madar teresa

madar terasa
agnese gonkashe bojashiyu

madar terasa
janm 26 August 1910
uskub, otoman saamraajya (aaj ka sopje, mesedoniya ganaraajya)
mrutyu 5 sitmbar 1997(1997-09-05) (umr 87)
Kolkata, Bhaarat
raashtreeyata albeeniyaai
vyavasaaya roman ketholik nan, maanavataavaadi
hastaakshar

madar teresa (26 August 1910 - 5 sitmbar 1997) ka janm agnese gonkashe bojashiyu ke naam se ek albeneeyaai parivaar mein uskub, otoman saamraajya (aaj ka sopje, mesedoniya ganaraajya) mein hua tha. madar terasa roman Catholic nan theen, jinke paas bhaarateeya naagarikta thi. unhonne 1950 mein Kolkata mein mishnareej of cheriti ki sthaapana ki. 45 saalon tak gareeb, beemaar, anaath aur marate hue inhonne logon ki madad ki aur saath hi cheriti ke mishnareej ke prasaar ka bhi maarg prashast kiya.

1970 tak ve greebon aur asahaayon ke liye apne maanaveeya kaaryon ke liye prasidd ho gayeen, maalkom mugerij ke kai vruttachitr aur pustak jaise samathing byooteeful for god mein iska ullekh kiya gaya. unhonne 1979 mein Nobel shaanti puraskaar aur 1980 mein Bhaarat ka sarvochch naagrik sammaan Bhaarat ratn pradaan kiya gaya. madar teresa ke jeevanakaal mein mishnareej of cheriti ka kaarya lagaataar vistrut hota raha aur unki mrutyu ke samay tak yeh 123 deshon mein 610 mission niyantrit kar rahi thi. ismein echaaaivi/eds, kushth aur tapedik ke rogiyon ke liye dharmashaalaaen/ ghar shaamil the aur saath hi soop rasoi, bachchon aur parivaar ke liye paraamarsh kaaryakram, anaathaalaya aur vidyaalaya bhi the. madar terasa ki mrutyu ke baad unhein Pope John paul dviteeya ne dhanya ghoshit kiya aur unhein Kolkata ki dhanya ki upaadhi pradaan ki.

heart ataik ke kaaran 5 September 1997 ke din madar tairesa ki mrutyu hui thi.[1]

anukram

aajeevan seva ka sankalp

1981 E mein aagavesh ne apna naam badalkar teresa rakh liya aur unhone aajeevan seva ka sankalp apna liya. unhone swayam likha hai - vah 10 sitmbar 1940 ka din tha jab main apne vaarshik avakaash par Darjiling ja rahi thi. usi samay meri antaraatma se aavaaj uthi thi ki "mujhe sab kuchh tyaag kar dena chaahiye aur apna jeevan ishvar evam daridr Narayan ki seva kar ke kngaal tan ko samarpit kar dena chaahiye."

samabhaav se peedit ki seva

madar teresa daliton evam peediton ki seva mein kisi prakaar ki pakshapaati naheen hai. unhonein sadbhaav badhaane ke liye sansaar ka daura kiya hai. unki maanyata hai ki 'pyaar ki bhookh roti ki bhookh se kaheen badi hai.' unke mission se prerana lekar sansaar ke vibhinn bhaagon se svayn-sevak Bhaarat aaye tan, man, dhan se gareebon ki seva mein lag gaye. madar teresa k kehna hai ki seva ka kaarya ek kathin kaarya hai aur iske liye poorn samarthan ki aavashyakta hai. vahi log is kaarya ko sampann kar sakte hain jo pyaar evam saantvana ki varsha karein - bhookhon ko khilaayein, beghar vaalon ko sharan dein, dam todane vaale bebason ko pyaar se sahalaayein, apaahijon ko har samay hradaya se lagaane ke liye taiyaar rahein.

vividh puruskaar evam sammaan

madar teresa ko unki sevaaon ke liye vividh puraskaaron evam sammaanon se vibhooshit kiya gaya hai. 1931 mein unhein popajaan teisavein ka shaanti puraskaar aur dharm ki pragati ke tempelatan faaundeshan puraskaar pradaan kiya gaya. vishv bhaarati vidhyaalaya ne unhein deshikottam padavi ki jo ki usaki or se di jaane waali sarvochch padavi hai. America ke kaitatholik vishvavidhyalaya ne unhe doktoret ki upaadhi se vibhooshit kiya. Bhaarat sarakaar dvaara 1962 mein unhein 'padm shri' ki upaadhi mili. 1988 mein Britain dvaara 'aair of the british impaayar' ki upaadhi pradaan ki gayi. banaaras hindu vishvavidhyalaya ne unhein di-lit ki upaadhi se vibhooshit kiya. 19 December 1979 ko madar teresa ko maanav-kalyaan kaaryon ke hetu Nobel puraskaar pradaan kiya gaya. vah teesri bhaarateeya naagrik hai jo sansaar mein is sabse badi puraskaar se sammaanit ki gayi theen.

madar teresa ke hetu Nobel puraskaar ki ghoshana ne jahaan vishv ki peedit janta mein prasannat ka sanchhaar hua hai, vahi pratyek bhaarateeya naagrikon ne apne ko gaurvaanvit anubhav kiya. sthaan sthaan par unka bhavya svaagat kiya gaya. naarveniyn Nobel puraskaar ke adhyaksh professor jaan senes ne Calcutta mein madar teresa ko sammanit karte hue seva ke kshetr mein madar teresa se prerana lene ka aagrah sabhi naagrikon se kiya. desh ki pradhaanmantri tatha anya ganamaanya vyaktiyon ne madar teresa ka bhavya svaagat kiya. apne svaagat mein diye bhaashanon mein madar teresa ne spasht kaha hai ki "shabdon se maanav-jaati ki seva naheen hoti, uske liye poori lagan se kaarya mein jut jaane ki aavashyakta hai." unhonne yeh bhi ghoshana ki hai ki bhavishya mein kisi prakaar ke svaagat samaaroh mein sammilit naheen hongi aur nirantar sev kaarya mein lagi raheingi. nischit roop se madar teresa nishkaam kaarya mein vishvaas karne waali hain. karmayog ka jo darshan geeta mein parilkshit hota hai vah madar teresa ke jeevan mein chharitaarth hua hai.

aalochna

kai vyaktiyon, sarkaaron aur sansthaaon ke dvaara unki prashansa ki jaati rahi hai, yadyapi unhonne aalochna ka bhi saamana kiya hai. ismein kai vyaktiyon, jaise kristofr hichens, Michael pareinti, aroop chatarji (vishv hindu parishad) dvaara ki gayi aalochna shaamil hain, jo unke kaam (dharmaantaran) ke vishesh tareeke ke viruddh the. iske alaava kai chikitsa patrikaaon mein bhi unki dharmashaalaaon mein di jaane waali chikitsa suraksha ke maanakon ki aalochna ki gayi aur apaaradarshi prakruti ke baare mein savaal uthaae gaye, jismein daan ka dhan kharch kiya jaata tha.

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. "seva ki saakaar moorti thi "madar teresa"". patrika samaachaar samooh. 5 sitanmbar 2014. http://www.patrika.com/news/mother-teresa-was-a-beacon-to-human-kind/1025603. abhigman tithi: 5 sitanmbar 2014.