maalava

1823 mein bane ek ek aitihaasik maanachitr mein maalava ko dikhaaya gaya hai.
vindhyaachal ka drushya, yeh maalava ki dakshini seema ko nirdhaarit karta hai. isse is kshetr ki kai nadiyaan nikli hain.

maalava, jvaalaamukhi ke udgaar se bana pashchimi Bhaarat ka ek anchal hai. madhya pradesh ke pashchimi bhaag tatha Rajasthan ke dakshini-pashchimi bhaag se gathit yeh kshetr aaryon ke samay se hi ek svatantr raajaneetik ikaai raha hai. maalava ka adhikaansh bhaag chanbal nadi tatha iski shaakhaaon dvaara sanchit hai, pashchimi bhaag maahi nadi dvaara sanchit hai. yadyapi iski raajaऩaeetik seemaayein samay samay par thodi parivrtit hoti rahi tathaapi is chhetr mein apni vishisht sabhyata, sanskॄti env bhaasha ka vikaash hua hai. maalava ke adhikaansh bhaag ka gathan jis pathaar dvaara hua hai usaka naam bhi isi anchal ke naam se maalava ka pathaar hai. ise praacheenakaal mein maalava ya maalav ke naam se jaana jaata tha, vartamaan mein Madhya Pradesh praant ke pashchimi bhaag mein 21#an7' se 25#an1' uttari akshaans tatha 73#an45' se 79#an14' poorvi deshaantar ke beech sthit hai. samudra tal se iski ausat ooainchaai 496 mi. hai. maalava ka ukt naam "maalav' naamak jaati ke aadhaar par pada is jaati ka ullekh sarvapratham E. poo. chauthi sadi mein milta hai, jab is jaati ki sena ne sikandar se yuddh mein paraajit hui thi. ye maalav praarambh mein Punjab tatha rajputana kshetron ke nivaasi thi, lekin sikandar se paraajit hokar ve avanti va uske aas- paas ke kshetron mein bas gaye. unhonne aakar (dashaarn) tatha avanti ko apni raajaneetik gatividhiyon ka kendra banaaya. dashaarn ki rajdhani vidisha thi tatha avanti ki rajdhani ujjayini thi. kaalaantar mein yahi donon pradesh milkar maalava kahalaaye. is prakaar ek bhaugolik ghatak ke rup mein "maalava' ka naam lagbhag pratham isvi sadi mein milta hai.

Bhaarat ke anya raajyon ki bhaaainti maalava ki bhi raajaneetik seemaaen raajaneetik gatividhiyon va prashaasanik kaaranon se parivrtit hoti rahi hai.

anek aitihaasik saakshyon evam bhaugolik sthiti ke aadhaar par praacheen maalava ke bhaugolik vistaar ke sandarbh mein vibhinn vidvaanon ke alag- alag mat hain. vyaapak arth mein yeh uttar mein gvaaliyr ki dakshini seema se lekar dakshin mein narmada ghaati ke uttari tat se sanlagn mahaan vindhya kshetron tak tatha poorv mein vidisha se lekar rajputana ki seema ke madhya faile hue bhoo- bhaag ka pratinidhitv karta hai. is prakaar sthool rup se yeh pashchim mein mehi nadi se lekar poorv mein dhasaan nadi tak tatha dakshin mein nirmaad tatha satapuda tak faili hui hai. dinesh chandra sarkaar ke anusaar "maalava', jo aakar- dashaarn tatha avanti pradesh ka dyotak hai -- pashchim mein araavali parvatamaala, dakshin mein vindhya shreni, poorv mein bundelakhand aur uttar- poorv mein ganga- ghaat se ghira hua pradesh tha, jismein madhya Bhaarat ke aadhunik Indore, dhaar, gvaaliyr, Bhopal, ratalaam, guna tatha saagar jile ke kuchh bhaag sammilit the. di. si. Ganguly ka mat hai ki ""maalava pradesh poorv mein bhilsa (vidisha) se lekar pashchim mein mehi nadi tak tatha uttar mein kota raajya se lekar dakshin mein taapti nadi tak faila hua tha.

bi. pi. sinha ke anusaar ""maalava pradesh pashchim mein chanbal nadi se lekar poorv mein eran tak, dakshin mein vindhya shreni se lekar uttar mein chanbal ke uttari mod tak vistrut tha. mailakam dvaara maalava ki seema uttar dakshin mein vindhyaachal se mukundara tak tatha poorv se pashchim mein narmada se nimaad tak batalaai gayi hai. O. H. ke spet ke anusaar ""maalava pradesh tribhujaakaar mein vindhya shreni par aadhaarit hai, jo uttar- pashchim mein araavali parvat se tatha poorv mein bundelakhand se ghira hua hai. Kailash chandra jain ka mat hai ki ""maalava pradesh ke antargat sampoorn pashchimi madhya pradesh ka vistrut bhoo- bhaag aata hai, jo dakshin mein vindhya shreni, poorv mein saagar- damaai pathaar aur bundelakhand, uttar mein guna- shivpuri kshetr aur Rajasthan tatha pashchim mein Gujarat aur araavali parvatamaala se ghira hua hai.

varttamaan mein yeh lagbhag 47,760 varg kilometer kshetr mein faila hua hai tatha iske antargat dhaar, jhabuaa, ratalaam, devaas, Indore, ujjain, mandasaur, sehaur, shaahapur, raamasen, raajagadh tatha vidisha jile aate hain.

praakrutik rup se maalava kshetr uchchabhoomi maana ja sakta hai, jiski samatal bhoomi thoda jhukaav liye hue hai. andar ka adhikaansh bhaag khula hai. kaali mitti ki parat hone ke kaaran bhoomi upajaaoo hai. chhote pathaar, jungle va jal ke praakrutik srot mil jaate hain.

anukram

maalava ke chaar bhaag

praakrutik banaavat ke aadhaar par sampoorn maalava kshetr ko chaar bhaagon mein baaainta ja sakta hai --

  • uttar- poorvi pathaar kshetr (dashaarn kshetr)
  • keindreeya pathaar kshetr
  • uttar- pashchimi pathaar kshetr tatha
  • narmada ki ghaati (nimaad ki samatal bhoomi)

uttar-poorvi pathaar kshetr (dashaarn kshetr)

is kshetr ke antargat vidisha tatha uske aas- paas ka kshetr aata hai, jiska praacheen naam aakar va dashaarn tha. madhya maalava pathaar ka sankeern vistaar yeh kshetr poorab, uttar tatha dakshin ki or se vindhyaachal ki parvatashreniyon se ghira hua hai. poorab ki taraf sthit ganga ke upajaaoo samatal maidaan ko chhoota hua, yeh kshetr ek samay samruddhashaali va sampann tha.

kendreeya pathaar kshetr

yeh kshetr dakshin mein vindhya shreni, poorv mein Bhopal se chanderi tak vistrut vindhya shreni ki ek shaakha se, pashchim mein amakshera se chittaud tak vistrut usi parvat ki shaakha se tatha uttar mein chittaud se chanderi tak vistrut mukundavaada shreni se ghira hua hai. ismein aadhunik madhya pradesh ke raajagadh, shaajapur, devaas, Indore, ratalaam aur dhaar jile sammalit the.

uttar-pashchimi pathaar kshetr

mevaad ko chhoota hua yeh kshetr ke antargat vartamaan ka sampoorn mandasaur va ratalaam jila ka kuchh hissa aata hai. is kshetr ke pahaadi va Uber - khaabar hone ke kaaran sainya- jeevan se jude gatividhiyon ka atyadhik vikaas hua. maalav va aulikr raajaaon ne, jinhonne is kshetr par shaasan kiya, apne veerataapoorn krutyon ke liye jaane jaate hain. pattharon ki prachur upalabdhi ke kaaran yahaaain ke jyaadaatar bhavan pattharon ke hi bane. dashapur (mandasaur) is kshetr ka mahatvapoorn nagar tha.

narmada ki ghaati (nimaad ki samatal bhoomi)

praacheen kaal mein yeh kshetr "anup' kshetr ke rup se prasiddh yeh kshetr uttar mein vindhya va dakshin mein satapura se ghiri narmada ki nimn sankeern ghaati hai. vindhya ki tarah yeh chaudi hoti gayi hai. poora kshetr samatal va upajaaoo hai. narmada ke nikat hone ke kaaran sampoorn bhaag mein door tak sinchaai ki suvidha hai. lakadiyon mein saagaun bahutaayak mein milta hai. lekin yahaaain ki jalavaayu uttar ke pathaari bhaagon ki tarah sahaj naheen hai. narmada ke kinaare sthit nagar mahishmati (maheshvar) madhyabhaarat ka sabse praacheen nagar maana jaata hai.

pramukh sthaan evam nagar

uparokt bhaugolik kshetron ke antargat aane vaale mukhya nagaron anya sthaanon ka vivran is prakaar hai --

(k) uttar-poorvi maalava pathaari kshetr (dashaarn kshetr)

1. vidisha (bhilsa) 2. besanagar 3. udayagiri 4. Udaipur 5. gyaarasapur 6. baadoh- pathaari

(kh) madhya pathaari kshetr

1. ujjain 2. dhaar 3. maandoo 4.ratalaam

(g) uttar- pashchimi maalava pathaari kshetr (mandasaur jila)

1. mandasaur (dashapur) 2. khor 3. dhamanaar

(gh) narmada ki ghaati (nimaad ki samatal bhoomi)

1. baagh 2. maheshvar 3. ooainn 4. nemaavar

sandarbhika

desh maalava gahan gambhir Doug Doug roti pag pag neer - ameer khusaro

Indore (Madhya Pradesh) ki yaade!!