maandale

myaanmaar ke maanachitr mein maandale ki sthiti
maandale ka vihangam drushya

maandale (Mandalay / barmi bhaasha mein : မaaနaa္aaတaaလaaေaaးaaမaaြaaိaaုaa့; / mantale:mron ) barma ka doosra sabse bada shahar evam barma ka antim shaahi rajdhani hai. yeh rangoon se 716 kimi uttar mein iraavadi nadi ke kinaare basa hai.

maandale oopari barma ka aarthik kendra evam barmi sanskruti ka kendra hai. maandale ki jail mein hi baalagangaadhar tilk, bahaadurashaah jafar aadi anek bhaarateeya netaaon evam kraantikaariyon ko british sarkaar ne bandi bana rakha tha.

maandale jila

yeh uttari barma ka jila hai. krushiyogya bhoomi keval iraavadi nadi ki ghaati mein hai jo kaup mitti dvaara nirmit hai aur iska kshetrafal lagbhag 600 varg meal hai. uttar aur poorv mein pahaad tatha pathaar hai jo bhaugolik roop se shaan pathaar ke hi bhaag hain. inka vistaar lagbhag 1,500 varg meal mein hai. sarvochch choti maimayo (Maymyo) 4,753 foot ooainchi hai. yahaaain baaains aadi ke jungle paae jaate hain. is jile mein iraavadi aur usaki sahaayak myitange (Myitnge) tatha madaya nadiyaaain bahti hain. yahaaain ka vaarshik taap 7° seino se yahaaain 43° seino hai. maidaani bhaag ki jalavaayu shushk evam svaasthyaprad hai tatha ausat vaarshik varsha 60 inch hoti hai. pahaadi bhaagon mein mukhyat: haathi, gaval evam saaainbhar paae jaate hain. bhookane wala harin (sangai) praaya: sabhi jagah paaya jaata hai. dhaan is jile ki pradhaan fasal hai. lekin gehooain, chana, tanbaakoo aur kai prakaar ki daalein bhi utpann ki jaati hai. abhrak mukhya khanij hai. iske atirikt, maanikya, seesa aur nimn koti ka koyala bhi paaya jaata hai.

resham ke vastr bunana ek mahatvapoorn udyog hai. is jile mein kai pagoda hain, kintu sootaangbyi (Sutaungbyi) sootaangye (Sutaungye), shui jayaan (Shue Zayan) aur shve mel (Shwe Male) ullekhaneeya hai.

maandale nagar

maandale raajamahal
punarnirmit raajamahal
you-ban pul

yeh svatantr barma ki bhootapoorv rajdhani, mukhya vyaapaarik nagar evam gamanaagaman ka kendra hai jo iraavadi nadi ke baaeain kinaare par, rangoon se 350 meal uttar sthit hai. 1856-57 i0 mein raaja mindaan ne ise basaaya tha. nagar ko baadh se bachaane ke liye ek baaaindh banaaya gaya hai. maandale se barma ki sabhi jagahon ke liye steemar sevaaeain hain. rel evam sadak maarg dvaara yeh rangoon se sambaddh hai. yahaaain ki janasankhya ka adhikaansh bauddh dharmaavalanbi hain. yahaaain ka mukhya pagoda payaagyi ya araakaan hai jo raajamahal se chaar meal door sthit hai. yahaaain ka mukhya baajaar jaigyo hai. yahaaain vishvavidyaalaya bhi hai.

nagar mein barmiyon ke atirikt hindu, moosalamaan, yahoodi, cheeni, shaan evam anya jaati ke log nivaas karte hain. dviteeya mahaayuddh ke samay 1 May 1942 io ko jaapaaniyon ne ispar adhikaar kar liya tha. us samay raajapraasaad ki deevaaron ke atirikt lagbhag sabhi imaaratein jal gayi theen. at: jaapaaniyon ne ise 'jalate hue khandaharonvaala nagar' kaha.

baahari kadiyaaain