadev desaain ka chitr Bapu ke saath
janm 1 January 1892 (aayu 50)
soorat, Gujarat, Bhaarat
mrutyu 15 August 1942 (50 varsh ki aayu mein)
raashtreeyata bhaarateeya
shiksha L L bi kaanoon
shiksha praapt ki Gujarat
prasiddhi kaaran svatantrata senaani
mahaatma gaaaindhi ke sahayogi va niji sachiv

mahaadev desaain (gujaraati: મaaહaaાaaદaaેaaવ દaaેaaસaaાaaઈ) (1 January 1892 - 15 August 1942) Bhaarat ke svatantrata sangraam ke senaani evam raashtravaadi lekhak the. kintu unki prasiddhi is kaaran se jyaada hai ki ve lambe samay (lagbhag 25 varsh) tak Gandhiji ke nij sachiv rahe.

anukram

jeevan parichay

mahaadev desaain ka janm soorat ke ek chhote se gaaainv "saras" mein 1 January 1892 ko hua. mahaatma gaaaindhi se inki bheint sarvapratham 3 November 1917 ko godhara mein hui. yahi se mahaadev desaain Bapu aur unke aandolanon se jud gaye aur jeevan paryant raashtra seva karte hue 15 August san 1942 ko aaga Khan pailas (british raaj dvaara yeh pailes jail ke roop mein prayukt hota tha) mein jeevan ki antim shvaas li. mahaadev desaain ne Bapu ke niji sachiv ke taur par kaarya karte hue apni daayari mein Bhaarat ke svatantrata aandolan ka jo jeevant varnan kiya hai, vah adbhut hain. ve bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan ke mahatvapoorn sainik the.

"mahaadev desaain ka ek sundar varnan ' haseede edeeb ' ki ' inasaaid indiya' (Bhaarat mein) naamak pustak mein ' raghuvar tumako meri laaj ' naam ke chauthe adhyaaya mein milta hai. jab ve mahaatmaaji se baatein kar raheen theen, mahaadev desaain not le rahe the. unheen ke shabdon mein – ” ve nirantar not lete rahate hain. meri mahaatmaaji se jo baatein huin, ve to main aage dooaingi hi. magar yeh unka sekretari aisa hai ki vah kisi ka bhi dhyaan aakarshit kiye bina naheen rah sakta. yadyapi vah atyant namr aur apne -aapko kuchh naheen maananevaala hai. mahaadev ka Gandhiji ke aandolan se upper koi astitv naheen hai. mahaadev Desai ooainche, ikahare tees – paintees baras ke hain. unke chehare ke naksh durust hain aur hoth patale hain ; aaainkhein aisi hain ki ve kisi rahasyamayi deepti se chamakati rahati hain. yeh rahasyabhari jhalak (jo ki bahut gahari hai) hote hue bhi, vah atyant vyavasthit kaam karanevaale vyakti hain. agar ve vyavasthit na hon to itna sab kaam kar hi naheen sakte. yadyapi unka svabhaav tej, bhaavakataapoorn hai ; fir bhi unka apni vaasanaaon par sanyam hai. mahaatmaaji ke prati jo shraddha -bhakti unhein hai, vah dhaarmik hai ; solah varshon se ve Gandhi ke saath rahe hain, unase ekaatm hokar. bachapan se bahut tang galiyon se gujarata hua yeh javaan aadmi aaj vairaagya ki kathintam seedhi par chadh aaya hai. vah ' harijn ' ka sanpaadan karta hai. saath hi sekretari ka sab kaam karta hai, jismein safaai, bartan- dhona vagairah sab aa jaata hai. nirantar yorop, sudoorapoorv, amareeka sabhi or se Gandhiji prashnon ki jhadi lag rahi hai aur usamein bhi apne man ki samatolata ko banaaye rakhana asaadhaaran buddhimtta ka kaam hai. mahaadev desaain british raaj env deshi riyaasaton ke masalon ko bhi dekhte the. ek baar vah gvaaliyr-raajya saarvajanik sabha ke adhyaksh bankar 'muraar' gaye."

Bapu ke saath Bhaarat bhraman va jail yaatraaon ke atirikt great Britain ke mahaaraaja ke bulaave par mahaatma gaaaindhi ke saath mahaadev desaain bankinmagham pailes ingleind bhi gaye, Bapu mahaadev saradesaai ko putravat maanate the.

sevaagraam

mahaadev desaain 'sevaagraam' mein nivaas karte the, aaj bhi yeh kuti jijnyaaasuon ke avalokanaarth vyavasthit hai.

patrakaarita env lekhan

di indipeindeint

mahaadev desaain 1921 mein akhbaar di indipeindeint se jude, jo Allahabad se prakaashit hua karta tha. Motilal aur javaaharalaal neharu ke jail jaane par is akhbaar ke sampaadak ke taur par mahaadev desaain ne kaarya kiya. british sarkaar dvaara is akhbaar par rok laga di tab mahaadev desaain "the indipeindeint" ko ek varsh tak saaikilostaail par nikaala. mahaadev desaain ki giraftaari hone par mahaatma Gandhi ke putr devadaas Gandhi ne is akhbaar ko nikaala aur desaain ki patni durgaaben ne sakriya sahayog diya.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

harijn patra

mahaadev desaain harijn samaachaar patra ke sampaadak the. desaain 1924 mein navajeevan ke sampaadak rahe.

lekhan

  • abdul gaffaar Khan par pustak
  • navajeevan ke liye lekhan daayari lekhan
  • laard morle ki rachana ka gujaraati mein anuvaad
  • 20 khandon mein prakaashit mahaadev desaain ki daayari
  • mahaatma Gandhi ki gujaraati mein likhi aatmakatha satya ke saath prayog ka angreji mein anuvaad
  • javaaharalaal Nehru ki atmakatha "N otobaayograafi" ka gujaraati mein anuvaad

dhvast smaarak

badavaani se lagbhag paanch kilometer door narmada nadi ke kinaare Bapu kastooraba ke saath unke saathi mahaadev Desai ki samaadhiyaan sthit hain. is sthaan ko raajaghaat ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. vartamaan mein mahaatma Gandhi ke saath kastooraba aur mahaadev desaain ke bhasmi kalash smaarak jarjar ho gaye hain.

mrutyu

aath August 1942 ko mumbai ke gvaaliya taik ke maidaan mein apne aitihaasik bhaashan mein mahaatma gaaaindhi ne 'angrejon Bhaarat chhodo - karo ya maro' ka naara diya. 9 August ki bhor mein mahaatma gaaaindhi, shreemati sarojani Naidu aur mahaadev desaain ko girftaar kar Pune ke aaga khaaain mahal mein band kar diya gaya. 15 August 1942 ko mahaadev desaain ki is jail mein hi mrutyu hui.

mahaadev desaain ki samaadhi

aaga Khan mahal mein kastooraba aur mahaadev desaain ki samaadhiyaan

mahaadev desaain ko nau August 1942 mein giraftaar kar aaga Khan mahal mein rakha gaya. 14-15 August ki madhya raatri ko Desai ka nidhan hua. unke nidhan ke uparaant mahaatma Gandhi ki ichha ke anusaar aaga Khan ke mahal mein unki samaadhi banvaai gayi. is samaadhi par om env cross ke chinh ankit kiye gaye. mahaadev desaain ke mrutyu ke ek varsh pashchaat kastooraba ka svargavaas hua, kastooraba ki samaadhi mahaadev desaain ki samaadhi ke nikat nirmit ki gayi.

sandarbh

anya kadiyaan