madhya Asia

madhya Asia
200px|madhya Asia ka naksha
kshetrafal 40,03,400 kimi2[1]
aabaadi 6,47,46,854[2]
jan ghanatv 15 vyakti prati kimi2
desh kaajaakhstaan
kirgijstaan
taajikistaan
Turkmenistan
ujbekistaan

madhya Asia Asia ke mahaadveep ka madhya bhaag hai. yeh poorv mein cheen se pashchim mein kaispiyn saagar tak aur uttar mein roos se dakshin mein afgaanistaan tak vistrut hai. bhoovaijnyaaanikon dvaara madhya Asia ki har paribhaasha mein bhootapoorv soviyt sangh ke paanch desh hamesha gine jaate hain - kaajaakhstaan, kirgijstaan, taajikistaan, Turkmenistan aur ujbekistaan. iske alaava mangoliya, afgaanistaan, uttari Pakistan, Bhaarat ke laddaakh pradesh, cheen ke shinjiyaang aur Tibet kshetron aur roos ke saaiberiya kshetr ke dakshini bhaag ko bhi aksar madhya Asia ka hissa samjha jaata hai.

itihaas mein madhya Asia resham maarg ke vyaapaarik aur saanskrutik mahatva ke liye jaana jaata hai. cheen, bhaarateeya upamahaadveep, Iran, madhya poorv aur Europe ke beech log, maal, senaaeain aur vichaar madhya Asia se gujrakar hi aate-jaate the. is ilaake ka bada bhaag ek stepi wala ghaas se dhaka maidaan hai haalaanki tiyaan shaan jaisi parvat shrunkhalaaeain, kaaraakum jaise registaan aur aral saagar jaisi badi jheelein bhi is bhoobhaag mein aati hain.[3]

aitihaasik roop madhya Asia mein khaanaabadosh jaatiyon ka jor raha hai. pehle ispar poorvi Irani bhaashaaeain bolne waali skithi, baiktriyaai aur sogdaai logon ka bolabaala tha lekin samay ke saath-saath kaajaakh, ujbek, kirgij aur uigur jaisi Turkey jaatiyaaain adhik shaktishaali ban gayi.[4][5] isliye ise kabhi-kabhi 'turkistaan' bhi bulaaya jaata hai. 19veen sadi ke baad madhya Asia ke bade hisse par pehle roosi saamraajya aur fir soviyt sangh ka raaj raha, jo donon slaavi-bahusankhyak the. is se bahut se roosi aur yookreni log bhi yahaaain par aa base. 1990 ke dashak mein soviyt sangh ke tootane par yahaaain ke desh aajaad raashtron ke roop mein ubhare.[6][7][8]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. madhya Asia ke paanch deshon ke kshetrafal ko jodkar anumaan lagaaya gaya hai
  2. 1 March 2012 ko madhya Asia ke paanch deshon ki aabaadiyaaain ko jodkar anumaan lagaaya gaya hai
  3. Travelers on the Silk Road
  4. Encyclopæadia Iranica, "CENTRAL ASIA: The Islamic period up to the Mongols", C. Edmund Bosworth: "In early Islamic times Persians tended to identify all the lands to the northeast of Khorasan and lying beyond the Oxus with the region of Turan, which in the Shahnama of Ferdowsi is regarded as the land allotted to Fereydun's son Tur. The denizens of Turan were held to include the Turks, in the first four centuries of Islam essentially those nomadizing beyond the Jaxartes, and behind them the Chinese (see Kowalski; Minorsky, "Turan"). Turan thus became both an ethnic and a diareeah term, but always containing ambiguities and contradictions, arising from the fact that all through Islamic times the lands immediately beyond the Oxus and along its lower reaches were the homes not of Turks but of Iranian peoples, such as the Sogdians and Khwarezmians."
  5. C.E. Bosworth, "The Appearance of the Arabs in Central Asia under the Umayyads and the establishment of Islam", in History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol. IV: The Age of Achievement: AD 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century, Part One: The Historical, Social and Economic Setting, edited by M. S. Asimov and C. E. Bosworth. Multiple History Series. Paris: Motilal Banarsidass Publ./UNESCO Publishing, 1999. excerpt from page 23: "Central Asia in the early seventh century, was ethnically, still largely an Iranian land whose people used various Middle Iranian languages.". [1]
  6. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/sng_nac_89.php
  7. http://www.stat.kg/stat.files/din.files/census/5010003.pdf
  8. http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/2005/0191/analit05.php